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Full text of "A history of the National Amateur Press Association."

RUTGERS 

UNIVERSITY 

LIBRARY 






^:^^si^, 



Estate of 
Hiram E. Deats 




'f 



i 




tstory of m national JIiit< 



ateur Press Hssociation 
« « gompiled by 3obn 
turn nixon « * « * 



' ' Once an Amateur, Always an 
Amateur. " — Ernest A. Stowe. 



3oftn t nixon, Publjsber, €rowky, 
Cottisiana. m D € £ € € 



THE MIRROR PRINT 
CRO^\^LEY, LA. 



To The 

Officers and Members - 

OF the 

National Amateur Press Association 

This Volume 

Is Respectfully Dedicated 

By the Author. 




Explanatory* 



Amateur Journalism is an institution of young men and women 
who edit, publish or contribute to. mininture newspapers and 
magazines, for pleasure and intellectual improvement. The 
majority of the recruits i^r 3 youths and maidens in their teens, 
who enter "Amateurdom," as it is familiarly called, for the 
education that may be derived. A fractional part of these re- 
cruits make pleasant acquaintances among fellow workers and 
keep in touch with Amateurdom as long as possible. The Na- 
tional Amateur Press Association, the principal organization of 
amateur journalists, holds annual meeting, alternating East and 
West, and these conventions bring amateurs together from all 
parts of the country. A beginner is styled a "recruit," and one 
who has left the ranks a "fossil." 




PREMCE. 




HIS volume is put before the Qiembers of 
the National Amateur Press Association 
with the knowledge that, no matter how 
far it may fall short of the expectations of 
amateur journalists and no matter how 
mau3^ important events have not been 
chronicled in its pages, the compiler has 
worked conscientiously, without fear or 
favor, and with the one idea of publishing that which is worthy 
of publication and of preserving a true history of the organiza- 
tion and progression of the Association during the first quarter 
century of its existence. 

The work of compilation has extended over a period of ten 
years, during which time hundreds of letters have been written 
and thousands of amateur papers and magazines consulted. 

In dealing with the organization of the Association and its 
earlier years of life, all ascertainable facts are printed. The 
more difficult of access the authority, the more valuable the in- 
formation has been considered. In dealing with later years many 
minor matters have been omitted, the last decade being an open 
book to all who wish to learn. 

The author desires to publicly express his thanks to many 
amateur journalists who have rendered him valuable aid. For 
those who ignored his letters of inquiry or who, after undertaking 
to assist have failed to carry out their promises, he has no words 
of censure. While their failure has to some extent shorn the 
book of completeness, it is believed that prompt publication at 
this time is more desirable than any delay for such causes. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PBBSS ASSOCIATION. iv 

The book falls short of the author's concept in many wii3's, 
and he is fully prepared for any criticism that may be made. All 
amateur journalists will realize the importance of the work, and, 
considering the expense attached to such an undertaking, we be- 
lieve they will overlook minor typographical and other defects, - 
and accept the volume in the spirit in which it is offered. 

John Travis Kixon. 
Crowley, La., June 16, 1900. 



statistical Cables. 

Laureateships, Convention Attendance, Proxy 
Vote and Official Roster of the N. A. P. A. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASS0CIAT50N 



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HISTORY OF THE NATldNAL AiaEATEUR' PRESS ASSOCIATION 



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Official Roster of \U national Jtmateur Pre$$ dissociation, from \m to 1900. 



COMPILED BY JOHN TRAVIS NIXON. 



Vice-President 



Foui-tli Vice-President 



Ollioial Editor 



New Yorii 
Milwaukee 
Boston . . . 
SuD Francisco 
Pbiladelpliia 

Cliicago 

Buffalo 

ludiauapolis 

Philadelphia 

Chicago.. . . 

Boston 

Chicago 

Wastiingtoii. 



Will T. Hall 

J. Edson Briggs. . 
WillL. Wright'., 
rhos. G.Harrisoni 
rhos. H..Parsonsi 
Frank N. Keeve. . . 

Finlay A. Grant. . 

WillardO. Wylie. 
Henry E, Leglerl . 
Ed. E. Stowell»« . 
Fred F. Heatbtt. 
Dennie A. Sullivai 

J. H. Ives Munro, 

tiamuel S. Slinson. 
Will S. Moore§§.. 
Albert E. Barker . 



Edwin B. Swin. . . 
cheriuerhornll 

an J. Speucei 

J. L. Tomliuson** 
Brubukerl . . 

Charles R, Burger. 

Will Hancock .... 

Jas. F. Mortou, Jr. 
David L. Hollub.. 

Theodore B. Tliicle 



Richard H. Gerner 
J. Winslow Snyde 
Arthur J. Huss. . 

Will L. Wright. . 
Frank N. Reeve • 
Tbos. H. Parsons 

Frank E. Dayt. . 

Edward E. Stowell 

Frank S. Ariiett. 



Will B. Leaning. 
W. F. Babcock. . 
FredM. Cornell. 



Imric 



Wilfred E. Griggs, 
r. Merciir . 
Will.JHeineuianttt 



Wilis. Moore.... 

F. S. C. Wicks**. 
Jerome C. Bulltt . 
Michael F.Boecbal 

T. J. Spencer'* . . 
Warreu.JBrodio||l| . 
Herbert H. FishlU 
W.J.Hiinter§ •*. . 
Herbert H.FishS-. 
F. E.Scbermerborn 



Harriet C. Cox* 



F Sta ( Wh tnej 
Ivu elan I BalH 
Robert Ca ey 



Arbngtontt- 
leC. Bull . . . 
Bowersoektt 
G. Phillips. 

L. Otlingcr. . 



Cbas.H. Lawsou* 



Hora e Freema 



George Bertron. . 
J. C. VVortbingto 
Frank M. Morris 



Louis Konpner. . 

R. B. Tcacbenor. 

Albert E. Barker 

Will S. Moore. . . 
Edwin H. Dyertt 
Zelda Arlington, . 
Ernest A.Edkiustt 
Justin DBowersocl 

p. Woollentt. 

A. Epbriam . . 

ivis C. Bigelow 



Thos. G. Harrison, Hei 
Heury E. Leglcr", Tn 
Will S. Moure, liraiiicrd 



Albert B. Barl 



John L Tomlinsou 

d M C te ti 
a J S|e e 



Delavau W. Gee. 

.1. Fred Eberle . . 
Herbert A.Clarke" 
Wm. F. Buckley*' 
Charles G. Steele§ 
lohu J. Weissert. 



Jas. F.KaTanagh§ . 
.JohnW.MoClain" 
Fred F. Heath§... 
M. F, Boeobatttt- 
Beltha Yorkn. . . 
Gracia A. Hniith. . 

Fred. L. Hunter. . 

Charleo R. Burger 

Natbau N. Block 



Sam J. Steinberg 
A. Mueller** 
■erard Appleton§ 
Johu Moody . 



Evan E. Riale . . . 
Will E. Leaning, 
J. Fred Eberle . . 

Frank N. Reeve . 



Warren J. Niles ♦ 
C. C. RickertS . . 
B. Benj. Pelh,ani. 

Truman J. Spencer 

Maurice J. B 

J. H. Ives M 



Frauk M. Morris 
O. L. WillianistJ 
Tbos. Ct. Harrison 

H. K.. Sanderson 

John Fischer. . . . 

. H. Parsons 

lao J. Speiice 



Wm. B. Baldwin. 
W. B. Mellinsiert 
John G. Kugler* 
H. M. Cartertt • 
George W. Dodd* 
C. N. Audrewsll || 
Walter C. Chiles. 



E. J. Harclcastle 
Oscar A. Reum. . 



John L. Tomlinso 
L. Tomlinso 

E. J. Hardcastle' 



Cbas. C. Heuman. 
John AV. Snyder* . 
Clement C, Chase. 
Clement C. Chase. 
Joseph P. Clossey. 



Joseph D. Miller . 

Brainerd P. Emery 

Ernest A. Edkins** 
Wm. B. Baldwintt 
Frank D. Woollen 

Truman J. Spencer 

Howard M. Carter 

Harriet C. Cox. .. 

Walter C. Chiles 



be B Ihele 
L H Snj le S 
. s b Pobb E 



L Ha k 
Albert E Barna 



H A S loe 
C W h ss no 
Fl A Hen 



CI a N 
N U Fe 



niSTORT 

OF THE 

N/ITION/iL /in/iTEUR FRE55 
/ISSOCI/mON. 



CHflFTER 1. 

ORIGIN OF THE N. A. P. A. 

Many Claimants for the Honor of Planning a National 
Association. — C. E. Williams Named by James Austin 
Fynes. — James M. Beck Says Philadelphia Amateurs 
WERE Responsible for the Plan. — Suggestion of E. R. 
RiALE IN September, 1875. — The Philadelphia Associ- 
ation. — Accumulating a Convention Fund. — Division of 
the Philadelphia Amateurs. — -Beck's Plan. — Approval 
from Boston. — -Coalition of Two Societies Attempted, 
WITHOUT Success. — Two Conventions Called. — The 
Meeting at City Institute Hall, July 4. — '-Winslow" 
Credits the Plan to the Portland Gazette. — Honor 
TO Beck and Other Philadelphians. 

'HERE are a cumber of claimants to the honor of having 
suggested the present National Amateur Press Associa- 
tion. In /d/e I/onrs, liuhliiihed in 1884, James Austin 
Fynes, Jr., stated that the first proposition to hold a convention 
of amateurs in Philadelphia, during the Centennial, came from 
C. E. Williams, of Portland, Me. James M. Beck, in the 
American Sphinx February, 1885, vigorously' deuie this, and 
says in answer: 

The true history of the origin of the present Natiouai Amateur 
Press Association remains to be written. But three amateurs now 
living are to the best of my knowledge cognizant of ail the facts. 



2 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

These are Fraak K. Voudersmith, the editor of the Boys' Gem in 
1875-6. and but a year or two since the editor of the Acme; 
Evan Reed Riale, well and favorably known to the fraternity as 
the editor of nnmarous papers and the first corresponding secre- 
tary of the Association, and the writer. 

In the spring of 1875 a society was in existence in Philadelphia 
for the purpose of making the preliminary arrangements for this 
convention. They were working so quietly, modestly and unos- 
tentatiously that little was known of their plans outside of 
Philadelphia. To whom the idea of such a convention lirst oc- 
curred will of course never be known. Riale assures me that the 
first suggestion of which he has ever heard was made by himself 
to Vondersmith, in September, 1875. These two gentlemen 
formed the Philadelphia association, which, from its purposes 
and objects was called the N. A. P. A. Their chief mission was 
to raise the funds to meet the expenses of the proposed conven- 
tion. As none of the members were endowed by fortune vvith a 
superfluity of this world's goods, tliis was no easy task. It was 
effected by each member paying into the treasury of the associa- 
tion the sum of 5 cents a week, and this insignificant contribution 
gradually accumulated in the lapse of many months into a not 
inconsiderable sum, from which every expense incident to the or- 
ganization of the present N. A. P. A. was generously defrayed. 
The members did not number over twelve. Among the list 1 only 
remember at this late day the names of Vondersmith, Riale, 
Brandt, Bertron, Cross, Hunter and Macaran. 

At the time of its organization I was not a member of this 
local association. The Philadelphia amateurs were at that time 
divided into two classes. The one, called the "uptowners," 
comprised the wealthier and more aristocratic members of the 
'Dom. The other, composed of the poorer amateurs, was called 
t!»e '-downtowners." While neither possessed of the purse of 
Fortunatis nor aristocratic in my tastes, yet living up town 1 nat- 
urally affiliated with the former class. ' The local N. A. P. A. 
that was arranging for the Centennial convention, was organized 
by and exclusively composed of "downtowners." 

In the winter of 1875-6, I was editor of the news department 
of the Philadelphia Literary 'Jimes, an excellent amateur 
paper, published by a gifted amateur, William Grissinger by 
name. In that department I wrote the following, which I quot<3 
from my scrap book, verbatim et literatim : 

Reader, what think you of holding- a grand convention of the aiii.i- 
teurs of the world, ia this citv on Julv 3rdy Tiic plan can and will be 
pushed through. Call and address as above. 

At the time I knew nothing of the existence of the N. A. P. 
A., much less of its arrangements for such a convention. Than 



IIISTORV OK TflE N.4TI0NAL AMATEOR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 6 

this printed propositiou to hold ths proposed coaveatioa, I know 
of nothing earlier. 

1 remember perliectlv vvv3ll svriting to Fyies at the time I made 
this snggestion, asking his opinion thereon and that of other 
Boston amatenrs. He wrote back to me his entire approval of 
the project and that of Kendall, Fovvle and others of the Massa- 
chnsetts fraternity, to whom he had spoken on the subject. 

I received quite a number of responses to raj suggestions, and 
some months thereafter a meeting was held in Philadelphia, con- 
sisting of amateurs of Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware, 
to arrange for such a convention. These formed the ''Amateur 
Literary Union." There then were two associations, seeking to 
effect one and the same object. Some of u^, who recognized the 
utihty and necessity of unity, then sought to effect a coalition of 
the two societies. A committee was appointed by the Literary 
Union to confer with the N. A. P. A. on the subject, of which 1 
was a member and the spokesman. We were courteously re- 
ceived, but our offer was declined. The Union then became 
divided in opinion as to its future course. A minority, including 
myself, recognized the impracticability of holding two such 
conventions, and believing that a preference was due the N. A. 
P. A., because of its seniority, left the Union and joined the N. 
A. P. A. The majority of the Union adhered to their determin- 
ation to hold a separate convention, engaged the Assembly 
buildings for that purpose, chose July 5th as the date, and sent 
out invitations throughout the country. The convention was 
actually held, but proved a wretched fiasco. 

The N. A. P. A., in the meantime, had steadily grown in 
membership, and as July approached had funds in its treasury 
more than sufficient to defray the entire expenses of the conven- 
tion. Its corresponding secretary, the indefatigable Riale, 
corresponded with all prominent amateurs, and to his skill the 
success of the convention is largely attributable. 

The City Institute Hall was engaged for July 4, 1876 ; the 
writer had the honor of being assigned to deliver the welcoming 
oration, and Richard Gerner, then the most prominent amateur 
in the country, was selected as the temporary chairman. Much 
more might be said of the struggle between the Gerner and 
Snyder factions of the convention ; of its personnel — the finest, 
1 think, of any convention in amateur history — and of the social 
experience of the visiting amateurs. 

A Philadelphia amateur was probably the first to suggest the 
organization of the present N. A. P. A., in September, 1875. 
Philadelphia amateurs arranged every preliminary detail of the 
Centennial convention, and liquidated every expense from their 
own slender means. As a Philadelphia amateur. I speak with 



4 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

pardonable pride of these matters, and with the more warmth 
since the Philadelphia amateurs, who made every sacrifice for the 
welfare of the association, have most modestly suffered for 
years a positive injustice in the ascription by the fraternity of the 
credit of organizing the N. A. P. A. to C. E. Williams. I state 
the facts. It is not too late for the fraternity to correct an 
error. 

Later on, John "Winslow" Snyder, who was elected first 
president, in writing of the organization meeting, took occasion 
to say : 

It is now generally agreed or assumed that an amateur paper 
published at Portland, Me., under the title of the Gazette, f^r&t 
suggested to the amateurs of the United States the wisd(tm and 
feasibility of taking advantage of "Centennial" excitement, 
sight-seeing and reduced railroad rates to gather at Philadelphia 
on the 4th of July, 1876. 

The Portland Gazette did not live to see the work fairly begun, 
but its idea on the subject was generallj^ discussed and endorsed. 
Presently the encouragement was sufficiently great to fire ihe 
enthusiasm and pride of certain amateurs of Philadelphia, who 
formed what was strictly a city club, but what they called, rather 
hastily, but with an honest conviction that it had a great work 
on hand, the Philadelphia National Amateur Press Association. 
Perhaps James M. Beck can claim the honor of being the lead- 
ing light of this organization, and he. certainly, was their ever 
ready spokesman and most active leader. I remember well his 
bright, cheerful face, diminutive form and scholarly spectacles. 
E^an Riale and Vondersmith were also members of the Philadel- 
phia club ; and these three amateurs were appointed by that 
club as a committee to meet the amateurs who came to the 
convention. 



CH/IFTER 2. 

THE FIRST CONVENTION. 

Few Introductory Words. — Philadelphia, July 4, 1876. 
— "WiNSLOw's" Account. — Invitations from Philadel- 
phia. — Arrival at the Mecca. — A First View. — A 
Representative Gathering. — Call to Order. — Gerner's 
Address of Welcome. — Suggestions of the Political 
Battle. — Permanent Officers Elected. — The National 
Amateur Press Association Organized. — Official Board 
Completed. — Other Business. — Literary Exercises. — 
A Telegraphic Report. — Prominent Papers of the 
Year . 

t— ,r-^HE founder of Amatear Journalism in North America is 
unknown. Papers were published by boys and girls as 
early as 1812, but it was not until the close of the civil 
war, in 1865, that any considerable number were issued. In 
1869 the introduction of cheap hand printing presses finally 
established Amateur Journalism among the American youth. 
Local press clubs, state and sectional associations flourished, and 
this era of the work has been handed down in tradition as one 
of great activity. An Amateur Press Association, embracing 
the Eastern and New England states, was organized in 1869 and 
lived until 1873. A directory issued in 1875 contained the 
names of over 500 editors and authors, representing almost as 
many publications. The wide spread of the institution rendered 
a national organization desirable, and the proposition to meet in 
Philadelphia, July 4, 1876, was received with delight by amateurs 
everywhere. 

The following account of the first convention, from the Empire 
State Amateur (1888), was written by John Winslow Snyder, 
first president : 

A fairly elegant printed postal card had been circulated among 
the amateurs of the United States, informing them that the City 
Institute Hall, at the corner of Chestnut and Eighteenth streets. 



H ni?!TORT OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

would be at their service at 12 o'clock, hiffh iiooii, on the ever- 
memoralde fourth of July. To this rallying- spot at the said 
hour all hastened. 

When I reached the chosen Mecca at the chosen hour, I looked 
with curiosity at the other pilgrims, who had been summoned by 
the same cry (on a postal card) to the faithful, to meet and join 
hands as already we had joined hearts. At the little hallway, or 
ante room, at the top of a long flight of stairs, was a table, 
around which some twenty young men and boys were ero'vding. 
It was my first view of how animated amateurs can become when 
electrified by pprsonal contact. The explanation came a moment 
later, when I beheld a register, in which eac4i amatenr wrote his 
name. Thereupon some reader of said name would call it out, 
and the owner of said name be passed around among the boys 
and made to feel at home. Other conventions brought together 
old friends, but naturally at Philadelphia, most everyone was a 
stranger to everyone else. The signing of distinguished names 
upon the sc-called Ledger continued for about an hour, and the 
besfinniuff of the record read as follows : 

John Hosey, Jolin J. Farrell. J. F. DuHamel, W. T. Hall, 
C'orrel Keudali, F. O. McCleary, J. J. Richardson. J. A. Fynes. 

Such were the first eight names recorcied. and I especially 
note the fact, to enforce the claim that the first National conven- 
tion came more nearly to being a National one. in the sense at 
least that it represented various and distant sections of the coun- 
try, than any other 1 have ever attended. I knew quite well six 
of the eight signers. Two of them lived in New York City, one 
in Chicago and two in Boston. Again they had not only traveled 
from afar but were well known in the amateur world. Obscure 
poets, authors of a single article, poets without poems and mem- 
bers of three weeks standing in some local club (formed for 
political purposes only), did not sweep this convention by that 
irresistible force known as the power of numerical strength. Of 
the sixty-five amateurs present, only about twenty were from 
Philadelphia, and some of these local lights were well known 
throughout Amateurdom. 

Araonof other amateurs present were: Richard Gerner, of Ho- 
boken. N. J. : N. J. Taussig, of the Ameriran BtiUetin, Harris- 
burg. Pa. ; Black, of the Young Idea, Brooklyn : Happie, of 
the Bot/s' Bights, Westminster. Md. : Count, of the Times, 
Ellensville, N. Y. : Stevenson, of the Bay Ciiy Amateur, San- 
dusky : \Aliite. of the Bo)/s' Journal, Alexandria. Va. ; Nathan 
Cole (and brother), of the Acorn, St. Louis; Hawk, of the 
Wide Awale, New York: Siviter. of the American Banner, 
Pittsburg: Jones, of the Union Gazette, Baltimore: Clarence G. 
Allen, of the Southern Sitar, Washington : Brings, of the Imp, 



HISTORY OF rriE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. i 

Washino^ton, and Will Leaning, George Bertroo, William Wia- 
slow. Heuman, Case, McColm and Hoadley. 

At about I o'clock Richard Gerner called the somewhat noisy 
and excited oratherin^ to order. The Philadelphia Chib, as a 
self-appointed executive committee, had selected Mr. Gerijer for 
this distinction. Perhaps this was fair enough, under all the cir- 
cumstances of the case, as the Philadelphia Club had, by its 
labors and provisional arrauoemeuts, entitled itself to the meagre 
honors of firing the first gun. 

Mr. Gerner made an address of welcome, which alluded at 
length to the object had in view in calling this convention, and 
declared that Amateur Journalism had reached a high standard. 
He was followed by James M Beck, of the Philadelphia Sphinx, 
who welcomed to his city all visiting amateurs. Before these 
gentlemen had concluded, it was evident that the convention was 
preparing to have what is technically known as a hot political 
time of it. On the one hand Gerner' s friends considered their 
hero's rights to leadership as plain and manifest, and applauded, 
as just and salutary, Mr. Beck's statement that --Mr. Gerner is 
one of the smartest amateur authors in the country;" others 
concluded that all of this seemed too much like a cut-and-dried 
plan to rush Gerner into the presidency, instead of the free-aud- 
open-to-all race that youthful blood likes to share in, wherefore 
they res^dved that no one should take the crown without scratch- 
ing awhile through the thorns. 

Scarcely could Mr. Beck conclude, before Hosey, Fynes and 
White moved to proceed to the choice of a permanent chairman. 
The motion was carried and Gerner, Kendall, Allen, Hoadley, 
White and myself were nominated. White withdrew. Yonder- 
smith, Bertron and Williamson were appointed teller?^. Mr. 
Kendall here made the point that no one could claim an election, 
unless he received a majority of all the votes cast. The first 
ballot resulted as follows : 

Total vote cast, 56 ; necessary to a choice, 29 ; Richard 
Gerner, 22 ; John Winslow Snyder, 18 ; Ed. R. Hoadley, 7 ; 
Correl Kendall. 6 ; Clarence G. Allen, 3. 

Second ballot : Total vote cast, 60 ; necessary to a choice, 
31; John Winslow Snyder. 33; Richard Gerner, 27. 

It is needless to say I was flattered by my election to the 
highest office in the gift of those nvhose opinions I most highly 
valued. My brave and generous opponent, whose friendship I 
never had cause to question, welcomed me to the platform. 

Mr. Will T. Hall, of Chicago, was unanimously elected secre- 
tary, and the convention was ready for business. 

it will be seen that at that moment there was no 
such entitv as a National Amateur Press xVssociation. but 



§ HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

only an organized convention, all ready and willing to 
create and execute, 

Mr. Gerner then moved that the National Amateur Press Con- 
vention resolve itself into the National Amateur Press Associa- 
tion. This most important motion, because the hour was ripe for 
the occurrence, passed without discussion. Mr. Beck then moved 
that the Association should have a president, five vice-presidents, 
a recording secretary, a corresponding secretary, a treasurer and 
an official organ. This motion was likewise carried without 
discussion. 

Mr. White now moved that the permanent officers of the Con- 
vention should be made and declared the permanent officers of 
the National Amateur Press Association. On this motion an 
animated discussion ensued. Messrs. Gerner, Kendall and 
Hosey took part in the debate. The motion prevailed. Thereby 
I became president of the National Amateur Press Association 
and Will T. Hall became its recording secretary. The other 
created offices were then filled, by an election, as follows: 

Richard Gerner, of Hoboken, first vice-president; William E. 
Leaning, of Fly Creek, N. Y., second vice-president; George 
Bertron, of Philadelphia, third vice-president ; Charles C. 
Heuman, of New York City, fourth vice-president; William 
Winslow, of Pennsylvania, fifth vice-president; E. R. Riale, cf 
Philadelphia, corresponding secretary; J. A. Fynes, Jr., of 
Boston, treasurer. The New England Star was made the official 
organ. The president then appointed, on motion duly made and 
carried, a committee, consisting of Messrs. Gerner, Heuman and 
Barrett, to draft a constitution and by-laws, and report the same 
at the next convention. Ot this committee, Richard Gerner was 
made chairman ; Charles C. Heuman, secretary, and Franklin 
Barrett, of New York, parliamentary referee. 

A most animated c<;ntroversy then followed, as to where the 
next convention should be held. Long Branch was finally chosen, 
and July settled as the month ; the exact day to be afterwards 
determined by the president. 

The rage of battle having ceased, the oil of peace was poured 
over the troubled waters by Macanen, of Philadelphia, reading 
an original poem, and Gerner reciting, in effective manner, his 
latest poetical production, "On the Brink." 

The following account of the convention, taken from the Pa- 
cific Amateur Journal (San Francisco), dated July 15, 1876, is 
deemed worthy a place here. It is given almost as originally 
printed, headlines and all, though somewhat condensed: 

Philadelphia! — Great Amateur Convention at the Centennial. 
— The Grandest Event ever Chronicled in the Annals of Amateur 



HISTOUr OK THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PKESS ASSOCIATION. 9 

Journalism. — Intense Excitement and Enthusiasm. — Notes and 
Incidents. — [Telegraphed by our Special Cv rrespoudent, per 
Western Union Telep^raph Company.] — Philadelphia, July 4, 
1876. — The Centennial anniversary of American independence 
has long been looked forward to with eager interest by amateur 
journalists of this country, as it was the day appointed on which 
the much talked-of convention of amateurs was to be held in 
this city. It being here that, in 1814, Thomas Condie issued the 
initial number of the Portfolio — the first amateur paper published 
in America — Philadelphia was, no doubt, not only the most con- 
venient, but the most appropriate city for holding such a 
convention. 

To the now defunct Gazette, of Portland. Me., belongs the 
honor of suggesting this assemblage of Amateurs. 

The ceremonies were taken charge of by the amateurs of 
this city, who experienced considerable difficult}^ in obtaining a 
suitable place for convening, but City Institute Hall, corner of 
Chestnut and Eighteenth streets, was finally secured, and such 
arrangements made as would insure the success of the meeting 
and the comfort of those attending it. 

The hour for assembling drew near, and small knots of excited 
amateurs might be seen gathering on the sidewalks, eagerly 
engaged in making the acquaintance of their editorial brethren, 
or discussing with considerable vehemence the scenes that were 
to follow. ' Among them could be found Richard Gerner 
(Humpty Dumpty), of Hoboken, N. J.; J. W. Snyder (Win- 
slow), of Richmond, Va. ; J. A. Fynes, Jr., of Boston, Mass. ; 
Correl Kendall (Sphinx), the well known puzzler, of Boston; 
Taussig, of the American Bulletin, Harrisburg ; Black, of the 
Young Idea, Brooklyn ; Hoppie, of the Boys^ Eights, Westmin- 
ster, Md. ; Count, of the Times, Ellensville, N. Y. ; Stevenson, 
of the Bay City Amateur, Sandusky ; White, of the Boys^ Jour- 
nal, Alexandria, Va. ; Nathan Cole and brother, of the Acorn, 
St. Louis; Hawk, of XheWide 4wake, New York; Siviter, of 
the American Banner, Pittsburg ; Jones, of the Union Gazette, 
Baltimore ; Hall, of the High School Gazette, Chicago ; and Hosey 
and Farrell, of the Free Lance, New York. Philadelphia was 
represented by about twenty amateurs, including the editors of 
the Boys^ Gem, Boys^ Press, Sphinx and Exposition, Washing- 
ton, the ''boss city," was represented by about ten editors, 
including those of the Southern Star, Crucible, Imp, Daicn, Am- 
ateur Press, American Youth, Pastime and Gem. 

When the doors were thrown open, a scramble for seats 
ensued, during which Gerner, the cliairman, vainly endeavored 
to call the meeting to order, and it was only after innumerable 
unsuccessful attempts, and repeated requests for "order, gentle- 



10 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

men, order," that anythiiio- like quiet was restored. The reofister 
was then bronoht forth, and the names of those present enrolled, 
after which the meeting- proceeded to business. 

Gerner then read a lensthy address, statino- the object of the 
convention, and speaking of the high standard to which Amateur 
Journalism in America has risen, and nrgintr those present to 
exert themselves in its behalf. During his address he was fre- 
quently and loudly applauded, and was evidently held in high 
esteem by his hearers. Beck, of Philadelphia, then followed by 
an address in behalf of the amateurs of his city, which was well 
received. 

The election of officers for the National Amateur Press Asso- 
ciation was then held, and was hotly contested by the friends of 
a few ambitious candidates, who seemed persistent in creating as 
great a commotion as possible, but their efforts were of no avail, 
and the result was as follows : 

President, J. W. Snyder, Richmond, Va. ; vic^-presidents, 
Gerner, of Hoboken. Will Leaning, of Fly Creek, N. Y. ; George 
Bertron ; Heuman, of New York, and Winslow. of Pennsylvania ; 
secretary, W. T. Hall, of Chicago ; corresponding secretary. E. 
R. Riale, cf Philadelphia. ; treasurer, J. A. Fynes, Jr., of Boston, 
Mass. ; official organ, Neic England Star. 

Snyder made an excellent address on accepting the position of 
president,^ and was loudly cheered. His address, though deliv- 
ered without previous preparation, was one of the elocntionary 
gems that are so seldom found, and was one of the finest efforts 
at elocution that ever graced an amateur convention. Maccarman, 
of Philadelphia, then read an original poem of considerable 
merit, and was immediately followed by "Humpty Dumpty," 
who delivered in fine style and with great effect his latest and 
best poem, entitled "On the Brink." It is a fine production, 
and has been disposed of at a high figure to Our Hearthstone 
Friend. 

The convention was a grand success in all respects — but had 
there been fewer outside attractions the attendance would un- 
doubtedly, have been larger. 

After being in session about three hours it adjourned. The 
next annual meeting will be held some time in July, 1877, at 
Long Branch. 

During the election of officers the excitement had risen to fever 
pitch, and two aspiring youths were with difficulty restraii-ed 
from "pummehng" each other. While Snyder was delivering his 
extempore address, the enthusiasm rose to such a heig^ht as to ren- 
der it almost impossible for him to proceed, and he had to await 
the subsiding of the applause so plentifully showered upon him 
before he could make himself heard. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUli PBES.S Ai«SOCl ATIOX. 11 

Nine hmulrecl papers are said to have ])een in existence at one 
time rinriiior this year, which opened the era known as the '-Hal- 
cyon Days." The TaUer, Albany, N. Y., and Boys^ Herald, Ba- 
tavia. N. Y.. entered their fifth year. The Omaha (Neb.) 
Excelsior entered its sixth year, and was the oldest amateur 
paper published. The Amateur, Brooklyn, N. P. ; Pacific Ama- 
teur Journal, San Francisco, Cal. ; New England Star, New 
Ipswich, N. H. ; Brilliant, Grand Rapids, Mich. ; Budget 
(semi-monthly). New York City, were prominent papers. The 
Bee, by Henry VV.almsly, said to be 12 years of age, was credit- 
able. The largest paper of the year was the High School Gazette, 
Providence, R. I., twenty three-column pages and cover, 9x12 
inches each. Prominent new papers were : Monthly Doings, by 
Wyndham A. Morris ; Clipper, by Frank F. Bassett ; Bamhler, 
by Howard Scott ; Amateur Republican, by George W. Hancock ; 
Boys^ Delight, by Zander Snyder ; Western Amateur, by Will T. 
Hall. The best known weeklies were: Bays^ Journal, later 
Youth'' 8 Progress, of Alexandria, Va., and the Young American, 
of Carboudale, Ills. The prettiest and neatest paper of the year 
was Our Free Lance, Chicago and Washington each claimed to 
have thirty papers at one time. The Crucible, by Clarence G. 
Allen, caused much comment by its originahty, sarcasm and 
sprightliness. The Imp was on the same order, but irregular in 
publication. The Daily Amateur, an advertising sheet, was 
published at the Chicago Exposition for one month. Misses 
Libbie L. Adams and Delle E. Knapp took a prominent part in 
amateur affairs this year. 



CH/IFTER 3. 

THE LONG BRANCH CONVENTION. 

Politics to the ' Foee. — Candidates Plentiful. — Gernkr's 
"CoxGKEss Scheme." — Sectionalism Appears. — Ohio Am- 
ateurs Pass Resolutions. — Winslow Replies, Suggesting 
That Meetings Alternate East and West. — ^President's 
Proclamation. — Clossey'sConvention Account. — Winslow 
Defines an Amateur. — "Congress Scheme" Tabled. — 
Another Constitution Com3iittee Appointed. — Dingwall 
Elected President. — Sensational Literature Denounced. 
Prominent Papers of the Year. 

'HE organization of the Association and election of officers 
to carry on its business bronobt the political side of Am- 

\ ateur Journalism to the fore, and early in '77 numerous 
nominations were made for the various offices to be filled at the 
Long Branch meeting, and in some instances vigorous campaigns 
were carried on. Among the candidates named for the presi- 
dency we find Charles C. Heuman, of New York; Alexander W. 
Dingwall, of Milwaukee; Will T. Hall, of Chicago; Richard 
Gerner, of Hoboken ; Correl Kendall, of l^oston, and the then 
president, John \\ . Snyder, of Richmond, Va. 

Early in the campaign Mr. Heuman withdrew in favor of his 
friend, Mr. Gerner, though not until he had been given a goodly 
following, many of whom were at a loss for a leader when Mr. 
Heuman withdrew. 

The Gerner campaign was given a platform in the "Congress 
Scheme," originated by Mr. Gerner, and warmly upheld by his 
supporters. Thos. G. Harrison in his "Career and Reminis- 
cences" says: 

This scheme, as explained by Gerner, in his motion for its ac- 
ceptance [at the Long Branch convention], was, in brief, as 
follows: The formation of a National Assembly of Amateur 
Journalists, to which delegates were to be elected, not chosen, by 
the Associations in the United States, these delegates to meet in 
convention annually at some central city, there to elect a presi- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 13 

dent who would act as president and chief of all the associations ; 
in short, with comparatively the same power as that of the Presi- 
dent of the United States. 

In Wise and Otherwise {MsniettsL, O.), Chas. A. Watkyns 
explains Geruer's plan: 

Gerner's constituents were known as the "Congress Party/' 
because they advocated the adoption of what was known as the 
•'Congress Scheme," which originated in the fertile brain of their 
leader. It was a ponderous constitution, being an adaptation of 
the system of the Lnited States Government, with a President, 
secretaries of the interior and exterior and so forth, Senate and 
House of Representatives. 

In writing of the Long Branch convention Mr. Watkyns 
continues : 

Gerner arose and read the famous "Congress Scheme," con- 
sisting of seventy pages, which took him fortj- -three minutes to 
read. Whatever else of the second annual convention has been 
lost in the past, the recollection of that celebrated document has 
been handed down, without need of the historian's stylus. If 
there are those who have never understood exactly what it was, 
its very name will give them a crude idea of its nature. It was, 
as I have already mentioned, an adaptation of the system of our 
country's government, and was understood to be the seven years' 
labor of "Humpty Dumpty." Aside from its complexity and 
profundity, it was too great an elephant for the limited scope of 
Amateur Journalism. It was then considered by Gerner's sup- 
porters — to quote a paper of '77 — to be full of "grandeur of 
thought and sjiblimity of idea," but the proposer of such a gi- 
gantic scheme, in these latter days of common sense and greater 
experience, would be ridiculed as a lunatic. 

After the "Congress Scheme" had been voted down, the MSS. 
was probably retained by Mr. Gerner. As to its final disposition, 
Mr. Watkyns says : 

It was rumored at the time that Gerner walked sadly out to 
the beach and hurled his prodigy far out in the ocean. I actu- 
ally saw him throw a MSS. bundle, corresponding in bulk to that 
of his "gigantic labor," but have ever had a suspicion that he 
still retains it, and I am strengthened in my belief by the testi- 
mony of several who allege to have seen it after the "sacrifice" 
was made. 

The talk of Sectionalism, which has often been a potent factor 
in the politics of Amateurdom, caused the publication of an open 
letter by President Snyder. This letter was written in answer to 



14 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE&S ASSOCIATION. 

the following resolutions, adopted by the Ohio Amateur Press 
Association : 

Whereas, The former N. A. P. A. was held in an eastern city, 
and owing to this fact western amateurs were unable to attend ; 
be it 

Besolvedj That we respectfully request that a city further west 
be selected for this year's meeting, and that the secretary send a 
copy of this resolution to the president of the National Amateur 
Press Association. 

As the Association was entirely without laws during this period 
of its existence, this resolution, demanding attention of some 
sort, was one which President Snyder donhlless considered care- 
fully. In his answer, published in the Boys^ Herald, he declared 
that the Association alone had the power to appoint its place of 
meeting, as it had exercised that power in the Philadelphia con- 
vention. He quickly dismissed, as impracticable, suggestions 
that he call an extra session, and authorize a "vote by letter" 
on the question of the seat for the coming July convention. He 
broached the plan of having conventions alternately in the east 
and the west, which thought was incorporated in the constitution 
adopted later, and has remained there ever since. He also sug- 
gested that, where it was found impossible for Westerners or 
Easterners to attend the annual convention, on account of the 
distance, the amateurs of the far-off section meet together, and 
after discussing the Association's interests, apjioint delegates to 
represent them at the gathering. 

The Westerners, however, were not satisfied. The following 
resolution was passed at the meeting of the Indiana A. P. A., 
February 22, 1877, at Indianapolis: 

Hesolved, That we, the members of the Indiana Amateur 
Press Association, having powers equal to that of the New York 
Amateur Press Association, do hereby proclaim Indianapolis, 
Ind., as the next meeting place of the National Association, and 
that the time be July 4, 1877. 

There is no record that the resolution was ever noticed by the 
officers of the N. A. P. A. 

Continuing on the same line, the Dauntless, an anonymous 
sheet, issued by Thos. G. Harriscn, in its number for April, 
1877, said; 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 15 

Amateurs of the west and south, the National Association is 
National in name only. It will not recoojnize our rights. There- 
fore we must support them ourselves. We need a United States 
A. P. A. — one that will show impartiality to east, south and 
west alike. A convention held in Indianapolis or Cincinnati 
would be the right thing in the right place. Let us hold one. 
This opinion is not only ours^ but of ALL the amateurs of the 
west with whom we have come in contact. It is a decided opin- 
ion that such a meeting would be highly beneficial ; therefore, 
fellow amateurs, we hereby call a meeting of Amateur Journalists, 
to be held in Cincinnati (as the most convenient place for 
Southern amateurs), on July 4, 1877, for the purpose of organ- 
izuig a United States A. P. A. Cincinnati amateurs will make 
arrangements for the rooni, etc. A large attendance will be se- 
cured, and satisfaction will be given to all except those few dis- 
contented dodgers who will uphold the National Association in 
the hope of getting office. 

On the nomination of Dingwall (of Milwaukee) for the presi- 
dency, and promises of fair play from the Easterners, this plan 
was abandoned. 

The Miscellany^ of Boston, in its issue of May, 1877, gives a 
complete ticket for N. A. P. A. officers, credited to Correl Ken- 
dall. At its close this paragraph is found : 

Exchanges favoring Heuman's nomination will please copy our 
ticket entire, as the -'regular ticket," decided on by the leaders 
-of "our side." 

It is explained that, as far as possible, the nominations are di- 
vided between east and west. The ticket follows : 

President, Charles C. Heuman, New York City; first vice- 
president, Stanton S. Mills, Rock Island, Ills. ; second vice- 
president, Marvin E. Stow, Troy, N. Y. ; third vice-president, 
Junius W. C. Wright, Memphis. Tenn. ; fourth vice-president, 
Arthur J. Huss, Tiffin, O. ; fifth vice-president. Will W. Bart- 
lett, Omaha, Neb. ; secretary, J. Austin Fynes, Jr., Boston, 
Mass. ; treasurer. Will T. Hail, Chicago, Ills. ; official organ, 
Boys^ Herald, Batavia, N. Y. ; official editor, Alex. W. Ding- 
wall, Milwaukee, Wis. 

Mr. Ernest K. Packard, in the New England t^tar, presented a 
plan for an exhibit of amateur papers at the Paris Exposition of 

1878. 

The New England Star was then the official organ of the N. A. 



16 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUE PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

P. A., and in the April-May-June, 1877, issue, the following 
appeared : 

A Proclamation, To the Amateurs of the United States — At 
Philadelphia, July 4, 1876, a National Amateur Press Associa- 
tion was organized. With this Association all amateurs of 
the United States, in good standing, are earnestly advised and 
cordially invited to connect themselves. The great object of 
the National Amateur Press Association is to promote "union" 
among workers in a like cause, and to foster fraternity, friend- 
ship and united effort among youths who already acknowledge 
the mutual ties of common, tastes, aims and hopes. 

The convention of 1876 selected for its next place of assemb- 
ling Long Branch, N. J. It likewise appointed July as the 
month and delegated to its President the power of naming the 
day. Therefore I, J. Winslow Snyder, President of the National 
Amateur Press Association, in accordance with the power vested 
in me, appoint the 16th day of July, 1877, as the date for the 
assembling of the National Amateur Press Association at Long 
Branch N. J. J. Winslow Snyder, 

Richmond, Va., May 8, 1877. Pres. N. A. P. A. 

Mr. Joseph P. Clossey, in his paper. Our Free Lance, pub- 
lished an admirable account of the Long Branch convention, 
from which the following copious extracts are made: 

Saturday, July 14, was in New York a day of moment. Since 
Thursday various members of the fraternity had been arriving, 
and by Saturday there were as many as twentj^-five visitors in the 
hands of the reception committees. 

On Sunday morning the renowned "Boston delegation," ac- 
companied by three other delegations, less famous, arrived by the 
Fall River line. 

Bright and early on Monday morning the boys were "all 
aboard" and shortly after "underway." The trip to Sandy 
Hook on the steamer Empire State was delightful, and everyone 
seemed to enjoy it. 

Gerner's "personal magnetism" made itself felt to a wonderful 
degree upon this occasion, and no one was cheered more lustily 
than he, and since the convention, too, the feeling kindled has 
been displayed in numerous instances. 

Before the New York delegation and the "visiting statesmen" 
of the 'Dom who had made that city their temporary resting 
place, had started for the Branch, the chairman of the Dingwall 
committee was already on the ground. Shortly after his arrival 
a number of the most prominent among the delegates already 
present had been taken into council, relative to the advisability 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 17 

of uniting the auti-Gerner factions upon one ticket. Kendall's 
friends were loth to give him up. Snyder's supporters were con- 
fident of their candidate's success, after a single ballot had shown 
the impj^sibility of elecitingj either Dingwall or Kendall. In fact, 
Dingwall's unavoidable absence came near disrupting his sup- 
port. Many who W3ald have supported him, if present, were 
inclined to prefer either Kendall or Snyder ; and so determined 
were the advocates of each that some despaired of effecting an 
agreeable consolidation. In this dilemma it was urged by some 
who feared that Gerner's election was almost certain, that, to ac- 
celerate matters, Kendall's support be transferred to Mr. 
Gerner, presumably putting his election beyond doubt. Upon 
the attainment of this result, the opposition — meaning the adher- 
ants of Dingwall, Snyder and Kendall — should withdraw from the 
•N. A. P. A., and immediately resuscitate the never-to-be-for- 
gotten ^'Eastern Amateur Press Association," from whose raenr.- 
bership Gerner and his clan should be forever debarred. 

Such wild counsels could not prevail. The assertion that an 
absentee could not be elected president was met with a reference 
to ''Gushing." The doubts of the Dingwallites were removed 
by vigorous reasoning; and the friends of Mr. Kendall, though 
none the less true to him, were half inclined to cooperate, for the 
sake of a common victory, with the supporters of the man of 
Milwaukee. 

All this time the boys from New York were anxiously looked 
for, but no sign of their coming appeared. At length, while 
Chairman Clossey and his gut sts were in solemn conclave sit- 
ting, a faint '-hurrah" from afar burst upon their ears, bringing 
joy to their hearts and sending the blood enthusiastically suririno: 
throug^h every vein. All rushed to the balcony, whenc3e they 
could see in the distance, coming at mad speed, with horses on a 
swinging trot, the two Ocean Hotel stages, carrying more boyish 
enthusiasm, jollity and good feeling than they could hold — 
since these overflowed at the window. 

Rapidly rallying to the call of their leader, the Dingwall Com- 
mittee-men entered upon their task cheerfully and systematically. 
As soon as orders for a caucus had been issued, they took pains 
to ensure the attendance, as far as possible, of all known to be in 
opposition to Gerner. Speedily there assembled at the chair- 
man's parlors over fifty delegates. aU supposed to be in unison 
with the object of the caucus. After some desultory conversa- 
tion, it was agreed that a ballot should determine upon which of 
the three candidates — Dingwall, Kendall or Snyder — our strength 
should be united. Messrs. Graff, Young and Mansbach were 
indefatigable in their exertions to hasten the proceedings ; and as 
those present voted, they passed out and were counted by 



18 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUE PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

guards at the door. Outside, the Gerner party gathered in 
amazement, anxious to learn whether the division in the ranks of 
their opponents, upon which they principally relied for success, 
would be avoided. Inside, Gee, Hosey and Fynes counted the 
ballots, while half-a-dozen others observed them. Fifty-eight 
had been in the room, of whom nearly a dozen had refrained 
from voting, through sympathy with Snyder, chiefly, and a wish 
not to be bound by acquiescence in the ballot to the action of the 
caucus. But forty-eight good and trae ballots had been cast, 
and A. W. Dingwall had received a majority. Among those in 
the room, comprising the leaders of three parties, it was accepted 
as an understood fact that Dingwall would receive, as far as their 
control extended, all the votes that would have been cast for the 
man of their former choice. Hosey was deputed to inform 
those waiting outside of the decision of the caucus ; and when he 
announced that "A. W. Dingwall, having received a majority of 
the votes cast, would be the candidate of the anti-Gernerites," 
an exultant cheer arose that presaged victory. The last words as 
the caucus dissolved, were: "Correl Kendall for Ist-vice?" 
"Yes." 

By the time the Dingwall caucus dissolved, the arrangements 
for the meeting had been perfected, and promptly thereafter 
President J. Winslow Snyder, at 1:15 p. m., called the second 
annual convention of the National Amateur Press Asso(;iati(m to 
order. After congratulating the gentlemen upon their ability to 
be present, whereby they were afforded an opportunity of form- 
ing friendships that would last through life, Mr. Snyder ex- 
pressed his gratification with the unity of purpose exltibited in 
giving to the National Amateur Press Associaticm a vitality nml 
permanence that, enlarging its circle of influence, would increase 
in power for good. The time had come for work, however, 
rather than words, .ind without further digression the Convention 
would proceed at once to business. 

At the outset a difficulty presented it.elf, and President 
Snyder expressed his opinion of the futility of attempting any- 
thing before it was settled who, of the vast multitude present, 
were amateurs, and, therefore, justly entitled to vote. The roll 
of the Philadelphia convention was itself incomplete, since some 
of those who participated in the proceedings failed to sign it. 
During the intervening year, also, it was possible for anyone in 
the ranks to become a member of the Association by sending his 
name to the secretary. Many availed themselves of this means 
while others deferred joining until they should be present at the 
convention. So it happened that out of the ninety or so present, 
at least one-half had no previous affiliation with the N. A. P. A. 
President Snyder, with his customary discretion, exnressed an 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 19 

opinion of the propriety of revising the roll of membership be- 
fore any further business was taken in hand. The chair per- 
formed its delicate task— ^involving, en passant, a decision of the 
time-honored question: "What constitutes an amateur?" — in a 
most satisfactory way. Directing the Secretary to read the list 
of those who had signed the roll at Philadelphia, and those who 
had subsequently signified to him their desire to join, he re- 
quested those present whose names were called to assume seats on 
the right of the chair. This done, the elect and the non-elect 
were amassed in opposing columns. Those who wished to become 
members were then invited to present their names to the Secretary. 
Pending this, however, Mr. Kendall asked information from the 
chair, relative to challenging persons who applied for membership. 
The chair replied, defining an amateur as ''Anyone who contrib- 
uted to an amateur paper," and stating that any member could 
challenge the right of anyone wishing to join. In his opinion, 
however, no one would wish to join who was not legitimately an 
amateur, as he would only sully his honor without any appreci- 
able gain. 

It was suggested that those then about to join should give 
their noms de plume as well as their real names; but the manifest 
impracticability of this plan caused its rejection. Finally, the 
completion of the roll was proceeded with, the secretary calling 
aloud each name as it was handed in. Three names were ob- 
jected to. and the cases were referred by the chair to a committee 
consisting of Messrs. Babcock, Heuman and Fynes. The com- 
mittee, ^after receiving the testimony of the challenged persons 
and the challengers, presented a report advising the admission of 
tvvo of those challenged, but rejecting the application of the 
third. Mr. Kendall created some little excitement by requesting 
permission of the chair to ask Mr. Kahrs (of the Budget, N. Y.j, 
'^ Whether he considered himself an amateur?" Mr. Kahrs re- 
plied spiritedly, ''I certainly do." Kendall retorted that "while 
Kahrs printed his pa[)er for a living, he didn't." 

The roll of those present being completed, other business 
would have been taken up, but for the fact that some amateurs — < 
among them the leading presidential candidate — had neglected 
to send their names to the secretary for membership in the ex- 
pectation ol: joining the cor.vention only to be disappointed in the 
end. Upon information being sought, the chair ruled that any 
gentleman present could submit for meinbershi[) the name of any 
absent amateur, whose candidacy for ariy of the offices of the 
N. A. P. A. he wished to urge, provided that the amateur in 
question had expressed a wisli to join, and had authorized the 
use of his name in this regard. Under this ruling Mr. .jolui 
Hosey propo-^cd for membership Mr, A. W. Dingwall, of Alii- 



20 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

waiikee, Wis. The acceptance of this name was received with 
cheers. Mr. Kendall's adherents, notwithstanding their acquies- 
cence in the result of the morning caucus, had cherised the hope 
that the neglect — ah, mistaken idea! — of those managing the 
Dingwall campaign, had left them an opening for victory. When 
the list of all new and old, absent and present members had been 
read, and was minus Mr. Dingwall's name, their plans were 
quickly laid. When Mr. Dingwall should have been nominated 
for president — presuming, of course, his non-membership — an 
objection on that must have been sustained. But they bad rashly 
credited the Dingwall committee with a lack of foresight that did 
not belong to it. Every step of the canvass had been foreseen, 
every contingency provided for; all that was needed was efficient 
direction of subordinate movements, and the proper execution of 
appropriate plans. 

In connection with the proposal of Mr. Dingwall's name, other 
candidates for office were proposed by various gentlemen, and 
under the same ruling were admitted. A sudden impulse prompted 
some member to propose for membership Miss Alice Plarper, 
and in the same feeling of gallantry. Misses L. Libbie Adams, 
Delle E. Knapp and Lottie Ray were proposed and admitted, the 
admirers of each lady applauding. 

The roll of members, now complete, comjjrises, according to 
the best accounts, about 140 names. About 85 members were 
present at the convention, noticeable among whom were our 
"Prince of Essayists," J. Winslow Snyder, Gerner, Gee, Heu- 
man. Hall, Huss, Kendall, Fynes. Campbell, Sewell. Wa.^serman, 
Babcock, Graff, Baker, Mix, Winslow, Young, Worthinston, 
Dix, Doherty, Morris, Lawrence, Lesser and others. Among: the 
interested visitors were two of the famous "old-timers" — Will 
S. Hillyer and John A. Rebertson. These were constantly the 
center of admiring throngs. The members were, for the most 
part, grouped together according to party. Almost the entire 
Gerner faction was seated at the right of the chair and in the 
front row of seats. Behmd these were Mr. Kendall's supporters, 
with here and there an odd Dino^wall man. But the main body of 
the Dingwallites were clustered at the left of the chair, and well 
to the front. On the same side were seated also many of Mr. 
Snyder's advocates. An expectant air prevailed all. 

By direction of the chair. Secretary Hall next read the minutes 
of the convention held in Philadelphia, July 4, 1876. The min- 
utes presented a clear record of all the proceedings of the Cen- 
tennial 'vention, and, upon their acceptance, the chair expressed 
its sense of their merit. 

The chair next called for the report of the committee on Con- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 21 

stitution, consisting of Messrs. Gerner, Heuman and Barrett. In 
response, Mr. Gerner, the chairman of the committee, presented 
a document of 76 pages, embodying the principles of his much- 
vaunted 'Congress Scheme." Immediately a discussion arose as 
to its reading, some arguing that it should be read and acted upon 
clause by clause, while others wished to hear it read through be- 
fore any action suould be taken. The chair, in due courtesy, and 
by established precedent, ruled that it must be read as a whole. 
It would be manifestly unjust to have the whole work — the labor 
of seven years — judged by a clause severed from its conjunction, 
and therefore incapable of correct interpretation. Every consid- 
eration of fair play required that the whole be heard, that we 
comprehend the full scope of the plan before acting upon its 
adoption. 

Mr. Gerner proceeded with his arduous task of reading the re- 
port. The reading occupied over three-quarters of an hour, and 
Mr. Gerner, at its close, was greeted with cheers by his 
adl\erents. 

Mr. Kendall moved that the report be laid on the table indef- 
initely. Some heated discussion thereupon arose. Mr. Lesser 
claimed that the time and labor spent upon the report merited for 
it more consideration than a mere tabling. It had taken months 
and years to i)erfeet the plan set forth, and yet it was proposed 
that all should go for nothing, and the result of so much labor 
would be so curtly dismissed ; the motion was temporarily with- 
drawn by Mr. Kendall, who substituted a motion of a recess 
for an hour. This motion was, at 3:20 p.m. almost unanimously 
carried. 

The recess was a glad relief to those who had become weary of 
Gerner's prolix plans. It afforded, also, a welcome opportunity 
of interchanging views upon the ''Congress Scheme" ; and 
though many availed themselves of the hour's intermission to re- 
plenish their waning strength, other spent the time in discussing 
its merits and defects. Almost universally was disapproval ex- 
pressed, mingled with regret, that the result of so much thought, 
care and labor must be summarily dismissed. Few, even of the 
foremost in denouncing the scheme, failed to appreciate the ad- 
mirable features with which it abounds, despite its innumerable 
infelicities and absurdities. All regretted that the preponder- 
ance of the bad necessitated the rejection of the element of good 
underlying the scheme. An hour was all too short for all that 
could be said on both sides, and it rapidly fled. 

At 4;20 p. m., the members began to reassemble, and Presi- 
dent Snyder, after deferring the transaction of any business till 
half past four, declared the recess closed, and again called the 
meeting to order. A motion for a further recess of half an hour 



22 HISTOUY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR. PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

haviDg been lost, . Mr. Kendall, in response to an inquiry from 
the chairf renewed his. motion that the report of the Committee 
on Constitution be continued indefinitely. On a standing vote, 
the motion- was carried, and to the table was consigned Gerner's 
pet plan. Hie Jacet. Upon motion by Mr. Kendall,. it was 
ordered that a committee be appointed to prepare a, simpler con- 
stitution, than that just offered. The chair appointed Messrs. 
^ Kendall, Heuman and Babcock. 

The next step towards the expedition of business was taken by 
Mr. J. C. Worthington, of Philadelphia, who moved that the As- 
sociation proceed to the election of oificers, pending the report 
of.:the Constitutional committee. A nearly unanimous vote tes- 
tified to the desire of all to have the suspense at an end. It was 
agreed that the same officers should be elected as at last year's 
convention. The dramatic sensation of the day arrived when 
Gerner arose, and in a voice of icy coolness said: "I doubt the 
legality of all these proceedings, as there is no quorum present." 
Mr. Kendall questioned the solidity of Mr. Gerner's position^ the 
chair stated that in the absence of a- constitution defining what 
should constitute a quorum, common parliamentary practice 
should be followed. A majority. of all answering to the call of 
the roll during the first session would, therefore, be sufficient for 
the purpose. The, position that a majority of all enrolled as 
members were necessary, the chair held to be untenable, since a 
great number could not, by force of circumstances, or location, 
attend the convention. 

.Meanwhile a steady stream, of those absent at the call of the 
meeting had been pouring in until the seats were now as well 
filledvas during the first session. President Snyder stated that 
the precedent of- last year's convention — that of voting by ballot 

—should be followed ; and he appointed as tellers Messrs. Heu- 
man, Babcock and Fynes. . 

-Mr. Heuman, thereupon, nominated for president, Richard 
/Gerner, of Hoboken,.N. J. Mr. Snyder was renominated by Mr. 
T^usig, and Mr. A. W. Dingwall, of Milwaukee, Wis., and Will 
T. Hall, of Chicago, Ills.,, were also placed in nomination. 

Mr. Landauer, of Philadephia, then recited a carefully prepared 
-address in praise of President Snyder, and urging "his reelec- 
tion. To such an extent did he dilate on his merits that every- 
where were visible signs of weariness, and yawning seemed the 
order of. the day. > Mr. Snyder, admonished the speaker of the 
necessity of dispatch, and he, soon thereafter concluded his dis- 
course. 

Mr. Lesser, of Hoboken, took the floor in behalf of Mr. 
Gerner, but with no result to- his championing, save disgust from 
those already weary and a -rebuke . from Gerner himself, who 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 23 

"didn't care to have his personal merits discussed there." Mr. 
Dingwall's name went to the convention without any advocacy, 
owing partly to a mistaken sense of zeal on the part of Mr. 
Davis, who had nominated him, and the consequent disinclination 
of the gentleman to whom had been assigned the task of both 
nomination and eulogy, to carry out a programme officiously 
marred. But a greater consideration than this was the fact that 
the 'vention was tired of speeches already, and each new one 
added to its indifference. Motives of policy, therefore, prompted 
the Dingwall managers to a safe silence. 

As the secretary, by direction of the president, called the roll, 
each member present stepped forward and deposited his ballot. 
The voting done, the tellers busied themselves with the count. A 
long delay ensued, and every heart beat high in anticipation. A 
few minutes before the result was announced, a report that Ding- 
wall had received 36 votes carried joy to his supporters. Finally 
the result was declared as follows : 

Number of votes cast - - - - 78 

Necessary to a choice - - - - 40 

A. W. Dingwall - - - - - 38 

Richard Gerner - - - - - 24 

J. Winslow Sn>der - - - - 15 

The suspense was maintained to the last, Dingwall's vote not 
being announced until after the other two. When it was known, 
what a cheer burst forth ! Smiles and shouts, handshaking and 
congratulations, but ill expressed the exuberant feelings of the 
Dingwallites, confident now of victory. Order at length restored, 
a second ballot was commenced. Its result was a foregone con- 
clusion, Mr. Dingwall's ranks remaining firm, though some 
changes occurred among his opponents. 

When the tellers counted the votes, one— a printed ballot slip 
furnished by the Lance — read: "For first vice president, Cor- 
rel Kendall, Boston, Mass." Whatever meaning had been in- 
tended will probably never be known. The chair invited the 
person who cast the ballot to identify it and explain it, but as 
no one replied to his repeated request, he was forced to throw it 
out. As the rejection of this ballot broke the deadlock and gave 
one candidate the majority (of which he only lacked one-half a 
vote), Mr. Snyder has been unjustly criticised — nay defamed. 
It is easy to show that he could not have acted otherwise: 1st — 
Because /orm is evitrything in the legal settlement of such a case 
unless so clear evidence of intention be presented as will remove 
all doubt. 2nd — The vote could not be counted for Kendall, 
because Kendall was not in nomination. 

This mysterious ballot rejected, the vote stood: 



24 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUE PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Number of votes east - - - - 75 

Necessary to a choice - - - - 38 

A. W. Dingwall - . - . 38 

Richard Gerner - - - . \. 26 

J. W. Snyder - - - - . - 11 

Mr. Dingwall's vote, lessened by the departure of several of 

his adherents on the 5 :30 boat for New York, was increased to 

its original strength by the accessions from the ranks of Mr. 

Snyder's friends, and though he had apparently the same support 

on both ballots, on the second he had a positive gain. 

When the chair declared that A. W. Dingwall was elected the 
next president of the association, all his friends joined in a re- 
sounding cheer, the echoes of which ring: in our ears yet. Order 
for the nonce was disregarded, and each one souglit the best vent 
for his exultant feelings. All felt the magnitude of their tri- 
umph, and so gloried in it. 

When the storm of enthusiasm had subsided, the chair an- 
nounced that nominations for first vice-president were in order. 
Mr. Gee, of the Southern Star, nominated Arthur J. Huss, of 
Tiffin, Ohio. Stanton S. Mills and J. W. Snyder were also 
nominated. Mr. Clossey nominated Correl Kendall, but the lat- 
ter gentleman declined. Upon a ballot. Mr. Snyder received 44 
votes, Mills 32, and Huss 2. Snyder's election was. by motion, 
made unanimous. He acknowledged the eompiiment paid him in 
a neat speech — short and sweet. "If my voice were in good 
condition and there were time, I might indulge in a few words; 
but as it is gentlemen, I thank you from my heart for this warm 
expression of your regard. In whatever fi'eld 1 may meet you, 
whether as editors, authors or printers, I hope we shall be 
friends." At the close of this speech the boys cheered again. 

To facilitate the dif^patch of business, Mr. Snyder, who, in the 
absence of President Dingwall retained the chair, suggested that 
the remaining vice-presidents could be chosen by acclamation, if 
no more than two candidates were presented for each office; and 
in pursuance of this plan, a motion for a committee to nominate 
candidates having been carried, the chair appointed the tellers as 
such committee. They recommended the following ticket: 2d 
vice-president, W. F. Babcock, Hoosick, N. Y. 3d vice-presi- 
dent, J. C. Worthington, Philadelphia, Pa. 4th vice-president, 
A. J. Huss, Tiffin, Ohio. 5th vice-president, W. J. Campbell, 
Cambridgeport, Mass. These gentleman were elected to the re- 
spective offices without opposition. J. A. lynes, Jr., was 
elected recording secretary by a vote of 43 to Lud wig's 19, and 
Watkins' 8. The first ballot for corresponding secretary resulted 
in no choice. On the second Will E. Leaning was elected, re- 
ceiving 43 votes to 16 given to L. H. Mansbach, and 5 to J. B. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 25 

Sewell, Jr. Wm. T. Hall received the treasurership on a vote of 
62 out of a total of 80 ; of the remainder, 14 votes were cast for 
E. R. Riale, 3 for Clemmie Chase, and 1 for Ritter. 

A recess was taken until 8 :30. When the adjourned meeting 
was called to order, the first business was the election of an of- 
ficial organ. Our Free Lance declining, the Boys^ Herald^ hav- 
ing promised regularity in the future, was elected on the third 
ballot over the Monthly Souvenir, Elmira Enterprise^ All Sorts, 
Idle Sours, Amateur Leader and Critic. After several ballots, 
C. C. Heuman was elected official editor. 

When the time for the selection of the next place of meeting 
had arrived, good feeling reigned every were ; Mr. Gerner setting 
his followers an example of equanimitj' that they would do well to 
imitate. For the meeting-place of the '78 convention, Chicago, 
Indianapolis, Cincinnati, Boston, New York, Hoboken, Elmira, 
Philadelphia and the Sandwich Islands were nominated. Every- 
one appreciated the humor of the thing, and on the first ballot 
there was danger that either King Kalakaua or Prince Gerner 
would be our host next year. But after this exuberance the 
members resolved into steadiness, and on the second ballot Chi- 
cago was chosen, receiving a majority over Indianapolis and 
Cincinnati. Some further business, chiefly financial, was trans- 
acted ; and upon appeals from the cbair, who was not slow in- 
deed to set a good example, enough money was subscribed to de- 
fray the expenses incurred and to meet the appropriations made. 
At 10:30 p. m., the convention adjourned, to meet again the fol- 
lowing morning. 

In the morning hastily rising and dressing, we betook ourselves 
to the meeting-room of the night before, where the convention was 
already assembled and hard at work. Every motion meant good 
to the 'Dom and brought down the house. The committee on 
constitution, appointed the night before, presented a concise but 
serviceable constitution in its report. With a few amendments 
this was adopted. Mr. Beck moved a vote of thanks to the com- 
mittee, which was given. The committee on badge reported in 
favor of a design similar to that worn by Mr. Gerner. Upon 
motion of Mr. Graff, it was resolved that no communication be 

held by the members of the association with the , or with 

Stewart Bros., its publishers. This interdiction was extended to 
the GMpmunJc, Buckeye Cruiser and Portland Courier, on ac- 
count of their similar violations of the proprieties of speech. 
Gerner followed up this move in the right direction by a denun- 
ciation of the New York professional boys' papers. Our Boys\ 
Boys of New York and the Boys^ Weekly. Gerner' s motion for 
condemnation was amended to the effect that any member con- 
tributing in any manner to these papers be expelled. Amidst 



26 HISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUE PRESS ASSOCIATION, 

the wildest applause the motion was carried. Beck moved a re- 
quest that the action of the convention be published, and copies 
of such accounts be sent to the journals condemned. A univer- 
sal "AYE" spoke, the convention's mind. A resolution of 
thanks to Mr. Grerner, for his able reply to the attack of the New 
York Herald of April 29, was carried with great applause ; and 
when the secretary, in response to a call, read Mr. Gerner's let- 
ter, the din was renewed. 

A motion to adjourn sine die being lost, the chair introduced 
the orator of the occasion, Mr. James M. Beck, of Philadelphia. 
The gentleman excused himself, however, and the laureate, Mr. 
C. C. Heuman, also expressed regret at his inability to perform 
his part, through having mislaid his MSS. 

Mr. Gerner said that since so much had been condemned, he 
thought it fitting now to express praise, and he therefore moved 
that a vote of appreciation and approval be given to Mr. Chas. 
K. Farley, (Karl C. Yelraf), for the wonderful ability displayed 
in his serial "Two Fair Bedouins," now being published in Our 
Free Lance. With enthusiastic cheers, the motion was carried. 
A vote of thanks was also given to the chair, and a committee 
was appointed to convey to the Messrs. Leland the thanks of the 
Association. The business was at an end, and, after a charming 
valedictory by Mr. Snyder, at 10:30 a. m., on July 17, tbe 
second annual convention of the N. A. P. A. adjourned. 

Amateur papers were not as numerous in 1877 as in the 
previous year, but of a higher grade. A war against "thumb 
nails," or papers issued for exchanges only, at the smallest possi- 
ble expense, had driven many from the ranks. Our Free Lance, 
enlarged, was known as "King bf Amateur Journals." The 
Keystone, Baltimore and New York; Monthly Souvenir, Pitts- 
burg, Pa.; Literary World (16 page magazine), Philadelphia; 
Fcho (eclectic), Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Miscellany, Boston ; Our Amer- 
ican Youth, Washington, D. C. ; Rfimbler, St. Louis; Club, Chi- 
cago; Young American, Cfxrhond^lQ, Ills., Buckeye Boy, TltRn, 
O. ; All Sorts, Omaha, Neb.; Duke^s Spirit, Pesotum, 111., 
were prominent papers of the year. 

There were more authors of acknowledged ability in the ranks 
this year than ever before or since. 

"The Universal History of Amateurdom" by Marvin E. Stow, 
made its appearance and was of great interest. 



CHflFTER 4. 

THE CHICAGO CONVENTION OF 1878. 

The Second Generation Comes On. — The Postal Troubles. 
— The Campaign. — Convention in Chicago. — New Con- 
stitution Adopted. — Struggle for the Presidency. — The 
Banquet at the Palmer House. — Editors' Lyceum and 
Critics' League. — The Charges of Fraud. — Prominent 
Papers of the Year. — The First National Amateur. — 
The Constitution. 

THOS. G. HARRISON, in his "Career and Reminiscen- 
ces," published in 1883, gave the following: 
The "second generation" of. amateurs now began to 
push its leaders into notoriety, and to gradually occupy posi- 
tions cf prominence. The few remaining amateurs in the ranks 
of the first generation fought hard against the ambition of the 
more youthful aspirants, but the "fossils, " as the old timers were 
called, were pushed aside, and in 1878 were almost entirely 
driven to the wall. Comparatively strange names were hailed by 
the fraternity with exclamations of applause ; the leading authors 
and editors were nearly all of the new generation. In the cam- 
paign, which opened early in the winter, the leading' spirits of 
the new generation rallied around Jos. P. Clossey and Wm. 
T. Hall, as exponents of their class, while Correl Kendall, of 
Boston, Mass., was the candidate of t^^e "Fossils." 

During the early part of this year Amateur Journalism had 
been more prosperous than ever before ; more and better papers 
were issued and greater ability and activity shown by the pub- 
lishers than a:t any time previous in the history of Amateurdom. 
But late in the spring Amateur Journalism received a blow which 
had well nigh been deadly. This was in the form of a post of- 
fice regulation, the influence of which was the enforcement of the 
payment of one cent in postao;e upon every copy of an amateur 
journal mailed, unless certain rules and forms were complied 
with, which were destructive to the prosperity and extension of 
Amateur Journalism. 

Previous to this time postal laws had been peculiarly accom- 
modating and inducive to the growth and spread of Amateurdom. 
At one time, any recrularly published periodical was sent throuafh 



28 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

the mails free of all charge, and just previous to the enforcement 
of this "obnoxious postal law," amateur journals were mailed 
for three cents per pound, this rate thus forming the lowest item 
of expense essential to the publication of a paper. But the new 
law increased the expense of publication very heavily, in many 
cases forming the greatest item in the sum total, figured up by 
amateur editors in their expenditures. 

Amateur journals fell like leaves, and only those journals con- 
tinued publication whose proprietors were able to evade the law 
or whose means were sufficient to pay the tax levied upon them. 

A vigorous campaign was opened in the interest of a num- 
ber of candidates for various offices in the Association. Mr. 
Harrison continues : 

The National campaign closed, leaving everything as regards 
the candidates for the presidency in a state of confusion. The 
vote of Chicago was apparently split between Hall and Hancock, 
with a large support for both outside the city. Kendall failed to 
gain much support in the west. Clossey's support consisted of 
a great number of the ablest editors, and for that reason I con- 
jectured that his prospects were favorable for election. Clossey's 
opponents seemed to be afraid that he would use money to- 
wards paying railroad fares of his supporters and in baying 
votes. Hall held out to his supporters the inducement of a ban- 
quet at his expense. Early in July the supporters of Hancock 
were thrown into a flurry by a report, afterwards claimed to be 
bogus, that Hancock had declined the nomination for the presi- 
dency in favor of Hall. This report was afterwards said to have 
been circulated by Hall men, as a campaign dodge to gain sup- 
port for their candidate, and it deceived a great many supporters 
of Hancock, but did not have the effect of driving them into line 
for Hall. Since the convention, however it has been thought 
that the report was not entirely without foundation, and only 
denied because it was found to not improve Hall's chances of 
election. 

This was a very bitter campaign — more so than any before or 
since. Hall was probably the most abused. Next to Hall, 
Clossey was the most slandered, his enemies bringing every pos- 
sible charge against him. Kendall and Hancock came in for 
their share, too, but the latter was "let down easy." 

At 10:30 o'clock Wednesday morning, July 17, the third con- 
vention of the National A. P. A. was called to order by Vice 
President John W. Snyder, with about 85 amateur editors and 
authors present, and he delivered an eloquent address, which was 
loudly applauded, and served to increase the already great en- 
thusiasm which everyone felt. A. J. Huss was elected secretary 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 29 

protem, and the usual business of the reading of minutes, of- 
ficers' report, admission of members, etc., was transacted. A 
committee was appointed to examine the credentials of appli- 
cants for membership, and then the constitution, which had been 
prepared during the preceding year by Will B. Graff, Chas. H. 
Young and Wm. B. Henry, was read by Young, the only one of 
the committee who was present. He took a rest of a few min- 
utes, after reading some time, while Stanton S. Mills, the ap- 
pointed orator of the occasion, delivered an excellent address 
upon "The Professional vs. the Amateur," which he handled in an 
able manner. Young then finished reading the constitution, 
which was then voted upon, clause by clause, and adopted with 
several amendments, made by Clossey and others. 

The adoption of this constitution was the source of a great 
deal of congratulation upon the part of the members present, 
and they felicitated themselves on the Association now possessing 
a constitution which they thought would do a great deal towards 
making the National popular, and bringing all amateurs to its 
support. 

A recess was taken, after the constitution had been adopted, 
until 2 o'clock, when the Association was again called to order. 
A letter from the corresponding secretary. Will E. Leaning, 
was read, and also "letters of regret" from a number of prom- 
inent amateurs. The committee on credentials, which was equally 
<*()m posed of supporters of Hall, Hancock and Clossey, then 
reported that twenty-one applications for membership had been 
challenged, of which the committee had seen fit to expel but four 
— Lay. Demarest. Downs and Griggs, all residents of Chicago. 
These four had all previously been active amateurs, but were not 
then connected with the ranks. It was moved that the Associa- 
tion act upon each one of the four's admission separately, and 
upon this being done, all were elected to membership, despite the 
earnest protests of the Clossey supporters. J. Fred Eberle, of 
Philadelphia, was also admitted to membership although he was 
challenged in the convention by Clossey, on ihe ground that he 
was a contributor to the New York boys' professional papers, 
which, in fact, he was. 

For the presidency, Hall, Hancock, Closse}'^ and Kendall were 
placed in nomination — the latter by his chief supporter, Gee. 
The ballot was taken, ea(;h member walking up to the tellers, as 
his name was called, and depositing his vote. The result of the 
lirst ballot was as follows: 

Total number of vo^es cast. To ; necessary to a choice, 37 ; 
Hall, 35 ; Clossey, 19 ; Hancock, 12 ; Kendall, 7. 

A wild cheer burst from the Hall men, whose victory was now 
conceded by all. Hall had managed his campaign with sreat 



30 HTSTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PEESS ASSOCIATION. 

adriotness. Hancock's vote was a surprise to the supporters of 
Clossey, and it has been thought, and was so said afterwards, 
that he had only been running in the interests of Hall, to hold 
that portion of the Chicago vote with whom the latter was per- 
sonally unpopular, and keep it from going to a strong opponent. 
While this has been currently rumored, it has never been sub- 
stantiated. 

The second ballot resulted as follows : Total number of votes 
cast, 71 ; necessary to a choice, 36 ; Hall, 39 ; Clossey, 22 ; 
Hancock, 10 ; and William T. Hall was declared elected. 
. For the first vice-presidency, Hancock, Huss and Mills were 
nominated, and Huss elected on the first ballot, receiving 38 
votes of the 67 cast, to Mills' 17 and Hancock's 12. Mills had 
made himself unpopular by challenging voters. Huss had un- 
doubtedly made a "deal" with the Hall men, for he held their 
support, almost to a man. Hancock's nomination to the vice- 
presidency was probably not preconcerted. 

Fred M. Cornell, of New York, was unanimously elected sec- 
ond vice-president, and Frank M. Morris, of Indianapolis, third 
vice-president. Gee was unanimously elected recording secretary, 
and J. F. Eberle was elected corresponding secretary by a vote 
of 25,. to 10 for Griggs, of Chicago; 10 for Graff, of Brooklyn, 
and 4 for Carter, of Cincinnati. Willis H. Allen received 33 
votes for treasurer, to 15 for Daugherty, of Pittsburg, and 10 for 
Griggs, of Chicago. J. W. Snyder was elected official editor by 
acclamation, but he declined the honor, and for a time, the office 
went a begging. Several amateurs were nominated for it, but 
they declined, hardly knowing what was to be required of them, 
I suppose, until finally C. C. Chase was nominated and elected. 

The Association then adjourned until the following morning, it 
being late. 

At 8 o'clock, the members of the National gathered in the din- 
ing rooms of the Palmer House, and partook of a cold "ban- 
quet," which was probably the worst in its way, as far as eat- 
ables are concerned, that has ever been dignified by the name. 
The toasts and responses were the features of the occasion. J. 
W. Sn^^der officiated as toastmaster, and he was the backbone of 
the occasion, making the responses to several of the toasts him- 
self. The following are the toasts and sentiments : 

The National A. P. A. — Ever the hope of Amateurdom. 
May these hopes be realized. 

Amateur Journalism — May it live to entertain, instruct, en- 
noble ; to lift the standard of Juvenile Literature, and to afford 
a school to Professional Journalism. 

Professional Journalism — May Amateur Journalism so progress 
that the\sire will recoo:nize and acknowledge the son. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 31 

Our Host — The G-arcleQ City A. J. A. — They have given us a 
good time ; may they And a reward laid up for them in the East. 

The Western A. P. A. — The National looks to it for support. 
(Response by Chase.) 

To th3 memory of VVm. A. Fiske — May his name live sur- 
rounded by those same precious associations which preserved the 
memories of Farley and Barler. 

This last toast was responded to by Stanton S. Mills, who 
made the oratorical event of the banquet, all who heard his elo- 
quent remarks uniting in enthusiastic applause. 

A number of short speeches were made and the banquet ended 
with the "N. — A. — P. — A." cheer beinoj ojiven. 

After the banquet, by previous arrangement, a number of 
amateur editors repaired to the room of Jos. P. Clossey for the 
purpose of organizing the -'Editors' Lyceum." At 10 o'clock 
p. m., I [Thos. G. Harrison] called the meeting to order and 
stated the objects of the contemplated association. By motion I 
was elected temporary chairman, and I then appointed A. J. 
Huss temporary secretary. Twent3^-eight active amateur editors 
joined the Lyceum and paid their dues. Huss then read the con- 
stitution and by-laws, which was adopted with a few changes. 
This association was organized for the express purpose of pre- 
venting early electioneering, and exerted a powerful influence for 
some time. Joseph P. Clossey was unanimously elected presi- 
ident ot the Lyceum, and took the chair. George W. Hancock 
was elected first vice-president ; F. M. Morris, second vice-presi- 
dent and also poet-laureate. After transacting some miscellane- 
ous business, the Lyceum. adjourned at 11 :15 p. m., this being its 
first and only meeting. 

Immediately after it adjourned, the editors present signified 
thfcir desire to join the Critics' League, and I was unanimously 
elected League Critic. This League was "for the purpose of 
obtaining a compilation of impartial criticism upon worthy 
topics." It never amounted to much. 

Thursday morning at 10 o'clock the National was again called 
to order, but with a diminished attendance, many of the boys 
being out seeing the sights. President Hall appointed several 
committees, and then a place for the next meeting was to be 
chosen. Washington, Cincinnati and New York were proposed, 
and Washington receiving 22 out of the 41 ballots cast, was de- 
clared appointed as the seat of the fourth convention. Miscel- 
laneous business followed, nothing of particular interest being 
brought before the convention, however, except Young's motion 
to expel John B. Sewell from the Association, on the charge of 
plagiarism, which was defeated. Finally, about noon, the Na- 
tional Association adjourned sine die. 



32 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

In tlie afternooD a game of baseball was played by nines from 
among members of the Editors' Lyceum and the National Asso- 
ciation, the Lyceum club being beaten by a score of 21 to 28. 

The Monthly Casket, a Chicago jjaper, was issued daily during 
the convention, with a report of each meeting held. 

Charles H. Young, editor of Our Own Journal, of New York ; 
Henry P. Hull and Thos. G. Harrison formed themselves into 
what was afterwards termed the "Clossey Investigating Com- 
mittee," to examine into the facts why Clossey did not get more 
votes. Twenty-six amateurs asserted to us that they had voted 
for Clossey, but there is no doubt that some of them equivo- 
cated. The evidence collected made it appear that there was some- 
thmg "crooked" about the balloting, and the after publication 
of the statements caused much excitement and raised the cry of 
fraud against Hall. But I do not doubt that Hall would have 
been ultimately elected, even if he was not fairly so on the second 
ballot, as the remaining supporters of Hancock would probably 
have come over to him. For a few weeks after the convention of 
the National, the fraternity was agitated by the rumor that the 
meeting had not been legal, it being claimed that a quorum of the 
old members had not been present at the first assembling, but all 
doubts were presently set at rest by the quotation from the old 
constitution, stating that "any number of members shall con- 
stitute a quorum." 

Eastern amateurs were very bitter, foi" a time, against the way 
the western boys had managed the convention, and at the time it 
was rumored that no quorum had been present, a cry was made 
for a special convention. Grave accusations were made against 
numerous prominent western amateurs. An attempt was made 
to claim Clossey as the president dejure, but no effort was made 
to unseat Hall, and finally the cry of fraud wore out. 

Soon after the convention, work on the next campaign was 
commenced and Huss and Haniuel J. Lawrence, of the JEastern 
Star, were nominated for the presidency. Huss was nominated 
by the Buffalo Amateur, then just -issued by Chas. G. Steele. 
During the last days of the year Huss was the only candidate 
actively in the field. 

Take tiie year from beginning to end, and there were more pa- 
pers published that reached a liigh standard in all departments 
then in two years previous or since. One feature of the year 
was the large number of "all editorial" journals. The Stylus, 
of Tiffin, O., by Arthur J. Huss, was the most famous journal 
of the year. It was all editorial and vigorously attacked many 
famous amateurs, getting much notice and many enemies. Cairo, 
Ills., because famous as an amateur head-center. Will Wright's 
Egyptian Star and Eugene E. Ellis' Knight Errant were the best 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 33 

Cairo papers, and ranked among the ablest published. Will 
T. Hall's Western Amateur was very neat, with a finely engraved 
heading. The Fireside Gem, Appleton Wis., was a fine 8-page 
sheet. O/r Boys, of Toledo, O., was the oldest journal pub- 
lished, at the beginning of the year. Once a Month, Hampton, 
la., poorly printed but interesting. Southern Star, D. W. Gee, 
editor, Washington, finely printed. Crisis, J. C. Worthington, 
Philadelphia, handsome and ably edited. Club, Geo. W. Han- 
cock, enlarged. Fierian, 24 pages, Alonzo P. Brown, Brook- 
lyn; Le Bijou, Herbert A. Clark (colored), Cincinnati; Wa- 
verly, Wm. F. Buckley and Geo. W. Baildon, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; 
Composiny Stick, Geo. W. Beihn, Ripley O. ; Fhcenix, James J. 
O'Connell, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Acorn^ Nathan Cole and Frank 
L. Misner, St. Louis ; Bethel Cadet, E. A. Oldham, Wilmington, 
N. C. ; Echo, Fred M. Cornell, Brooklyn ; Our Sanctum, Will 
T. Scofield, Philadelphia, N. Y. ; Boys' Gazette, Philip Hand and 
Harry J. Calvert, Philadelphia; Amateur Blade, T. H. Parsons, 
Buffalo, N. Y. ; Imp, J. Edson Briggs ; Bounce, Ralph Van 
Vechten, Cedar Rapids, la. ; Our Own Journal, Chas. H. Young, 
New York ; Eastern Star, Samuel W. Lawrence, Medford, Mass. ; 
Satirist, Chas. S. Elgutter, Omaha, Neb. ; Eastern Sunbeam, 
Edward W. Frye, Boston ; Independent Times, F. N. Reeve, New- 
ark, N. J., were prominent papers. Our Free Lance, by Joseph 
P. Closse}^, in July was issued in 16-page, sixty-four column 
form. 

The first National Amateur was printed by Arthur J. 
Huss in 4-page, 12-column form, and edited by C. C. Chase, 
who had been elected as the Association's official editor. A 
short report of the convention. President Hall's message, an 
article on "Early Campaigning" by A. J. Huss and a number of 
able editorials completed the contents of the first issue. 

The second or December issue contained J. W. Snyder's ad- 
dress made before the Chicago convention, wherein occurred the 
since oft-quoted passage asserting that ''Amateur Journalism is a 
flame that perpetually renews itself, andean never wear out." 
Hall's second message, wherein he condemned "early election- 
eering," a number of editorials, one of course, on the "Postal 
Troubles," and the establishment of ^'The News" department, a 
feature which has been continued ever since, made up the second 
issue. 

The March, 1879, issue of the National ^ma/e?«; contained the 
first installment of "The Philosoph}^ of Amateur Journalism," 
by Official Editor Chase ; A plea for union, by Ex-President 
Sayder ; concise instructions as to voting at State elections for 
N. A. P, A. officers; an article from the Stylus on "A National 
Amateur Directorv," a message from President Hall naming 



34 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

the next meeting day a^d making several appointments, and the 
"News'* department. 

The June issue contained the conclusion of Editor Chase's 
"Philosophy of Amateur Journalism ;" a review of the poetry of 
the day; the president's message; an article on the post office 
trouble, the "News" department, editorial matter, etc. 

The four issues of the National Amateur comprising the first 
volume consisted of four pages each, three columns to the page, 
2 1-6 inches in width and the page 10 1-4 inches long. The first 
page heading on the first issue was a full line of square gothic 
letters, capitals and small capitals. In succeeding issues the 
heading was set with capitals and small letters, and the line "of- 
ficial organ National Amateur Press Association" followed it. 
The head and column rules gave a newspaper appearance to the 
pages. The paper was printed by Arthur J. Huss and was dated 
from Tiffin, O., his place of residence. The first issue was ac- 
companied by a two-column supplement containing an interview 
by President Hall with Postmaster General Key, in regard to 
amateur papers and pound rates of postage. The account of the 
Chicago convention was not the official minutes, Secretary Gee 
being quoted as saying that "the minutes, of the late convention 
of the N. A. P. A. are not for publication." 

In the National Amateur, December, 1878, President Hall 
stated some provisions of the constitution* as follows : 

It allows a right of universal franchise, by which every amateur 
who resides in a State having an Association and is a member of 
that Association, can become a member of the N. A. P. A. and 
vote, whether present at or absent from its conventions, thus 
giving all a voice in its affairs. 

It repudiates all persons in any way connected with the dis- 
reputable boys' weeklies. 

It alternates the seat of conventions, east and west. 

It confers titles, medals, etc., for the most excellent produc- 
tions from amateur pens and provides for literary exercises at 
conventions. 

In the same paper the following appeared : 

Membership — Persons desirous of joining the National 

*A11 inquiry has so far failed to discover a copy of this first consti- 
tution, adopted by the N. A. P. A. in 1877, and we are obliged to be 
content with the outline here given, laken from various authorities. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PREES ASSOCIATION. 35 

Amateur Press Association should send their names to the first 
vice-president, who is chairman of the committee on credentials. 
If this committee decides favorably upon a name it is placed 
before the Association for consideration at its next annual con- 
vention. Ten black balls will reject an applicant. The requisites 
to membership are good character and a connection with Amateur 
Journalism. Persons who are puzzlers only^ or who are identified 
with the New York "boys' weeklies" are ineligible. An initia- 
tion fee of $1 and annual dues of $1 must be paid upon 
admittance. 

In the next issue the editor, C. C. Chase, explained the proxy 
voting system as follows : 

The manner of election, in that the important event will soon 
take place, should be clearly understood by everybody. The 
manner, however, is well laid down in the constitution, and it is 
probably more a question of icho shall vote. So we will state that 

1 — No person except a member of the Association is entitled to a ballot. 

2 — Those who joined the Association at Long Branch are not en- 
titled to vote unless they have remitted -their dues, $1, to Treasurer 
Allen, and 

3— No member in any way indebted to the society is entitled to vote. 

Members of the Association meet in their own State, two 
months previous to the National convention to cast their ballots, 
which shall be in the form ; 



For President of the National Amateur ^ 
Press Association : ^ 

WILLIAM T. HALL. % 

% C. Clement Chase. ^ 

(Other officers in the same style.) 

The officers of the State Association shall count the ballot in the 
presence of the assembly and make memorandum giving the total 
number of votes cast and the number each candidate received. 
The votes shall, with a certificate, signed by the officers of the 
State Association, stating that the ballot inclosed is the one cast 
by the members of their society at such a time and such a place, 
be inclosed in an envelope and mailed to the recording secretary 
of the National. And the memorandum, with a second certificate 



36 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

stating that the figures in said memorandum give the correct 
number of votes cast by their society for ofl3cerg of the National, 
shall be mailed to the first vice-president of the N. A. P. A. 
Then votes shall be counted at the convention aud the persons 
having a majority shall be declared elected. All of the minor of- 
ficers and the place of meeting are chosen in the same manner. 
No State Association should refuse a vote, but should send in 
every one cast. The examining committee of the National will 
decide as to the validity of votes, and all invalid ones will be 
ruled out by them. 

In regard toLaureateships, the Stylus is quoted: 
The constitution provides that the titles of poet laureate, his- 
torian laureate, etc., shall be conferred upon those whose compo- 
sitions printed in competition for the prizes, shall deserve them, 
in the eyes of the judges. It is also provided that prizes may be 
offered by local Associations or private individuals, to those who 
excel in a certain branch. Thus, if an author competes for a 
prize offered for a serial, story or sketch, he must print his pro- 
duction in an amateur paper and send two copies to the second 
vice-president, department A, three months before convention, 
stating for which prize or title he desires to compete. Poems, 
essays and histories of Amateur Journalism must be sent to the 
third vice-president, department B, These officers in turn send 
the productions to the judges in their departments ; these judges 
render their decisions and forward the same to the president, who 
announces them in convention. 



CHflFTER 5. 

THE WASHINGTON CONVENTION OF 1879. 

The Year 1879. — Extracts from President's Messages. — 
Waller as a Historian. — Washington's Many Conven- 
tions. — The Briggs Campaign. — Mistakes of Briggs and 
Gee. — Fynes' Hopeless Candidacy. — Lukewarm Briggs 
Men Desert for the Enemy. — The Convention Assembled. 
— Credentials Committee and Its Work. — The Skirmish 
Before the Battle. — Proxy Committee and Its Remark- 
able Report. — Proxies Thrown Out. — Briggs Elected 
on First Ballot. — Irregularities Charged. — Briggs 
Caucus Makes a Full Ticket. — Fynes' Followers Plan 
for a Second Ballot. — Charges and Counter Charges. 
— Personnel oe the Gathering. — Some Figures. — Mount 
Vernon Excursion. — Fynes Men Disgusted. — Laureate 
Awards.— King Kushing Again Reigns. — Hotel Proprie- 
tor to the Rescue. — Estimates of the Proxy Vote. — 
Southerners Withdraw Because of Clarke's Election 
to Office. — Papers of the Year. 

THE YEAR 1879 was a notable one, a large number of 
excf^llent papers appearing. The N. A. P. A. was ham- 
pered by the constitution adopted at Chicago, and the 
Washington convention was of such a character that no attempt 
at amendment was made. 

Committees appointed by the President were named in the 
National Amateur for December, 1878, as follows: 

Reception committee (for Washington convention) — Delavan 
W. Gee, J. Douglas Lee, Robert L. Sebastian, John Edson 
Briegs and James F, DuHamel. 

Examining committee — Delavan W. Gee (chairman), Chas. 
C. Heuman, Warren Moore, H. S. Livingston and Willis H. 
Allen. 

Executive committee — Charles H. Young (chairman), Geo.W. 
Hancock and Arthur J. Huss. 

Judges of award — Class A: Correl Kendall and J. A. Fynes, 



38 HISTORY OF TfTE NATIONAL AMATETJK PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Jr. Class B: Sam Clover and Donald MoKenzie. The first vice- 
president appoints Geo. H. Fernald to Committee A and George 
W. Hancock to Committee B. 

In the March issue of the National Amateur, President Halt 
named the date for the next convention : 

I deem it time to appoint a definite date for onr next conven- 
tion, and set Wednesda3^ Jul}^ 16, as the day. I have also made 
the following appointments:. Orator, J. Winslow Snyder; essayist, 
Will W. Winslow, and poet, Frank M. Morris. 

According to the constitution all State Associations whose 
members belong to the N. A. P. A. are required to convene in 
their own State during the month of May and cast their ballots 
for our officers, and in this all the requirements of our constitu- 
tion must be complied with. No person not a member of the N. 
A. P. A. is allowed to vote, and no person in arrears for dues shall 
be considered an active member. 

Again writing of rights of absent members as voters, in his 
message in the June, 1879, National Amateur, President Hall 
said ; 

I wish to refer to a clause in our constitution which seems to 
be troubling many; namely, that one referring to the "Elec- 
tion of officers." I understand it as follows: 

There shall be a meeting of State Associations in each State 
during the month of May. It must meet as a State Association 
only, and during the month of May. The ballots must be made 
out in the form prescribed by the constitution, and be 
counted and reported on as required to the proper authorities. 
The only amateurs who may cast their ballots are those who are 
bona-fide members of our Association at the time of casting the 
ballots, and are at that time on the membership roll of the N. A. 
P. A. A majority of these legal votes shall constitute an elec- 
tion, and unless there is a majority, the two candidates having 
the largest number of votes shall be nominees and shall be voted 
on by the members of the N, A. P. A. in convention assembled, 
the nominee receiving the larger numbers of votes to be declared 
elected. 

Unless all conditions are complied with, the votes shall be de- 
clared illegal, 

Frank M. Morris, second vice-president, assumed the presi- 
dency of the Editors' Lyceum previous to the Washington 
convention, and appointed Charles H. Young vice-president and 
Will W. Winslow treasurer and secretary. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 39 

rrabfihly to uo o'ther man does Amateurdom owe so heavy a 
debt of gratitude, for collecting and preserving the history of our 
organizations, as to Warren J. Jirodie. Mr. C. R. Waller's ex- 
cellent account of the Washington meeting of '79, written for Mr. 
Brodie's Empire State Amateur^ contains the following, which 
gives a review of the political horizon before the convention as 
well as an account of the meeting itself: 

The 13th to the 19th of July, 1879, will always be remembered 
as the great convention week. Five days of that memorable week 
witnessed an amateur press convention at the grand capitol of the 
United States. Every day of that week the famed and hospita- 
ble National Hotel, which had presented one of its large dining 
rooms for the use of the conventions, was subjected to the liber- 
ties, pranks, debates and nuisances of amateur journalists. The 
South-P^MSteru met on Monday, the 14th ; the Eastern on Tues- 
day, the loth ; the Natv)nal on Wednesday, the 16th, Thursday, 
the 17th, and Friday, the 18th; the Editors' Lyceum on Friday, 
the 18th, too, but at night. 

In spite of the unusual attractions offered all desiring to wit- 
ne>4s Amateurdom in ccmvention assembled, the attendance was 
renjnrkably meagre and unequally divided. This is evidenced 
by the fact that the South-Easlern, then one year old, had a larger 
))ercentage of members present than any other association, 
lit'ty per cent, attending. The percentage of members attending 
at the National's convention was undoubtedly the smallest, the 
number present being thirty-four. The statement regarding un- 
equal division may be appreciated when it is known that only 
nineteen of that number were visitors, and the remainder, fifteen, 
Washington or D. C. amateurs. Out of the nineteen visiting 
amateurs, seven were Southerners, who, added to the District of 
Columbia delegation equalled twenty-two from the South. The 
coolest calculator had estimated that the number of visiting ama- 
teurs would not be less than fifty. But, as in the past,- if not 
for all time to come, amateur attendance was estimated on 
promises broken wilfully or involuntarily. Several came whom 
uo one expected ; many did not come whom all expected. 

There have always been fears expressed that the amateur jour- 
nalists of the meeting place and vicinity w^ould not only outnum- 
ber but overcome visiting amateur journalists during the election. 
Indeed, it is a rule with the amateur demagogue to spare no pains 
to acquire the support of amateur journalists in and near the 
place of meeting. If successful, the amateur demagogue feels 
confident that three-quarters of the battle has been won. Under 
the belief that W^ashington and vicinity were united in support of 



40 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

a presidential candidate, the chances of opposition seemed slim. 
With the seven Southerners, Washington and vicinity, as can be 
seen, would have had a safe majority on any candidate or meas- 
ure selected. On March 20, 1879, Washington and vicinity did 
select. A ratillcation meeting was held, and the recognized 
Briggs ticket endorsed. It met with approval, not only in the 
District of Columbia, but throughout the South. This unity was 
genuine. That it was broken finally, is due to J. Edson Briggs 
and Delavan W. Gee. The ratification meeting had appointed a 
campaign committee whose members were peculiarly objection- 
able to Gee, but undoubtedly favorable to Briggs. Briggs relied 
on the political judgment of Gee, and may have been influenced 
thus in all of the few political steps he took. The popular "the 
people's" campaign committee was snubbed. Briggs supplanted 
''the people's" campaign committee with one of his own appoint- 
ment, giving Gee the chairmanship. This course was keenly 
felt by those who had taken the first step towards solidifying 
Washington nnd vicinity in Briggs' favor. Gee, who had as- 
])ired to the presidency, supported Briggs from force of circum- 
stances, perhaps, knowing that his own candidacy would have 
proven fruitless. The celebrated Columbian A. J. A., with which 
all of the members of the snubi)ed "people's" campaign commit- 
tee were (U)nnected, had clearly shown that Gee was 'not popular 
in Washington ;nid vicinity, if nothing more. The snub, for 
which he wns held !)artly responsible, dampened the ardor of a 
number of Briggs' supporters, and induced a few to make another 
choice. Added to this was a snub Briggs gave John E. Over- 
ton — a candidate for the presidency of the South-PLastem — and his 
su[)porters. Overton requeste.l his camj)aign manager. Waller, 
to ascertain Brigos' i)ositi()n towards him in the South-Eastern 
campaign. It recj-iired little acumen to realize the signilicance 
of this refpiest. It did require, however, inuch delicacy to place 
the matrer before Briggs in the most favoral)le light. Let it be 
said that Briggs' mind soared higher than pot-house politics. 
If he was familiar with the ways of politicians, Briggs never ex- 
hibited his kujwledge. If he" knew the advanttiues of political 
baroains, lie never accepted or made an offer. It has been 
thought that he favored Overton's candidacy, but never a word 
on the subject had ])assed his lips. When approached cautiously 
he gave no satisfaction. The man who ca!i read innocence 
could have seen tliat Briggs hesitated, not because he disliked 
Overton, but because his delicate sense of honor revolted against 
taking a position so significant and so misconstruable. But this 
high sense of honor, although commended by the campaign man- 
ager, who admired the man, was misconstrued by Overton into 
a personal and unjustifiable snul). It can be imagined that Over- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 41 

ton lost much of his enthusiasm for Briggs, and that his coldness 
gradually affected Virginia amateurs with whom he was identi- 
fied. It may be concluded that these two snubs, however unin- 
tentional, caused much of the opposition with which Briggs 
finally met from amateur journalists of his own section. Had 
the unity not been thus marred, it is believed that the conven- 
tion would not have been the scene of great excitement, and that 
Briggs would have been elected quietly and dignifiedly. There 
had been good ground for the fear that Washington and vicinity 
would overcome all opposition to Briggs. Washington and 
vicinity scarceh^ knew itself. The majority paid no heed to 
random murmurs of the minority. When on the 14th, the 
South-Eastern endorsed the Briggs ticket, Washington and vi- 
cinity seemed satisfied. Fynes had not arrived. 

The majority of visiting amateur journalists arrived several 
days before the day set for the National convention, and spent 
their time, either as spectators or participants, in the conventions 
of the South-Eastern or Eastern. Of course, an opportunity was 
a,fforded to come in contact with Briggs, a member of both as- 
sociations. It IS doubtful whether that contact proved favora- 
ble. J. Edson Briggs never stepped out of his way to make a 
friend. He was incapable of flattery or guile, and too honest to 
conceal contempt. The youth who grasped his hand knew at 
once whether he was liked or disliked. Briggs was, indeed, the 
last candidate in the world to personally excite sympathy or gain 
support. The amateur journalist to whom he did not take a 
fancy was left to wonder whether J. Edson Briggs was a snob or 
an aristocrat. But a truer heart never beat in the breast of any 
amateur journalist. 

J. Austin Fynes, of Boston, arrived on the night of the 14th. 
He differed from Briggs in many traits. He never hesitated to 
confess his desire for the presidency, his personal participation 
in the campaign, and his determination to win. As regards liter- 
ary ability or worth, the candidates were on almost equal footing. 
As regards political ability, Fynes was a giant ; Briggs a pigmy. 
When he reached Washington, Fynes found only three support- 
ers, Edward A. Oldham, of North Carolina, who had withdrawn 
as the vice-presidential candidate ; James M. Howard, of North 
Carolina, and Oswald L. Williams, of Virginia. Aware that these 
three gentlemen were all upon whom he could depend, almost every- 
one regarded Fynes' chances as hopeless. Several, indeed, seemed 
amused over his arrival, and ridiculed his ambition for the office. 
But Fynes was a politician — a Herculean amateur demagogue. 
He mingled freely with all ; spent money promiscuously, joked, 
laughed, chatted, and gained a friend where Briggs would have 
made an enemy. Sympathy began to take the place of ridicule. 



42 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

On the 15 th Fynes had an opportunity to display his talent and abil- 
ity during the Eastern convention. The literary session, held at 
Maple Square, Briggs' residence, was grand and enjoyable. 
But it was ill-advised. Briggs' motive was undobtedly pure, yet 
his hospitality suffered misconstruction, especially on the eve of 
the contest which his guests were to decide. The part Fynes 
played in both sessions of the Eastern proved on the other hand, 
his talent and ability, regardless of his principles. The amateur 
journalist who failed to admire his good traits in spite of his bad, 
his moral courage and perseverance, was incapacle of admiration. 
The Maple Square feast helped Fynes as much as it injured Briggs. 

On Wednesday, the 16th, the day of the National conveation, 
it became evident that Fynes' tactics and presence were bearing 
fruit. It also became evident that many snubbed by Briggs 
needed little persuasion to transfer their support to Fynes. 
Fynes could not have had a distinct knowledge of the animas of 
these amateurs, but he must have observed their lack of enthusi- 
asm and grasped the opportunity. Little argument was neces- 
sary to transfer their support from an amateur who had snubbed 
them to an amateur who came to Washington, with onl}' three 
friends in the city but treated all alike and royally. Conscience 
had melted under the glare of the July sun. Let us give Fynes 
the benefit of all the doubt. 

Overton, in the Historian, Nov., 1879, states: 

^'to make things worse, some poor, miserable fools have charged Mr. 
J. Austin Fynes with bribery, and also some of his friends with him. 
I would state, gentlemen, that I was with Mr. Fynes' party at the con- 
vention, and that every dollar spent for him by his friends was against 
his knowledge, as he would not countenance anything like it." 

With Overton, who had been elected to t^e presidency of the 
South-Eastern, others pledged to vote for Briggs transferred their 
support to Fynes. Bribery is one of the blackest, most contemp- 
tible crimes, be the consideration small or great. It may seem 
unkind to charge a fellow-journalist with a crime against which 
every honest heart revolts and to which no honest man stoops, 
let the emergency be what it may. As the writer holds the pen 
to say that bribery was committed during the National conven- 
tion, July, 1879, and attributed to the Fynes following, his heart 
is saddened because so much sorry truth must be recorded. A 
non- amateur, presumably authorized, rushed from corridor to 
corridor, on Wednesday, offering to pay the initiation fee of 
all who would vote for Fynes. One of Fynes' new-found friends 
offered five dollars for a single but significant vote. Several 
who had been bribed openly confessed. It was even boasted 
that Fynes had brought $300 to buy the entire convention, if 
necessary. The blood of every honest amateur boiled at the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 43 

expectation that a paltry, filthy three hundred would buy the 
presidency of the National. But not three trillion times three 
hundred ; not all the money in the world ; not power or trickery, 
could buy the highest seat in Amateurdom, July, 1879. It was 
earned. 

It would be unjust, however, to leave the impression that all 
who supported Fynes were guilty of accepting bribes. It i& un- 
fortunate, perhaps„ that some honest supporters suffered the. 
sweepipg charges that were made, too. There is not a shadow 
of doubt regarding the honesty of his original supporters^ 
Edward A. Oldham, James M. Howard and Oswald L. Williams. 
As much cannot be said of two per cent, of additional support- 
ers. It was known, before the opening of the convention, that, 
notwithstanding the loss of Oldham, who was compelled to leave 
prior to the ballot, Fynes would have most of the Virginia dele- 
gation and several of the Washington representation. Under any 
circumstances, it was known that the contest would be between 
Briggs and Fynes, and that Arthur J. Huss, the Western can- 
didate, would receive little support beyond the votes of a few 
immovable supporters. 

When the members assembled, not an officer was present, 
except the recording secretary, Gee, and the official editor,, 
Chase. Gee, therefore, called the convention to order at 11 a. 
m. , and requested nominations for temporary chairman. Strange 
as it may seem, the Briggs party under the tutelage of Gee, 
forced George W. Baildon, of New York, into the chairmanship, 
only to discover that he was not a member. A slight mistake. 
Gee, as in the past, seemed destined to lead the Briggs party 
to destruction. His knowledge of politics, in which dramatic 
foresight is, peculiarly, fortunate, may have been theoretical rather 
than practical. Gee. even with all of his power of practice, 
could not have contemplated either light or low comedy on this 
sublime occasion. Fj^nes did not fail to take advantage of the 
dramatic situation. The keen appreciation of the dramatic dis- 
played on his arrival was excelled, perhaps, by his earnest ef- 
fort to further the comedy Briggs had begun, and to place 
Briggs in the chair. But the actors blundered. They had not 
been rehearsed. James F. DuHamel, of Washington, D. C, 
was elected. 

Only eleven of the amateurs present were members, viz: 
Briggs, Chase, Clarke, DuHamel, Fynes, Gee, Lee, Reeve,, 
Tausig, Winslow, and Wright. To the committee on credenti- 
als, on which only three members were present — Chase, Gee and 
Wright — were added Tausig and Winslow. The committee was. 
allowed fifteen minutes to report, and was at once beseiged by 
Fynes in the interest of his friends. Twenty odd names were 



44 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

proposed for membership but the committee reported adversely 
on eleven. Fynes protested against the report, and created con- 
siderable excitement. During his remarks he disclosed that he 
was in possession of the Association's roll, compiled at Long 
Branch, July, 1877. Reeve indicated that the manuscript was 
the property of the National. Fynes, willing to receive credit 
for restoration, eagerly grasped the situation and restored the 
roll to the archives of the secretaryship. The dispute over these 
eleven names was finally settled by the acceptance of 'seven. 
Even so, there were several among the thirty-four who exercised 
membership on this occasion who were not entitled to recognition. 
In this unconstitutionality neither side was guiltless. 

After collection of dues, Wright being temporary treasurer, a 
recess was taken at 1 :25 p. m. The recess was designed to give 
members an opportunity to do the National hotel's dining tables 
ample justice, but the active Fynes managers spent little time in 
that direction. It was realized that Fynes needed more votes 
than those obtained. No pains were spared during the recess to 
acquire additional support. There were dissatisfied Briggs sup- 
porters whom the wealth of the world could not have bought. A 
direct bribe would have received either cold contempt or physical 
repulse. To such wavering members other influences were ap- 
plied. Sophistry may have influenced one or two ; treats influ- 
enced more. The bar-room of the National hotel was the lever 
of the political machinery Fynes' managers manipulated. Be- 
tween heavy dinners and liberal beverages, several amateur jour- 
nalists were in no condition either to vote or to debate intelligently, 
when the convention reassembled at 2 :30 p. m. "The lines were 
closely drawn," now. Fynes had counted his last vote; Briggs' 
managers their last deserter. Both were eager to decide the con- 
test. The reports of the recording secretary, corresponding 
secretary, treasurer, and official editor, the latter of whom pre- 
sented his bill of expenses receipted, were hurriedly read and ac- 
cepted. Letters of regret, while read, were almost regarded as 
torture. 

When the order of counting the proxy votes had been reached, 
the interest in the proceedings increased. Consistent with pre- 
vious mis-steps, Briggs had been invited to take the chair, and 
had innocently accepted the invitation. Just as innocently did 
he fail to realize the impropriety of remaining or the propriety of 
vacating. Fynes moved that the proxy votes be rejected, and 
that the convention elect officers. Briggs rejected the motion. 
His constitutional ruhng was rewarded by an appeal that gave 
considerable discussion, in which Fynes, and J. Fred Kelly, of 
Washington, D. C. , were co-appellants. The latter, an amateur 
of a few weeks, had been a supporter of Briggs. So warm was 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR TRESS ASSOCIATION. 45 

their co-debate, that the writer, among a number of others, found 
all attempts to take the floor impossible. Fynes, with belter dis- 
cretion, soon subsided, but Kelly, with great vigor, spoke beyond 
limit. Familiar with neither rules nor constitution o^ the Na- 
tional, Kelly based his argument on proceedings in the American 
Congress, the Ohio Legislature, and other legislative bodies. 
He laid the foundation for the nick-name subsequently given 
him— "King Kushing." The appeal was not sustained. 

Baildon, Gee, Tausig, W. Topham and Winslow were ap- 
pointed examining committee. A recess was taken to allow this 
committee time to examine and count these proxy votes. The 
report that the committee made was ludicrous, if not remarkable. 
It had been given a full hour to count the votes, but reported 
that more time was needed, and even hinted that the task could 
not be performed during the week. A report of the convention 
states, "the committee reported that they had counted the bal- 
lots of one State." A motion to throw out the proxy votes was 
repeated, and prevailed. The few of either side; dissenting were 
powerless and harmless. It was understood that, as far as the 
committee had gone, (and there is reason to believe that there 
was little farther to go) the legal State ballots stood : Briggs, 11 ; 
Fynes, 1 ; Huss, 3. Aside from this there had been every in- 
dication that "the country at large" was in favor of Brigj->-s. 

Briggs still occupied the chair, almost unconsciously, '''no o?j- 
stacle remained in the way of an election of officers by the con- 
vention. But no sooner had J. Edson Briggs been nominated 
for the presidency than J. Randolph Tucker, of Washington, D. 
C, moved to close the nominations. It may be said that no one 
was responsible for the injustice contemplated but Tucker, him- 
self. The excitement became intense. Fynes grew pale, and 
was unable to conceal his agitation. Many of his friends arose 
excitedly, and gesticulated wildly but protestingly. Had not all 
decided on a candidate before this, the contemplated injustice 
(for which the Briggs party was unjustly held responsible), would 
have changed in favor of Fynes several votes. But the motion 
received no second. J. Austin Fynes and Arthur J. Huss were 
then respectively nominated. Wright and Williams were ap- 
pointed tellers. In accordance with a motion that had been 
passed, the ballots, duly signed, were deposited by the voters as. 
their names were called. Beyond the noise such movement made, 
silence reigned during the voting. The following exposes the 
ballot : 

For Briggs: Baildon. Chase, Clarke, Crosby, Chamberlain, Comings, 
DuHamel Gee, Lee, Martin. Perry, Reeve, Sebastian, R. Topman 
Tucker, Wright and Waller— 17. 

For Huss : W. Topman, Wilson and Winslow— 3. 



46 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

For Fynes: Butt, J. Duffy. Elgutter, Fynes, Grrigg, Hope, Howard, 
Kelly, McGill, Overton, Potter and Tausig— 12. 
Scattering: Williams — 1. 
Total, 33. 
ISTecessary to a choice, 17. 

The tellers communicated the result. Silence, following their 
•count, was broken by cheers for Briggs, and most intense excite- 
ment. Many members arose without purpose. Fynes, whose 
face bore traces of the suspense he had undergone, finally called 
attention to the scattering vote, and demanded to know by whom 
and for whom it had been cast. It was then disclosed that Williams 
cast the vote for Fynes, but had unintentionally neglected to af- 
fix his signature. A sharp dialogue occurred between Fynes and 
Williams. Williams threw his head back proudly and indepen- 
dently. It was said that unpublishable words passed, but all re- 
marks were drowned by the hue and cry for reconsideration or 
another ballot. At one time three-quarters of the members were 
on the floor, demanding recognition. And, above all of this con- 
fusion, were heard the fierce, heavy taps of the gavel that Briggs 
wielded in vain. Williams was finally given an opportunity to 
re-cast his vote, but declined. The recasting of his vote would 
not have, of course, changed the result, but the following of 
Fynes, if not Fynes, in the excitement of the moment seemed to 
think otherwise. Indeed, there were few cool heads on either side. 

Briggs was powerless to restore order. It is doubtful, in fact, 
whether any chairman could have silenced Fynes' followers, who 
took the floor regardless of recognition. The confusion may be 
realized by the fact that several of Fynes' followers commenced 
proposing names for membership. Elderdice, the poet, was pres- 
ent onl}^ as a spectator, but Overton proposed his name, under the 
impression that he favored Fynes. Of course the proposal was 
irregular, but Elderdice spared dispute by stating that his name 
had been proposed without his consent. Order seemed impossi- 
ble. Members who had usurped the floor remained standing, in 
spite of remonstrance. "King Kushing" headed these usurpers, 
and spoke long and incoherently for reconsideration, regardless 
of the remarks that six or seven others were making, as well as 
the expostulations of the chair. The rules and proceedings of 
several legislative bodies were thus disclosed. The depths of 
parliamentary usage were earnestly sought. Several members 
made motions to adjourn, but their voices did not reach the chair. 
Fyne^ even resumed his seat and entreated others to set a hke 
example. Several followed him. Gradually order was partially 
restored. But still "King Kushing" expounded. During a brief 
and uninteresting pause. Waller succeeded in gaining the floor, 
iind presented a motion to take a recess. With lightning rapidity 



HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 47 

President Briggs announced the recess at 7 p. m. In the con- 
fusion the usual announcement of the result was either forgotten 
or prevented. It was left so. The result of the contest — the 
election of the fourth president of the National — never was offi- 
cially announced. 

During the recess, both sides were busy. Prominent supporters 
of Briggs held a caucus and endorsed a ticket, subsequently 
elected, but inconsistent with pledges made early in the campaign. 
So much for the sincerity of amateur politicians. These gentle- 
men had no use for amateurs whose mfluence they had sought 
months before, and to whom they had promised offices. But the 
negro, Clarke, who had deserted Huss at the eleventh hour, was 
handsomely and unjustifiably rewarded. This reward was for 
treachery. A supporter whom Briggs had proclaimed a liar, and 
whom Gee had pronounced a fool, adhered to his pledge, but 
coul'd not have even persuaded the caucus to be as faithful as he. 
So lying and foolish as he had been represented, just so lying and 
foolish was the Briggs caucus. 

Fynes and followers endeavored to gain sufficient support to 
ensure the success of a second ballot. Several even searched 
Washington for old, retired amateurs, hoping to have such 
elected members. But they soon realized \.hat their plans would 
fail. They could obtain none of the seventeen votes cast for 
Briggs. Neither could they obtain more than two of the votes 
cast for Huss, as Winslow would have voted for Briggs on second 
ballot. Williams would have voted likewise. Thus, it will be 
seen, a second ballot would have resulted in nineteen for Briggs, 
and perhaps fourteen for Fynes. Had, indeed, a sufficient num- 
ber of retired amateurs been resurrected, it is scarcely probable 
that the Briggs party would have let the rules be suspended, 
much less let Fynes recruits be elected members. Consolation 
was found, however, in denouncing the election as illegal, and 
ridiculing President Briggs. When he finally remarked that it 
was no honor to be elected president of the National, then it be- 
came evident that Fynes entertained no hope of success. He had, 
it was reported, sworn to have vengeance on Wright, the Briggs 
candidate for first vice-president. Crosby, a Briggs supporter, 
had been converted and induced to accept the nomination against 
Wright. Beyond perplexing, parliamentary inquiries, it was evi- 
dent Fynes would confine himself to this one vindictive purpose. 
Most of Fynes' supporters persisted in denouncing the election 
as illegal. We may presume that several adhere to that denuda- 
tion to-day. Their remarks, and the report written by some of 
his followers, left doubt in some minds until months after the 
convention. Briggs and his supporters were roundly abused. 
Several papers attributed his election to "bribery and corrup- 



48 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

tion." Such accusations may have been made as an offset to 
the bribery aud corruption of the other side. But, upholding 
truth, we should know that there was not the slightest foundation 
upon which to base the charge that any of Briggs' voters were 
bribed or corrupted. On the other hand, several positively de- 
clined to allow their initiation fee to be paid by, or accept any 
consideration from, those seeking votes for Fynes. The Gatling 
Gun, Sept. 15, 1879, hurled this to its readers: 

''And yet he is president of the National A. P. A., elected by a fair 
majority' of the amateurs of the United States, in convention as- 
sembled; and what's the odds, though more than half of them were 
residents of the place of meeting, and all but a very small faction, 
actuated by the prevailing spirit of sectionalism." 

The Gun may have been justly indignant over the rejection of 
the proxies, but its statement conveyed an absurd impression. 
"More than half" were not "residents" of Washington. Had 
the "spirit of sectionalism" prevailed, Briggs would have been 
elected without uproar or question. Had the unity first created 
continued, there might have been ground for the charge of 
sectionalism. But, as already indicated, Washington and vicin- 
ity were divided when the critical moment came, although Briggs 
received a majority of the former's vote. The charge of section- 
alism is hardly supported by the fact that, outside of Washing- 
ton Briggs received only one Southern vote, yet he was undoubt- 
edly a Southern amateur, if not a Southern candidate. The 
following table may enable us to understand the absurdity of the 
charge we have ventured to refute: 

Member Voting. From Briggs Fynes Huss Sctg. 

Baildon, Geo. W., Brooklyn, N. Y. - 1 - - - 

Butt, Gary W., - Norfolk, Va. - - 1 - 

Chamberlain, Frank F., Washington, D. C. - 1 _ _ _ 

Chase, Clement C, Omaha, Neb. - 1 _ _ _ 

Comings, Elmer E., Cairo, Ills. - 1 _ _ _ 

Crosby, C. Fred, - Milford,N. H. - 1 _ _ _ 

DuHamel, James F., Washington, D. C. 1 - - - 

Duffy. .James, - Washington, D. C - 1 - - 

Elgutter. Charles, Omaha, Neb. - - 1 - - 

Fynes, J. Austin, - Boston, Mass. - - 1 - - 

Gee, Delavan W., - Washington, D. C. 1 - - - 

Grigg, J. L. Jr., - Alexandria, Va. - 1 - - 

Hope, Thos. J. Jr., Norfolk, Va. - - i - _ 

Howard, James M., Newberne, N. C. - - 1 

Kelly, J. Fred, - Washington. D. C, - - 1 

Lee, James D., - Washington. D. C. - 1 - - - 

Martin. Myrtle E., - Washington, D. C. - 1 _ _ _ 

McGill, Will C. Jr., Washington, D. C. - - 1 - _ 

Overton. John E., Portsmouth, Va. - - i _ _ 

Perry, Arthur B.. - Norfolk, Va. - 1 _ _ _ 

Potter, Wilfred C, Alexandria, Va. - - 1 - - 

Reeve, Frank N., Newark, N. J. . - 1 - - - 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 49 

Member Voting. From Briggs Fynes Huss Sctg. 

Sebastian. Robert L., Washington, D. C. - 1 - - - 

Tausig, Mulford B., Harrisburg, Pa. - - 1 - - 

Topham, Richard, Washington. D. C. 1 - - - 

Topham, Washington, Washington, D. C. - - 1 - 

Tucker, J. Randolph, Washington. D. C. 1 •. 

Waller, C. Ridgely, Washington, D. C. 1 

Williams. Oswald L.. Richmond. Va. - - - - 1 

Wilson, David Z.. - Washington, D. C. - - 1 

Winslow, Will AV., - Punxsutawney, Pa. - - 1 - 

Wright, Will L., - Cairo, Ills. _ i _ _ _ 



Totals. - - - 17 12 3 1 

It will be seen that Fynes' support was four times as great as 
the number of original supporters, or in other words, that he had 
increased his support, in three days, three hundred per cent. 
That, in amateur politics, regardless of means, was a Herculean 
feat. It should not be supposed that Fynes had been the candi- 
date of the South. The endorsements that Briggs had received 
are proof against the supposition. Oldham was, perhaps, the 
foremost of his supporters. Howard and Williams were sup- 
porters, but neither was enthusiastic. The five Virginians and 
the three Washingtonians who supported Fynes finally, had been 
ardent supporters of Briggs. The total Southern vote, includ- 
ing Washington, stood: Briggs, 10; Fynes, 9; scattering. 1; 
Huss, 2. 

Another table may more clearly exhibit the State vote : 
State jSTo. Votes Briggs Fynes Huss Sctg. 

2 - - - 

1 
1 1 - - 

1 - - - 

1 - - - 

1 - - - 



1 
1 5 

9 3 



Illinois, 


2 


Massachusetts, 


1 


Nebraska, 


2 


Xew Hampshire. 




:N"ew Jersev, 




N'ew York," - 




North Carolina, 




Ohio, 




Pennsylvania, 


2 


Virginia, 


7 


District of Columbia, 


14 



Totals - 33 17 12 3 1 

It may be seen that eight States voted for Briggs; six for 
Fynes, two for Huss. Now let us suppose that Washington and 
vicinity took no part in the election, or in other words, let us 
omit the votes of the District of Columbia, Virginia and North 
Carolina. This would take ten votes from Briggs, nine from 
Fynes and two from Huss, including one scattering ; twenty-two 
in all. The result, from remaining sources, would have been : 
Briggs, 7 ; Fynes, 3 ; Huss, 1 — a majority of three for Briggs. 
Sectionalism is natural. No section of the American Union can 



50 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

accuse another of sectionalism without its own guilt, for which 
nature is responsible, being apparent. The man who does not 
first love his section, will never learn to love his country. The 
man who does not love both is worthy of neither. The charge of 
sectionalism in Briggs' election seemed probable, but had no 
foundation. Had Fynes, in whose favor the section unexpectedly 
turned, been elected, the charge* would have been true. Section- 
alism had aimed at Briggs' election but turned at the eleventh 
hour. It failed in its second. John Winslow Snyder, the first 
president, and first Southerner who occupied the chair, had been 
elected without sectionalism. J. Edson Briggs, the second 
Southern president, was elected not by, but in spite of section- 
alism. Sectionalism was prostituted. 

The evening session was called promptly at 8 :30, Winslow act- 
ing as secretary. Attendance was not as large as during the 
day, the average numbier of ballots being twenty-seven and one- 
third. The convention at once proceeded to continue the election 
of oflScers. Fynes' followers still harped on the subject of a 
second ballot and became a party of fillibusters. They threw 
every obstacle in the way of business, but were foiled, step by 
step. "King Kushing " attempted to re-impress his remarks, 
made during the day, but received encouragement from neither 
side. Fynes strained every nerve to defeat Wright, but failed. 
For the first vice-presidency, with Crosby as opposition, Wright 
received a majority of three. Perry and Overton, both South- 
erners, were nominated for second vice-president — Briggs and 
Fynes candidates, respectively. Several of Fynes' followers left 
the room in despair, prior to the vote being taken on this nomi- 
nation. Perry was elected by a majority of six. More of 
Fynes' followers left. Overton temporarily retired, in a dan- 
gerous state of mental excitement. A friend, although a Briggs 
supporter, who was startled by Overton's manner, ran to pacify 
him, and left him in a better condition than his striking departure 
had promised. It was during the absence of so many that Her- 
bert A. Clarke was quickly nominated for third vice-president, 
and as quickly elected without ballot. Indeed, the rapidity was 
so great and unexpected that a member, Waller, who would have 
nominated the original Briggs candidate, George Melvin Carr, of 
North Carolina, heard Clarke's election announced before he 
could obtain the floor. Like rapidity characterized the election 
of Frank N. Reeve to the corresponding secretaryship. But af- 
ter this, several of Fynes' followers returned. The election of 
recording secretary was not so unanimous. J. Fred Eberle, 
Butt and Crosby were nominated. Eberle received 19 ; Butt, 5 ; 
Crosby, 3. Both sides seemed exhausted then. Ballots were 
tedious. The Briggs side was happy over the success of all of 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 51 

its illegitimate nominations. Fynes' side hopeless, and more or 
less under the influence of beverages. One had drank to ex- 
cess ; another, for success. One was merry, another drunk. So 
neither weighed the motion to adjourn till 10 a. m., Thursday, 
the 17th. One might have been too willing; another, not willing 
enough. Neither objected. The convention adjourned. 

On Thursday, the second day, by means no one could directly 
trace, an understanding prevailed that the motion to adjourn, on 
Wednesday night, had contemplated the convention would reas- 
semble aboard the steamer to Mount Vernon. This understand- 
ing was not based on fact, but mutual agreement to visit Mount 
Vernon, or the tomb of Washington, prevented dispute. All, 
however, did not accompany the excursionists. Some members 
did not discover the departure until they had expectantly gone to 
the National hotel. The steamer left at 10 o'clock; the conven- 
tion would have resumed its hotel session at the same hour. 
Several remained, a few missed the group, but only one or two 
complained. 

The excursionists, with badges on their lapels or hats, and 
glad to escape the wrangling of Wednesday, presented a gay 
spectacle. In spite of light-heartedness, however, it was impossi- 
ble to conceal the anxiety felt over the remnants of the Fynes side 
left behind. First Vice-President Wright called the members to 
order at 10 o'clock. There was no ground for this course, as 
already indicated. Even had the motion to adjourn contem- 
plated the excursion, the meeting could not have been prolonged, 
as the steamer soon carried the members out of the District of 
Columbia, or beyond the jurisdiction of the convention. Under 
any circumstances, a meeting held on a moving steamer, as the 
continuation of one begun on land, or in the District of Colum- 
bia, would have been the subject of much unfavorable discus- 
sion. The plea was made that few Fynes supporters were 
present. Dispute was prevented by taking a recess until 5 p. m. 
The steamer had not yet crossed the District line. 

It is safe to say that the matter of jurisdiction outweighed all 
other considerations. Under the most liberal interpretation, the 
meeting on the Arrow cannot be regarded as part of the Na- 
tional convention. It is recorded here as an illustration of 
amateur constitutional phenomena, too often developing the fact 
that amateur constitutions, rather than meeting their spirit and 
letter, are twisted, squeezed and shaped to meet what sophistry 
is pleased to term exigencies. The spirit that over-rides the 
constitution in emergencies cannot be trusted to obey its pre- 
cepts on any occasion. There never has been a necessity that 
excused deviation from the National's constitution. There never 
will be. Emergencies have arisen, but none have been so sreat 



-52 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

or trying that the regular channel was necessarily abandoned. 
The convention that lets emergencies take the regular channel, 
and holds the constitution aloof from those who seek to gratify 
momentary aims or pleasures, gains a victory that the coldest his- 
torian may record with delight. It matters not Low provoking 
or how distressing the rules may be ; it is the constitution. It 
was deliberately framed to serve a purpose greater than the 
whims or aims that enter the minds of every new member, or af- 
flict the heated brain of the amateur politician. Obey it — that 
is easy to do. It went through the regular channel ; let tvhims 
and aims seek satisfaction there too. 

The excursionists knew the weakness of the position they had 
taken. Their first question on return was: "What has the 
Fynes crowd done?" It was soon discovered that Fyues' follow- 
ers had only continued their denunciation of the proceedings of 
Wednesday. It was also discovered that President Briggs had 
called the National to order at 10 o'clock, in the dining room of 
the hotel, and adjourned the meeting until 5 p. m. 

President Briggs called the convention to order at 5: 15 p.m., 
Winslow again acting secretary. A short delay was caused by 
the absense of Wednesday's mmutes. Waller was appointed a 
committee of one to search for the missing document, and event- 
ually returned and handed the manuscript to the secretary. The 
minutes being read, the convention resumed the election of offi- 
cers, begun on Wednesday. Such Fynes followers as were pres- 
ent repeated their efforts to obstruct business. The unity of the 
other side, determined to expedite business, frustrated all filibus- 
tering movements. Frank M. Morris, of Indianapolis, Ind.. was 
elected treasurer without opposition. For official editor. Chase 
the incumbent, and Chas. J. Ficke, of New York, were nominated. 
Tv^enty-seven ballots were cast. Chase receiving twenty-one, and 
Ficke six. The fines, it will be seen, were unexpectedly broken. 
Indianapolis and Cincinnati were nominated for place of next 
meetino-. It is difficult to sa}^ which city would have been chosen 
had not Herbert A. Clarke championed Cincinnati. His remarks, 
although brief and neat, appealed not to judgment but to ani- 
mal instinct, Cincinnati maidens and cheap beer being the basis 
of his argument. Cincinnati was chosen unanimously. Bills 
amounting to $65.15, more than had been collected followed. - 
Keeve, Perry and WiUiams, appointed executive committee, were 
directed to settle financial perplexities. On motion of Chase, a 
committee was ordered to obtain designs, etc., for a suitable Na- 
tional badge. Then followed the most meritorious feature of the 
convention — the awarding of laureateships, being as follows: 

Poet, George M. Huss, author of "Music." 

Sketchist, Chas. J. Ficke, author of "A Noble Revenge." 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 53 

Essayist, J. Austin Fynes, author of "Author andJournalist/' 
In accordance with a motion made by Chase, resolutions of 
thanks were ordered to be sent to Postmaster General David N. 
Key, Senator Saunders, Hon. James H. Marr and Hon. Paul 
Vanderveut, for assistance during the postal terrors. The fare- 
well message of President Briggs' predecessor. Will T. Hall, was 
followed by wild, confused amendments to the constitution. All 
were irregular, inasmuch as amendments were limited to the first 
day of the convention. There had been rumors of amendments. 
Indeed, it was said that several Briggs supporters had held a 
caucus to amend the constitution, piecemeal, but that, after 
hours of labor they had realized the impossibility of the task. 
To afford the desired opportunity a proposition had been made to 
disband and organize anew. By what manner or means thirty- 
four amateurs could uproot the Association of all Amateurdom, 
the reader may judge. The oligarchy would have become ochloc- 
racy, had not the election prevented unity. Lack of unity had, 
therefore, prevented any definite plans. Both sides became ex- 
cited. The turmoil was unprecedented. "King Kushing" re- 
sumed his reign, ably assisted by other Fynes followers. 
Usurpations of the floor were incessant. Every known authority 
on constitutional and parliamentary law was cited, extensively and 
aimlessly. More liquor than logic enabled several members to 
outrival clowns. The debate, though hot, seemed purposeless. 
Burning words of abuse, entirely disconnected with the question 
of amendment, shot from the Fynes side. Again was the election 
of Briggs denounced. Every parliamentary error, and much more , 
were scorchingly criticised. Recriminations followed. One 
fretted under downright abuse ; the other under aggravating re- 
partee. Fists were doubled, lips bit and brows contracted. At 
times several personal encounters were imminent. Members stood 
anywhere and everywhere. The chair was helpless. All of the 
bottled wrath of the Fynes side was being uncorked, and much 
still remained to escape. Few who participated in the scene 
knew what they were saying or doing. There was every indica- 
tion of ultimate violence or a skirmish. The proprietor of the 
National hotel was not without experience. A warning, impera- 
tive message came. It was followed by a recess. It averted 
danger, if not tragedy. 

On Friday, at 9 a. m., the convention reassembled. Both 
sides showed plainly that a lesson had been taught. No sooner 
had the roll been called than a motion to adjourn until July, 
1880, was passed. Thus ended the fourth convention. It is 
hoped thai a blacker page of amateur history may never be 
written. So far it is the blackest page in the history of the Na- 
tional, or the annals of Amateur Journalism. It may teach. 



54 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

President Hull's message to the convention was printed in the 
next (September) issue of the National Amateur. In it he ap- 
pointed as orator Mr. Edward Oldham, vice Mr. Snyder, re- 
signed. He again dwelt on the proxy system of voting : 

I hold that only those ballots shall be received that were cast at 
a meeting ot one's State Association, held during the month of 
May, the person being himself present at such meeting, and also 
being a regular member of the N. A. P. A., as defined in our 
constitution. This is according to our constitution, and I cannot 
see how it can be otherwise interpreted. 

The throwing out of the proxy ballots at the Washington con- 
vention caused widespread dissatisfaction, and had much to do 
with the change soon inaugurated in voting by proxy. As the 
proxies were thrown out without being counted, no record can be 
given of the total proxy vote. 

In the Boys^ Folio, just before the convention, Finlay A. 
Grant printed the following : 

The result of balloting for the officers of the National Amateur 
Press Association at the Stale elections will undoubtedly be a 
surprise to many. 

It will be seen by the statistics we give below that Briggs has 
received more votes than his two opponents combined. But 
Huss' main support is in the west, and but little has been heard 
from this part of the country. It is very probable that the result 
will be thrown into the hands of the Washington convention. The 
whole number of ballots cast by the State Associations; so far as 
we have ascertained, is 171. The following is the result in the 
several States : 





Briggs 


Huss 


Fynes 


New Hampshire, 


2 





9 


Massachusetts, . - - 





7 


16 


New York, 


7 


3 


1 


Pennsylvania, 


11 


1 


2 


New Jersey, 


10 





9 


Virginia, . - - - 


10 


2 





Maryland, 


38 


7 


4 


Florida, - - - - 


3 








Indiana, - - - 


1 


1 





Washington, 


17 








Wisconsin, - - - - 


1 


3 





Iowa, 





6 






Total, - . - - 100 30 41 

Of the above 171 ballots, probably not more than 100 or 125 
are legal. The reason of this is the difference of opinion ex- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 55 

pressed as to whom is given by the constitution the privilege of 
easting the ballots at the State elections. It is, therefore, almost 
impossible to tell the result at Washington. 

For the vice-presidency, as far as we have been able to learn, 
Parsons has the majority. Only a few of the States have been 
heard from. 

The National Amateur for June, 1879, gave the following as 
.results of balloting in State conventions : 



' 


Briggs 


Huss 


Fynes 


Missouri, 





1 


4 


Ohio, 





4 





Massachusetts, 





7 


16 


Virginia, 


10 


2 





Florida, 


3 








Indiana, 


2 


2 





Kew Hampshire, 


2 





9 


New Jersey, 


10 





9 


Kew York, 


7 


3 


1 


Wisconsin, 


1 


3 





Pennsylvania, 


11 


1 


2 


Washington, 


16 









A note was made of the fact that Iowa, Illinois and Nebraska 
gave Huss majorities, but figures were not at hand. 

The election of Herbert A. Clarke, a negro, as third vice-pres- 
ident of the National by the Washington convention was severely 
criticised by the members of the Association residing in the 
South, and was responsible for the withdrawal of these amateurs 
from the Association and the decline of the cause of Amateur 
Journalism in that section of the Union. 

The fight against negroes as members of the Association wa& 
begun before the Washington convention, and on the election of 
Clarke to office was vigorously prosecuted. Edward A. Oldham, 
George M. Carr, and other prominent North Carolina amateurs 
led in the fight, and shortly after the Washington meet, at a 
session of the North Carolina A. P. A. a "Southern association 
of white amateurs" was proposed. The sectional associations of 
the South allowed no colored members, and about this time the 
famous "Amateur Anti-Negro Admission Association," better 
known as the "A, A. A. A.," was organized. While Amateur 
Journalism continued to exist in the South some time after this, 
it may be well said that the Washington convention sounded its 
death knell. Nearly ten years was required for this section of 



56 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

the country to assume the position in the affairs of the mimic 
world of letters that it had theretofore held. 

The failure to amend the constitution in vital particulars was 
regretted by many, and the September National Amateur devoted 
considerable space to it, styling the constitution a "despotic doc- 
ument", an "iron-clad and arbitrary set of rules" and "the most 
high-handed, unapproachable, obstinate document that ever man 
or amateur conceived." 

Toward the close of the year man^^ editors had trouble to retain 
their "pound rates" of postage, and the first assistant postmaster 
general issued a circular letter giving a number of reasons for re- 
fusing to allow many amateur papers the rate. Summed up, the 
reasons that debarred many papers were that they were not is- 
sued from a known office of publication, that they were not pub- 
lished for some specific purpose, and that they did not have a 
legitimate list of subscribers. These rules have remained in force 
in the post office department until this day, their enforcement 
and interpretation varying with the administration. At times pa- 
pers have been debarred merely because they were acknowledged 
as "amateur," but as a general rule it has never been hard for 
an amateur publisher to secure "pound rates" if he chose to live 
up to the law. 

The second volume of the National Amateur was also edited 
by C. Clem. Chase, the printing being done by Oswald L. Willi- 
ams, of Richmond, Va., from which place it was dated. A much 
smaller heading, of a shaded variety of letter quite common 
then, was used for this volume. The columns were widened one- 
sixth of an inch and lengthened correspondingly. The paper 
was set in solid long primer type, with gothic headings, and pre- 
sented a good appearance. The volume consisted of four issues 
of four pages each. 

Among the papers of the year ma}^ be mentioned : The Satir- 
ist^ Omaha ; Chief, Omaha ; Sphinxes Spirit, Boston ; Fynes' 
Ftt'ncy, Boston ; Boys^ and Girls^ Own, Frederic, Md. ; Censor, 
La Crosse, Wis. ; Dew Drop, Lancaster, N. Y. ; Register, New 
York ; HawJceye Amateur, Cedar Rapids, la. ; Eclipse, Boston ; 
Youths^ Advocate, Washington; Star, Trenton, Mo. ; Amateur 
Journalist, St. Louis; Imp, Washington, D. C. ; Index, Lowell, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS A880CXATI<»N. iii 

Mass. : Souihern Star, Washington, D. C. ; Stylus, Tiffin, U. ; 
Independent Times, Jersey City. N. J. ; Egyptian Star, Caibon- 
rlnle. Ills.; Amateur Dial, Ricbm(»nd, Va. ; All Sorts, Omaha, 
Nel). ; Young American (weeHy), Caiboudale, Ills.; Argus, 
\V?»shint>ton, I). C. ; Connecticut Amateur, Hartford, Conn. ; 
Elf, Wnsliinoton, [). C. ; Hurricaiie, Charleston, S. C. ; Spunk, 
Park Ridoe, N. J. ; Tattler, Fostoria, O. ; Odd Trump, Winston, 
N. C. ; Welcome Visitor, Lafayette, Ind. 

Correction — On page 48 the name of Herbert A. Clarke is omitted 
from the table of members voting. His vote was cast for Brig^s, 
making the total Briggs vote, on page 49, correct as priated. 



\ 



f 






CHflFTER 6. 

THE A. A. A. ASSOCIATION. 

The Negro as an Amateuk. — Oldham's Stand.— Clarke 
Defeats Carr.— Action in North Carolina. — Universal 
Endorsement in the South.— Organization of the A. 
A. A. A. — Its Offtceks. — How It Worked. — It May 
BE Still Alive. 



M 



ENTION was made in the foregoing chapter of the or- 
ganization of an Amateur Anti-Negro Admission Asso- 
ciation. The following acconnt of this secret society 

was contributed by ''Rickety" to the Bojjs^ Folio, January, 

1884: 



A. A. A. A. — An Association Whose History Has Not Heen 
Recorded. — An Interesting Acount of Civil Rights Times in 
tiie 'Dom. 

When the National A. l\ A. hehl ils convention at Wiisliing- 
ton, July 16, 17 and 18, 1871), discussion over the admission of 
negro members had already commenced. Edward A. Oldham, 
of North Carolina, was tlie first amateur editor who j)ubliciy 
braved the contempt that^an adverse editorial upon negro adnds- 
sion was sure to bring froiri..iuimerous ariiateur journalists. North, 
East and West. In his jou'rnal, .the Of7,(Z Trump, he called the 
attention of all Southerners to the presence of Herbert A. Clarke 
in the National. Of course Chirrie's membership was well 
known, but Southerners -luid never come in contact with him, nor 
sat in convention when he wa^ prestnt. Oldham indicated the 
fact that Clarke would attend the Washington c(mvention and de- 
clared that the time had arrived when Southerners must take a 
decisive step. At first Clarke's membership had assumed the 
character of a novelty. Many entirely overlooked the Southern 
principle involved, and became curious to know, in a wondering 
way, what kind of a negro Clarke was and how he acted. A few 
may have, indeed, regarded Clarke's membership with dislike, 
but a great many expressed no feeling on the subject. It wa'*, 
therefore, left for Oldham to rouse the section with which he was 
identified, and to place the matter before Southerners in such 
manner as would compel them to declare their positions. But 
even this, although done prior to the Washington convention, 
did not result in any combined effort. A war of words alone 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 59 

followed. A storm of abuse rained fast and thickly throughout 
the eouutrv. The convention met and Clarke appeareci. The 
record of that convention is anythino: hut pleasing. Taking a 
rough estimate there was not more than 17 per cent, of the mem- 
bers present, and certainly not more than per cent, of Ama- 
teurdom represented. Yet it was, as has been admitted every- 
where, the noisiest, most disorderly, most corrupted and most 
disgraceful convention ever held. But with this we are not here 
to deal, although we could tell many interesting tales that sprung 
from that occasion. It is suflicieMt to say that neither Hriggs 
nor Perry, both of whom were eiec'ed to high offices, represented 
the Soutii. The South had nojuinated George M. Carr. editor of 
the famous Notih Carolina Amateur, and lately opposed to negro 
admission, for the third vice-presidency. His nomination was 
highly prize<l. and many Southerners were his pledged su|)port- 
ers. But the discord at that crmvention during the election of 
the first otKcers had disgusted, if not demoralized, the Southein 
delegation as well as the delegations present. Whe i the nomi- 
nutions for tliinl vice-president were in order, the majority of the 
members who had agreed to supj.ort Carr were. i'\ their high po- 
litical demoralization, scattered everywhere except where they 
should have been. As a natural result, Clarke, backed by a 
solid caucus, was nominated and elected so rapidly that the fesy 
dissenting voices had no opportunity to protest. He was, ac- 
cording to all reports of the convention, elected "unanimously." 
The election of Clarke over a Southerner of such popularity 
as C:nr led Southerners to look the question fairly in the face. 
Their ancestral pride was deeply wounded. Besides the words 
that Oldham's editorial had drawn forth. Southerners now con- 
cluded that some active steps were necessary. The North 
Carolina a! P. A., of which Carr was a most prominent member, 
gave the first official cry July 21, 1879, to the movement that 
was sul>sequently begun. It denounced Clarke's membership, 
and proposed "a Southern association of white amateurs." The 
cry was echoed from Maryland to Louisiana. On Ausust 20 the 
celebrated Columbian Amateur Journalists' Association, of 
Washington, D. C, approved the action of the N. C. A. P. A. 
Neither association, however, adopted one word that upheld the 
disorganization of the National. The action of the Columbian, 
which transpired amid considerable excitement, as the division 
was almost equal, was annulled at a subsequent meeting through 
treachery; but following meetings soon placed the matter where 
it originally stood, and the Columbian to-day stands upon a 
platform of negro exclusion. In consequence of the treachery 
just mentioned, several plans were considered to prevent failure 
in the future. The fact that treachery might occur elsewhere as 



60 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

well as iu Washington was not overlookefl. Bnt the utmost 
secretly was observed regaidinoj all plans considered. So tierce 
had the anlagonisui between anti-negroites and negroites become, 
especially in Washington, that lack of secrecy would have pre- 
vented success. 

On the 6th of September, 1871), C. Ridgelj Waller, of Wasli- 
ington, D. C, took passage on the steamer Leary, boun*! for 
Potomac Ldg. and Norfolk, Va. Before boarding the steamer 
he dropped a card to C. V\^ Darr. infoiming him that he expected 
to organize an anti-negroite association upon reaching his destin- 
ation. The trip down or across the Chesaj)eake Bay is anything 
but safe on the shell steamers of Washington. And tl)is being in 
September, it became a question whether any other record would 
ever l>e left Af the i)ro|)osed association than the caid sent Darr. 
No constitution had been framed. The voyage was })ussed with 
the high waves of tlie Chesapeake rolling and splasliing, writing 
a constitution, while the |)enci] used persisted in beating a tjiltoo 
in time with the motion of the steamer. The objects, as set forth 
in the constitution, are: 

To prevent the almission of negro members into the white amateur 
journalists' adsociations of the Unitt^d States; to form a sworn union 
of Southern amateurs, in or !er that the proposed Soutlieru Amateur 
Press Association's success may be certain by having a sufficient 
number of pledged and sworn supporters in advance; to memberiz* 
all white amateurs who concur in its objects and constitution ; an.l to 
accomplish such o])jects as may further those alrea»iy stated. 

The obligation reads as follt)\vs: 

I, , solemnly promise and swear that I shall obey the regula- 
tions of and endeavor to protect the Amateur Anti-Negro Admi»&iou 
Association; so help me God ! 

The term (»f office is permanent. It is prescribed that all bus- 
iness shall be transacted by mail, but the president is empowered 
to call a meeting at any central point upon the request of a ma> 
jority of the members. Resolutions, etc., it is prescribed, shall 
be sent to the president who, through the secretary, shall call for 
a vote and afterward announce the result through the same me- 
dium. In consequence of the binding character of the obliga- 
tion, the objection of two members is prescribed as sufficient to 
prevent amendments, expulsions and deposals. In spite of what 
has been said to the contrary, nothing iu the constitution betrays 
any attempt to collide with the National ; in fact, the constitution 
contains no word concernin;^ that organization. Sunday, Sep- 
tember 7th, the following day, a number of Southern amateurs 
met in the dining rooms of the Jordan House, Norfolk, Va., 
just as the Washington delegation had finished its dinner. Using 
a chicken leg, a remnant of the meal, in place of a gavel, the 
Washington delegation called the meetinor to order, stated its 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE8S ASSOCIATION. 61 

objects, and asked for a temporary chairman. John E. Overton, 
of Virginia, was selected. The meeting then proceeded, and 
adopted the eonjtitution aheady described. Officers were elected 
as follows: President, John E. Overton; first vice, C. W. 
Butt; second vice, George M. Carr; third vice, C. W. Darr; 
secretary, C. R. Waller; spy, Thos. J. Hope. After numerous 
informal speeches and various suggestions upon the policy of the 
association, "Clarke's connection with the N. A. P. A.*' was 
denounced. The phrase, "unanimous consent," was interpreted 
to imply that such consent was given until the association by 
unanimous vote withdrew it. 

It was some time before the existence of the association be- 
came generally known. At first, few amateurs could understand 
'A. A. A. A.," into which the name soon became corrupted. 
The four. A' s became a puzzle that no non-member could solve. 
All of this time, however, the officers spared no pains to increase 
the membership. New members silently and secretly signed the 
obligation daily. 

It will be remembered that the second object of the associa- 
tion is to organize a Southern association, exclusivel}" of white 
amateurs. The objecjt was prompted by other reasons than 
that publicly disclosed. At that time the famous South-Eastern 
A. P. A. was highly unacceptable. Some of its members, actu- 
ated more by greed than principle, had endeavored to localize its 
meetings, an<l to prevent State representation among its officers. 
North Carolina was especially indignant over the fact that its 
meetings had thus far been conlined to Washington and Virginia ; 
two in the former and two in the latter. It would not have taken 
much to kindle this spark of indignation into a blazing, roaring 
fire of revolt in North Carolina, a fire of revolt that could not 
have been extinguished until the walls of the South-Eastern had 
been burned to their foundation. Chief among those who were 
opposed to this localizaticm and non-representation of States, 
were prominent members of the A. A. A. A. Two of these 
members were upon the committee which framed the new consti- 
tution adopted at Norfolk, Va., December 27, 1879— a constitu- 
tion so superior to the old document that justice, equal-repre- 
sentation and ])roxy- voting were its principal features. The 
adoption of that constiiution, and the institution of a system of 
proxy-voting whose etfica'.»y eight meetings have proved, at once 
gained the old South-Eastern a popularity it has ever retained. 
And when, at the subseqiient meeting, Hampton, Va., July 3, 
1880, the members of the A. A. A. A., as individuals, saw that 
every active State possible was represented, and saw that the 
localization of meetings was given its death blow, North Caro- 
lina, the entire South in fact, moved its lips in loud and 



62 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATKUR TRESS ASSOCIA-TION. 

abundant praise, and the Soulli Kaslern became tlie pride of the 
South, In consideration of this great cliantxe, wrought ejnefly 
by members of the-A. A. A. A., the proposed Soutlisrn Amateur 
Press Association was abandoned, and tlie Soutli-Eastern oladly 
and williuajy allowed to take its place. While, of course, it had 
not. accomplished its object in the mnnner oriajinally intended, 
the A. A. A. A. had virtually fulfilled tlie provision ''to accom- 
plish such other objects as may further those already stated." 

Members of • the association were also members of local asso- 
ckntions^^ tiu-ouohont the South, and afterward became valuable in 
preventin^i' the admission of neo^ro members into tlieir own or- 
sjanizations. Among those who worked hard to accomplish this 
object was P. J. Donahue, who claimed lie was "an old friend of 
G%rke," but consi'iered his 'Hluty as a Southerner too impera- 
tu^e^to allow fidendly feeling to stand in the way." All Georgia 
fallowed him. =Bu4^^ perhaps the greatest fight that took place was 
in.the Columb>an A. J. A., of Washington. Attempt" after at- 
tempt ^vas made to insert "white'' in the ''onstitution. but at first 
every effort was foiled. The battles were fierce. Oratory was 
a.most prominent weapon. Little did the association dream that 
many of its members were bound by tiie oath of the A. A. A. A. 
At one meeting the members of the A. A. A. A. set a trap, into 
which: their opponents unconsciously fell. Some advocate of 
Clarke nommfited a negro for membership. By a tacit under- 
standing, the members of the A. A. A. A. either cast blank bal- 
lots. -or abstained from voting. The advocates of Clarke, hnw- 
eyer,.. voted: as usual. The- result was amusing. The negro 
applicant "was roundly blackballed— roundly blackl)al1ed bv ad- 
vocates of Clarke. P^ven the meml)er who" had nominated him 
had cast an adverse ballot. This exposure of their howling 
hypocricy sounded the death-knell of advocates of Clarke in the 
famous. Columbian.' Soon afterwards "white" became part of 
the lumstitution. 

The association took steps towards the publication of an offi- 
cial organ, the Anti-Negroite, but it never appeared. John E. 
Overton, the president, in consequence of reasons lie has never 
explained, became inactive, a'nd failed to jierform the duties of 
liis office. Much valuable business was thus obstructed, and 
business-concerning the official organ could not be transacted. 
But the^-constitution was so constructed that the president's fail- 
ure did not prevent the accomplishment of such main objects as 
the -association intended, although all efforts were necessarilv 
dwarfed. Members continued to advocate its objects and enroll 
recruits. It is a question whether the association is still aliye. 



CH/IFTER 7. 

THE MEETING IN CINCINNATI. 

Conditions Improving. — Campaigns and Campaigning. — The 
Convention and Attendants. — Officeus Elected and 
Constitution Amended. — "Old Sledge's" Account. — 
The Constitution in Full, as Amended. — New Members 
Admitted. — Interest Waning. — Papers of the Year. 

LIKE his predecessor, Wm. T. Hall, Fresklent Briggs had 
to live down numerous cries of "fraud." These, how- 
ever did not last many months after the convention, and 
by tiie opening of the new year, he was being assisted by all 
elements of Amateurdom. 

From "Harrison's Career" we quote: 

At the opening of tlie year 1880, Amateur Journalism was in 
a better condition tlian it had -been since the beginning of the 
l)ostal troubles, and was apparently regaining the ground lost in 
the two previous ^ears, but after the conventions in July few 
|)apers were issued and a seiious decline of interest was mani- 
fested. Yet many able and brilliant papers were published this 
year. "All editorial" journals were yet numerous. The Na- 
tional's laureate contest was widely participated in this year, and 
the articles entered in competition were generally of unusual 
merit. The campaign for the politi(\al honors of the National 
Association began early, but had not re><olved itself into shape 
much before March. Will L. Wright, Thos, G. Harrison and 
Wm. F. Buckley were placed in nomination for the presidency. 
Their respective supporters fell rapidly in line, and the campaign 
was probably the most heated of any preceding it. A number 
of journals were issued for campaign purposes only, and each 
principal nominee was attacked by his opponents with abuse, 
slander and vituperation. Some amateurs of the East formed a 
scheme for capturing votes for Buckley, and organized what they 
called the "Radical Party," each member of which was pledged 
to support the party's candidate, who was to be selected by a 
majority vote between the members themselves. As the party 
was under the manipulation of Buckley's supporters, but few 
amateurs joined it, all being suspicious of its fair dealing, and 
objecting to what is called the "gag law." While Buckley was 
made "the party's choice, yet I can hardly say that it was 
entirely fraudulent in principle; at all events, its in- 



64 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

fluence was comparatively small and had no effect upon the final 
result of the campaign. 

In the March National Amateur the following platform of the 
'•Radical Party" was printed: 

1, A new constitution. 2, The convention's choice conclu- 
sive. 3, No sectionalism. 4, Foster local associations. 5, 
Loyalty to the present constitution. 6, Civil rights. Puzzlers 
allowed. All desiring to join must send their choice for N. A. 
P. A. officers to the originator, who will publish the results, the 
winning candidates to constitute the ticket of the Radical party 
at the convention. 

The question of getting rid of the constitution was much dis- 
cussed as the Cincinnati convention drew near. Various plans 
were proposed, among which were the disbanding of the Associ- 
ation and immediate reorganization on another basis. Very little 
faith was placed in the system of proxy voting in State associa- 
tions, and only a few States sent proxies to the convention. 

The Ymdicator, a small paper published by Will S. Knox, in 
June, 1880, thus sums up the campaign for the presidency : 

During last fall and immediately after the Washington con- 
vention we began to hear rumors of probable candidates. Morris, 
Gee and Chase were almost immediately spoken of as possible 
candidates for the N. A. P. A. presidency. Gee's retirement 
from Amateurdom destroyed the chance of his running. Then 
Thos. G. Harrison loomed into view, and Stanton S. Mills, Geo. 
W. Baildon and W. L. Wright were spoken of. Mills seriously 
contemplated running, and an active canvass in his favor was 
commenced. Wright was also determined. Time wore on. 
Four tickets appeared until, in January, Mills was forced to leave 
the ranks, and Buckley appeared as the candidate of an eastern 
party. Chase found he had no chance of success and withdrew 
from the contest, and Messrs. Harrison, Buckley and Wright 
were left alone in the field. 

Mr. Frank C. Liudsley, an amateur of the '70's, who became 
active again ten years later, in an article on "Amateur Journal- 
ism in Cincinnati,"* trives this account of the 1880 convention: 



*Mr. Lindsley informs ns that the basis of his article was an account 
of the first day's session of the convention, written by Ren Mulford, 
Jr.. an ex-amateur, then a reporter for the Cincinnati Daily Enquirer, 
and published in the Enquirer dated July 15, 1880. On comparing the 
two, however, we find that Mr. Lindsley has given the events in his 
ow n languas-e, adding to Mr. Mulford "s article, therefore we credit him. 



HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 65 

Convention day, July 14, dawned clear and premising, and 
soon became bright and sultry. After dinner the convention as- 
sembled in Eureka Hall. 

President Briggs being absent in Colorado, First Vice-Presi- 
dent Will L. Wright, of the Egyptian Star', Cairo, Ills., called 
the convention to order. 

Herbert A. Clarke, Chas. S. Eigutter and Frank N. Reeve 
were a|)})ointed a committee on credentials, and a short recess 
was taken. 

Among those present were : W. C. Brown, Tattler, and A, E. 
Mergenthaler, Graphium, Fostoria, O. ; Thos. G. Harrison, 
Welcome Visitor, Indianapolis, Ind. ; O. L. Williams, Dial, 
Richmond, Va. ; Willis E. Scott, Boys^ News, Kenton, O. ; Will 
M. Cnrter, Mark M. Kerr, E. B. Swift, Frank C. Lindsley, Thos. 
E. Kennedy, R. L. Zerbe, W. H. McCaun, M. H. Tobi'^as, Jos. 
O'Hara and other Cincinnati amateurs; George W. Beihn, Com- 
posing Stick, Ripley, O. ; C. C. Rickert, Enterprise, Canal Do- 
ver. O. ; John Hanley, Detroiter, Detroit, Mich. ; Ulrick Knock, 
Lyceum, and M. J. Harty, Our Galaxy, St. Louis, Mo. ; C. G. 
Steele, Boys^ Herald, and Thos. H. Parsons, Blade, Buffalo, N. 
Y. ; W. J. Ackerman, Odds and Ends, and Benj. Pelham, Ven- 
ture, Detroit, Mich. ; John J. Weissert, Vigilant, Pittsburg, Pa. ; 
Will S. Knox, Vindicator, Marietta, O. ; *E. E. Stowell, Globe, 
Mt. Cnrroll, Ills. ; Fred Kibbie, Standard, Toledo, O. ; J. M. 
Allen, Times, Paris, Ky. ; Faber, Finch and Kramer, Buckeye 
Gem, Dayton, O., and others whose names cannot now be 
obtained. 

Herbert A. Clarke acted as temporary secretary. 

Wright and Harrison were opposing candidates for president. 

Wright was elected president. He made a few remarks and — 
resigned. His friends were astounded. But he iexplained that 
circumstances liad transpired just previous which would compel 
bin to leave Amateur Journalism, and he was forgiven, and Har- 
rison was elected in his stead. 

For first vice president, Reeve was elected by acclan)ation, but 
he. too, declined, and wished to transfer his support to D. A. 
Sullivan, but the boys wouldn't have it and the irrepressible 
Tommy Paisons was elected, Who is said to have precipitately 
fled for home, for fear of being called upon to preside. Tommy 
was a little fellow then, but bright as a silver dollar. 

Proceedings had been protrat^ted b^- warm discussion over the 
credentials and the admission of some State ballots, and'it was 
10 p. m. when the amateurs, many of them supperless, insisted 
upon adjournment until next day. 

This convention was one, of; the most interesting and most ef- 
fective and satisfactorv in its re=^ults of anv lield — certainly the 



66 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

bep.t up to that time. Controlled by no party or clique, it intro- 
duced reforms and new methods which will mark the dividing 
line between the era of the boyish Amateur Journalism of the past, 
and the era of the stronger, more progressive and better ordered 
institution of the present. 

Jos. P. Clossey was elected ofRcial editor and Joseph Dana 
Miller won the poet laureateship. 

One sad event cast its sh.adow upon this gathering. It was the 
death of Treasurer-elect Oswald L. Williams, of Richmond, Va., 
at the Cincinnati Hospital, July 17. 

In the Empire Slate Amateur, March, 1889, "Old Sledge" gives 
the following account of this gathering: 

The fifth annual convention of the N. A. P. A. convened in 
Cincinnati, Jul3^ fourteen times. 1880, and probably is noted 
more for the surprises it brought about than for anything else. 
The boys commenced to arrive three or four days ahead of time, 
and the Hotel Emery, where the convention was supposed to con- 
vene, quartered most of them. It afterwards turned out that 
suitable arrangements for the convention could not be made with 
the hotel people. The Young Men's Hebrew Association learn- 
ing of this fact, through one of their members,* generously 
donated the use of their hall, which was accepted with many 
thanks. It proved to be the right thing in no better place. The 
day was the best they make down in Cincinnati — -barring the hot- 
ness of things. Sliortly after dinner the boys commenced to hie 
themselves up Vine jtreet towards the battle ground, and about 
three o'clock the hall contained about all it could, comfortably. 
It was not a very large hall, and on a day like this, with the ther- 
mometer at or close to 100* in the shade, a gathering of seventy or 
eighty was in reality more than it could take care of, comfortably. 
The seats were arranged in a half-circle about the room, giving 
everyone full view of the chair. Pending the call tc» order those 
present passed the time in conversation and in writing their auto- 
graphs on fans, which made their appearance at a very opportune 
time, and were presented by and with the best wishes of the 
Buckley party. It was thoughtful of the lirooklynites and the 
fans were appreciated. At half past three Will L. Wright, the 
vice-president, called the meeting to order and delivered an ora- 



*The convention was to have met in the Emery Hotel, but someone 
had informed the proprietors of disorderly conduct bv the amateurs in 
Washington in '79, so they refused use of a convention room. Through 
courtesy of Alf. M. Cohen (now an Ohio State Senator) and Morris H. 
Tobias, both formerly amateur editors, the Young Men's Hebrew Asso- 
ciation gave the amateurs the use of their library and meeting rooms 
in Eureka Hall. N^inth and Walnut streets. — Frank C. Lindsley. Jan., 
1898. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 67 

tion upon "Shall Amateur Journalism Be Sustained?*^ His 
efforts met with hearty applause. Next came the roll call. Twelve 
members answered to their names : Bobby Newsome, Reeve, 
Wright, Clarke, Carter, Kerr, Elgutter, Harrison, Wil- 
liams, Brown, Mergenthaler and Parsons. After reports from offi- 
cers read and approved, Messrs. Clarke, Brown, Reeve, Elgutter 
and Harrison were appointed a committee for examining the 
proxy ballots. There being no official documents present, they 
recommended that the proxies be thrown out.* This report was 
accepted without debate. Seventy-eight amateurs presented their 
names for membership and all were accepted — twenty being pres- 
ent. 

The election of officers came next. Will L. Wright and T. G. 
Harrison were nominated for the presidency. Wright received 
twenty ballots and Harrison eleven. The enthusiasm of the 
Wrightites about this time was red hot, but a minute later, when 
iheir candidate arose and declined the nomination and asked for 
the election of Harrison unanimously, the confusion and turmoil 
that ensued cannot appropriately be pictured. The Wrightites 
were completely surprised and upset, and it was some time before 
order was restored. Harrison was then appointed to the chair 
and called for a new ballot. A motion prevailed, however, to 
elect Harrison to the presidency by acclamation and it was carried. 
About this time —eight o'clock — Oswald L. Williams was led 
away from the hall too sick to remain longer. Three days after- 
wards, surrounded by a few Cincinnati amateurs and Benny New- 
some, he died of brain fever in the city hospital. He was a boy 
of sterling worth and unimpeachable character, and his death 
was universally regretted. f 

Harrison accepted the office with many promises, and to my 
knowledge fulfilled n(me. He retired to Indianapolis and for six 
months no one heard from him. Not even the hole was ever dis- 
covered. For vice-president. Reeve was unanimously elected. He 



♦Messrs. Harrison, Clarke, Brown, Elgutter and Reeve beinoj ap- 
pointed an examining committee to look into the State ballots received, 
reported that Florida had cast 3 votes; New Jersey's two associations. 
9 and 8; Ohio, 6; Washington, 10, and Illinois, 12. Owing to the ab- 
sence of the official signatures upon the documents, the committee was 
unable to determine which were the illegal and which were the legal 
ones. The ballots were accordingly rejected as informal. — Ken Mul- 
ford, Jr., in Cincinnati Enquirer. .July 1.5, 1880. 

tOswald L. Williams was taken sick while attending the convention, 
previous to election, and had to be removed to his room in the Emery 
Hotel. While there his illness grew serious -being typhoid fever— 
and he was taken to the Cincinnati hospital and his parents tele- 
graphed for. He rapidly grew worse and flnally died on Sunday. .July 
\^ .- -Harrison 8 Career, 



68 HISTOTJY OF-TnE N-;iTIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSf>CIAT.I(.N.' 

also declined, iniicli to the chagrin of his supporters. Parsons 
was then nominated by Wri2:ht and Sullivan by Reeve. The 
former was elected, 10 to 13. It was now ten o'clock and after a 
few amendments to the constitution had been read the meeting 
adjourned until. next morning. To the second vice-presidency F. 
F. Bassett was elected over Ed. Fj. Stowell by a vote of 18 to 7. 
Third vice-president, Jim Allen. W. C. Brown was unanimously 
elected corresponding secretary, and Herbert A. Clarke, record- 
ing secretary. Clarke declined and the office went to VVm. F. 
Buckley. Williams was unanimously elected treasurer. Clossey 
and Steele were nominated for the official editorship and the for- 
mer w^as elected. Buffalo was selected as the next place of meet- 
ing. Over twenty important amendments to the constitution 
were then made and a national badge adopted. A resolution was 
then, passed condemning the Radical party, ami threatened the 
expulsion of any N. A. P. A. member who persisted in being a 
member of that party, after whi(;h the fifth annual con venticm ad- 
journed to meet in the Queen City of the Lakes in 1881. 

In the Natmial Amateur for September, 1880, appears an ac- 
count of the Cincinnati convention, evidently prepared by Joseph 
P. Clossey^ the editor. The following, not found in the preceding 
accounts, is taken from this report: 

A resolution denouncing early campaigning and harsh person- 
alities was passed. - 

The following resolutions, presented by Mr. Wright, were then 
adopted : ~ 

Whereas, Certain members of this Association have been sopresump- 
tious as to organize themselves into a body which conllicts witli the 
constitution of this organization; and, 

WTiereas, The said members thus constituted under the caption of the 
"Radical party*' being not only in direct opposition to the object of 
the National Amateur Pi-ess Association, but are also violating the laws 
of equality and justice; and, 

Whereas, Sucli cliques and cabals are detrimental to Amateur Journal- 
ism and the principles it represents, be it, 

Rksolved, That unless the members of this Association belonoing 
to the said "Radical party" comply with this request for theni to le- 
sign their membership as Radicals, they be expelled from the National 
Amateur Press Association. 

The constitution and by-laws, as amended at the Cincinnati 

conv'ention read as follows: 

PreamMe : 
\Ye, tlie undersigned amateurs of North America, believing that 
through system and generalization we can make our cause an educa- 
tional institution of the utmost importance to our country, and of 
almost unlimited value to the youth of the present generation, have 
organized ourselves into an Association for the promulgation and 



HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 69 

advancement of Amateurdoni, by adopting the following Constitution 
and By-Laws. 

CONSTITUTION. 

Article I— Name. Tbis Association shall be known as the National 
Aniateiir Press Association. 

Art. II— Object. It shall be the aim of this Association to unite the 
a uatcur forces so that thc» principles represented may be fully devel- 
oped and protected. 

Art. Ill— Government. In order that the National Amateur Press 
Association may attain its object and consistently become the represen- 
tative organization of the fraternity, a system of proxy voting should 
be provided whereby each qualitied member of this Association should 
be enabled to have a voice in its proceedings. 

AuT. IV— Officers. The officers . of the National Amateur Press 
Association shall consist of a president, first, second and third vice- 
presidents, recording and corresponding secretaries, treasurer and 
editor. 

AilT. V— Duties of the President. SECTION 1. It shall be the duty of 
the president to preside at all conventions of the National Amateur 
Press Association and perform such other duties as are called for in 
contoniiity wltli this (•onstitution and these by-laws and the adopted 
parliamentary authoritv. 

SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the president to name the date 
upon which the Association shall meet. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the president's duty to appoint pro tempore 
officers from among the members, in case of the absence or disability 
of the recording secretary, corresponding secretary or treasurer. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the president's duty to appoint the reception 
committee, and such other committees as shall from time to time be 
necessary; except such committees as are hereinafter otherwise pro- 
vided tor. 

Sec. .5. It shall be the president's duty to appoint members to 
take part in the literary exercises, as set forth in Art. V of the by- 
laws, and to announce such appointment in the official organ before 
the lime of convention. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the president's duty to countersign all bills 
standing against the Association and presented to the treasurer for 
payment. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the president's duty to announce to the Associa- 
tion at its annual meeting the name of the person who is entitled to 
the contract for printing the official organ. 

Sec. 8. It shall be his duty to deliver over to the incoming presi- 
dent at the expiration oi his term of office, all papers, books, or prop- 
ertv of any character belonging to the Association and in his 
possession. ^ 

Sec. 9, It shall be the president's duty to present a message to the 
Association in convention assembled, at the expiration of his term of 
office. 

Sec. 10. It shall be the president's duty to remain active during his 
term of office by publishing at least ten numbers of a journal during 
his term of office. If he fails to do so, it shall be his duty to resign. 
And no one number of his paper shall be more than one month 
delayed. 

Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the presi lent to secure the first 
four named judges of award as hereafter mentioned, and to make 
known their acceptance through the columns of the official organ not 
later than the second number of the National Amateur. The president 



iO HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASBOCIATION. 

shall also appoint the fifth judge of award and make known his 
acceptance not later than the second number of the National Amateur. 

Art. \ I -Duties of the First Vice-President. Sec. 1. It shall be the 
duty of the first vice-president to perform all the duties devolving 
upon the president in case of his absence or disability. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the first vice-president to assume 
the chair in the event of the president's resiination or death. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the first vice-president's duty to receive the 
duplicate proxy vote of each qualified member cast for officers and 
upon additions to or amendments of the constitution, and open the 
same in the presence of the members in convention assembled, and 
read them in alphabetical order. And the first vice-president shall 
report during the first day of the convention. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the first vice-president to present to 
this Association at its annual meeting a report of all duties performed 
by him during his term of office, and to deliver over to his successor 
all books, papers, or property of any kind belonging to this Associa- 
tion in his pofrsession. 

A-RT. YIl—Duties of the Seconi Vice-President. Sec. 1. It shall be the 
duty of the second vice-president to occupy the chair in case of the 
absence or inability of the president and fiVst vice-president, and to 
perform all duties appertaining t) these offices. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the second vice-president's duty to assume the . 
duties of the first vice-president in his absence or inability to perform 
til em. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the second vice-president's dutv to have charge 
of the departments specified in Art. XXIII, Sec. 3. 

Sec. 4. It shall be his duty to deceive all articles sent to these 
departments, to arrange them in alphabetic order and enter their titles 
and author's name or novi de /y?ame in a book provided for that pur- 
pose. 

Sec. 5. It shall be his duty to retain one copy of each of the papers 
containing articles entered for competition and' to deliver one copy to 
the judge of award at least two months prior to the convention, 
together with a complete list of the bame. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the second vice-president to present 
to this Association, at its annual meeting, a report of all duties per- 
foimed by him during his term of oflice, and the deliver over to his 
successor all books, papers, or property of any kind belonging to this 
Association in his possession. 

AjiT.y III— Duties of the Third Vice-President. Sec. 1. It shall be the 
third vice-president's duty to assume the chair in case the officers 
prece ling him in rank are absent or unable to fulfill their duties. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the third vice-president's duty to assume the 
duties of the first or second vice-president (or both), in case of the 
absence of the latter (or both). 

Sec. 3. li shall be the third vice-president's dutv to have charge of 
the departments specified in Art. XXril, Sec. 3. 

Sec. 4. It shall be his duty to con luct these departments in accord- 
ance with the rules laid down for the departments superintended by 
the second vice-president, as specified in Art. Vri, See's 4 and 5. 

Sec. 5. It shall be the third vice-president's duty to present to 
this Association 'at its annual meeting a report of all duties per- 
formed by him during his term of office, and to deliver over to his 
successor all books, i)apers. or propertv of anv kind belonging to this 
Association in his possession. 

AuT.iyi— Duties of the Recording Secretary. Sec. 1. It shall be the 



HIRTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PBE6S ASSOCIATION. 71 

duty of the recording secretary to keep a true record of all the trans- 
actions of this Association, and a complete list of all its members, in 
a book provided for that purpose, and to perform such other duties as 
are customary under parliamentary usage. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the recording secretary's duty to receive the 
original proxy vote of the members of this Association, and open the 
same in the presence of the examining committee, when they shall be 
counted. 

Sec. 3. It shall be his duty to preserve the votes, and after the 
same have been counted and a report made to the chairman, he shall 
enclose them in their original envelopes and file them away for future 
reference. 

Sec. 4. It shall be his duty to present to this Association at its 
annual meeting a report of all duties performed by him during his 
term of office, and to deliver over to his successor all books, papers, or 
property of any kind belonging to this Association in his possession. 
Art. X — Duties of the Corresponding Secretary. Sec. 1. It shall be the 
duty of the corresponding secretary to issue notices of convention 
upon order of the chief executive, at least two months prior to the 
date of such convention. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretarv to pro- 
vide the menibers of the Association with official blanks, necessary 
for proxy voting, and in conjunction with the treasurer and president 
to audit all bills relative thereto. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary to act as 
assistant editor, and in case of death, resignation or inabilitv of the 
elitor, to perform his duties, and superintend the publication of the 
official orgau until the next regular election. 

Sec. 4. It shall also be his duty to present to this Association at 
its annual meeting a report of alfduties performed by him during his 
term of oftice,aud to deliver over to his successor all books, papers, or 
property of any kind belonging to this Association in his possession. 
Art. XI— Duties of Treasurer. Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the 
treasurer to collect all monies due the Association, and to pay all just 
bills accruing against this Association. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the treasurer's duty to keep a complete list of 
the members of this Association in a book provided for this purpose, 
and also a complete and true account of ail monies received and dis- 
bursed. 

Sec. 3. It shall be his <luty to present to this Association at its 
annual meeting a report of all duties performed by him during his 
term of office, and to deliver over to his successor all books, papers 
or property of any kind belonging to this Association in his posses- 
sion. 

Sec. 4. The treasurer upon election shall immediately file with the 
secretary a bond signed by five members of this Association, approved 
by the Association, who jointly and severally will be responsible for 
all monies and property entrusted to the treasurer, upon his failure to 
pay the amount in his "hands due the Association, to his successor, at 
the expiration of his term of office. 

Art. X.U~-Duties of the Editor. Sec.1. It shall be the duty of the 
editor to take entire and complete eontrolof the official organ, and to 
have the corresponding secretary act as assistant editor, by perform- 
ing such duties as may be necessary. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the editor to issue four numbers of 
said paper durino- the official year, one on the first day of each of the 
following months, viz : September, December, March and June. 



72 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATIdN. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the editor to allow nothing of a po- 
litical character to appear in the columns of this paper. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the editor's duty to mail to every member of 
this Association, and to every subscriber to the officiiil journal, one 
copy of every number as soon as issued. 

Sec. 5. It shall also be his duty to present to this Association at its 
annual meeting a report of all duties performed by him during his 
term of otfice, and to deliver over to His successor all books, papers or 
property of any kind belonging to this Association in his possession. 

Art. 'Kill -Official Organ. Sec. 1. The Association shall publish 
quarterly a paper, which shall be known as the National Amateur. 

Sec. 2. This journal shall be under the supervision of the editor, 
who will edit the same in the interests of this Association. 

Sec. 3. The size of tiris paper shall be four pages or more, size of 
each page 9x13 inches, set in long primer type. 

Sec. 4. The names and addresses of the' officers shall be published 
at the head of the editorial page,with full information regardiuii how 
to join this Association, 

Sec. 5. The paper shall contain reports of new Associations and the 
meetings of old oiganizations, with a full list of their officers when 
elected, and with as much information regarding new papers, consoli- 
dations, enlargements, improvements, ciianses, personals an.i such 
letters froui the officers and uiembers upon National topics, etc.. as 
the editor can use to this Association's best advantage. 

Sec. 6. The bids for printing this journal shall be received from 
members of the National Amateur Press Association onlv. in sealed 
envelopes, and must be sent to the president, at least one inonth prior 
to the convention. 

Sec. 7. The subscription price of this journal shall be fifteen (15) 
cents per annum, in advance; single copies five (5) cents eacli. 

Sec. 8. The expenses for issuing this journal shall not exceed %V^ 
a year. 

Art. KW -E'ection of Officers. Sec. 1. Each member of the Na- 
tional Amateur Press Association shall be f jrnished with two official 
blanks for the purpose of proxy voting for officers and additions to 
and amendments of the constitution of this Association. These blanks 
are to be furnished by the corresponding secretary not later than 
thirty days previous to the date of the convention. 

Sec. 2. These official blanks shall be filled out with the momboi's 
choice, and in the lower right hand corner, the name of the member 
casting the ballot, otherwise it shall be defective and not legal. 

Sec. 3 The official blanks, properly filled out, shall then be sealed 
in separate envelopes. The ore containing the original ballot shall 
be mailed to the recording secretary of the Association. The dupli- 
cate ballot, properly sealed, shall be mailed to the first vice-president 
of the National Amateur Press Association. 

^ S^Ec. 4. Only active members of the Association are entitle 1 to vote 
in the proceedings. 

Sec 5 Any ofiieial blank or blauLs, having been filled as hereto- 
lore stated, for proxy voting, found to be defective in any way, shall be 
submitted by the examining committee, through the president of the 
Association, who shall by a two-thirds vote of the convention, 
declare whether the official blanks or blank in question are legal. If 
not legal, they shall not be counted. 

Sec. 6. A majority of all the votes cast shall constitute an elec- 
tion. 

Sec. 7. If no candidate receives a majority vote of all the legal bal- 
lots cast, a« heretofore state I, the two candidates having the largest 



llfSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 73 

number of votes shall be declared, by the president, as nominees, and 
a vote taken bj?^ the members of the Association in convention 
assembled upon their names, when the nominee receiving the ma- 
jority of votes cast shall be declared elected. 

Art. X-Y— Impeachment of Officers. Sec. 1. An officer may be im- 
peached for neglect of duty or misconduct in office. 

Sec. 2. A certificate setting forth the grounds upon which impeach- 
ment is -asked, and signed by ten active, regular members of this As- 
sociation at the time of application, will be necessary to institute pro- 
ceedings. 

Sec. 3. When a petition to impeach a member or officer is signed 
by ten active members of this Association, it shall be the duty ot the 
Association to resolve itself into a committee of the whole, by which 
the matter is to be fully investigated, when the question should be 
put to a vote, and if carried by a two-thirds vote ot all the members 
present, the member or officer is to be expelled from the Association. 

Sec. 4. An officer shall be considered innocent until proven guilty. 

ART. XVI — Membership. Sec. 1. Any person who is actively in- 
terested in Amateurdom, is a publisher of an amateur paper, or a 
contributor to the amateur press or a printer of amateur publica- 
tions, and resides in North America, may become a member of this 
Association by conforming with the requirements set forth in this 
constitution and these by-laws, and no person shall be entitled to the 
privileges of membership until he has. Persons who are puzzlers 
only are not construed by this section to be contributors to the 
amateur press. 

Sec. 2. No person connected with or contributing to the "Boys' 
Weekly" papers — the Neiu Yorh Boys' Weekly, Our Boys, Boys of Ne^o York 
and Frank Leslie^ s Boys' and Ciirls' Weekly being samples — or no disreput- 
able persons shall be eligible to mendoership. 

Sec. 3. Ten black-balls shall be enough to reject a name proposed 
for membership. 

Sec. 4. A committee of three members, to be appointed by the 
president, shall report to the Association, at each annual convention, 
whether any names on the roll shall be dropped, by reason of the in- 
activitj^ in the ranks of the persons so named. And upon the adop- 
tion of their report by a two-thirds vote of the convention, the names 
shall be dropped. 

Art. XVII — Suspension and Expulsion of Members. Sec. 1. Any mem- 
ber connecting himself or herself, in any manner, with the professional 
papers known as "Boys' Weeklies," Our Boys and the New York Boys^ 
Weekly ho\n<X pnmples — or any member guilty of plagairism or any 
other act oi- M-is detrimental to the interests of this Association, shall 
be expelled by n Iwo-thirds vote of the members of the Association in 
convention assembled. 

Sec. 2. Any inciiiber failing to pay liis dues for the ensuing year 
within three montlis from date of convention shall be suspended from 
membership till h:"s dues be paid; and he shall receive notice from the 
corresponding secrctaiy of his suspension and the cause thereof. 

Art. XVIII— .S'm; of Convention. The conventions of this Association 
shall be held in an eastern and western city, alternately, the city to 
be selected for the next following meeting at the same time and in the 
same manner as the officers are elected. 

Art. XIX — Time of Convention. This Association shall hold one con- 
vention annually, during the month of July, the date of meeting to be 
announced by the president m the official organ at least three months' 
in advance of the convention. 



74 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Art. XX — Quorum. Such officers and members as are present at a 
regular convention shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 
the business of this Association. 

Art. XXI — Parliamentary Autlwrity. This Association shall be gov- 
erned by Roberts' "Rules of Order" wherein it does not conflict with 
this constitution and these by-laws. 

Art. XXII — Committees. Sec. 1. A committee of three members 
shall be appointed by the president as a committee on credentials, 
whose duty it will be to be in session duiing their entire term of office, • 
and to admit or reject all applicants for membership upon the pay- 
ment of initiation fees and dues, when said persons are legally quali- 
fied to become members. Such action of the committee shall be sub- 
ject to the approval of the regular annual convention. 

Sec. 2. A committee on reception, consisting of five members (in- 
cluding the chair) shall be appointed by the president. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of this committee to secure a room for 
the use of this Association while in session, and perform such duties 
as the president may direct. 

Sec. 4. There shall be an executive committee, consisting of three 
members appointed by the president, whose duty it shall be to attend 
to anything referred to it by this Association. 

Art. XXIII — Prize Compositions, SEC. 1. In order to promote the 
interests of our editors and authors, and the general tone of amateur 
literature, this Association will present the author of the best written 
article on any subject, in accordance with Sec. 3. of this article, the 
title of "Laureate," as hereinafter specified. 

Sec. 2. Authors in order to compete for the "Laureateship" of 
any branch, must have their articles printed in one of the amateur 
papers at least three months prior to the date of the following conven- 
tion, and send two copies of the paper, with their article marked, to the 
officer who has charge of the department in which they wish to en- 
ter their composition, and state what title is desired. 

Sec. 3. Articles may be written under the following heads and 
sent to the officer whose name precedes them : 

Second vice-president, Department A-} Serials. Stories or 
Sketches. 

Third vice-president, Department B \ Poems. Essays. History 
of Amateur Journalism. 

Abt. XXIV — Judges af Award. Sec. 1. There shall be five judges 
of award, each of whom shall have a distinct department, thus : the 
first shall have charge of serials, the second shall have charge of sto- 
ries or sketches, the third shall have charge of poems, the fourth 
shall have charge of essays, the fifth shall have charge of histories of 
Amateur Journalism. 

Sec. 2. Four of these judg'es of award shall be literary men of 
known ability not actively connected with Amateurdom. The fifth 
judge of award shall be an active amateur. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of these judges of award to examine 
closely every article sent them, and to report to the president as soon 
as possible the one they believe to be in a majority of respects the 
best, giving their reasons therefor. 

Sec. 4. Said judges shall draw up a paper containing the titles 
of the articles selected, to which they shall annex their signatures and 
the name of their department and sent the same to the president of 
this Association with their report and a complete list of the compo- 
sitions received by them. 



HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 75 

Art. XXY —Titles. Sec. 1. The title of "Laureate" shall be con- 
ferred upon the person contributing the best article on the subjects 
specified in Art. XXIII, Sec. 3. 

Sec. 2. Upon receipt of a certificate signed by the president and 
recording secretary of this Association, they shall be allowed to 
place the title in full under their name or nom de plume, wben writing 
for the press, until the date of the next convention. 

Art. XXVI — Medah. Sec. 1. Any State Association or individual 
may give this Association one or more medals to be presented in 
connection with the Laureteships, to either of the successful authors. 

Sec. 2. Medals should be sent to the president of this Association 
one month prior to the date of the June issue of the National Amateur^ 
that he may acknowledge and announce the same before the con- 
vention . 

Art. XXVII — Amendments. Sec 1. Desired amendments to this 
constitution shall be sent to and published in the June issue of the 
official organ, when the members shall vote upon them at the same 
time and in the same manner as they vote for officers. 

Sec. 2. A two-thirds vote of the proxy ballots shall be necessary 
to carry any amendments lo this constitution. Any amendment 
which secures a two-thirds vote of the proxy ballots shall be declared 
by the chairman of the National convention as carried. 

BY-LAWS. 

Art. I — Order of Business. Sec. 1. The order of business of this 
Association at all conventions shall be as follows: 1, roll call; 2, 
reading of minutes of previous meeting; 3, report of committee on 
credentials; 4, electicm of members; 5, reports of committees (except 
committee on credentials); 6, annual reports of ofiicers; 7, announce- 
ment of the proxy ballots; 8, election of officers by the convention 
when in order; 9, unfinished business; 10, miscellaneous business; 11, 
literary exercises; 12, adjournment. 

Sec. 2. The presiding officers shall have power to change this 
order of business if circumstances require. 

Art. II — Finance. Sec. 1. The initiation fee shall be $1, and the 
annual dues $1, payable in advance. 

Sec 2. No person shall be allowed to participate in the actions of 
the convention unless tree from indebtedness to the Association. 

Sec 3. A disorderly member being called to order three times by 
the chair shall be fined 25c, and for each and every additional 
oflfensQ 10c. 

Art. Ill — Official Stationery. The Association shall vote at each 
convention a sufficient appropriation to the corresponding secretary 
for him to procure official blanks for the purpose of proxy voting for 
the ensuing year. Appropriations shall also be voted at each conven- 
tion to the corresponding secretary for issuing invitations. 

Art. IV — Minutes and Boll. The records of this Associations shall 
be open to the examination of members at all meetings. 

Art. V — Literary. The literary exercises at each convention shall 
consist of an oration, poem and essay and such other and further 
matter as the presiding officer at such convention may direct. 

Art, VI — Eules of Order. 1. Any five members may appeal from any 
decision of the chair, and it shall require a two-thirds vote of the 
members present and voting to sustain such an appeal. 

2. A motion to reconsider can only be made by a member who 



76 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

voted with the prevaihng party on the original question, and shall 
only be in order when made at the same meeting. 

3. Resolutions and reports of committees (other than the report of 
progress), must be made in writing and handed to the recotding sec- 
retary by the parties offering the same. 

4. All motions except the motion to adjourn must be reduced to 
writing, if a request to that effect be made by two or more members. 

Art. VII — Amendments. Amendments to these bydaws pay be made 
by a two-thirds vote of the members present at a convention, and any 
one or more may be suspended for one meeting by a unanimous vote 
of the members present thereat. 

The following new members were admitted at the Cincinnati 
meeting: C. C. Rickert, Buckeye JEnterprise, CanaL Dover, O. ; 
John Biin\ey, Detroiter, W. M. Hewitt, Furnace, Jason B. Acker- 
man, Odds and Ends, Albert J. Stranger, Stranger, Warren J. 
'^iles, Cap Sheaf , G. T. Kast, Fatriot, Detroit Mich. ; Ulrich 
Knoch, Youths' Lyceum, M. J. Harty, Our Galaxy, A. Rammel- 
karap, Gaherlunzie, Geo. B. Huffington, TruWs Lyceum, Geo. 
F. Pierret, Mo7ithly Blossom, St. Louis, Mo. ; Chas. G. Steele, 
Boys^ Herald, T. H. Parsons, Our Blade, Miss Delle E. Knapp, 
John Fischer, Tomahawk, Buffalo, N. Y. ; Ed. B. Swift, Ex- 
ponent, and Connoisseur, Morris H. Tcjbias, Our Trumpet, Frank 

C. Lindsley, Buckeye Herald, Ricdiard Zerbe, Junior Record, J. 
O'Hara, Thos. Kennedy, Junior Record, Cincinnati, O. ; John 
J. Weissert, Vigilant, Pittsburg, Pa. ; Ed. Collier and CIrarles 
Mehoff, Boomer, Lincoln, Neb. ; Chas. T. Bunce, Yankee Boy, 

D. H. Wheeler, Our Boijs, Omaha, Neb. ; George E. Bryson, 
Spy, Hawkinsville. Fla. ; Philip I. Figel, Ubiquitous, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. ; Frank J. Stanton, Yankee Clipper, James R. Gleason, 
FiJot, New York City; B. B. Pelham, Venture, Detroit, Mich.; 
WiHis E. Scott, Egyptian Star, Kenton, O. ; Will S. Knox, Vin- 
dicator and Boys^ Doings, Marietta, O. ; Miss Laura V. Laing, 
Plaiufield, N. J. ; E. E. Stowell, Amateur Globe, Mt. Carroll, 
111. ; Chas. A. Crouch, Brantford, Conn. ; Fred H. Kimball, 
Vermonter, Montpelier, Vt. ; Fred Kibbe, Standard, Toledo, O. ; 
C. C. Morris, Young Democrat, Greensburg, Pa. ; J. M. Allen, 
Faris Times, Paris, Ky. ; D. A. Sullivan, Index, Lowell, Mass. ; 
Ed. W. Robinson, Ventilator, Millview, Fla. 

Among "old timers" in attendance were Alf M. Cohen, of Our 
Banner, Cincinnati, largest paper in 1874 ; Chas. W. Faber and 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 7* 

Milton French, of the old Buckeye Gem, Dayton, O. ; and J. M. 
Kramer of the Composing Slick, Dtiyton, O. 

The provision of the constitution admitting Canadians to the 
rights of membership was an amendment, adopted at this meeting. 

Interest in Amateur Journalism waned considerably after the 
Cincinnati convention. Only one number of the Motional Ama- 
teur was issued, and that was much delayed by tiie siokness of 
Mr. Clossey, the editor. 

The death of Oswald L. Williams vacated the office of treasurer, 
and President Harrison appointed himself treasurer pro iem. 
Mr. Buckley declined the office of recording secretary and Churls 
G. Steele, Jr., was appointed in his stead. 

President Harrison declared unconstitutional the resolution 
adopted at the Cincinnati convention, demanding the resigna- 
tion from the radical party of all members of the N. A. P. A. 

The one issue of the National Amateur published during ihh 

term consisted of fuur pages, similar in size to those ot VolQm« 

2, and probably printed by the oHicial editor, Joseph P. Clossej'. 

It contained some editorial notes, an article on the death of 

Oswald Williams, a report of the Cincinnati convention, message 

of President Harrison, and the following treasurer's report: 

Amount received at Cincinnati $32 00 

Paid Oswald L. Williams bill 20 00 

$12 00 
Received from W. L. Wright less postage and 
money order 70 

$11 30 
Eeceived from Frank M. Morris 6 35 

^17 65 
Thos. G. Harrison, 
Treasurer pro tern. 

At the close of 1880 amateur afffiirs were at a lower ebb than 
ever previously since the organization of the Nationnl Amateur 
Press Association. This was due greatly to the inactivity of th* 
official board, the president having dropped all amateur work. 

Among the leading papers of this year were the Dial, Vanity 
Fair, Youths' Lyceum, Composing Stick, Young American, Indesc, 
Our Banner, Independent Times, Flmdealer, TdUer, Clipper^ 
Connomeiir and Satirist . 



CHflFTERS. 

BEGINNING OVER, AT BUFFALO. 

The Year Opens Quietly.— Sanderson's Convention Report. — 

Small Attendance. — The Transom Trick. — Election of 

Officers. — Kempner's Account. — Organization of the 

I. A. A. L. — Official Minutes. — Laureateships. — Reeve's 

' Administration. — Papers of the Year. 

WHEN the year 1881 opened Amateur Journalism was 
at a very low ebb. Papers were few and far between ; 
some even predicted that there would be no meeting at 
Buffalo. President Harrison had dropped out of the ranks and 
Thos. H. Parsons, first vice-president, had assumed the duties of 
the presidential office. 

"Harrison's Career" says: 

The opening of the year 1881 did not show any special improve- 
ment. The cry of degeneration has been so often raised, how- 
ever, that amateur journalists felt no alarm at the condition of 
affairs, as they realized that Amateur Journalism is perpetually 
degenerating, but just as often does it regenerate. At the close 
of the year it was greatly prospering, and more pjipers were pub- 
lished than at any time in the previous two years. During the 
latter part of the year, several professional boys' papers of an 
elevated and clean tone, opened their columns to Amateur Jour- 
nalism and devoted departments to its affairs. These had the 
effect of bringing many recruits into the ranks. The National 
A. P. A, campaign was not very brisk this year. Frank N. Reeve 
was the only candidate in nomination for the presidency until 
within about three weeks before the convention, when Max A. 
Lesser placed himself in the contest. 

The following account of the Buffalo convention was written 
by Howard K. Sanderson and published in his Bay State Press. 
It was afterwards used by Mr. Harlan H. Ballard, in his famous 
article on Amateur Newspapers, published in St. Nicholas^ and 
we copy it as printed there, minus the headlines : 

Since June 1st we have thought of nothing else but the con- 
vention of the National Amateur Press Association which was to 
be held in Buffalo, in July. It had been our one thought and 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 79 

wish to attend the meeting, and in accordance with this we began 
to save up our spare shekels and to accumulate enough collateral 
to attend it. The morning of the 16th of July found us count- 
ing our cash, and to our great joy we found that we were able to 
go. Hurriedly packing our knapsack, we boarded the train at 
the little depot in Warren and were soon proceeding at a rattling 
rate toward the capital of the Empire state. 

After a ride of five hours, we jumped off the train in Albany. 
While waiting here for eight dreary hours, we were suddenly con- 
fronted by two hungry looking individuals who had the appearace 
of being amateurs. One of them stepped up to us and said, 
"Is this Sanderson?" and we were soon shaking hands witlj 
Reeve and Kempner. The eight hours at length passed avyay 
and found us slowly rolling out of Albany. At 8, next morning, 
the train steamed into Buffalo. After a short search we found 
Charlie Steele, of the Boys^ Herald, and soon afterwards came 
unexpectedly upon Parsons, Imrie and Gleasou. 

We took no breakfast, but went directly to Congress Hall to 
see if any of the boys had arrived. Finding no new names on 
the hotel register, we adjourned to Reeve's room, and stretched 
out on a sofa to sleep. We were scarcely lost to consciousness 
when a clatter of feet was heard in the hall, the door flew open 
and in came Pelham, of Detroit. After a fraternal handshake,, 
we learned that the Pittsburg boys had arrived, and, rushing up 
stairs, we soon had hold of the hands of Weissert and Kochr .In 
a few minutes all the boys had gathered in Reeve's room, and a 
lively conversation was carried on for some time. 

Telegrams had been coming in all day from the boys, but the 
evening brought the most important one. It was\lirected to 
"F. N. Reeve, Congress Hall, Buffalo," and read as follows: 

Monroe, Mich., July 17th. Train loreclced. Nobody hurt. Will come Wed-r 
nesday eve. Niles and least. 

All were suspicious that something was up, for the message was 
received on the wrong kind of a blank, and a capital lettel- was^ 
missing. Hunting up the boy who brought it, we found that it 
was given him by three boys on the corner of Michigan street, 
and that it never came through the office. It was, as we aftjexT ; 
ward found out, a trick of the Lesserites to dishearten us.. V, V' 

Looking over the register that evening we found that Lesser, 
Ritter and Buckley had arrived. . ." 

Tuesday morning found us at Congress Hall at an early hour.^. 
Niles, Kast, Brown and Rickert arrived, and we were introduced'' 
in rapid succession. _'. 

^ At 11 o'clock a caucus was held in Reeve's room. A, regular 
ticket was made up and a plan of business mapped out. A huge 
sign adorned the entrance of the room and read as follows: 



^ HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATIOISr. 

**{tEEVE HEADQUARTERS. NO QUARTER GIVEN." 

lo the middle of it was a representation of a sknll and cross- 

Tbenaeeting was appointed to convene at 2 o'clock, but it was 
BtDtcalled until 3. None of the Lesser faction appeared, and a 
committee, consisting of Fischer and Sanderson, was sent to re- 
quest their attendance. Arriving at their room, we were invited 
iq. Delling them that the meeting was to be called in live min- 
uses', w-e were replied to b}^ joung Gleason, who said : 

'^yy>u appointed the convention at 2 o'clock. No one 
appi^red' and Lesser called the meeting. No one came and now 
the thing's adjourned sine die. 

We said nothing and turned to go, but what was our dismay to 
^ud the door locked and the ke^^ on the outside. The Lesserites 
had us completely in their power. The meeting was being held 
d&wn-Srtairs and we could not get there. Our wrath rose a little 
at this point, and stepping to one side of the room we gave the 
servants' bell a violent pull. No one answered, but having 
abserved the lay of the land we suddenly seized a chair and^, 
plaxjing it by the side of the door, leaped up over it and squeezed 
out ol the little window at the top, before they could realize what 
w& were doing. Hurrying down to the parlor, we found that 
the convention had just been called to order. 

At: 3:05 o'clock President Parsons called the meeting to 
OFdeF. Minutes of last meeting were read and accepted. A large 
UumbeT'Of new recruits were added to the me«jbership list. The 
following were appointed as laureate winners for the year: Jas. 
L. Elderdiee, poet; Wm. F, Buckley, sketch; Chas. S. Elgutter, 
e«jsay. 

The treasurer reported $15.50 in the treasury. After a good 
deal o|. minor business had been transacted, the election of offi- 
cers occured at 4:50. Will C. Brown arose and stated that he 
kad the pleasure of nominating Frank N. Reeve for ilie ]>resi- 
dency.. No opponent appearing, he was elected by irh lniii!»li« n. 
In response to the cries of "speech," he rose and ndtlressed a 
few well-chosen words to the Association, and sjit dowji amitl 
hearty applause. He was the escorted to theclndr by a c< n.niil- 
tee of two and the election proceeded as follows: Louis Kemp- 
ner nominated F. E. Day for lirst vice-j^resident and he was 
elected unanimously. Sanderson nominated J. A. Imiie for 
aecoftd vice-president, and he was also elected withouto])position. 
KoF third vice-president, Wylie and Kempner were nominated. 
The Association then protceded to ballot, and it resulted as fol- 
lo'ws: Kempner, 11 ; Vylle. 1. Mr. Kempner was declared 
elected. J* J. Weisseri ai.d Warren J. Niles were elected re- 
cording and. corresponding secretaries. Howard K. Sanderson 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 81 

was elected treasurer by a majority of eight votes over his oppon- 
ent, Chas. C. Riokert. Finlay A. Grant was elected official edi- 
tor, and Detroit, Mich., as the next place of meeting. 

Each of the newly elected officers present responded with short 
speeches. Bills against the Association were ordered paid. Ad- 
journed. 

Louis Kempner's account of the same convention in the Empire 
/SMe J.maiewr (1889) covers the same ground, but brings out 
several new points, and much of it is produced below: 

In point of attendance the Buffalo convention of 1881 was not 
a success. But its importance is not to be thus measured ; for, as 
a matter of fact, no convention has had a greater infliieuce in de- 
veloping Amateur Journalism, no convention has been fraught 
with greater consequences. 

The following amateur journalists were in attendance, and they 
indicate by personal differences of motives, aims, and character- 
istics, the complete nature of the convention: Frank N. Reeve, 
Charles G. Steele, Jr., Will C. Brown, Thomas H. Parsons, C. C. 
Rickert, Howard K. Sanderson, John J. Weissert, Benj, B. Pel- 
ham, W. S. Niles, G. T. Kast, J. A. Imrie, Geo. O. Koch, John 
Fischer, Louis Kempuer, W. F. Buckley, J. Roosevelt Gleason, 
M. A. Lesser, and W, F. Ritter. At this convention, the diver- 
gence of the two schools of amateur journalists, — the literary and 
the political school, — for thus they may be called, if not with ab- 
solute accuracy, yet for convenience of designation — for the first 
time assumed political form in the rival organization which was 
there and then set up under the name of the International Ama- 
teur Authors' Lyceum.* The organizers of the new association 
were M. A. Lesser, J. R. Gleason, W. F. Buckley, and W. F. 
Ritter. They adopted a constitution and elected a hoard of 
officers. They endeavored to secure the co-operation of Chas. S. 
Elgutter and Dennie A. Sullivan ; in this ihey failed. They 
elected J. D. Miller one of the vice-presidents ; that gentleman 
promptly resigned when notified. The real motive of tiie bolt 
f om the National Amateur Press Association so far as Lesser 
himself was concerne<l. was his bitter disappoinhnent at the de- 
feat which stared hitn in tiie face, at the hands of his hated rival. 
The career of the orgauizaiion was short and uneventful. In 
after years every political aspirant for election to any office in the 



* Lesser and a few of his friends oro:;inized the Internationnl Amateur 
Authors' Lyceum, at Buffalo, in antaoonism to the Xational A. P. A.. 
and in consequence of Lesser's defeat. Xot being supported by the 
fraternity to any extent, it has virtually ceased to exist. — Harrison s 
Career. 



82 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

National Association has been compelled to explain definitely 
what part he played in that conspiracy. 

The organization of the I. A. A. L. was the so^e thing which 
detracted from the success of the event which I am describing, 
for notwithstanding the small attendance at the sixth annual 
convention of the N. A. P. A., to the result of the convention is 
due the present prosperous condition of the Association, And 
to one man above all others must be given the credit of reviving 
f nd fostering our National Association-^to oqr late lamented e5^-» 
president, Frank Newton Reeve. What he has done for Ama-= 
teur Journalism through his work for theN. A. P. A, will evep 
be a bright and conspicuous page of our history, 

The Buffalo convention was virtually a reorganiasation of the 
N. A. P. A. This may seem a strange assertion, but it is based 
upon the fact that nothing in the nature of a document regarding 
the previous existence of the Association was at hand. The roll 
oi membership now in use was began at Buffalo in 1S81 which 
accounts for the absence therefrom of many Southern Amateurs, 
and also of such names as J. Winslovv Snyder, Jos. P. Clossey, 
J. Austin Fynes, J. E. Briggs, W. T. Wright, A. J. Huss, W. 
T. Hall, Carl Ficke, C. C. Heuman, Richard Gerner, A. W. 
Dingwall, Correl Kendall, Delavan W. Gee, Chas. H. Young, C. 
K. Farley, and many others of equal fame who played important 
parts in the earlier history of the National Amateur Press Associ- 
ation. 

Of the papers published that year the greater portion supported 
Reeve and the only opposition to his candidacy was in New York 
City, among a large but not influential elemeat, controlled en- 
tirely, not by intelligent preferences, but by the personal leader- 
ship of M. A. Lesser. The latter gentleman was rather the 
author of his own nomination ; and his candidacy was dictated 
by his bitter enmity toward his rival. He issued a paper shortly 
before the convention and announced himself a candidate in a 
letter of acceptance remarkable for the vigor and vindictiveness 
of its language. 

It was certainly not a cheerful outlook that greeted Reeve, 
Sanderson, and the writer upon their arrival at Buffalo on the 
morning of July 17th, 1881. Reeve anticipated the presence of 
at least forty amateurs. 

The Lesserites were circulating stories about the great number 
of anti-Reeveites who were en route for the convention. Reeve, 
equal to the occasion, was doing liis utmost to cheer his followers, 
and made praperations for a determined battle. On the door of 
his parlor was tacked a large canvass banner, bearing the follow- 
ing legend: "Reeve Headquarters: No quarter given," with 
representation of skull and crossbones. 



HISTORY OF THF. NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 83 

There turned out to be little reason for anxiety. The Lesser- 
ites were nois}', but not formidable. 

When the conveution was called to order by President Par- 
sous it was noticed that the Lesserites were absent. A committee 
consisting- of Sanderson and Kempuer were sent to request their 
attendance. 

On the following morning President Reeve called the conven- 
tion to order at 9 ; 30 and resolutions denouncing the action of 
Lesser and his followers were adopted and ordered printed in the 
official organ. 

It was durinor this period that the scheme for the issuance of a 
journal by a joint stock company, first proposed by Mr. Reeve, 
was under discussion ; and a good portion of the last day was de- 
voted to suggestions, and a final endorsement of the enterprise. 
It seems strange that this plan has not been revived in recent 
years, at a time when a probably much greater financial support 
could be secured. 

It may be well here to dwell briefly upon the character and 
career of our lamented friend, F, N. Reeve, who was on that 
occasion selected by a small but representative convention to be 
the supreme execntive for the ensuing term. He was certainly 
the most remarkable fitjure of that convention ; the vigor and in- 
dependence of his character, his sterling honesty, and his long 
and honorable career were fitly remembered. He had been 
accused of being a politician, it had even been said that he cared 
nothing for the welfare of the Association. Let us look back 
and see if those detractions are warranted by facts. Here was a 
convention with about a dozen present. Yet in the distribution 
of officers Mr. Reeve proved his devotion to the interest of Na- 
tional organization by insisting that the board should be repre- 
sentative, not of a section, but of the entire country. The re- 
sult was that out of eight officers elected the following states 
were represented: New Jersey, low^a, Ontario, New York, Ohio, 
Pennsylvania, Massachusets and Nova Scotia. 

The administration of President Reeve was an entirely suc- 
cessful one. Its ability was signally marked ; and under his 
fostering care the National organization emerged from a state of 
lassitude to a vigorous and aggressive existence. No convention 
ever wrought more powerfully for the destinies of Amateur 
Journalism than the numerically insignificant but representative- 
ly important body that convened at Buffalo on the 17th day of 
July, J881. 

In the September, 1881, National ^nateur, the minutes of the 
convention — the first official minutes ever published — give the 
following additional details : 



84 ai8TO»V OP 1*HI? NATIONAL AMATEUR l»BESS ASSOCIATION. 

Tbe roll of members was called and the following gentlemen 
found to be present: Kempner, Reeve, Parsons, Kast, Niles, 
Pelham, Weissert, Koch, Brown, Rickert, Steele, Stanch, Imrie, 
Fischer and Sanderson. 

In the absence of Mr. Newsome, chairman of the credential 
committee, B. Pelham, one of the committee, was appointed to 
act in that capacity by the president, and Chas. G. Steele, Jr., 
was appointed to fill the vacancy on the committee. 

Among the applications for membership the names of Messrs. 
Glenn, McClain, Delaney and Wilson were rejected on account 
of their connection with the New York Boys class of papers. 

The proxy ballots were opened and read by Corresponding 
Secretary Brcwn, who announced that of the 100 sets of blank 
ballots sent to members, only eighteen had been returned. Five 
of the eighteen did not stiictly comply with the requirements of 
the constitution and were thrown out. The president then stated 
that he had received ballots and $2 each from E. R. Riale, J. P. 
Glenn and J. W. McClain. The former being in arrearages for a 
large sura,* his ballot was thrown out and the $2 placed to his 
credit. 

Messrs. Glenn and McClain having been denied membership, 
the treasurer was ordered to return their money. The remain- 
ing thirteen ballots disclosed the following result: 

For President— F. N. Reeve, 12 ; blank, 1. 

For First Vice-President — U. Knoch, 3 ; W. W. Delaney, 1 ; 
Ben Newsome, 6 ; T. H. Parsons, 3. 

, For Second Vice-President — J. A. Imrie, 7 ; W. O. Wylie, 
3; Louis Kempner, 1 ; F. A. Grant, 1 ; blank, 1. 

For Third Vice-President — P. J. Donahue, 4 ; J. A. Imrie, 2 ; 
W. O. Wylie, 6 ; F. E. Day, 1. 

For Recording Secretary — J. J. Weissert, 12 ; PI E. Stowell,l. 

For Corresponding Secretary — W. J. Niles, 12; M. A. 
Lesser, 1. 

For Treasurer — H. K. Sanderson, 11; W.J. Niles, 1 ; blank, 1. 

For Official Editor— F. A. Grant, 5 ; T. H. Parsons, 4 ; Ben 
Newsome, 4. ' 

For next place of meeting — Detroit, 8 ; Philadephia, 1 ; New 
York, 3. 

Moved and seconded that the proxy ballots be thrown out as 
the first vice-president had failed to send in the "duplicate" 
ballots, as required by the constitution. Carried. 

Messrs. Parsons, Steele, Imrie and Kast having signified their 



♦It is hard to reconcile this statement with Mr. Kempner \s remark that 
this convention had "nothing la tbe nature of a document regarding 
the previous existence of the Association."' — Editor. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIO^rAL AMATIlUR PRESS ASSOCfATION 85 

intention of sio^ning Mr. Sanderson's bond, it was moved and 
seconded that they be accepted. Carried. 

Moved and seconded that a committee be appointed to draw up 
relolutions condemning and censuring the actions of Max A. 
Lesser and party. Carried. Messrs. Kast, Steele and Imrie 
were appointed as such committee. 

Moved aad seconded that a committee be appointed to draw 
np resolutions extending our sympathy to. and denouncing the 
attempted assassination of our president, Jas. A. Garfield. 
Carried. 

The committee appointed to draw up resolutions denouncing 
the actions of Max A. Lesser & Co., reported as follows: 

Whereas, Max A. Lesser, Jr., and his associates having acted at or 
before the assembling of this convention in a manner entirely nnl)e- 
coming to an Amateur of good standing, and having behaved in an 
entirely childish manner in not putting in an appearance at the con- 
vention, and 

Whereas, The said Max A. Lesser, Jr., in keeping from this con- 
vention documents purporting to be reports from two of the judges of 
award has acted in a manner entirely unbecoming a gentleman, and. 

Whereas, The said Max A. Lesser, Jr., by his actions in trying to 
bring into this convention several parties for furthering his schemes, 
who have no connection with Amateurdom, thus attempting to violate 
the constitution, has shown that he does not take an honorable 
interest in the cause which he is supposed to love; therefore, be it 

Bosolved, That the National Amateur Press Association now in 
convention assembled do heartily censure the actions and misdeeds 
of the said Max A. Lesser, Jr., and further, that the cause of Amateur 
Jotrnalism would be decidedly improved if the elements of which the 
said Lesser is the leader were driven out of existance. 

Moved and seconded that a copy of the above resolutions be 
sent to the Manhattan A. P. A. for endorsement. Carried. 

Committees were appointed to draft resolutions endorsing 
Youth and Pleasure and to correspond with the publisher of 
Golden Days regarding an "Amateur News" department. 

The Association "recognized'' the "scheme of Mr. F. N. 
Reeve" and decided to render him all assistance in its power to 
further the project. 

The following were the entries for the poet laureateship : "At 
Last," by Nettie St. Clair ; "Home of the Heart," by Roger 
Burke, Jr. ; "Contemplation," by Queerquilie; "Nathan and 
Mithradanes," by Joseph Dana Miller ; "Nemesis," by James 
J. O'Connell; "Frogregsiveness of Development," by James L. 
Elderdice. The judge was Arthur Huss, and he judged the 
poems as to sense, meter, rhyme and poetic beauty. "Progress- 



00 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUB PREes ASSOCIATION. 

iveness of Development," by James L. Elderdice was awarded 
the title. 

For the sketch laureateship the following entries were made: 
"Dorcas," by Wm. F. Buckley; "A Noble Sacrifice," by Queer 
Quill, and "A Tale of Honor," by Nettie St. Clair. W. T. 
Scolield was judge of awards, and gave the title to Mr. Buckley. 

John W. Snyder, as judge, awarded the title of essayist laureate 
to C. S. Elgutter for his essay on "Thomas Carlyle." There 
were three essays in competition. 

Shortly after the convention, Mr. W. J. Niles, resigned the 
office of corresponding secretary, and President Reeve appointed 
Charles C. Rickert, of Canal Dover, O., as his successor. 
Messers. H. E. Mergenthaler and C. H. Kishner,both of FosLoria, 
O., were appointed as members of the credential committee, 
together with the correspoadiug secretary as chairman. 

President Reeve also announced that in all cases where persons 
were elected members of the N. A. P. A. without their knowledge 
or consent, fees and dues cannot bo collected from themi unless 
they choose to pay them, except when they may have paid one or 
both, thus acknowledging their membership, when they become 
subject to the rules of the constitution. Art. XVII, Sec. 2 ; other- 
wise they have the same privilege as any non-member to apply 
for membership to the credential committee, and the latter shall 
not reject any person because his name is on the list of delinquent 
members, if his name is there without his authority. 

"Harrison's Career" says: 

In the early part of the year the TouWs Lyceum, of St. Louis, 
was the best amateur paper in existence, in a literary point of 
view. Later in the year, the Nonpareil, of New York, and the 
Independent Times, of Newark, N. J., were in the lead. Other 
noticeable journals were the Vigilant, Bay State Press, Bay State 
Brilliant, Our City Boys, Our Journal, Iowa Amateur, Graphic, 
etc. 

In his article on "Amateur Newspapers" in >8'^. Nicholas, July, 
1882, Mr. Harlan H. Ballard gave the following as the names of 
amateur papers published during 1881: Independent Times, 
Newark, N. J. ; National Amateur, New Glasgow, N. S. ; Hur- 
ricane, Charleston, S. C. : Mercury, Towanda, Pa. ; the Young 
Becruit, Vineland, N. J. ; the Bay State Press, Warren, Mass. ; 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE8S ASSOCIATION. 87 

Owr standard, New Glasgow, N. S. ; the Latest, Maiden, Mass. ; 
Nonpareil, New York City ; the Venture, Detroit, Mich. ; the 
Miscellany, Speucerviile, Ont. ; The Topic, Literary Journal, the 
Censor, the Commentator, Philadelphia ; Puzzlers^ Pride, Chi- 
cago ; Amateur^ Review, Cincinnati ; New YorWs Favorite ; the 
Tablet, Halifax, N. S ; Pittsburg Independent; Young Aspirant, 
PunxsLitawney, Pa. ; Phunny Phellow, Nebraska City, Neb ; 
Monthly Eagle, Rockford, Ind ; Florida, Hawkinsville, Fla. ; the 
Dauntless, Fostoria, Ohio; the Sphere, Washington, D. C; 
Blushing Bud (by two girls), Evansville, Tnd. ; the Vigilant, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. ; Amateur Exchange, Stanberry, Mo. ; the Stylate, 
Frederick, Md ; Orir Blade, Buffalo, N. Y. ; the Union, Hamil- 
ton, Ont. ; Young Nova Scotia, New Glasgow, N. S. 

The volume of the National Amateur issued during the Reeve 
administration was the best that had yet appeared. The issues 
for September and December, 1882, were of eight pages each, 
and were printed by James B. H. Storm, under the personal 
supervision of President Reeve. The issues for March and June, 
1883, were printed by Editor Finlay Grant, at West Gardner, 
Mass. The first was of four pages, the last of eight. The vari- 
ous issues contained much official matter — more than in any year 
previous. 



CH/IPTEK 3. 

A CONTINUANCE OF PROSPERITY. 

Campaigns Opened in January. — The Miller Boom. — The 
ScoFiELD Caucus.— Work of the Convention. — Members 
Present. — Election of Officers. — Resolutions on Flashy 
Literature. — The Banquet. — The St. Nicholas Article. 
— Finances of the N. A. P. A. — The National Amateur. 
— Papers of the Year. 

THE convention at Buffalo, so small in numerical attend- 
ance, gave to the N. A. P. A. a good board of officers, 
and many new papers sprang up, as a result of the hard 
work of President Reeve and his associates. 

The convention at Detroit was quite enthusiastic, and the 
Grant year in Amateurdom was one of bustle and enthusiasm. 
Mr. Grant did not have as good a board of olficers as did Mr. 
Reeve, but made a very creditable showing, and by many has 
been considered the best president of the N. A. P. A. 

First Vice-President Frank E. Day presented his resignation 
to t!ie president soon after the '81 convention, on account of in- 
activity, but President Reeve declared that the constitution gave 
him no power to fill vacancies in the vice presidencies and re- 
fused to accept it. Official Editor Grant, in June, removed Mr. 
Day's name from the official roster in the National Amateur^ and 
stated that Mr. Day was not even a member, there being no 
record that he had ever paid dues to the Association. 

Toward the close of the Reeve administration a misunderstand- 
ing of some sort arose between President Reeve and Official Ed- 
itor Grant. It is probable that it was caused by the outspoken 
enthusiasm of the two men, who were certainly h.'ird workers, 
never counting the cost of their labors in behalf of the N. A. P. 
A. 

The June issue of the National Amateur contains a number of 
strictures on the acts of the President which, while clothed in 
dignified language, did not tend to heal the breach. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATK.N. 89 

Official Politer Grant, iu the June National Amateur, offered 
the followinor amendment to the constitution: 

Article XXVIL — Amendments — Amendments to this constitu- 
tion can be inade by a two-thirds v^ote of those present at a con- 
vention. 

The amendment was totally ignored in the convention, be- 
'cause of the throwing out of the proxies. 

President Reeve, prior to the convention, made the following 
appointments: 

Reception Committee — Will J. Baker, Rudolph Ortmann, F, 
H. Bolton, W. J. Niles, with the president as chairman. 

Mr. Joseph D. Miller, poet; Mr. T. G. Watkins, essayist, and 
Mr. W. T. Scofield, orator of the convention. 

Early in January, 1882, Willard O. Wylie began a campaign 
in the interest of Finlay A. Grant for the presidency. The fight 
seemed won, when, in April, Mr. Grant withdrew and his sup- 
porters wavered, undecided what to do. Two weeks later Mr. 
Grant decided that it was his duty to remain in the fight until 
the end, and, though at a sacrifice to himself, he accepted 
nomination and election, and served through the term in a man- 
ner acceptable to friends and enemies alike. 

In the Nugget^ for June, 1886, Will T. Scofield writes of the 
campaign, as follows: 

After the younger element of Amateurdom had inaugurated 
campaigns in favor of Grant, Riale and Weissert,and had coaxed 
the political pot into somewhat of a boil, the resurrected fos- 
sils and old timers put their heads together and conjured up an 
opposition ticket. Plans were consummated quietly, that no 
suspicion might be excited in the breasts of the innocent youths 
who were living on blissfully, and unruffled by political differ- 
ences. Frank N, Reeve, representing a New York jewelry house, 
made a "drumming" tour through the Western states, and in its 
course stopped at Indianapolis, Ind. There he confidentially 
whispered into the ear of Thos. G. Harrison, that of those 
hankering for the lofty honor of the National presidency, Mr. 
Joseph Dana Miller was in his important opinion the most capa- 
ble and deserving. Mr. Harrison was opposed to all of the can- 
didates who had hitherto been nominated, and was open to con- 
viction, so he placed Mr. Miller in the balance, to see whether he 
was full weight in all the qualities requisite for the worthy and 
able National president. Presumably he was, for Mr. Harrison 
immediately championed his cause and commenced the work of 



90 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

renruiting, assisted by Will T. Seofisld, of Philadelphia, N. Y., 
aud B. Benj. Pelham, of Detroit. 

The appearance of several papers hearing the name of Miller 
at the head of their editorial colmnns, with the eloquent pleas in 
his behalf, created quite a little of excitement. Riale's boom re- 
duced from a boil to a simmer; Weissert, in his enthusiasm for a 
better cause than his own, foolishly threw away his chance for 
the honor, and resigned in favor of Miller; and Grant, frightened " 
at the sudden and unexpected turn of affairs, wrote a letter of 
declination to his supporters. Thus, by a little Napoleonic cal- 
culation, was the campaign of Miller elevated at once to a posi- 
tion of prominence and power, and one which could not be affected 
by the subsequent reaction on the part of the leaders of the 
different factions. Weissert, we are told, soon regretted his 
rash embrace of Cardinal Wolsey's advice to Cromwell to "fling 
away ambition, "and endeavored to re-collect his scattered forces. 
Most of them had gone over to the Millerites, who held them with 
a firm grasp. Grant was persuaded to write another letter — this 
time an acceptance of the nomination tendered him ; but poor 
Riale was entirely forgotten, his supporters having ungenerously 
forsaken him and joined the party of the largest number. 

The struggle narrowed down to Miller and Grant a couple of 
months previous to the convention. Of the two, Grant was the 
most popular, and obtained a much larger newspaper support, 
but Miller, being upheld by those who were veterans in amateur 
politics, had as the basis of his support, strategy. The leaders 
of his cause having learned the uncertainty of proxy ballots, 
worked to obtain support among those who had made known their 
intentions of being at Detroit, preferring substance rather than 
great numbers. 

The arguments produced in defending the candidacy of Miller 
were that he had been a devoted laborer in Amateurdom for np- 
wards of six years, and was a skillful editor, a penetrating critic 
and brilliant parliamentarian, and Amateurdom's peerless poet. 
Just before the convention, however, a powerful editorial was 
published in the Paragon, of Brooklyn, which granulated these 
claims with exceeding gusto. His brilliancy as a parliamentarian 
was made doubtful by a description of his maneuvres as chairman 
of the IMetropolitan Amateur Journalists' Club. His ability as 
an author was compromised by a bold and startling accusation of 
plagiarism, in which plain and apparently incontrovertible proofs 
were produced. It was accompanied by a declaration that Miller 
would have ample opportunity to vindicate himself at the conven- 
tioa, as a notary public would be on hand with an affidavit, to 
which he would have to swear, or stand (convicted in the eyes of 
the amateur public. As might be expected, Miller's chances from 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 91 

the date of this editorial's appearance became small by degrees 
and "beaatifiilly less," Even his most conscientious supporters 
dared entertain but a feeble hope that he would go to Detroit 
to humble himself before a lot of incredulous boys. 

Monday, July 10, nearly every supporter of Miller was in 
Detroit, eager to show their power, but unable to do so from the 
non-appearance of their presidential candidate. 

To see what it was best t9 do in the emergency, the Millerites 
called a caucus. Of course it was unanimously voted to no 
longer entertain Miller as a candidate, and as a substitute Will 
T. Scofield was proposed. He, however, refused to become a 
bona-fide contestant for the office, but agreed to run to infuse a 
little excitement into the election, provided it was understood by 
all that he should resign immediately in favor of Grant, if elected. 
Plans of strategy were then perfected, whereby votes might be 
drawn from the opposition, and the caucus adjourned. 

This caucus is further described by Chas. G-. Steele, in the 
same paper, as follows : 

The caucus was organized with Will C. Brown as chairman 
and Chas. G. Steele, Jr., as secretary. There was some debate 
as to how to proceed to the election of the ticket we were to sup- 
port. The name of Miller was agreed upon to be withdrawn, and 
after a little exchange of opinion. Will T. Scofield was named as 
candidate for president. He positively declined to run, and after 
Brown and Steele positively declined to accept, it was decided to 
nominate the other officers first. 

After the election of the ticket, followed a lengthy discussion 
on the presidential question. Brown, Steele and Scofield all pos- 
itively declined to run. At last we decided to have Harrison 
name Metcalf, hoping thereby to draw votes from Grant. Sco- 
field agreed to run so as to defeat Grant, but would immediately 
resign in his favor. We decided that it would be no more than 
right that Grant should be president, but if we could defeat him 
in the convention it would be a victory for our side. Brown was 
to name Scofield, and we were to divide up on several candidates 
but on the second or third ballot, as seemed best, unite on Sco- 
field, and hoped to draw enough votes for his election. 

There is no doubt but that the Grant supporters were uncer- 
tain of success when they reached Detroit, but before a vote had 
been taken they saw that they would be victorious. Scofield's 
acceptance of a nomination in opposition to Grant, with the pro- 
viso that he would resign in favor of Grant, if elected, was known 



92 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

to the Grant party, though this did not in an}' manner affect the 
carrying on of a vigorous campaign until the final ballot. 

In the Sphinx, July, 1882, Mr. Rudolph Ortmann gave the fol- 
lowing account of the work of the convention: 

The convention was called to order at 10 o'clock a. m., Tues- 
day, July 11. President Reeve delivered a somewhat lengthy 
farewell message. The calling of the roll showed thirty-nine 
members present: F. N. Reeve, F. A. Grant, J. A. Imrie, 
Louis Kempner, Ralph Metcalf, Ed. E. Stowell, Ed. M. Gaddy, 
W. T. Scofield, W. C. Brown, Thos. H. Parsons, John Fischer, 
C. G. Steele, Jr., V. Winters, Jr., Frank L. Mills, Henry E. 
Legler, H. A. Clarke, Hugh McElroy, Jr., C. C. Rickert, F. S. 
Arnett, C. M. Heineman, Thos. G. Harriscm, W. K. Smith, (of 
Compass, Portland, Ore.), M. J. Hartv, H. T. Mercur, Bernard 
Ginsburg, F. H. Bolton, R. A. Pelham, B. Benj. Pelham, W.s 
M. Hewitt, H. G. Hudson, A. J. Stranger, G. T. Kast, W. J. 
Niles, Rudolph Ortmann, (afterward admitted), Will J. Baker, 
Richard Gehlert, F. F. Heath, A. D. Pulis and Russell Robb. 
The president announced that the committees appointed to 
judge the articles submitted to them for the laureateships had 
completed their labors and reported the following entitled to the 
positions named for the ensuing year. 

Sketch, J. C. Nichols, of Blue Mound, Ills. 

History, James J. O'Connell, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Essay,* C. S. Elgutter, of Exeter, N. H. 

Poet, Joseph P. Clossey, of New York. 
The proxy ballots were thrown out, owing to the absence of 
the recording secretarj^ who had the original proxies. 
The first ballot for president was as follows: 

Whole number of votes cast 35 

Grant 17 

Scofield 13 

Metcalf 5 

Eighteen constituting a majority, there was no choice. 
Second ballot: 

Grant 19 

Scofield 19 

The ballot was thrown out, as there were not thirty-eight vot- 
ers in the room. 
Third ballot: 

Grant 21 

Scofield .14 

On motion of Scofield, Grant's election was made unanimous. 
For first vice-president, Wylie and Stowell were nominated. 
Wylie withdrew and Stowell was elected by acclamation. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 93 

For second vice-president, Griggs, Bolton and Teachenor were 
nominated. Tbe two latter were withdrawn, and Griggs was 
elected by acclamation. 

Teachenor was elected third vice-president, by acclamation, 
without opposition. 

For recording secretary, Storms, Arnett and Ortmann were 
nominated. Arnett withdrew. A ballot was taken, as follows: 

Storms .' 5 

Ortmann 26 

Ortmann was declared elected. 

For corresponding secretary, Pelham was nominated, and 
there being no opposition, he was elected by acclamation. 

John Fischer was likewise elected treasurer. 

For official editor, Chas. G. Steele, Jr., was elected by accla- 
mation. 

Long Branch was elected as the next place of meeting, but at a 
subsequent session it was changed to New York or vicinity. 

A vote of thaaks was tendered Mr. Ballard for the article in 
St. Nicholas. 

A petition for presentation to Postmaster General Howe, was 
ordered drawn up. 

The following resolutions were ordered printed and sent to 
the professional press : 

"We the amateur authors and editors of the United States, knowing 
by experience and observation the deleterious and ruinous effects of 
trashy and vile literature flooding our country, which i? rendering 
thousands of our companions mentally and morally unfit to meet life's 
obligations and responsibilities, have entered our protest against the 
publication and reading of such papers, have passed a resolution mak- 
ing expulsion from our Association the penalty incurred by those of our 
number who contribute to the amateur columns of said papers, or them- 
selves publish productions which are sensational or corrupting; and 
have pledged ourselves to do all in our power, by precept andexanapie, 
to encourage the perusal of the purest and best literature, to divert 
youthtul attention to deeper and clearer channels, and to use all means 
which shall lessen the influence of a perverted press. 

"Believing this to be one the greatest dangers of the day to the rising 
generation, and realizing the comparative insignificance of our feeble 
influence, we do hereby most earnestly call upon all men and wouien 
to come to our aid, and with us determine to wage uncompromising 
war upon the foe. 

"We call upon the religious and secular press, as the great educator 
of the masses, to keep the subject before the people, to sound aloud 
tbe notes of alarm, and themselves to exclude from their columns 
eyerything which would lower the standard of literary excellence. 

"We call upon all ministers, of all denominations, to give this sub- 
ject special attention from the pulpit, :ind to set apart one Sabbath at 
least in a year, to enforce upon parents their duty in regard to this mat- 
ter, and to show the young of their congregations the dangers and 
evil tendencies of indiscriminate reading. 

**We call upon parents, as the guardians of youth, to keep themselves 



94 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

informed as to what their children are reading, and to encourage a de- 
sire for that which is healthful, by patronizing such periodicals as 
Golden, Days, Wide Awake, St. Nicholas a:ad the Youth's Companion. 

"Finally, we call jpon all men and women everywhere, to use their 
voices and influence in driving from our midst a danger so terrible, 
and to stimulate Young America to highest thoughts and noblest 
deeds." 

The official minutes, in the September National Amateur^ gvie 
the following additional details; 

The vacancies in the credential committee caused bj^ the absence 
of Messrs. Kschner and Mergenthaler were filled by the appoint- 
ment of Messrs. Steele and Legler. 

The original proxy ballots not having been brought to the 
convention, caused proxy votes to be declared illegal. 

No record of these proxies, as far as we have been able to 
ascertain, has been preserved. 

Of the banquet, Will T. Scofield writes, in Respite, July, 1891 : 
i here was, of course, a banquet at the Detroit convention. 
The occasion would have been incomplete without that. Thos. G. 
Harrison was the toast-master, and the responses were average 
amateur efforts at speech-making. The most ambitious response 
was that of Herbert A. Clarke, a colored amateur of Cincinnati. 
He was a thorough orator, and thrilled us all with his brilliant 
periods. There were responses of merit by Will Brown, Charlie 
Steele, Ralph Metcalf, and other lights of the convention. 

The July, 1882, issue of St. Nicholas, a professional monthly 
magazine for young folks, contained a lengthy article on 
"Amateur Newspapers," by Prof. Harlan H. Ballard, of Lenox, 
Mass. While it cannot be said that Prof. Ballard's article was 
correct in every detail, it was a splendid advertisement for 
Amateur Journalism and brought more recruits into the ranks 
than any other one agency. The article was illustrated with 
portraits of President Keeve, Official Editor Grant and the 
youthful editors of the Petite Anse (La.) Amateur, fac-sirailes of 
pages of several amateur papers, and much information that was 
of interest to Young America. 

Another article was prepared for the same journal, describing 
an amateur campaign in full, but when it appeared, in July, 1883, 
it had been reduced to a mere picture of the attendants at the 
Detroit convention and a few words about that gathering. 

President Grant and Official Editor Steele, following the pos- 



History of the national amateur press association 95 

itive advances gaiuecl by Ihe St. Nicholcis article, iuseited adver- 
tisements in various publications and [)re[)areil articles for other 
journals, which were published withv)ut charge. Amateur Jour- 
nalism was probably better advertised during President Grant's 
term than at any time since the Centennial year. 

All of this time the postoffice department was ruling against 
the admission of amateur papers to the privileges of second-class 
postage. A ruling of the department excluded every paper 
claiming to be an "amateur paper," without inquiring further 
into the merits of the case. Amateur papers sent through the 
mails were always stamped, and frequently several publishers 
would combine, sending their papers in one wrapper to the other 
amateurs of their exchange list. This began the day of "bun- 
dles," and enterprising publishers soon advertised to send out 
papers to amateurs at the rate of 10 cents per hundred . 

At the opening of his term of office President Grant appointed 
the credential committee as follows : Thos. H. Parsons, chair- 
man; John Fischer and B. B. Pelham . 

The finances of the N. A. P. A. have been generally neglected. 
We have hunted in vain for data that w^ould connect the various 
treasurers' reports printed, and so give them as they appear, with 
a word or two of explanation. 

As was stated in a previous chapter, it was a "beginning over" 
at Buffalo, and it is our impression that the following report is 
from the gentleman who acted as treasurer during the convention, 
previous to the election. 

EX-TREASUEER'S (PRO TEM) REPORT. 

Received into treasury during my term of 

office ...... $24 50 

Paid T. H. Parsons, printing and station- 
ery $10 00 

Paid W. C. Brown, printing and station- 
ery 6 00 

$16 00 

Balance delivered to Treasurer-elect San- 
derson $8 50 

Kespectfully Submitted, 

•T T W'PismT'RT 
Buffalo, July 17, 1881. Treasurer pro tem N. A. P. A. 

The report of the nest treasurer, Mr. Sanderson, does not 



96 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIAtlOlJ. 

deal with Mr. Weissert's balance, but includes it with other col- 
lections. It follows: 

Paid out bills at Buffalo $15 50 

Keturued to J. W . McLain 2 00 

Returned to J. P. Glenn , 2 00 

Postage, official business 1 46 

Cost record book 65 

$21 61 
Amount paid in, including amount in treasury 

at beginning of year $79 00 

21 61 

Balance $57 39 

Howard K. Sanderson, 
Treasurer. 

Treasurer Sanderson was not present at the Detroit convention 
of 1882, but sent his report, as above. Mr. Ortmann acted as 
treasurer pro tem, and gave the following account of his steward- 
ship: 

From Treasurer Sanderson $ 73 81 

From T. G. Harrison 1 7 65 

Dues 15 00 

Initiation fees 5 00 

$111 46 

Paid Recording Secretary Rickert $10 50 

Paid Reeve (official organ) 12 50 

Paid Reeve, initiations, etc 24 00 

Paid for hail 7 50 

$54 50 

Balance in Treasury $57 96 

Rudolph Ortmann, 
Treasurer pio tem. 

It will be noted above that Mr. Harrison turned over the money 
he collected while acting as treasurer ad interim, as noted in his 
report printed in a previous chapter. Mr. Sanderson paid to 
the treasurer pro tem $16.42 more than his report seemed to 
require. 

With the exception of Official Editor Steele, President Grant's 
official board was of little assistance to him. The three vice- 
presidents were inactive, as was the recording secretary, and the 
treasurer appropriated a considerable amount of the money en- 
trusted to him. The year, however, was one of activity, and a 
large number of papers appeared. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 97 

The voliinu' of the National Amateur issued l)y Editor Clias. 
G. Steele, Jr, eoiisisted of 28 |)aoes, Mie first tliree issues being of 
eioiit paiies eMcii and the hist of four. The September issue con- 
tinued a two |)!ioe nccounr of the Detroit banquet; the otfieial 
ujiimtes, oceupyiug two and a halt: pages; a review of the mlDor 
amateur press associations then in existence ; editorials ; a long 
president's message ; the usual news department, and some offi- 
cial reports. While the printing was fairly well done, there was 
nothing artistic about it. The page form of this issue was a 
trifle larger both as to length and width, than any previous numbers. 
The December Amatem^ was uniform in size with the various 
issues of the volume previous, and it, as well as the March and 
June issues, was very prettily printed. A Celtic letter was used 
for a heading, and the type generally used was long primer, solid. 
The December issue contained an article on "Purifying Ama- 
teur Politics", by Phoenix; some legal advice on postal topics 
• by John W. Snyder, first president ; a suggestion by Thos. G. 
Harrison that stenographers report proceedings of future con- 
ventions ; the president's message, a page of editorial and the 
constitution and by-laws. The March issue was a recruiting 
number, and one thousand copies were printed. "Practical 
Hints to Amateur Editors" occupied nearly three pages and an 
amateur newspaper directory two pages more. The president's 
message, laureate reports, editorial matter and current news 
completed the number. The June issue contained an article 
"Amateur Papers; as they are and as they should be," from 
Our IVee Lance, editorials, notes, president's message, new pub- 
lications and suspensions. 

The following papers were among those published this year: 
Birigo Amateur, Biddeford, Me. ; Granite Echo, Concord, N. 
n.: Green Mountain Echo. Danby, Vt. ; Amateur Eeporter, 
Dm livers, Mass. ; Age. Gardner Messenger, Northern Breezes, 
Turnip -of -Time, Gardner, Mass. ; Bay State Brilliant, West 
Gaidner. Mass. ; Bay State EcJio, New England Gazette, Satchel, 
Tri-Moiint Gazette, Boston. Mas^. ; Boys'' Folio, South Gardner, 
Mass. ; (?o/<:Ze?i lfoMe?i^**. Beverly, Mass. ; Guide, East Bridge- 
water, Mass. ; Laurel. Nautick, Mass.; Monthly Comet, Salem, 
Mass. : Eeadville Mite, Readville," Mass. ; Youth^s FavofHte. 



98 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Dangers, Mass.; High School Eeview, West Newton, Mass.; 
Club, New London, Conn. ; Comet of ^82, Youth's Gazette, 
Our Monthly, Humming Bird, New Britain, Conn, ; Tribu- 
nal, Waterburv, Conn. ; HocJcanumstein, Hockannra, 
Conn. ; American Sphinx, Soutli Manchester, Conn. : Amateur, 
National Amateur, Blade, Tomahawk, Buffalo, N. Y. ; 
Autocrat, Peekskill, N. Y. ; American Eagle, Harum Scarum, Le 
Critique, N. Y. Amateur News, Our Hurrah, Ameri- 
can Cadet, Sunflower, Premium, New York City, N. Y. ; 
Empire State Amateur, Geneseo, N. Y. ; Enterprise, Indepen- 
dent, Paragon, Philomathean Review, Sunflower, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. ; MohawJc Warrior, Schenectady, N. Y. ; Capitol, Al- 
bany, N. Y. ; Our Sanctum, Philaidelphia, N. Y. ; Rainbow, 
Hamburg, N. Y. ; Record, Kinderhook, N. Y. ; Trojan Times, 
Troy, N. Y. ; Youth^s Fa/vorite, Cuba, N. Y^. ; Bergen Post, Jer- 
sey City, N. J. ; Fun, Bloomfield, N. J. ; Amateur, 
Newark, N. J. ; American Boys, Elizabeth , N, J. ; Adver- • 
tiser, Miffiinburg, Pa. ; Amateur World, Qualcer City 
Boys, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Active Christian, Guthriesville, Pa. ; 
Keystone Amateur, Semi-Monthly, En Passant, Earth- 
quaJce, Butler, Pa. ; Gleaner, Gettysburg, Pa. ; Mercury, 
Towanda, Pa. ; McElroy^s Enterprise, Little Gem, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. ; Beacon, Baltimore, Md. ; Globe, Frederick, Md. ; 
Budget, Mail, Owl, Pearl, Washington, D. C. ; Mag- 
net, Richmond, Va. ; Cadet, Charleston, W. Va. ; Union Lance, 
Cincinnati, O. ; Young Days, Columbus, O. ; High School 
Monthly, Cleveland, O. ; Boys' Doings, Marietta, O. ; Acorn, Co- 
lumbus, O. ; Sun, Canal Dover, O. ; Little News, Dowagiac, 
Mich. ; Boys^ Delight, p:vansville, Ind. ; Bee, Batesville, Ark. ; 
Typo, Heckatoo, Ark. ; Elf, Oakland, Cal. ; Dot, Highland Vil- 
lage, Nova Scotin ; Echo, Englishtown. Nova Scotia; Fly, Jud- 
soniM, Ark. ; Fly.. W.-iterburv, Conn. ; Unique, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; 
Sun, Si. Louis, Mo.; Blade, Jiidsonia, Ark.; Beacon, New 
York City; Dwarf, Butler, Pa.; South, VVasliington, D. C. ; 
Pedestal, ISl i^w York City; Criterion, Philadelphia, Pa. ; Coon, 
Butler, Pa.; Dart. Waterbujy, Conn.; Gem, Washington, 
I). C. ; Mosquito. Pittsburg, Pa, ; Squibs. Judsonia, Ark. ; 
La Whale, Snn Francisco/ Cal. ; Comet. Tek( nsha, Mich.: 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION •'•' 

Leisure Moments, ArneWs Phoenix, Our Amhiiion, Breeze, Colum- 
bus, O. ; Boys' Herald, Cleveland, O. : Wise & Otherwise, Mnii- 
etta. (). : Our Optic, Cadiz, O. ; Drawer, Official, Mentor, Scribe, 
Peninsula Press, Venture. Detroit. Mich. ; Little Jolzer, Plattsville, 
llKs. ; Reporter, Washiiiolon, Ind. ; Express, , Rcckport, Ind. ; 
GopJier, Rockville, Ind. ; Welcome Visitor, Indianapolis, Ind. ; 
Junior Press, Coon Rapids, la. ; La Caprice, Milwaukee Ama- 
teur, Milwaukee, WU, ; Amateur Exchange, Stanberry, Mo.; 
Amateur Light, Western Amateur, Osage City, Kan. ; Kansas 
Zephyr, Lawrence, Kan. ; Amateur Journal, Judsonia, Ark. ; 
Emblem, Critic, Golden Crescent, Microgram, Stinger, Epigram, 
San Francisco, Cal. ; Observer, Oakland, Cal. ; Ark, Portland, 
Ore. ; Melange, Evans dlle, Ind. ; Good Lntent, Loogootee, Ind. ; 
Jakey, North Webster, Ind. ; Fact & Fancy, Golden Gate, Neic 
Moon, Nut-Shell. Sun, San Francisco, Cal. ; Daytonian, Dayton, 
O. ; Odds & Ends, Detroit, Mich. ; Sea -board Light, West Philadel- 
phia, Pa. ; South-Easterner, Washington, D. C. ; Banner, Nor- 
folk, Va. ; Lamplighter. Lenoir, N. C. ; Amateur Times, New 
Orleans, La. ; Southern Star, Jonestown, Miss. ; Amateur Eevieio, 
Ldylic Hours, Cincinnati, O. ; Bnmble Bee, Alameda, Cal.; 
Weekly Sunbeam, Sonoma, Cal. ; No Name, Cadiz, O. ; Sunbeam., 
Terre PIaule,»Iud. ; Jingling Gem, Davenport, la. ; Vade Mecum, 
Heckatoo, Ark. ; Comj^ass, Portland, Ore. 



iiii.^.;^ 11,1 



CHflFTEKIO. 

THE GATHERING IN GOl HAM. 

Opening of a Prosperous Ykau. — Th:-: Campaign Pukckdino 
THE Convention. — Steele's Mrteoric Candidacy. — Wylie 
Brought to the Fore. — Legler Nominated. — Fischer's 
Plans Crushed. — Watkyns as a Campaign Manager. — 
The Proxies to be Counted. — Caucus Nominations. — The 
Convention and Officers Elected. — The Banquet. — 
Amendments to the Constitution. — Brewster's Affidavit. 
— Harrison's National Amateur. — Papers of the Year. 

IN the Umpire State Amateur, March, 1889, Mr. Willanl 
O. Wylie says : 
The year 1883 ushered into existence a very prosperous 
condition of affairs. The term of Finlay Grant in the president's 
chair had been productive of rich fruits in the way of new jour- 
nals, literary productions of pronounced merit, and the rejuven- 
ation of fossils who had apparently laid aside their editorial togas, 
and as Grant's faithfulness to the Association brought about the 
grand result, so as his term of office began to expire all his ener- 
gies were turned toward making the New York convention a 
grand success. 

As reception comramittee for the New York convention. Presi- 
dent Grant appointed the following gentleman: Chas. K, A. 
Watkyns, Jas. F. Kavanagh, Harry E. Batsford, Chas. R. Bur- 
ger and George E. Boehm. 

Frank J. Martin was appointed orator, Joseph Dana Miller, 
poet, and Chas. K. A. Watkyns, essayist. Rudolph Ortmann, 
recording secretary, resigned, and Jas. F. Kavanagh, of Brook- 
lyn, was a]ipointed to fill the vncnnfy. 

In the Orion Mapazine, Jan.- Feb.. 1881), Bi-niiierd P. Emery 
gave the following jiccount of the (\'irai)aign |)re('eling the New 
York convention : 

Hardly had the smoke of the conflict, of 1H,S2 clcjired awny 
when the sound of scattering shol.s foielold the reopening of the 
presidential battle. Jiuriew J. O'Coimel! wns noniiutited for the 
presidency in the August niiinber of Northern Breezes, edited by 
Hevwood and Green, of Mass.'ichuselts, Jud Russell announced 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 101 

in a Harum Scarum, issued iu July, that Willard O. Wylie would 
be a candidate, and in the October number of his paper ratified 
the nomination. A number of random nominations were also 
made. In November the Burlington Amateur mentioned Sto- 
well, and the Amateur Sun, Sanderson. Harrison vaguely hinted 
at a Western man, whom many believed to be Henry E. Legler, 
who had recently been elected president of the Western Amateur 
Press Association, but this supposition was thought baseless when 
the Visitor attacked Legler' s administration. 

These were only premonitions, however. The campaign was 
opened in earnest b}^ Reeve, in a supplement to the Independent 
Times, dated January, with the nomination of Charles G. Steele, 
of the Amateur, Harrison, who had met Reeve a short time be- 
fore, and doubtless arranged the plan, seconded the nomination ; 
and Pelham and Hill, of Detroit; Brodie, McCabe, Peobles and 
Nichols, of New York ; Homer Green, of New Jersey ; Robert F. 
Griggs and E. N. Smith, of Connecticut; Heineman Bros., of 
Pennsylvania ; Price, of Denver, and Barker, of Arkansas, speed- 
ily announced their intention to support him. 

Steele's chances were excellent. He had been elected official 
editor at Detroit, and the National Amateur under his charge 
was winning golden opinion. In January, 1883, he received the 
presidency of the Eastern Amateur Press Association, reorganized 
at Boston. He was popular with the boys and generally well 
liked. But he had antagonized Thomas Parsons, of Our Blade, 
his fellow townsman, and in the controversy with him in which 
he was involved alienated some of his support and added little to 
the luster surrounding his name. What made this more notable 
was the fact that in the December Amateur he had published an 
article deprecating abusive personalities. 

During this time Wylie's friends had not been inactive. In 
December John Fischer virtually inaugurated the Wylie campaign, 
by an editorial in the Tomahaivk. '"The First Gun," in which he 
set forth his candidate's claims for the presidency. Ouce opened, 
the campaign was carried on vigorously. Fischer was appointed 
manager. He was shrewd, well versed in politics, not over high- 
principled in methods, and devoted heart and soul to the success 
of his candidate. Wylie's candidature met with much favor; 
the majority of the New. En^rJand amateurs supported him , New 
York City, the seat of the coming convention was solid for him. 
laken altogether, his cliances were even brighter than Steele's. 
In January, ISS;:!', he was elected president of the New England 
Association, after a stormy meeting. But while all these things 
militated in his favor, he had been defeated at Detroit in his race 
for the first vice-presidency of the N. A. P. A., on the ground 
that he had been n traitor to the Association, lie had written a 



102 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATRUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

postal card to Frank J. Martin, who was secretary of the Inter- 
national Amatenr Authors^ Lyceum, an organization which sought 
to destroy the N. A. P. A., asi^ing how he could join it. This 
was brought up against him again, but he defended himself by 
saying that although he certainly wrote the card, he did not then 
know it was antagonistic to the N. A. P. A. 

O'Connell's friends were still pushing his claims, but he had 
only a small following, and in the February Faragon he thanked 
his supporters but declined the nomination. He was not popular 
with the majority, and was considered conceited and overbearing. 
While he was one of the best read Amateur Journalists, and an 
editor and critic of the first rank, his success as a politician was 
out of the question. 

As early as December the west had presented a candidate for 
presidential honors, in the person of Henry E. Legler, editor of 
XhQ Idler and La Caprice. He was very popular in his section, 
a good parliamentarian, a brilliant editorial writer, an essayist of 
considerable ability, a man whom all could respect. His election 
to the W. A. P. A. presidency had given him considerable 
prestige, and the excellence of his paper gained him many friends. 

Thus stood the political field at the end of February, 1883. 
But all was soon changed. In a number of the Amateur dated 
December, 1882, but printed in February, Steele wrote a letter, 
"Mine Friends and Mine Enemies," declining the nomination. 
As O'Connell had withdrawn, the contest was narrowed to Wylie 
of the east and Legler of the west. 

Steele himself favored Wylie, but many of his supporters, 
including Nichols, Daly, McCabe and the Heiuemans, trans- 
ferred their allegiance to the western candidate. 

The sectional question was now brought up. This sectional 
cry as an issue was at last dropped by the Legler party. There 
should be no north, no south, no east, no west, but a one united 
Amateurdom, seemed to be the general wish. They had more 
substantial ground to base their support of Legler upon. His 
qualities as editor and parliamentarian, as a gentleman above 
reproach, as a good fellow in every way, deserved consideration 
and received it. 

Harry Batsford was at the head of the Legler campaign, if a 
canvass in which the candidate took no active part whatever 
could be called a campaign, assisted by all who favored the west- 
ern candidate. The most prominent members of the party at 
this time were Rickert, Stowell, Arnett. Antisdel, Hollenback. 
Teachenor, Robb, Eilgutter, of the west, Batsford, Kempner, 
Dunn and Emery, of the east. 

The supporters of Wylie accused Legler of inactivity, claiming 
he had issued but five papers in three years. The Torrington 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AStATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. lOB 

Advertiser, the journal making the charge, received a convinc- 
ing reply from Sto well's Junior Press, which showed that he had 
been active even against great odds. He had issued six numbers 
of his paper since the Detroit convention, the number of pages 
exceeding that of Wylie's paper, Golden Moments, besides prepar- 
ing two other issues, which, owing to the dishonesty of his print- 
ers, never appeared. 

In April it leaked out that Fischer was using very shady 
political methods to secure the election of his candidate. It 
seems that Fischer wrote a letter to Burger, of the Bergen Fost, 
one of the Wylie workers, saying that any one who would promise 
to support Wylie would be admitted to the National at once, no 
matter what his claims. Fischer and Parsons being a majority of 
the credential committee could carry out the plan. This seemed 
to Burger such a shrewd move that he boasted of the scheme to 
his partner. Homer Green, and showed him the letter. Green 
had been a supporter of Steele and was now strenuously opposed 
to Wylie. He thought the letter would be a valuable card against 
the Beverly gentleman, so he got possession of it and later on 
handed it over to Storms. 

James B. H. Storms was nominated for the presidency early in 
the campaign, but more as a joke than anything else. But the 
May -June Bergen Fost, from which Burger had just retired and 
accepted the associate editorship on the Sentinel, nominated him 
in earnest and he accepted, saying he never had refused a nomin- 
ation. The Griggs Bros., of Connecticut, at once came out* in 
his support in the" Tribunal, whose sole object was to defeat 
Wylie ; but his following was small. Storms was not popular, 
and although he was a clever writer, he did not deserve the 
presidency. Soon after his nomination he reissued Spunk, pub- 
lishing it weekly until after the convention. That he cared only 
for the office was conclusively proven when the paper was at once 
suspended after his defeat. SpunJc was the fiercest campaign 
sheet ever published. It threw hot shot into the Wylie camp ; 
reviewed the story of the I. A. A. L. postal card ; exposed 
Fischer's letter to Burger and claimed that Wylie' s managers 
secured support by promising offices in all the sectional associa- 
tions. 

As soon as the Fischer letter was published it was evident to 
Wylie that serious harm had been done his chances ;the responsibil- 
ity must not fall on him. So Fischer was requested to resign the 
chairmanship of the campaign committee. He did so at once, 
shouldering all the blame for the transaction, exonerating Wylie 
from any knowledge of it, and saying he wrote the letter while 
intoxicated. 

It was a matter of much interest who would succeed Fischer. 



104 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Many were suggested, but when the truth was known there was 
general surprise. Charles K. Watkyns, a veteran of Amateur- 
dom of the past, had reissued La Critique in February, 1888. 
He had held aloof from the political discussion. Batsford 
thought he would come out for Legler, but, much to his disgust, 
Watkyns accepted the vacant chairmanship and the April number 
of his paper announced his support of Wylie. 

The most prominent supporters of Wylie at this period were 
Scofield, Brewster, Martin, Heywood, Alex. A. Stewart, farsons, 
Kavauagh, Gleasoia, Sanderson, Barker, McClain, Jos. D. Miller, 
Burger and Green of Massachusetts. 

In the May La Caprice Legler had published his letter of 
acceptance, addressed to twenty-three persons, and Wylie' s 
appeared in the May-June Critique. The most remarkable thing 
about the latter was the number of amateurs, fifty-six, to whom 
it was addressed. But this apparent strength was not really 
very important, for many of the names heading the letter were 
those of men who were not members of the Association, and had 
no voice in the convention. Legler's was short and concise; he 
pledged himself to activity and the advance of all plans beneficial 
to the N. A. P. A. ; Wylie' s was more lengthy, but virtually 
gave the same promises. 

Batsford had issued two numbers of Our Choice as campaign 
sheets ; Emery sent out a two-page Editor's Eye for the same 
purpose, and the Legler Campaign was published anonymously 
somewhere out west. The Wylie men were devoting much space 
and grinding out leaders on the merits of their candidate by the 
dozen. The fight was on and everyone was excited. Nearly 
every paper published took one side or another. Everybody who 
had ever edited a paper, written for a paper or thought of a 
paper was sounded on the political question. 

The work of the Wylie campaign was done very systematically. 
The States were divided into sections and each section sub- 
divided. Workers and subordinate workers were appointed to 
each. The whole country was thoroughly canvassed and the 
work was done well. Watkyns directed what was to be under- 
taken and received regular reports from different sections ; he 
could thus judge how the campaign was getting on, and direct 
attention to any weak point. Legler's supporters were not 
organized at all, and hence labored at a disadvantage; but much 
good work was accomplished against these odds. Any one who 
favored him could, and was urged to, try to convert some brother 
amateur, presenting Legler's claims. Ikit as no one knew who 
had l)een addressed, liiere was much clashing and much omis- 
sion. Batsford was the leading worker, but even he had no 
sj^stem of work. The principal compaign work ^in New York 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



105 



State was done by Batsford and the writer. Our plan was for 
each of us to write to a person, one a short time after the other, 
in the hope that our united arguments might have some influence. 
But this was all of plan there was. There is no use denying that 
Legler's campaign was badly managed. 

l^egler had a nearly solid west at his back, while Wylie was 
supported by a divided east, with the majority of his following 
in the vicinity of the seat of the convention. Only one Western 
man was out for Wylie ; Scott D. Junkin, who published the 
Wylie Phalanx, and gloried in calling his comrades" Wylie Kids ;" 
while in the East such prominent men as Kempner and Batsford 
gave their votes to Legler. 

It was said that Watkyus was not a very strong Wylie man 
after all, and I know he wrote Legler that, although pledged to 
the Beverly candidate, he preferred Legler himself. Watkyns 
told me once that on the first ballot at New York he could not 
vote against Legler, but put in a blank ballot. 

After Steele's withdrawal, Elgutter, Harrison and Reeve re- 
fused to pledge themselves to any candidate ; but they were 
opposed to Wylie, and with the two Mttcalfs were willing to push 
anyone who they saw at New York could defeat the Beverly man. 

The question whether the proxy ballots would be counted at 
New York or not was of much importance in the campaign. As 
Legler's support was mainly at a distance from the city, it 
was probable that many of them would be able to vote only by 
proxy. It was, therefore, important to Legler that the proxies 
be counted. Fischer in his Burger letter had said "we want no 
proxies,*' but Wylie himself said the proxies should be counted. 
President Grant and the holders of the proxies, Stowell and Ort- 
mann, were also determined they should be counted. The pros- 
pect was that they would be counted. So both parties did their 
best to get out as large a proxy vote as possible. 

Wylie and Legler were on excellent terms and their candida- 
ture did not break off the relations. But for Storms the former 
had a special aversion. Rather than see Storms elected, the 
Wylie followers to a man said they would cast their ballots for 
Legler. So said Watkyns in the May- June Critique,&ud Batsford 
promised as much for Legler, although the Legler men as a body 
had no hatred for the Jersey gentleman. So stood affairs just 
before the convention. 

Harrison, Stowell and Legler arrived the day before the date 
of meeting; they occupied a suite of rooms which they rrade the 
headquarters of the Wylie opposition. On the same day 
the Spencer brothers ,*^ Brown, Harty, Scofield, Parsons, 
Fischer, Brewster, McElroy, McClain, Mercur, Brodie, the 



106 , HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Heinemans, Griggs brothers, Bodenwein, the two Metcalfs, El- 
gutter, Salabes, Grant, Boechat and Hamilton registered. 

The W^^lie caucus was held in room 231 of the St. Nicholas. 
Thirty-one persons were present and all signed a cast-iron pledge * 
to support all the nominees chosen by the caucus. Watkyns 
called the meeting to order, and George W. Baiidon, of Plain 
Dealer fame, was elected permanent chairman. Gleason acted 
as secretary. The following ticket was nominated : For presi- 
dent, Wylie; vice-presidents, Arnett, Mercur, Barker; corres- 
ponding and recording secretaries, T. J. Spencer, J. W. Mc- 
Clain ; treasurer, T. H. Parsons; official editor, C. K. Watkyns, 
next place of meeting, Milwaukee. The caucus adjourned in the 
small hours of morning, and quiet reigned supreme for a short 
time. 

The Legler caucus was held the next day, at 9 :30, in Harri- 
son's room. It was a Legler-Storms caucus iu fact; the one 
receiving the least votes for president to decline in favor of the 
other. Reeve presided. Thirty- three persons were present. 
On the lirst ballot Legler received twenty-six votes and Storms 
only three ; the latter transfered his support to the former and 
retired from the race. The following was the ticket nommated, 
no absentees being given a place : For president, Legler ; vice- 
presidents, Griggs, Daly, Barker; corresponding and recording 
secretaries, B. P. Emery and W. B. Smyth ; treasurer, Stowell ; 
official editor, complimentary vote to C. K. Watkyns ; caucus 
nomination, Harry Batsford. This complimentary vote was 
strongly objected to by Kempner, but his objection, owing to the 
Metcalfs' insistance, was overruled. 

From an article by Mr. Willard O. Wylie, in the Union Lance, 



* Much has been said about the "cast-iron pledge" which this 
caucus saw fit to adopt. It may be an interesting document to some, 
so I give it entire: 

"We, the undersigned, do hereby agree to and pledge our several 
votes, if present, for Mr. Willard Otis Wylie for president of the 
National Amateur Press Association, on Wednesday, July 11, 1883^ 
and we further agree to vote for said W. O. Wylie on each and every 
ballot that may be cast for president of said Association on that day, 
Geo. W. Baiidon Louis Kilmarx Judson D. Russell W, T. Scofield 
E.A.Brewster,Jr. J. W. McClain John Fischer C.A.Watkyns 

Frank .1 . Martin I. Lowenburg E. Reed Riale Henry Jacobs 

Chas. R. Burger H. J. McElroy L. H. Spencer T. J. Spencer 

Jos. Dana Miller J. J. O'Connell F. E. Williams W.W. Delaney 
T. H. Parsons Henry S. Nelson F.K. Vondersmith M. F. Boechat 
J. P. Caruochan J. F. Walsh, Jr. Geo. J. Boehm John Breen 
James R.Gleason. 

— W. O. Wylie, in Empire State Amateur, March, 1883. 



^HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 107 

March, 1890, the followiDg account of the convention is taken: 

At 12 o'clock, noon, President Grant called the convention to 
order and read his farewell message, in which the laureateship** 
were announced as follows: — Sketch writer, Brainerd P. Emery; 
poet, Joanna M. Brown ; historian, Henry K. Merritt. Routine 
business was then transacted. 

At 8 p. m., the result of the proxy balloting for president was 
given as follows : 

Number of votes cast 33 

Necessary for a choice 17 

Henrv E. Legler 16 

WillardO. Wylie 13 

James B. H. Storms 2 

Scattering 2 

As regards the other officers balloted for by proxy, Frank S. 
Arnett was the only one elected, receiving 21 out of the 29 votes 
cast for vice-president. When the committee had concluded its 
report. President Grant announced that a ballot for president 
was in order. 

The tellers performed their work and reported as the result: 

Number of votes cast 57 

Necessary for a choice 29 

Willard O. Wylie 31 

Henry E. Legler 2.5 

Scattering 1 

The first named was declared elected. 

Upon Mr. Legler's motion the election was made unanimous. 
Previous to this, however, a cry of fraud had been raised. Will 
C. Brown, of Fostoria, O., claiming that more votes had been 
cast than there were persons present in the room. A special 
(iommittee was appointed to investigate this charge, and an ad- 
journment effected that the investigation might be conducted in 
a tiiorough manner. Upon reassembling this committee reported 
that no evidence of fraud existed, this report being accepted. 
The president-elect was conducted to the chair by Messrs. Legler 
and Watkyns, and the ejection of otficers proceeded with as fol- 
lovTs: Second vice-president, Hiram T. Mercur. secured 30 votes 
out of 41, with 13 of such for E. Q. Daly. For third vice-presi- 
dent, A. E. Barker, on second ballot, received 24 out of 42 with 
18 of such for R. F. Griggs. For recording secretary J. W. 
McClain received 27 out of 41 votes cast, 11 of such being for 
Charles Hey wood. For corresponding secretary T. J. Spencer 
had 22 out of 41, 18 being cast for 15. P. Emery. For treasurer. 
T. H. Parsons was elected by acclamation. For official editor 
T. G. Harrison was elected in the same manner, and Milwaukee 
next place of meeting. 



108 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

The sessions of the AssociatioQ on Thursday and Friday were 
short, yet a great deal of business was transacted. The constitution 
was amended so that the president shall demand the resignation 
of any officer whose paper is over two months late; Cushing's 
Manual shall be our recognized parliamentary authority ; a stand- 
ing committee on revision of constitution shall be appointed each 
year ; the appointive office of national laureate recorder created ; 
official organ may be issued bi-monthly or quarterly at discretion 
of editor; sum for printing such increased from $40 to $60, and 
amendments to constitution may be made by a two-thirds vote of 
those present at a convention. 

The banquet was given at the Manhattan Beach hotel. There 
were seventy plates. Mr. Joseph P. Clossey acted as toast 
master, and the following were the toasts responded to : 

Our Officers Elect Thomas G. Harrison 

Our National Association James M. Beck 

The E. A. P. A Warren J. Brodie 

The South Josepli M. Salabes 

Our Absent Members Will C. Brown 

Our Comrades Gone Before Henry E. Legler 

The Press Clarence P. Dresser 

Our Alumni. James R. Gleason 

The following amendments to the constitution and by-laws 
were adopted at the New York convention : 

CONSTITUTION. 

Art. V— Sec. 12. It shall be the duty of the president to demand 
the resignation of any officer of this Association who shall allow his 
paper to become more than two months late or who shall neglect his 
official duties, and if such resignation be not forthcoming, the presi- 
dent shall immediately discharge said officer and appoint his successor. 

Art. XIV — Sec. 8. If an active member of the Association in good 
standing, who has been a member of the Association three months 
or more, fails to receive official blanks previ(.us to the time of Associa- 
tion assembling, he shall be entitled to cast a proxy vote at any time 
previous to the commencement of the counting of the proxy vote, 
upon any blank in default of the official. 

Art. XVI — Sec 7. If no candidate receives a majority nf all the 
legal ballots cast, as heretofore stated, the members in convention 
assembled shall elect such officers by a majority vote. 

Art. XVII — S('c. .3. Members ceasing to be actively engaged in 
amateur affairs, lose all right to active membership, and are exempt 
from the paymt-nt of (lues. Upon the renewal of activity, however, 
thoy are again entitled to the rights of members. 

Art. XXI — Substitute "Cushing's Manual" where '"Robert's Rules 
of Order" appears. 

Art. XXII — Sec. 5. These shall be appointed at the annual con- 
vention by the president, a stan ling committee on the revision of the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 109 

constitution, to consist of three or more active members, and it shall 
be the duty of this committee to have prepared such changes and 
amendments to the constitution and by-laws which shall be suggested 
to their best judgment during their year of duty, and report same at 
the annual convention lollow^ing. 

BY-LAWS. 

Art. II— Sec. 2. The president shall appoint each year a person 
whose duty it shall be to write a complete record of the affairs of 
Amateur Journalism as transacted during his year of office. The title 
given said person shall be national laureate recorder, and his record 
shall be published in the official orgartof this Association. 

Art. VIII— Sec, — A prize of $5 shall be awarded at each annual 
convention to the best edited amateur paper published during the 
previous year, which has published six isssues or more in said year. 
The prize shall be awarded by a committee of three appointed by the 
president. 

Art. XIII— Sec. 1. Strike out '-quarterly" and substitute "quar- 
terly or bi-monthly at the discretion of the official editor." 

Art. XIII— Sec. 8. Strike out '-$40'' and substitute '-$60.'' 

Shortl}^ after the New York convention, charges were made as 
to the legality of Wylie's election to the presidency. These 
charges finally culminated in the publication of the following 
affidavit: 
State of New York "| 

>ss. 
County of Orange. J 

E. A. Brewster, Jr., being duly sworn, deposes and says that 
on or about the eleventh day of July, 1883, while acting on a 
committee appointed to determine the legality of certain proxy 
ballots, cast for the election of officers of a body known and des- 
ignated as the National Amateur Press Association, the meeting 
of which was then in session in the city of New York, he was ap- 
proached by one Frank J. Martin, who was serving on the same 
committee, and in course of conversation was informed by said 
Frank J. Martin that he had suppressed and destroyed the ^'du- 
plicates'' of certain proxy ballots, the form and manner of casting 
which was legal; and he, the said Frank J. Martin, further in- 
formed the deponent that after he, the said Martin, had torn up 
the above mentioned "duplicates" of the proxy ballots, the frag- 
ments were conveyed from the room and thrown away by one 
John Fischer ; that said Fischer knew of the nature of said frag- 
ments, and said Martin further informed deponent that 
enough duplicates of ballots were, so destroyed to have legally 
elected Henry E. Legler to the presidency of the said Associa- 
tion. [Signed] E. A. Brewster, Jr. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1st day of Dec, 1863, 
Chas. L. Chatterton, Notary Public, Orange Co., N. Y, 



110 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AJ^lA'Pfetll "Pt&BS Ai^d'ciATlON. 

In a Itetler to Tbos. G. HairisoD, published In tire Mdioneil 
iLihdfe^m' 'fov ^iCLVch, 1884, John Fisolier aeknowledoes the trutli- 
folness otiire water's Wffid^vit, and stat;es that his interest rh 
Wylie was due to a grudge against Steele, who had heen a candi- 
date for the presidency early in '82 '88. Tlie letter contains a 
iiuiriber of mis-statements, and, as history, is not Vvoi'th the r'o'oiii 
il Avoiifd occupy in this vol n me. 

The following appointments by PresidentWylie were announced 
In the Septeftiber Ndtioiial Amateur: 

Credential committee — H. E. Legler, cbairman ; C. li. Wat- 
kyns, E; A. Brewster, Jr. 

In the December Amateur additional appointments Were an- 
nounced, as fallows : 

Chairman of committee on editorial award — T. J. Spencer. 
Historian laureate recorder — B. P. Emery, 
Committee to report a platform setting forth the principles of 
btir Association — ft. Vj. Legler, C. M. Heineman, H.K. Batsford. 
Fbr the first time in three year, the National Amateur in size 
merely came up to the constitutional requirements of four pages 
per quarterly issue. Typographically the paper was not as pretty 
as former volumes, the contrast between Mr. Harrison's Issues 
and those of his predecessor, Mr. Steele, being very marked. 
While the ])rinting was fair, much of the type used was old and 
vvbiir. The Septenib'er Amateur contains the minutes of the New 
Ybrlv coiiVentron, the president's message and half a page of edi- 
tbtial. Mr. Harrison claims that this is the first publication of the 
official minutes of a convention of the National 
A. P. A., but he is in error, as the minutes of the conventions 
at Buffalo and Detroit were given space by ihe preceding official 
editors, in each case being duly signed l)y the recording secretary. 
The December Amateur gave a classilication of amateur papers 
which has been adapted by many succeetling official editors. It 
also contained an article of reminiscences of the '70's, i)resi(lent's 
message, a toast response, ''The N. A. P. A.," delivered by Will 
C. Brown, and much editorial matter. The latter was mainly in 
'•paragraphs" in which work Harrison excelled. The destroyin-j- 
of proxies at the New York convention, {heselty electing Wylie 
president, was treate<l at length in the March Amateur. It also 
contained a long message from President Wylie, the classilication. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 111 

Treasurer Parsons' report and editorial paragraphs. 
The June Amateur contained several columns more on the 
proxy case, an article on "'l;'h,e Need of Ambition," another on 
"Administrative Ref<.>i:nis," Actino- President Mercur's proclama- 
tion naming^ the date for tlie Milwaukee couvention f^nd ed.itprial. 
parajgraphs. 

Among the papers of the year were ArneWs Phoenix, A^W^eur 
Chimes, American Spliinoc, Boys^ Folio, Boys^ Doings, Blade, 
Champion, Cincinnati Weekly Amateur, Dari, DowagifHio News, 
Experiment, .East Boston Amateur, Hornet, Kansm Zep^iyr, Le 
Critique, Lake Breezes, Lark, Legler^s Caprice, MetroppUian, 
Microgram, Mayflower, New Moon, North Star, Our Thoughts, Oiir 
Endeavor, Paragon, Point, Semi- Monthly, Sentinel, Stars an4 
Stripes, Spunk, SoutJiern HJerald, Trojan Times, Torrington Ad- 
vertiser, Violet and Young American. Other publications are 
mentioned elsewhere in this chapter. 




CH/IFTER 11. 

THE MILWAUKEE MEETING. 
An Unauspicious Opening. — President Wtlie's Resignation, 
Brought About by the Fischer Fraud. — The Convention 
Called by Mercur. — Truman Spencer's Accounts. — 
Wylie Unseated and Legler Declared the President. — 
Election of Officer?. — Expulsion of Fischer, Russell and 
Martin. — Laureate Entries of the Year. — Kempner's 
FinancialReport. — Heath Promoted to the Presidency. — 
Papers of the Year. 

THE year 1884 did not open as auspiciously for the N. A. 
P. A. as did its predecessor. President Wylie worked 
under great disadvantages, the cries of fraud growing 
louder as time passed. He soon became convinced that it was 
useless to continue to act as president, while many members of 
the Association believed he had not been elected. In their ear- 
Mestness to have the man of their own choice as president, they 
could see no good in the work of Mr. Wylie. But how to get rid 
of the office was a question. President Wylie studied it. It was 
discussed pro and con, and Mr. Wylie' s plan was laid before 
Amateurdom in Golden Moments. Later it was incorporated in 
the message which was published in the National Amateur for 
March. 

This message disposed of accumulated business as follows: 

F. F. Heath was appointed recording secretar}^, vice J. W. 
McClain, resigned. 

Thos. H. Parsons was appointed chairman of the credential 
committee, vice H. E. Legler, resigned. 

J. M. Salabes and M. J. Harty were appointed members of the 
committee on editorial award. 

The following laureate judges were named: Poems, T. B. 
Aldrich ; sketches, Albert E. Clarke; essays, J. A. Fynes, Jr.; 
histories, C. E. Stone; holiday issues, D. A. Sullivan. 

Mr. Wylie then continued: 

There is one more matter to which X will ask you to give atten- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 113 

tion. It is not without due deliberation tbat I have arrived at 
the decision of resigning the position I now hold, and I believe 
that the reasons 1 have in mind and shall state will amply justify 
me in the course which I pursue. I, Willard O. Wylie, therefore 
tender my resignation as president of the National Amateur Press 
Association, and shall hand over to the first vice-president, Frank 
S. Arnett, all documents which may be in my possession. 

1 have three reasons for taking this step: 1st — On account of 
the nnjust and malicious criticism to which the present adminis- 
tration has been subjected. 2nd — To the fact that certain proxy 
ballots were destroyed at the New York convention which would 
lead one to think tliat the office to which I wa*s elected was not 
leofaliy mine, ord — Because the sum necessary to carry on the 
administration, while perhaps forthcoming, would remain unappre- 
ciated by those wlio are constantly on the alert to find flaws in my 
official conduct. 

When I stepped into the chair at New York, last July, I knew 
full well that I was the choice of a majority of the delegates in 
attendance, and others who scanned the faces of the eighty dele- 
gates present were also positive of the fact. The convention 
passed off and the members departed for their homes, intent upon 
another year's work upon their journals. It did not surprise me 
in the least that in the papers issued just after the convention my 
opponents should attempt to belittle and ridicule; yet this I well 
knew how to bear, but thought such would cease in a reasonably 
short space of time. But month followed month, ridicule is 
followed by abuse and when this^ material serves to counteract 
interest I am awakening in the recruits' minds, over Amateur 
Journalism, then, indeed, shall I lay aside the pen connected with 
my official duties, and bid those who lind fault with me to secure 
the services of one who will serve them better. Seven months of 
my term have expired, yet these seven months, which should have 
been fraught with pleasure have been slowly poisoning my inter- 
est in the Association's affairs. But my interest in Amateur 
Journalism has been in no way affected ; as in the past I have 
been a faithful advocate of all measures for the good of the cause 
so shall I be in the future. 

As regards the irregularity in the election at New York, I have 
only the affidavit of P^ugene A. Brewster, Jr., to prove that such 
existed. This I will say and the party mentioned will without 
doubt recollect the incident that on the day preceding the conven- 
tion Mr. Legler informed me that in his opinion there could be 
no choice on the proxy ballots. Mr. Legler had been associated 
with Mr. Stowell more or less during the week previous to the 
convention, and the latter was well able to tell by the post marks 
and different penmanships from whom proxies were received and 



114 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

I 

for whom the ballots would be cast. Ihls matter of fraud in 
connection with the counting of proxy votes is enough in itself 
to warrant me in resigning the position I hold. 

Again, there is very little satisfaction in mA' using all my time, 
m}' energies and my pocket book in the behalf of Amateurdom. 
and in return receive — what? Appreciation? No! During the 
past year eleven numbers of my journal have appeared. I have 
attended several conventions, two numbers of the National Ama- 
teur have been issued, I have performed all the duties required by 
the constitution, secured the judges iii the laureate contests and 
offered a medal for the best holiday issue of an amateur journal — 
3'et my administration is a failure and the Association has a figure 
head its chief executive ! 

But I am cautioned. "If you value your name and reputation, 
don't resign." Does not that person 'know that ice have no name, 
no reputation to lose? If the National could have lived durin^: 
the past seven months, without my being in the chair, it most 
assuredly can during the remainder of the yenr ; and those who 
may afRrn^ that I resigned to bring disnster upon the Association, 
must swallow and digest ihe above statement, to which tliey have 
occasionally given publication. If I am a non-entity, simply a 
figure head while in olRee, then this loss cannot harm the Associ- 
ation nor can my action be misconstrued. But "you lack energy, 
will power aud moral stamina." Perh.nps, but were these quali- 
ties lacking in the events subsequent to the dissolution of the 
New England Amateur Journalists' Association, at Boston, in 
January, 1883, and in which I took a no unimportant part? Strange, 
passing strange, that our memories should be so faulty! Bnt 
why go on in this strain? When I accepted the position I feel 
myself now called upon to resign, I thought and felt I was to 
preside over gentlemen ; but when these persons are presented in 
their true lights as brawlers, fault finders and discontents, then, 
indeed, is it the most fitting thing for me to betake myself from 
their midst. One cannot touch pitch and remain undefiled, and 
realizing that discretion is the better part of valor, is but another 
reason for my nction. My nature is such that I cannot stand 
idly by and have my actions misconstrued and ridiculed by Hein- 
enian, C4raham, Metcalf, Kemi)ner, Harrison, Stowell, Baxter, 
Shelp and others of their ilk, when my position forces me to 
refrain from such controversies and few of my friends desire to 
mix in these quarrels for fear of injuring other friendships and 
their own political jn-ospects. I may lack moral stamina enough 
for this position, yet I possess enough confidence in my own good 
common sense to be assured that my time, labor and l)rains can 
be spent in more profitable business than serving as an ofScer 
upon whom these scavengers of filth may vent their wrath. Never 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



n% 



aojaih do I expect to become an officer of an amateur press asso- 
ciation, although in the (ield of Amateur Journalism I shall yet 
do good service. My love for the National has grown less, but 
my attachment for Amateur Journalism stronger. I seek and 
expect no defense of my course. I care naught for the opinions 
of those who have been assailing me; they can do no more than 
they have already done. 

With thanks to the friends who have conferred political honors 
upon me in the past and respect to the enemies who have granted 
me justice in their criticisms of the manner in which my olfieial 
duties have been performed, I remain. 

Fraternally, as ever, 

WiLLARD O. WyLIE. 

Official Editor Harrison answered this in the same National 
^^tnateitr, as follows : 

SOMETHING OF AN EPISODE. 

As President W^die has published the major portion of his mes- 
sage, which appears in this issue, previousl^^ few will now be sur- 
prised at the tenor of its contents ; unless this ai;ticle is read at- 
tentively. It can be seen that he announces his resignation as 
president of the National Amateur Press Association, for reasons 
on which we will dwell later on. 

After first reading the news that he contemplated this step, we 
wrote him that we did not think he could legally resign. In an- 
swer, he referred us to section 10 of article V of the constitution. 
We have examined this document carefully and considerately, but 
have failed to discover any loophole of legal escape for him, and 
now declare that he must be considered as the president of our 
Association until relieved by the Milwaukee convention, provid- 
ing he does not become disqualified to hold the office by becoming 
inactive, and by not publishing ten numbers of his paper during 
his term of office. As yet, by all the meaning of the constitution, 
he cannot legally resign, nor can he have a successor nntd he can 
legjiUy resign or be legally deposed. 

Section 10 of article V, to which President Wylie has referred 
us, reads as follows : 

It shall be the president's duty to remain active durino- his term of 
office by publishing at least ten numbers of a journal during his term of 
office. If befalls to do so, it shall be his duty to resign. And no one 
number of his paper shall be more than one month delayed. 

This, evidently, does iu)t give the president the right to resign 
for any cause but as state.]. As he lias to date fuUiiled the re- 
quirements of the conslitiilicMi, he must still hold Ins office. It is 
true he can refuse to serve, but if he thus prove recieant to the 
obligations and duties of his office, and leaves the Association 



116 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

without a head, we warn him there will be a reckoning at Milwaukee. 
If he refuses to serve, and leaves the Association helpless to fill 
his office (however willingly it would do so if it legally could) he 
shall be impeached and expelled from membership. 

We cannot imagine how he ever came to the conclusiou that he 
could constitutionally resign, under existing circumstances. Who 
did he imagine could accept his resignation ? A resignation must be 
accepted by some expressed form. No amateur or body of ama- 
teurs can accept his resignation, except the National A. P. A. in 
convention ; and the Association cannot hold a convention until 
Jul3\ The president has no power to call a special meeting to 
consider his resignation, and it cannot be parliamentarily con- 
sidered except by the Association. 

By section 12 of article V it is provided how other officers of 
the Association can resign or be discharged, but nowhere in the 
constitution is an 3^ similar provision made for the president's 
individual action. Hence a deliberate perusal of the constitution 
will convince anyone that our president has attempted to act 
illegally. It may be he did not know the provisions of the consti- 
tution, but that would be rather a ridiculous defense for one who 
is presumed, by virtue of his office, to have complete knowledge 
of the technicalities by which the Association is ruled. The con- 
stitution is faulty in this respect — its rulings now give us a presi- 
dent unwilling to serve, or else leaves the Association entirely 
without a head for four mouths. 

We are in hopes President Wylie will perfonr the duties of his 
office, since he cannot legally resign them. If he refuses to serve 
we know the National A. P. A. will survive and get along with- 
out him. 

President Wylie states that he will hand over the documents of 
his office to First Vice-President Ainett. Here, again, he shows 
his inferior knowledge of the constitution. If the president has 
performed his duties, he has long ago discharged First Vice-Presi- 
dent Arnett fnmi office, under article V, section 12. By that 
ruling Arnett is disqualilied to hold office in the Association, for 
It slates that the president shall Immediately discharge any olficer 
of the Association who shall allow his paper to become more than 
two months late, or who shall neglect bis official duties. Under 
the same ruling Treasurer Parsons should be immediately dis- 
charged from office. But President Wylie has failed to perform 
his duties. 

As to the reasons advaiK-ed by President Wylie for his 
fltlenipterl resianalion. we nuis! sny that ihey throw great discredit 
upon the Association; for wjuit will anyone think of our Associa- 
tion, when iis president and head gives such foolish, cowardly 
and revengeful reasons for an act that must remain to his persona! 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 117 

discredit and dishonor durino; tl»e entire length of his future stay 
in the ranks of Amateur Journalism. lu the light of his senseless 
and injurious attempt at resignation, how can anyone say he has 
previously received "unjust criticism?" And if he has, he 
should have had the manliness and courage, the strength of will 
and determination to withstand it. But he has shown himself to 
be devoid of these qualities — to be morally a coward, and not 
fitted to occupy the position he holds. Babyishly, he complains of 
''unappreciation ;" unapprecuation forms the real or the main 
reason for his attemptert resignation. What amateur journalist is 
there, with a spark of manliness, who does not feel contempt for 
such an ei.cus''? Who has not appreciation should compel it. 
President W'ylie might have compelled even his enemies to ap- 
preciate his services, but he has lost the chance, and now should 
be the most pitied individual in the ranks of amateur journalists. 

It is not of the man we speak thus harshly, but of the president 
of our Association, and in its interest and welfare. A president 
of the National A. F. A. should assume dignity and self-respect if 
he has them not. And who can say it has been self-respect which 
has prompted the action referred to? Rather was it not wounded 
conceit and self-love? 

President Wylie gives one reason, that the sum necessary to 
carry on his administration, while perhaps forthcoming, would 
remain unappreciated, etc. ; which leaves us to doubt whether 
it would really be forthcoming; from him. But he need not worry 
over tliat — the N. A. P. A. has some funds in its treasury — if not, 
there are enough good and loyal members to amply cover any 
deficiency incurred by the president's department, out of their 
own pockets. 

Developments of the {)ast few months tend to the belief 
President Wylie was illegally elected. Sworn testimony from 
Eugene A. Brewster deposes to the effect that a number of legal 
proxy ballots, cast for Henry E. Legler, were destroyed and not 
counted, which, if counted, would have resulted in declaring 
Henry E. Leoler the president of the Association. We presume 
every reader of the facts must believe that Legler was chented 
out of the presidency of our Association. But, as these proxy 
ballots were not counted. W^ylie was elected to an office to which 
he had no right — but wiiich he must hold until deposed — 
and that, we believe, will be done. At Milwaukee Wylie's name 
should be declared erased from the list of presidents of the Associ- 
ation and Henry E. Legler's substituted in its place. Thus can 
a great wrong be partially righted. 

We will state that we do not believe President Wylie was 
cognizant of or accessory to the felouous destruction of the proxy 
ballots by his supporters, John Fischer and P'rank J. Martin; 



US HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

nevertbeless, if he believes, as be must believe, that the above 
mentioned proxy ballots were destroyed, he can but concur in 
the action we recommend, viz: the substitution of Legler's name 
for \V^y lie's in the list of N. A. P. A. presidents. 

It is ratlier odd that towards the close of his message, President 
Wylie states that the "cares naught for the opinions of those who 
have been assaihng him," and yet he charges his determination 
to resign mostly to the criticism of his opponents. Or it is not 
his real reason? What is under the surface and not 3'et brought 
to light? Is there anything concealed? 

The National A. P. A. holds a claim upon Willard O. Wylie 
that it will only relinquish at its own pleasure. Wylie owes the 
Association a debt that he cannot throw off at will. He can 
refuse payment, but the debt still exists; and ii he does refuse 
payment, it will be taken into court — into the next convention. 

We demand the active services of President Wylie in his official 
position. Let him not so soon forget his promises to his suppor- 
ters — let him not so soon forget their votes. He cannot leave 
his office as he intended — if he does desert it, he will do so dis- 
honorably. 

Mr. Wylie refused to have anything further to do with the 
government of the Association. 

The June National Amateur editorially continued a discussion 
of the subject: 

THE ENACTED FRAUD. 
Since the last issue of the National Amateur appeared contain- 
ing the revelaiions concerning the fraudulent counting, or lack of 
counting the proxy ballots, at the New York convention, the 
amateur press has generally discussed the matter, nearly all agree- 
ing with the version the Amateur gave as its opinion of the mat- 
ter — that there was not a fair count. A few journals declared 
their belief that nothing fraudulent transpired. Two more affi- 
davits have appeared in print and more are coming bearing upon 
this subject. Of those already in print, one is signed by Frank 
J. Martin and one by J. Rosevelt Gleason. Martin deposes that 
the statements implicating himself, in Brewster's affidavit, are 
false ; and Gleason deposes to the effect that in a conversation 
with him Brewster stated that he made his affidavit simply to 
"fix" Wylie, out of revenge. Batsford,one of the examining com- 
mittee at New York, writes a letter stating his belief that fraud 
could not have been committed ; mainly because he did not see 
any wrong doing. 

From this immaterial evidence Frank J. Martin was acquitted 
of the charges made by Brewster, in a trial purporting to have 
been given by the Metropolitan A. J. C. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 119 

As cnn be sean, nothing to the point has beeu brougiit to coq- 
tradict the charges of fraud in the counting of the prox}- ballots. 
The truth of Fischer's voluntary confession has not been shaken 
one iota. Upon his statement alone rests the real fraud, and in 
an alfidavit prepared by hira shortly to be printed, the fact of the 
fraud is so substantiated that every reader must be convinced. 
The one '/vho committed the fraudulent action swear to his own 
guilt, voluntarily. Is not that enough to establish the truth of 
there having been fraud ? We think so. 

Jacobs tells us Fischer iujformed him at the convention that he 
destroyed the proxy ballots. Fischer, previously to writing to 
the editor of the National Amateur^ had made confessions to other 
amateur journalists, notabl}^ to C. A. Watkyns, and, we learn, to 
Parsons and Mercur — to these latter two on the day the deed was 
done or thereabouts. Other facts bear out the truth of the de- 
struction of the legal proxy ballots. Stowell, ex-vice-president, 
whom one pai)er said ought to know from the ballots in his poses- 
sion, whom had received a majority of votes, Legler or Wylie, 
testified that he carried to New York fifty-five duplicate proxy 
ballots, and that they tallied exactly with the originals in the 
possession of Kavanaugh, and he says of the fifty-five at least 
fifty must have been legal; and judging from the post marks, 
Legler had a clear majority, only one of his supporters voting 
being delinquent in his dues. 

An examination of the case convinces us that Legler was cheated 
out of the presidency — that Wjiie was illegally declared 
elected to the same. 

If Martin's statements were to be accepted as exculi-nting him, 
it would merely tl>row the entire responsibility of the trt.ud upon 
Fischer. The fact of there having been fraud is now not to be 
questioned. 

Unless fnrther rebuttal eviiience is given, it is j.roven that 
Legler had a majority of the legal proxy ballots cast fur the presi- 
dency of the N. A. P. A., and was legally entitled to the presi- 
dency. 

Shall this wrong be righted? 

Shall you, by your action in convention assembled at Milwaukee, 
do justice to Legler and to those who voted for him by proxy, 
previous to last July. 

We call upon 3^ou to do it. 

At Milwaukee, when in convention assembled, officiall}' 
denounce the fraud, erase Wylie's name from the list of Associa- 
tion presidents and substitute Legler*s in its place. Seat Legler 
in the presidential chair. By so doing you strike a blow for 
honor, and one against wrong and trickery. 

Among the questions occupying the minds of members of the 



120 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AM.ATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Associatiou was that of the reductiotj of dues. The National 
Amateur vigorouslj- opposed this. 

Very little campaigu work was done previous to the Milwaukee 
Convention in behalf of candidates who desired offices at that 
gathering. For the presidency Al. E. Baker, of Judsonia, Ark., 
and Ed. E. Slowell of Des Moines, la., were named by their 
friends. It is probable that these two gentlemen were the only 
ones who had a following and hafi authorized their canvasses. 
The disaffection caused by the revelati(»n of the New York fraud 
had cooled many enthusiastic Easterners, and there was much 
S[)ecuiation as to what the Milwaukee gatliering would do. 

The announcement of convention airangeraeuts was made by 
Biram T. Mercur, elected second vice-president, who held the 
reins of government and was then acknowledged as president, 
First Vice-President Arnett being ineligible from inactivity. 
The official organ, however, was edited by the watchful Mr. Har- 
rison, and he labeled President Mercur's letter "From Second 
Vice-President Mercur." It follows : 
Members and Friends of the National Amateur Press Association • 

I have appointed Wednesday, July 9, the day f«r holding our 
ninth annual convention. 

The Kirby house has been secured. 

The Milwaukee Press Club, with a membership of thirt}', will 
entertain the visiting delegates, and I think I can safely say that 
the manner of entertainment will eclipse that of all previous 
conventions. 

It is important that all members who do not intend being pres- 
ent should send in their proxy votes. Don't neglect this import- 
ant duty for thinking your proxy vote will be thrown out, for 
such will not be tlie case. 

Have no fears least the Milwaukee convention be not a success, 
but let every one interested make all possible effort to be present. 
As the constitution prescribes that the [►resident shall present a 
message at the expiration of of his term of office to the Associa- 
tion "in convention assembled," I will reserve what more I have 
until I see you at Milwaukee. Your obedient servant, 

HiKAM T. Meuglk. 

Mr. Truman J. Spencer contributed an article, entered for the 
historian laureateship, to the March, 1900, issue of the National 
Amateur, concerning the Milwaukee convention from which 
extracts are given, *s an introduction of the meeting itself: 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 121 

The conveutiou of the Natioanl Amateur Press Assoeiatiou 
which met in Milwaukee in 1884 \ras attended by unusual cir- 
cumstances and confronteci by as peculiar political conditions 
as ever inaugurated an amateur journalistic gathering. Charges 
of the gravest character had been made against the integrity of 
the declared results of the election in New York the preceding 
year. The friends of Henry E. Legler declared that he had been 
cheated out of the presidency, affidavits and counter affidavits 
were filling the press, the air was full of rumors and accusations 
and denials, and the delegates rallied to Milwaukee determined, 
many of them, that a great wrong should be righted, and others 
that a new wrong should not be perpetrated under cover of cor- 
recting an old one. President Wylie had resigned his office, only 
to be met with the declaration from some officials that he had no 
power to resign. The first vice-president had retired into 
oblivion, disputes had arisen over the right of subordinate officers 
to assume the duties of the non-acting superiors, and confusion 
had indeed made his masterpiece, as far as the world of Amateur 
Journalism was concerned. 

The political campaign had opened early. A movement was 
started almost immediatly after the close of the New York con- 
vention to elect Mr. Legler president at Milwaukee, and it gained 
much momentum during the fall. But Mr. Legler would neither 
decline nor accept the nomination and his continual wavering 
caused fires of hope to be kindled in other hearts. John W. 
McClain, of Philadelphia, was very prominently brought forward, 
but his candidacy did not seem to grow with the passing months. 
Mr. Kempner vigorously advocated the claims of John J. Weis- 
sert, of Cincinnati, who was, in those years, usually a candidate 
for the position. His following in 1884, however, was small. 
In January Mr Legler positively withdrew from the race, and 
nearly all of his supporters united in a movement in favor of 
Ralph Metcalf , formerly of New England but then of St. Paul. He 
soon become the leading factor in the contest. His political 
record was not considered spotless, and man}' of the leading 
journalists of the tmie, indifferent before, at once threw them- 
selves into the campaign with vigor, and sought his overthrow. 
Most of them rallied to the banner of Frank H. Chamberlain, of 
Ohio, and the contest narrowed down to these two, and waxed 
very warm, the advantage apparently not resting with either 
party. 

Near the close of June, almost upon the eve of the convention, 
Mr. Metcalf and Mr. Chamberlain both withdrew from the race, 
ostensibly from a pressure of professional duties. Chaos reigned 
among their supporters, who included most of the leading editors 
and politicians of the day. In the meantime a movement had 



122 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

been gaining considerable force in favor of Albert E. Barker, of 
Arkansas. He was put forth as the candidate of the younger 
element, of fresh enthusiasm as opposed to aged indifference, and 
gained a large numerical following, although naturally, upon such 
a platform, his supporters numbered few of the powerful leaders 
of the day. Most of Mr. Weissert's following, however, went 
over to him, and upon the withdrawal of Metcalf and Chamber- 
lain, his followers lelt sure of victory. Tlie time was so short, 
however, that no effective campaign work could be done, and 
many of the deiega'es left for the convention utterly at a loss as 
to the outcome of tiie political situation. 

Mr. Barker met the writer, who was one of his principal sup- 
porters, at Chicago two days before the convention, and, with 
several other deleoates, boarded the night boat for Milwaukee. 
The evening wms spent in discussing various plans for the further- 
ance of the conveiiliou campaign, a slate was talked over, the 
writer was desigtiated to present Mr. Barker's name to the con- 
vention, and when at four o'clock Tuesday morning we stepped 
upon the wharf at Milwaukee, Mr. Barker, the only candidate 
nominated by the press still in the race, felt confident of victory. 

Just before leaving the boat an incident occurred, trifling in 
itself, but one of those apparently trivial accidents which set in 
motion a train of events which lead to important results. Mr. 
Barker and the writer shared a stateroom together, and while 
making our morning toilet, Mr. Barker finished first, with the 
exception of his necktie. He had a handsome four-in-hand silk 
tie, which he requested me to adjust for him. It was beyond my 
skill ill those days, and Mr. Barker said he would have one of 
the boys tie it for him when he went out. We fell into an earnest 
discussion over some matter of political detail and when we left 
our room found the rest of the party had started for the hotel. 
Mr. Barker was forced to place his tie in his pocket, and with his 
gold collar button exposed was greeted by the assembled dele- 
gales at the hotel. A few hours later his tie was in place, but 
even unto this day he is known as the delegate who attended the 
Milwaukee c(jnvention without a necktie, or more often, for such 
things gri)w with passing years, as the "man without a collar." 
The matter was not brought to my attention at the trme; and I 
was the only one knowing the true facts in the case, but-I learned 
later in the w^-ek that this little episode was one of the main 
factors in twriiino the tide against him. His friends sought to 
explain it by insisting that it was one of the customs of the section 
from which he hailed, but it was not so received. 

The sessions of the convention were held in the Y. M. C. A. 
hall, which was a large and commodious room, probably the most 
pleasant and convenient assembly room ever occupied by our 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 123 

national gatberino. The hotel selected for the rlelegntes was the 
Kirby House, whose motto, printed upon ail its stationary, 
*'Wake me np when Kirby dies," became the catch-word of the 
convention. The rooms were named instead of numbered, one. 
delegate being sent to Ireland, and another to Germany, while 
another was in Misery, and still another in Felicity. Many of 
the boys Avere dissatisfied with the hotel, and a delegation, led by 
Mr. Hatty, crowned at Detroit two years before, ''the grumbler 
laureate," took up their quarters at the Plankington House. 

The attendance was not large, but it was fairly representative. 
Milwaukee, with its powerful local club, of course contributed 
the lion's phare of the delegates. The most prominent figure of 
the convention was undoubtedly the "Charles Sumner states- 
man," Henry E. Legler. Deprived of his just dues the year 
previous at New York, he was the hero of the hour. Personally 
dignified, solemn and courteous, on the floor he was not a ready 
speaker, but carried great weight b}^ his profound earnestness 
and force of character. But the greatest leader of the conven- 
tion was the veteran amateur journalist, Thomas G. Harrison. 
Genial and affable, he was an all round good fellow socially, with 
a head wonderously fertile in schemes and suggestions. He had 
a ready flow of words, but in addressing the assembly his delivery 
was not smooth, and he was apt to become rambling and prosy 
in his remarks. Much ot his success was owing to the fact that 
he united to the experience of many years the enthusiasm of a 
young recruit, and entered heartily into everything that came 
along. Unlike Mr. Harrison, Louis Kempnerdid not scatter his 
energies, but concentrated his energies on the one idea, and 
labored for that with a dogged persistency and pertinacity that 
knew no turning aside. In debate he was cool, collected and 
earnest, prolific in words and never at a loss for reply. Edward 
E. Stowell, at that time of Iowa, was enthusiastic, good natuied 
and nervous, an excellent companion. He was scarcely ever heard 
from upon the floor. Bernard Ginsburg, of Detroit, was the 
leader in most of the fun of the convention, although he was also 
a sharp debater upon his feet. Jolly, jovial and warm hearted, 
he was a great favorite, and thoroughly enjoyed the convention. 
Charles M. Heineman, of Butler, Penn., was an able second in the 
mirth of the occasion, and was constantly on the lookout for the 
humor of the situation. Albert E. Barker, of Arkansas, was a 
young, slightly built fellow of quite boyish appearance, but with 
a force of character which seemed to belie his apparent years. He 
was warm hearted, frank and sociable, and gained friends until 
the close of the convention. He was not prominent in the official 
proceedings, but could express himself upon occasion with clear- 
ness and feeling. Will C. Brown, of Ohio, was a veteran of 



124 HIBTORY OF THE NATIONAL AM ATEUK I'KEeB /BSOCIATION. 

mauy 3'ears, but his active interest was upon tlie wane. He was- 
a studied orator, full of well rouiuled periods nnd orotund tones. 
Maurice J. Harty, of St. J^ouis, was prob.-ibl.v the most thor- 
QLighly unique delegate in attendance. Tall, ihiu and angular ia 
build, he was the most inveterate pedestrian and untiring sight- 
seer at a convention. He was known as '-Tiii Giumblei/' and 
seemed to be in a perpetual state of discontent with everything^ 
not apparently because he was disatisfied, but because it seemed 
to be inherent in his nature to continually find fault. He was 
well informed and a good talker sociall}', but guilty of the most 
ludi'jrous blunders when attempting to address tl'.e convention. 
Charles C. Kickert, of Ohio, was a very prosniuent amateur edi- 
tor, but, bashful and retiring in disposition, he was heard from 
but little. There were also Will R. Antisdel, cf Detroit, piquant, 
witty, lazy; Frank S. Arnett, of Ohio, jjale, slender, indifferent; 
Hiram T. Mercur, of Pennsylvania, silent and unobtrusive; 
Oscar L. Knapp, of Cincmnati, who tarried but a short time ; 
George W. Hancock of Chicago, famous years before, 
witty, suave, and a good speaker,- but rusty in his 
knowledge of affairs ; Lawrence B. Stringer, of Lake 
Forest, III., enthu^ia-tic, ardent, a fiery debater and elocu- 
tionary speaker ; Wallace J. Sellman, of Evansville, Ind., bright 
youtliful and retiring; the Bowersock brothers, Fred IL and J. 
D.. of Kansas, easily the leaders of the yiumg element, keen, 
intelligent and full of ideas ; Allan R. Fariish and Howard M. 
Carter, of Chicago, both young, both giving promise of some day 
becoming leaders, and Will J. Roe, of Oshkosh, handsome, genial, 
bright. The writer and his brother, Lucius H. Spencer, with 
the exception of Mr. Kempner, were the only delegates present 
ftom the far east. The local contingent was numerous and 
unusually able, although composed mostly of new materiaL 
Aside from Mr. Legler, Mr. Fred EJeath was the only one who 
had achieved a national re[)utation. But Tully S. Buckner, John. 
F. Urban, E. M. Phillips and W. P. Cramer took a more or less 
active part in the proceedings, while Frederick T. Mayor was 
prominent in a social way. The Heyn brothers — the "Heyn 
triplets," as the3' were called — were one of the features of the 
convention. They were the 3'oungest delegates present, 
bright, lively, wide-awake boys, all with red heads, and 
so nearly alike that none of the outside members could distinguisb 
any one of the three from his brothers. The other locat amateurs 
in attendance were E. DeWolfe, Jr., H. P. Burt, H. Skinner, W, 
S. Uunlop and R. 'W. Houghton. 

Mr. Stowell arrived uj^on the ground about noon. He had 
been an ardent su|)p(u-ter of Metciilf for the presidency, but as the 
various candidates withdrew, he was smitten with a desire for ti'.e 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 325 

office himself. He had waylaid many of the delegates in Chicago, 
and endeavored to stimulate a movement in his favor, but it did 
not gain much head way at first. Upon reaching Milwaukee, 
h()wever,he found himself in his own home, among many members 
of the local press club which he had helped to organize, most of 
whom were amateurs of but a few months' standiig, and 
naturally his personal friends. 

Shortly after dinner Mr. Barker, through Mr. Stringer, informed 
the writer that he had determined to release his supporters from 
their obligations to support him, and had withdrawn from the 
contest. Mr. Barker undoubtedly feared defeat, and in all pro- 
bability would have met it had he remained in the race. There 
were many things nhich made this probable. He was opposed by 
the older element, and had little influence with the local delegates 
as against Mr. Stowell, and being the candidate of the younger 
portion of the fraternity he proved persouallj^ small in stature and 
even more boyish and immature in appearance than he really was, 
and though a genial whole-souled fellow, lacked the essentials of 
strong leadership on the field. Still it was not simply fear of 
defeat which caused him to withdraw. He was willing to face 
th&t for himself, but he felt unwilling to hold his adherents fast 
to a losing cause. The writer and many others, however, would 
have stuck to him until the end had he decided to make the final 
contest. 

The field was thus left entirely free to Mr. Stowell, although 
but few amateurs of prominence hid as j^et espoused his cause. 
Mr. Legler, Mr. Harrison and others, although strong personal 
friends of Mr. Stowell, felt he was not adapted for the place and 
cast about them for a candidate to oppose him. Messrs. Harri- 
son, Ginsburg, Arnett and some others, supposing that Mr. 
Stowell would have a "walk over," and always ready for a joke, 
sought to make the election interesting b}^ putting up a dummy 
candidate. They finally decided to use the name of Sammy 
Marks, a perpetual candidate of the New York boys. 

In the American Sphinx, beginning with the issue for August, 
1884, being published in six monthlj^ installments, Mr. Spencer 
gave a d-etailed account of his trip to Milwaukee and the 1884 
convention, under the heading, "Fifteen Days of Excitement." 
From this we make c'(>pious extracts : 

In the evening a conference was held for the purpose of evolv- 
ing candidates for the presidency. Barker's withdrawal left the 
arena devoid of contestants. Legler was chosen chairman. 
Those who considered themselves candidates were requested to 
leave the room. Later they were readmitted. 

A ballot was taken for official editor, with Barker and ISIiller 



126 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

as contestauts, The ballot resulted in Miller's favor — 17 to 12. 

As the couference adjourned Legler announced that the two 
factions would hold separate caucuses, and that the Spencer cau- 
cus would meet in the conference room. This was the first inti- 
mation we had of the fact that we were in nomination for the 
presidenc3^ but we afterwards learned that Harrison had pre- 
sented our name to the conference, and ihat it had received 
Legler's second.* 

The Spencer caucus was presided over bv Harrison, and but 
little business was done beyond arranging that Harrison should 
present our name to the convention and Legler second it. 

The Stowell caucus was at the hotel and a complete ticket was 
nominated, t 

The ninth annual convention of the National Amateur Press 
Association was called to order by Frank S. Arnett,| at 10 
o'clock on Wednesday, July 9, 1884, in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. 
Upon the reading of the minutes of the New York convention, 
Harrison called in question the portion relaiing to the 
announcement of the proxy ballots, and moved that the minutes 
be laid upon the table, the convention going into a committee of 
the whole to investigate the matter. His motion was carried and 
Will C. Brown was given the chair. Harrison played the role of 



*The earnestness of the opposition to Mr. Stowell displayed by Mr. 
Legler and Mr. Harrison banished the idea of mere fun from Mr. 
Heineman's mind. His love for a political fight was aroused, and he 
resolved to defeat the leaders of the convention. He and Mr. Grins- 
burg espoused the cause of Mr. Stowell, as Mr. Heineman afterwards 
stated in print, not from any belief that he was competent or deserving 
of the presidency, but from a desire to win a political victory and elect 
a candidate ''whose success meant no more to them than a slight 
tribute to their skill as politicians.-' — T. J. Spencer. National Amateur, 
March. 1900. 

fUpon the eve of the convention the peculiar situation was developed 
in which the ardent adherents of one candidate were not sincere in 
their advocacy of his cause, being desirous only of winning a victory ,^ 
and the leading supporters of the other w^ere so bound by personal 
friendship to his opponent that they promised not to do a stroke of 
work for their candidate outside of the convention, and neither candi- 
date had been mentioned forty- eight hours before. The outcome 
upon the morrow was hardly in doubt. Mr. Stowell being in his own 
home, the Milwaukee members numberina; a very large percentage of 
the voters present, and he conducting an enthusiastic campaign in 
person, while the writer did not speak a w^ord upon the subject until 
after the election, was a thousand miles from home, and a leading 
member of the despised Wylife party. — T. J. Spencer, National Amateur, 
March, 1900. 

tThe attendance of Mr. Arnett was a great surprise, as, to quote his 
own report to the convention, he had during the year "transacted no 
business and performed no duties.** — T.J. Spencer. National Amatenr, 
March, 1900. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 127 

prosecuting attorney and presented the case in a speech of thirty 
minutes, ])ringing forward the alfidavits of Fischer, Emery, 
Brewster, Watkvns and Parsons. He made an able plea. Sto- 
well testified to what little he knew of the matter and Legler 
brought forward the fact that there were twenty-four duplicates 
announced by ex-Secretary McClain as remaining in his hands 
and only fifteen original ballots, thus making a difference of nine, 
the precise number that was alleged to have been destroyed. 
This is considerable of a coincidence, yet as far as we can see, 
Legler was deceived in bringing it forward, for, if the affidavit 
testimony is true, it will be noticed that it was duplicate ballots 
that were destroyed, and by McClain's account there were more 
duplicate than there were original ballots. We were convinced, 
however, of the reality of the alleged fraud, and that was all N^e 
required. We would have been the last person to kno^^i^giy 
stand in the way of justice to Legler, and, therefore, took the 
floor to do what wo could for our friend Wylie, and announce our 
position. We said that we had acted in o()od faith during the 
past year; that we had deemed th.e evidence insufficient nnd con- 
tradictory, and had remained firm in our convictions against the 
popular tide, simply because we believed Ihein right, and being 
now convinced of the illegality of the proceedings in New York, 
we were ready to vote to make such amends as it ^Y^i5 in the 
power of the Association to make, being desirous of meting out 
juslice to Mr. Legler for the precise reason that we stood up for 
Mr. Wylie — that of the right in the case. 

We then called attention to the fact that not a particle of 
evidence had been iutroduc*cd, before or during the convention, to 
connect Mr. Wylie with the fraud, or in any way. s^hnpe or form 
criminatinp- him in the slightest degree. We believe he had 
taken the chair conscientiously believing he was entitled to it. 
Harrison replied that his belief was similar, and that no stigma of 
reproach was connected with his name in regard to this matter. 
George W. Hancock, of the Clvb, said he entered into the spirH 
of the thing— decidedly so— but he thought on technical grounds 
Wylie could not be unseated, after having served in the capacity 
of president during the year. 

H}trris(in moved that that part of the minutes relating to the 
ehctioii of a president be stricken out, and in its sterd be inserted 
the statuPAnt that Henry E. Legler had receivf-d a majority of 
the pr( xy ballots and was elected president. 'J he nn 'ion received 
no disf-enting voice and the convention arose to iep( rt progress. 
Will Brown reported the action of the committee, and the report 
was adopted without dissent. Arnett appointed Ginsburg and 
AntiKlel a committee to escoit Mr. Legler to the chair. Mr, 
Leolcr took his seat amidst considerable applause. 



28 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

After Legler assumed the chair, he called for reports of com- 
mittees. We questioned the legality of all committees, as they 
had been appointed by Mr. Wjlie, who had just been declared an 
illegal president. We suggested that in order to avoid trouble it 
would be well to legalize all official acts of Mr. Wylie, and made 
a motion to that effect, which was seconded by Harrison and 
unanimously carried. 

The committee on editorial award decided that the Union Lance 
was entitled to the prize-award. 

The Association then adjourned for dinner, and upon reassem- 
bling the reports of officers were listened to. 

Robert Clarke, of Boston, judge of the sketches, awarded the 
title to "Professor Flumtree" by Stuyvesant. 

James Austin Fynes, dramatic editor of the New York Clipper, 
who acted as judge of the essays, awarded the title to Chas. 
Zaring for the essay, "Graveyards." 

W^atkyns was awarded the title historian laureate by Clarence 
E. Stone. 

Mr. Edgar A. Enos awarded the poet laureateship to Stuyves- 
ant for the poem entitled "The Legion of the Aqueduct." 

The committee upon the revision of the constitution was then 
heard through its chairman, Mr. Legler, and a general discussion 
of the amendments proposed followed, some being adopted. The 
most important of these provides for an executive committee, 
consisting of three judges, chosen annually by the Association. 

The election of officers was next declared in order, and the 
president appointed as committee to examine the proxies Messrs. 
Harrison, Brown, Ginsburg and Stringer, together with Heath, the 
secretary. Harrison and Kempner were also appointed a com- 
mittee to examine the treasurer's accounts, and see if they could 
be straightened out to any extent, so that it could be ascertained at 
least who were in r.rrears for dues. C. C. Kickert had been 
previously appointed treasurer pro tern. These committees with- 
drew to perform their duties. 

In their absence the business of amending the constitution was 
again taken up. Harty tried to get through an amendment 
abolishing altogether voting by proxy, but he was unsuccessful in 
the attempt. The fact that Stuyvesant had, carried off the 
honors in two branches of literature, besides holding the poet 
laureateshi[) two years in succession seemed to displease some 
some of the members, and various amendments were proposed to 
alter the conditions of the contest, but all failed. An amend- 
ment was passed, to prevent a person from holding the same 
laureateship two years in succession. 

. Charles M. Heiiieman made an effort to reduce the dues to 
50 cents. Harrison came out of the committee room lono- enough 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 129 

to protest against it, saying it was better to increase than to 
reduce the dues under the present condition of affairs. The 
motion to reduce was lost. Heineman immediately moved to 
increase the dues to $2, but the proposition met with little 
support.* 

We moved that the reports of the laureate judges be printed in 
the National Amateur. The motion carried. 

Harrison reported that the books of the treasurer had been so 
badly kept during the two past administrations that it was impos- 
sible to determme the condition of the treasury or the standing 
of the members, with any degree of certainty. 

Kempner proposed that he be appointed a committee of one to 
investigate farther, and proceed to Buffalo, obtain all thn infor- 
mation and money he could from the two ex- treasurers, Fischer 
and Parsons, and arrange a settlement of accounts, if possible. 
He was so appointed by the convention, and instructed to report 
in the National Amateur as soon as his labors were completed. 

The examining committee reported through Harrison that the 
proxy votes had some been sent to Barker, some to Mercur and 
some to Heath, numbers of them being unsealed, and as it was 
impossible to determine whether members had paid their dues or 
not, or even who were members, a motion was earned that the 
election be thrown into the hands of the convention assembled. 

It was moved that the ballots be informally couutedf and the 
result made known. The convention then adjourned. 

The Association reassembled in the evening and immediately 
proceeded with the election of officers. 

Will C. Brown nominated Stowell in a considerable speech and 
Ginsburg gave it a second. Harrison placed us in nomination. 
Ginsburg and Harrison were appointed tellers and the convention 
proceeded to a ballot which resulted twenty-two to ten in Stowell' s 
favor. Legler then relinquished the chair to Stowell, who 
accepted the position in a short speech. 

Heath and Hancock were nominated for first vice-president, 
the former being elected by the same vote as before. 



*A feature of the afternoon was the persistency with which Presi- 
dent Legler failed to see Mr. Heinemarn when he desired to speak. 
More than a score of times the latter would arise and address the 
chair, and then some other person would call upon the president and 
be recognized, leaving Mr. Heineman standing shamefacedly. This 
w^as before the day of Czar Reed, but Mr. Legler certainly understood 
the art of looking through a delegate and seeing another behind him. 
The several attempts of Mr. Heineman to gain recognition were finally 
greeted with roars of laughter. — T. J. Spencer, National Amateur, 
March, 1900. 

fThere were about sixty-one ballots cast in all, of which Mr. Barker 
had twenty-five. — T. J, Spencer, National Amateur. March, 1900. 



130 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUK PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

For second vice-president, Will J. Heiiiemjin was nominated 
and Harrison presented tiie claims of J. H. Ives Miinro. Heine- 
man was the successful can<lidate. 

W . 8. M©ore was elected to the office of third vice-president. 

For recording secretary, M. F. Boechat was the only nominee, 
and was therefore, elected without opposition. 

For correspoudino secretary, Hancock put in nomination 
Maurice J. Harty. Harty tried to decline the honor,* but it was 
no use, for he was unanimously given the office, nolens volens^ 
and entreated to make a speech, which he finally did, accepting 
the office under protest and promising to do his dutj. 

Kempner presented our name for treasurer and we were unani- 
mously elected. 

An exciting contest had been gomg on for the office of official 
editor. Kempner nominated Miller and Legler nominated Barker. 
The latter, however, withdrew his name; consequently Miller's 
election was unanimous in its character. 

For the next place of meeting the sentiment seemed to be in 
tavor of Chautauqua, which was nominated by someone. Harri- 
son placed Boston in nomination. Bowersock put up Washing- 
ton, Kempner nominated Philadelphia. Heineman vigorously 
advocated Pittsburg. Several speeches were made and a ballot 
was taken, Boston having a large majority. 

The selt'cfion of the next place of meeting finished the formal 
business of the evening, and under a suspension of the rules Har- 
rison arose and proceeded to deliver an amusing and humorous 
address upon politicians in general, in the midst of which he held 
aloft a wisp broom tied to the end of a cane, and proceeded with 
mock ceremonies and formalities to present the same to Louis 
Kempner, as a memento of the clean sweep he had effected for 
Joseph Dana Miller. The broom was inscribed as follows: 



*The writer nominated Mr. George E. Day for corresponding secre- 
tary, and the applause wdiich greeted his name seemed to indicate his 
election. Tt was declared however, that Mr. Day was not a member. 
As a matter of fact Mr. Day had been accepted by the credential com- 
mittee and had paid his initiation fee and dues to the treasurer, but 
through official neglect his name was not reported to the convention. 
Here there was a lull in the proc3edings for a moment. Then Mr. 
Heineman, catching sight of the classical features of Mr. Harty, sug- 
gested to Mr. Hancock that it would be a good joke to nominate him^ 
The idea took, and IMr. Hancock, in an eloquent speech presented his 
name. The idea was greeted with thunders of applause which caused 
the windows to rattle and the chandelier to vibrate. Mr. Harty, blush- 
ing like a maiden of sixteen, tried to decline, but young Mr. Bowersock 
moved that the secretary cast one ballot as the voice of the convention 
in Mr. Harty 's favor, which was carried with enthusiastic cheers. Mr. 
Harty had taken the convention by storm. — T. J. Spencer, National 
Amateur, March. 1900. 



UISTORY OF TIIK NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 131 

S PRESENTED TO "if 

^ LOUIS KEMPNER, I 

IN HONOR OF THE ^ 

I JOSEPH DANA MILLER BOOM I 

^ WITH COMPLIMENTS OF THE ^ 

I NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. | 

It MILWAUKEE. JULY 9, 1884. $ 

Harrison was in his most happy vein, and ediQed the wliole 
convention with his reinarixS. Kenipner responded in a felicitous 
manner, saying he was pleased to know that the assembled 
amateurs had money enough to purchase so valuable a [present, 
and tlie convention after adjourned in good spirits. 

Before the convention was called to order Thursday morning, 
the boys arranged themselves in the convention hall and were 
photographed in a group. 

Harrison had been circulating two articles of impeachment, one 
against Jud Russell, for unseemly conduct, and one against 
Martin and Fischer, for their actions in connection with the proxy 
ballots in New York, and upon the convention being called to 
order he presented them. Someone moved that the convention 
go into the committee of the whole to investigate the matter. 
The motion was carried and Kempner was chosen chairman. 
Action was taken in a decisive manner, Russell being expelled 
unanimously and Martin and Fischer, with four members protest- 
ing. 

Following the impeachments came the miscellaneous business 
of the session, consisting mostly of amendments to the consti- 
tution. 

The prize of $5 for the best edited paper was discontinued,, 
though the honor is still to be awarded each year. 

The afternoon was devoted to the usual bail game. Harrison 
had charge of one side and Hancock the other. Five innings 
were played, Heath acting as umpire, and Hancock's division 
was declared triumphant by a score of 24 to 16. 

In the evening the amateurs attended Schlitz park in a bodj', 
and witnessed the first act of "lolanthe." We were forced to 
leave early to attend the banquet, which was to be held in tlie 
Cosmopolitan Restaurant at 11 a'clock. The spread was very 
good and ample justice was done it. Geo. W. Hancock acted as. 



132 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



toast-master. As Will C. Brown bad to leave early, bis address, 
"A Plea for Amateur Journalism," was listened to iu advance. 

Stowell responded to tbe toast, "Our Conventions." Antis- 
del discussed tbe question of "Our Young Lady Amateurs— sball 
we encourage them?" Ginsburg followed with "Our Relations 
to Society" and Kempner responded to "Tbe Cause in New 
York— why it has degenerated." Legler responded to "Tbe 
Literature of tbe Future." "Our Country — may it be governed 
by Americans" was treated by Aruett. Harrison was the last 
speaker, and bis remarks, given under no particular head, were 
rambling. During tbe evening Mr. Aldrich, of the Chicago 
Tribune, being present, was called upon for a few remarks, and 
responded iu a very eloquent and able speech, which w^as one of 
the events of tbe evening. Tbe next day Mr. Aldrich wrote a 
very pleasing and commendable article upon the subject for tbe 
Tribune. 

The following is a list of the members present during part or 
all of the convention : 

New Y^ork — Louis Kempner. 

Connecticut— T. J. Spencer, L. H. Spencer. 

Pennsylvania — Hiram T. Mercur, C. M, Heiueman. 

Ohio— Will C. Brown, C. C. Rickert, O. L. Knapp, F. S. 
Arnett. 

Indiana— T. O. Harrison, W. J. Sellman. 

Illinois— L. B. Stringer, G. ^Y. Haacock, H. M. Carter, N. 
M. Eberhardt, R. M. Mumford, A. R. Parrish. 

Michigan— W. R. Antisdel, B. Ginsburg. 

Kansas— F. H. Bowersock, J. D. Bowersock. 

Wisconsin- A. jf. Burt, E. DeWolf, Fred F. Heath, H. E. 
Legler, H. Heyn, W. J. Roe, H. Skinner, W. P. Cramer, T. S. 
Buckner, J. E. Urban, Jr. ; E. M. Phillips, Fred T. Mayer, 

Arkansas — Al. E. Barker. 

Missouri— M. J. Harty. 

Iowa— E. E. Stowell. 

The next morning after the banquet, with Legler as a guide, 
most of the amateurs set out to view tbe town. 

The contests for the various laureatesbip were quite spirited 
this year, the entries being as follows : 

Poems:— The Legend of the Aqueduct, Stuyvesant ; A Life's 
Poem, Galatea; Beyond the Clouds, H. H. Trebla ; Perfected 
Love, Bertha; Apple Blossoms, Annie Fellows ; The Age of Man, 
F. R. Lester ; Beyond Recall, Geo. E. Day ; Twilight, Mae ; 
Onward, Luof ; The Way, Ralph Metcalf ; A Vision of the 
World's Wise Men, J. D. Miller; The Angel Gift, B. P. Emery. 

Sketches: — Prof. Plumiree, Stuyvesant; To Gain Experience, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 133 

IJfiirv E. Hntsford ; The Mistake My Wife Made, Jos. D. Miller ; 
]jOve, Bertha ; A Queer Case, Will Warner, Calico Party, Albert 
HiilchiDsoii. 

EssLiys: — Graveyards, Chas. Zaring ; Hamlet, T. J. Spencer; 
Hawliiorue, EmoiT ; Light, Fellows. 

Tiie following were the amendments to the constitution adopted 
at the Milwaukee convention: 

Akticle IV.—OJicers. Substitute: The officers of the National 
Amateur Press Association shall consist of a president, first, second 
and third vice-president, recording and corresponding secretaries, 
treasurer, official editor and three judges, the latter to constitute a 
judiciary committee. 

AiiT. y. — [Expunge sections 5 and 7 and renumber the sections.] 

Insert Art. YIII. — Duties of the Judicicory Committee, SECTION 1. It 
shall be the duty of the committee to organize witbin one month from 
date of convention, by the election of a president, vice-president and 
secretary. They shall be in session durino: the entire year, and it shall 
be their duty to act upon all questions of dispute appertaining to the 
affairs of the 2s. A. P. A,; to decide promptly all contested election 
cases; to act on resignations of officers, when not otherwise provided 
for by the constitution: and to act in all respects for the Association 
in convention assembled; provided, they shall perform no duties con- 
tiietirg with the duties of other active officers. 

Sec. 2. The decisions of the committee shall be final till the subse- 
quent convention, when one or more members may take an appeal, and 
if sustained by a two-thirds vote, the decision shall be reversed. 

Sec. 8. The committee shall make no decisions on controversies 
until officially referred to them by one or more members, who shall 
present their case in w^riting. It shall then be the duty of the com- 
mittee to notify parties interested to reply within one month, and 
they shall judge the case in accordance with facts presented. 

AiiT. XIII — [Expunge sections 6 and 7 and renumber the sections.] 

Art. XIV— Amend section 2 : Each ballot shall be filled out with 
the member's choice, and in the right-hand lower corner the name of 
the person casting the ballot, otherwise it shall be defective and illegal. 

Art. XIV — Add : Sec. 9. Members in good standing attending 
convention may withdraw their ballots if cast at any time previous to 
the count and substitute other ballots. And such members who have 
not previously cast a ballot may do so at any time previous to the 
count. 

Art. XVI — [Expunge the w^ords, '-or a printer of amateur publica- 
tions" from section 1. Amend section 3 of same article; Five black 
balls shall be sufficient to reject a name proposed for membership.] 

BY-LAWS, 

Article 1. — [Amend section 1 by eliminating number 11 from order 
of business.] 

Art. VII.— [Substitute -honorary mention" instead of the words 
'■a prize of $5."] 

Art, VIII— [Amend by substituting the words "a two -thirds vote" 
for an •'unanimous vote," where they occur in last sentence.] 

Amend article relating to membership: -'That an editor shall pub- 



134 HISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

lish at least three numbers of his or her paper during the six months- 
preceding his or her application for membership, and an author shall 
have published at least three articles in amateur publications six 
months preceding his or her application for membership. 

President Stoweii appointed as a credential eomrailtee Messrs. 
Louis Kempner, chairman ; Al. E. Barker and Jos. D. Miller. 

As executive committee lie appointed the then judges of 
the Association, MessiP. T. G. Harrison, H. E. Legler and 
B. Ginsburg. 

Louis Kempner, who volunteered to visit Jiut'falo and try and 
get a settleuient out of Ex-Treasurers Parsons and Fischer re- 
ported in the September National Amateur. A report from 
Treasurer Parsons lia'i been made to the Milwaukee convention, 
which is liere appended; 

FINANCIAL STANDING OF THE N. A. P. A.— TREASURER'S 

REPORT.' 

Buffalo, March 28, 1884. 
receipts: 

Received from Ex-Treasurer Fischer % 20 00 

And 22 badges valued at 55 00 

Received from C. G. Steele, Jr., one year's dues and 

subs, to National Amateur 3 25 

Total dues and initiation fees received 7 00 

Total I 85 25 

disbursements: 

Paid F, A. Grant on account printing bill , . . .% 19 00 

Paid C. G. Steele, Jr., on account printing bill 5 75 

Total % 24 75 

Balance in treasury — cash, $5 50; badges, $55; total. .$ 60 50 
Balance yet due from Ex-Treasurer Fischer, about. . . 60 00 

Grand total $ 120 50 

Signed: T. H. Parsons, Treasurer N. A. P. A. 

Mr. Kempner's report was voluminous, covering the ground 
thoroughl}'. We append it in full. 

REPORU OF LOUIS KEMPNER, APPOINTED TO IN- 
VESTIGATE THE ACCOUNTS OF EX-TREAS- 
URERS FISCHER AND PARSONS. 

New York, Oct. 15, 1884. 
Mr. President and Members: — When I acctpted the a[)point- 
ment as a committee to investigate the linancial relations of our 
Association with our late treasurers, I determined that nothing 
should prevent my making a full and complete report. 

I found in the first place that the method of keeping accounts 
was a poor one. It was impossible to tell by what treasurer 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE88 A68OC1ATI0N. 135 

moneys were collected. I overcame this dilemma by seeing 
Messrs. Fischer and Parsons together, and with them going over 
every member's accounts. I thus ascertained by whom the 
moneys were collected. In order to prevent such complications 
in the future, I present to the Association a book to be kept by 
the treasurer, which I have devised to simplify all such matters in 
the future. On the debit side the treasurer enters the amount of 
dues every year, and on the credit side the sums paid into the 
treasury by the members. The treasurer collecting such moneys 
must place his signature opposite the amount collected. This 
will show at any time the sum collected by a treasurer during his 
administration. 

The result of investigation of Ex-Treasurer Fischer's accounts 
is as follows : 

receipts: 
Received from Acting Treasurer Ortman at Detroit 

convention | 80 00 

Collected for dues to July, 1883 119 00 

Thirteen badges badges at $2 50 32 50 

Total $ 231 50 

disbursements: 

Paid Rickert's bill $ 14 00 

Rent in Detroit 10 00 

Pelham (for what I could not ascertain) 7 50 

Watkyns' bill for badges 10 00 

Personal expenses 3 50 

Purchased thirty-five badges at $2 50 87 50 

Total $ 132 5a 

Balance. 99 00* 

$ 231 50 
From this balance of $99 Fischer has paid to his successor, T. 
H. Parsons, Sl8, which leaves Fischer's indebtedness to the 
Association $81. I have credited the above account with thirty- 
five badges at $2.50 each. Now I have since learned that only 
those badges cost $2.50 which were enameled. Fischer paid for 
ten badges at the rate of $2.50 each, amountiug to $25, and 
twenty-five badges at $1.75 (^. e., those not enameled), amount- 
ing to $43.75. At this rate the thirty-five badges cost only 
$68.75, making a difference of $18.75.*^ Add this to Fischer's- 
balance as above, and the result will be $99.75. 

Fischer sold thirteen badges, and he handed the remaining 
twenty-two to Parsons. 

Parsons^ account is as follows: 

receipts: 

From Ex-Treasurer Fischer $ 18 00 

Dues and subscription from Oflficial Editor Steele ... 4 50 

Collected for dues, etc 36 50 



136 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMaTEIR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Four badges at $2 50 10 00 

Total $ 68 50 

disbursements: 

Ex-President Grant's bill $ 26 00 

Paid Steele on account 10 00 

Parsons' bill for 1883 7 75 

Parsons' bill for 1884 9 50 

Total $ 52 75 

Balaree 15 75 

I 68 50 

This leaves Parsons' iadebtedness to the Association at $15.75. 
Parsons has informed me that as the Association owes Editor 
Steele a balance of $30 on bill of $40 for issuing official organ, 
that he will pay amount of balance to Steele. 

Parsons has delivered to his successor eighteen badges. 

The next thing I did was to find out how much the members 
owed to the Association. Below I give the name of every mem- 
ber, with the amount of his dues, including $1 due at the Boston 
convention. By doing this 1 believe it will be a simple matter to 
learn who is m good standing at the next convention. There are 
130 names on the roll at present. 

A. E, Barker's dues are paid for the next convention. 

The following sixty-four members must pa}^ at or before the 
next convention the sura of $1 each: W. R. Antisdel, L. C. 
Altemus, W. C. Brown, H. E. Batsford, M. F. Boechat, C. R. 
Burger, T. Bodenwein, H. P. Burt, F. H. Bowersock, J. D. 
Bowersock, T. S. Buckner, F. H. Chamberlain, W. P. Cramer, 
H. M. Carter, E. Q. Daly, W. W. Delaney, J. E. Diamond, W. 
J. Doran, E. H. Dyer, E. DeWolf, Jr., B. P. Emery, J. D. 
Earle, C. S. Elgutter, N. M. Eberhardt, E. C. Fay, F. A. Grant, 
A. D. Grant, J. W. Grant, R. F. Griggs, VV. E. Griggs, B. 
Ginsburg, G. P. Griffith, C. M. Heineman, W. J. Heiueman, 
C. Holcomb, M. J. Haity, T. G. Harrison, F. F. Heath, C. 
Heywood, E. E. Hamilton, E. B. Hill, E. Heyn, R. VV. Hough- 
ton, Louis Kempner, J. F. Kavanaugh, G. A. Kinney, H. E. 
Legler, W. S. Moore, R. H. Mumford, W. R. Nichols, A. 
Osgoodly, E. S. Pierot, A. R. Parrish, W. S. Roe, W. Riley, Jr., 
Ed. E. Stowell , T. J. Spencer, L. H. Spencer, VV. J. Sellraan, 
L. B. Stringer, H. Skinner, J. E. Urban, Jr., VV. O. VVylie, 
Bertha S. York. 

The following fifty-nine members must pay at or before the 
next convention the sum of $2 each: F. S. Arnett, F. H. Bol- 
ton, W. J. Baker, P. A. Burke, W. J. Boies, E. A. Brewster, 
W. J. Brodie, G. E. Boehm, F. E. Chipman, H. A. Clarke, E. 
M. Gaddy, R. Gehlert, C. C. Hollenback, H. W. Hogue, W. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 137 

M. Hewitt. G. W. Hancock, J. A. Imrie, H. Jacobs, H. S. Jaf- 
frev, J. H. Kuhlraaa, G. T. Kast, L. Kilmarx, Jr., J. H. Kol- 
lock, Jr., J. D. Miller, F. L. Mills, H. T. Mercur, H. S. Mc- 
Elroy, R. Metcalf, F. Metcalf, J. W. McClain, Sam Marks, W 
J. Niles, H. S. Nelson, R. Ort.nann, W. G. Orendoff, T. H. 
Parsons. A. D, Pulis, F. N. Reeve, C. C. Rickert, E. R. Riale, 
Russell Robb, H. K. Sanderson, Cbas. G. Steele, Jr., Albert 
Smart, F. J. Streibio^, W. T. Scofield, S. S. Smitli, W. E. Smith, 
C. E. Stone, R. B. Teachenor, B. L. Taylor, M. H. Tennant, 
Coles Veeder, John J. Weissert, V. Winters, Jr., C. K. A. 
Watkyns, J. F. Walsh, Jr., F. E. Williams, E. J. Whitney. 

The following six members must pay the sum of $3 at or before 
the next convention: H. J. Calvert, B. B. Pelham, R. A. Pel- 
ham, G. M. Stebbins, A. J. Stranojerand Alex. A. Stewart. 

This is the sum of ray labors. 1 l)elieve I have accomplished 
something which should be put to advantage by those who accept 
the position of treasurer in the future. Let them always remem- 
ber that one of the mainstays of our Association is a correct 
record of each member's financial standing. Respectfully sub- 
mitted. Louis Kempner. 

President Stowell accepted the presidency of both the National 
and Western Amateur Press Associations, expecting to do his 
duty. Shortly after the conventions he resigned the latter office. 
His health was very bad, and he decided to seek a change of 
climate. For this reason he left Iowa and made his home in Cal- 
ifornia. This move was made in August, and at the time Mr. 
Stowell intended to fulfil his obligations as president of the 
National. Time passed, however, no Junior Press appeared and 
no word was heard from Mr. Stowell, and finally the executive 
judges decided that it was time to act. Accordingly they had 
published in the December National Amateur the following report : 

The executive judges, after consideration, have voted to re-or- 
ganize the board of officers of the Association as follows: 

President, F. F. Heath; first vire-president, Louis Kempner 
second vice-president, W. S. Moore: third vice-president, E. H. 
Dyer; recording secretary, B. S. York; corresponding secretary, 
M. J. H arty ; treasurer, T. J. Spencer; (official editor, J. D, 
Miller. 

The above named o:eutlemen are hereby invested with said 
offices, and will retain s^uch until their successors are chosen by 
the Boston c»>iiveiitiun, provided they do not in the interim resign 
or become ineligible. 

The executive judges ex!.eGt activity from the above-nominated 



138 BISTORT OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

gentlemsu, not oaly in the discharge of their o!fijiai duties, but 
also ia the raaks of Amateur Journalisin, au 1 if these gentletnea 
take hold as it is expected they will, the affairs of the Associatioa 
will undoubtedly prosper. 

The list of members eligible to office governed by Art. XVII, 
Sec. 2, is very small ; otherwise the executive judges might see fit 
to depose other elected officers than they have. But they have 
nominated the above board in full trust that tliey have done the 
best that now lies ia their power for the benefit of the Associa- 
tion, and they sincerely hope an accepta.ble measure of activity 
will mark the re-or gainzation. 

it is self-evident that the affairs of the National A. P. A. are 
in a critical condition, and it becomes the duty of every member 
to len:l all assistance in his power towards the advancement 
and building up of the prosperity of the Association. The 
executive judges hence expect no captious criticism, no detri- 
mental fault-fin ling upon the step they have taken, and to every 
amateur journalist who has regard for the welfare of their repre- 
sentative Association, they command "Fall in line.'^ 
(Signed) T' G. Harrison, 

H. E. Legler, 

B. GiNSBURG, 

Executive Judges. 
Mr. Heath did not take charge until the opening of the new 
3'ear. 

Among the prominent papers of the year 1884 may be named, 
the American, Galesburg, Ills. ; the American Sphinx, New 
Bri^nin, Conn. ; Boys and Girls, Flushing, Mich. ; Boy^^ Serald, 
C!iic:io'o; Critique, New York; Cornel, Leominister, Mass. ; News, 
Downui.'ic, Mich. ; Exchange- Journal , Judsonia, Ark. ; Fact and 
Fancy. San Francisco; Gonden^s Gnome, Des Moines, la.; 
Go- Ahead. Worcester, Mass.; Imp, New York; Index, Lowell, 
jMm<--. : Kansas Zephyr, Lawrence, Kans. ; Larli, Gardner, Mass. ; 
Messenger, Ripon, Wist.; New Moon, San Francisco; Nuggef, 
New Glasgow, N. S. ; National Star, Buffalo, N. Y. ; Oracle, 
Syracuse, N. Y. ; Pacijic Conrant, San Francisco ; Picayune, 
Cincinnati ; Pw/icA, Bradford, Penn. ; Bound Table, Westfield, 
Mass. ; Rambler, New York ; Sentinel, Newburgh, N. Y. ; Stars 
and Stripes, Milwaukee, Wis.; Signal, Brooklyn; Spartan, 
L^ui-ville, Ky. ; Semi-Monthly, Butler, Pa. ; Telephone, St. Louis; 

Violet, Cincinniiti ; Wise and Otherwise, Marietta, O., and 

Touth^s Journal, Leominister, Mass, 



HISTORY OF THX NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



139 



Volume 7 of the National Amateur contained sixteen pages, 
being divided into three issaes, the first of eight pages and the 
other two of four pages each. The September issue contains 
the full reports of the laureate judges, a collection of other official 
reports, an article on the writings of Ex-President Snyder, a 
<.' lass ill cation of editors and poets, (instead of papers, as given 
by Mr, Harrison the previous year), the president's message 
Louis Kempuer's report on the condition of the looted treasury 
and some editorial matter. The Milwaukee minutes were omitted 
purposely, attention being called to this fact. The December 
Amateur contains the executive judges' announcement that Mr. 
Heath had been advanced to the presidency, an article on the 
writings of Chas. C. Heuman, amendments adopted at Milwau- 
kee, announcement of the prospective Young Ladies A. P. A. and 
editorial matter. The March-June issue, closing the volume, 
contains a poem by Mercurious, a Talk About Old Amateur 
Papers, a communication announcing that postal authorities 
would hereafter bar no paper from postal rights merely because 
it was published by an amateur, a message from President Heath 
and the usual complement of matter by Editor Miller. 



CH/IFTER 12. 

THE ''HALCYON DAYS" RETURNED. 
Heath Assumes the Presidency. — Historian Laureate Re- 
corder's Report. — "Mugwump's" Convention Accolnt. — 
Election of Sullivan. — Grant-York Wedding.— The 
Banquet. — Papers of the Year. 

THE 3'ear 1885 ^as a very busy one in Amateur Journal- 
ism. We can best express our meaning by quoting from 
\hQ National Amateur^ when, in December, Official P^ditor 
Emery said : 

The year past [1885] has been one of unusual prospeiiiy. 
The number of new papers is really wonderful, and they all seem 
to grasp the true principles of Amateur Journalism ; they seem to 
understand that we are in Amateurdom to improve ourselves, not 
to learn the tricks of politicians. Our literature is receivinjv 
more attention ; our corps of authors is larger than ever before, 
and a better spirit prevails among them. Our critics are beginning 
to learn what criticism should be; personal, feeling is left out of 
consideration ; the merits of a work are the only things to be 
considered. These things are significant. The halcyon days 
of Amateur Journalism have returned. 

When Fred F. Heath assumed charge as president of the 
National Amateur Press Association, a wave of activity was at 
hand. Mr. Heath was one of the hardest workers that has ever 
filled the executive chair, and his duties were discharged in a 
conscientious manner. 

President Heath's first message appeared in the March-June, 
1885, National Amateur. From it vve quote: 

I recommend that all documents of value be published in the 
official organ, where practicable, thus insuring the preservation of 
important matter. In this connection I desire to call yonr atten- 
tion to the fact that the Association is without a complete file of 
its own official organ. This is not as it should be, for if pre- 
vious issues of that journal liave been com|»iled in accordance 
with the intent of the drafters of the constitution, such a file 
would oe of great value. I have written past official editors for 
files of the Amateur issued under their respective managements^ 
and have received such from Messrs. Steele and Harri.^o;^ 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 141 

The medal offered last year by Acting-President Wylie, for the 
best holiday issue was awarded Mr. Chamberlain, of Wise and 
Otherwise. 

As reception committee for the next convention I hereby 
appoint Chas. E. Wilson, Edwin H. Dyer, Clarence E. Stone and 

E. C. Fa}'. Joseph Dana Miller, 'J hos. G. Harrison and Ralph 
Metcalf I hereby constitute a committee on editorial prize, in 
accordance with Art. VII of the by-laws. As a standing com- 
mittee on revision of the constitution I appoint T. J. Spencer, 

F. H. Bowersock and Will J. Roe. As national laureate recorder 
I appoint Brainerd P. Emery. 

The historian laureate recorder's report gives an account of the 
progress of Amateur Journalism from convention to convention 
and follows in full : 

When the excitement of the Milwaukee convention had died 
away, then came the usual relapse into inactivity. This, however, 
did not last as long as usual, and before the end of July a number 
of papers appeared, the most notable being the literary issue of 
the Union Lance, the initial number of the Gauntlet and the liter- 
ary Nugget. August showed a waking activity and a handsome 
display of papers. The Union Lance issued the largest number, 
the Messenger the best. The most prominent new journal w£S 
the Ficayune. Progress created quite a sensation by the controver- 
sies in which it was engaged. September was ushered in with 
glowing prospects, Phantasmas appeared and was pronounced one 
of the finest publications of the year. All the smaller papers 
were noticeable for the excellence of their typography. TLe 
•Kansas Zephyr improved immensely that month. October ard 
November were successful eras. Milwaukee showed remarkable 
activity. Wisconsin sent out several new papers, notably the 
Magnet. At this time a very neat number of the Go Ahead 
appeared. The American Sphinx began the publication of a series 
of verj- elaborate articles on poetry. The Visitor came out with 
the best convention report, as usual. The annual issue of Harty's 
Galaxy was published. December^t first showed few papers, but 
toward the last of the month and early in January the holiday 
numbers came out. Those of the Messenger , Netv Century, Signal 
and Violet were the best. About this time a hitch in the affairs 
of the National took place. Owing to ill health Mr. Stowell was 
obliged to resign the presidency and Mr. Heath took the reigns of 
government. Mr. Rickert's "Amatturdcm Leaders" appeared. 
Boston's inactivity about this time caused much comment, the 
Waverly and Youth being the only papers sent out from the Hub. 
The final issue of Northern Breezes appeared. Our American 
Youth assumed the garb and size of a professional publication. 



142 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

The ih'st number ot the Amateur i\ppiii\ved, and was eh>s*^ly fol- 
lowed by another. January and February showed a continuance 
of activity, especially in New England. Milwaukee sent out a 
twenty-page Will- o' -the- Wisp. In January the Index ahtxu^ed to 
Youth. Mr. Grant issued ]5ertha'« poems in book form under 
title of '-Only Buds." Bric-a-Brac appeared from Canada. 
The political contest became, interesting at this time, and as a 
consequence papers multiplied. Even Boston began to show 
signs of an awakening, and the success of the coming convention 
was assured. June and July showed an enormous increase in 
journals and enthusiasm. Extra sized numbers began to appear, 
and all was activit3^ The executive judges removed delinquent 
officers and substituted active ones. Mr. Heath's adiniiiislr;ilion 
was i)r(»nounced a gi'eat success. Mr. l^^igel published ■•riie 
Lanrl of the Sunset Sea," a collection of Miss Gage's poems. 
The most prolific authors of the year were Jos. D. Miller, h\ 
Ray Lester, PMith M. Dowe, Geo. E. Day, L. A. Mayjiard, 
Rubina, Ernest E'lkins, Sfuyvesant and Arthur L. Tubbs. 
Many new writers entered the ranks and the laureateships were 
nobly contested. Amateur exhibitsvvere given dt the Wisconsin 
and California State fairs. Recru'ts were secured in large n um- 
bers and general success held sway. A comparison of the year 
past with the preceding one shows us to be numerically and 
intelleclually stronger. Amateur Journalism is on the road to 
success, and the })ast year has been one of great prosperity, its 
only misfortunes being the sad death of Wallie Sellman and the 
retirement of "Stuyvesant." Bliainelid P. Emeiiy, 

Historian Laureate Recorder. 

The two candidates for the presidency were Fred F. Heath, 
the incumbent, and Dennie A. Sullivan, editor of Yoyth, Lowell, 
Mass. The friends of the two candidates were agressive and a 
vigoious campaign was carried on. Mr. Heath's following was 
mosily from the west, while Mr. Sullivan was essentially the can- 
di<la'e of the east. 

Youth, early ia the campaign, outlined a ''New System of 
Suffrage" which its editor championed. It provided for mem- 
bership in the National through membership in subordinate 
sectional associations. 

For the first time in the history of the Association, the mem- 
bers on the Pacific slope demanded recognition, by having the 
'86 convention awarded to them. The coast papers all carried 
the sign " 'Frisco in '86" at the tpp of their columns. 

'i he campaign was full of sensations — charges and counter- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



143 



charges — and when the convention met the relations between the 
two factions were not as friendly as could be desired. 

A lengthy account of the Boston convention was published in 
Youth, and signed simply "Mugwump." From it we quote: 

At 10 p. m. the supporters of Heath and Sullivan betook them- 
selves to their respective caucus rooms, the former holding a 
brief session and agreeing on a plan of action, while the latter 
held forth till 1 a, m., and nominated a full ticket, besides ar- 
ranging the other details of tomorrow's work. 

The morning of the 15th dawned clear and bright, and quite 
earl\ were the amateurs astir. Those who attended the conven- 
tion of the New England A. P. A., at Providence, arrived at 
Boston at 10 a. m , and swelled the gathering, until the olfice 
and corridors of the Quincy were packed. 

At 11:45 President Heath opened the meeting. He read his 
message and followed with announcing the laureates for the com- 
ing year as follows : Poet, George E. Day ; essayist, B. P. 
Emery; sketchist, F. T. Mayer; historian, Fred F. Heath ; serial, 
Edith May Dowe. 

The roil call was read, to which forty members responded, 
after which the credential committee reported the names of thirty 
more, who were accepted as members. Geor e W. Baiidon arose 
and asked why his name was not called, and after debate it was 
decided that he was a member au'l entitled to full privileges when 
his dues were paid. 

A recess was taken to enable members to liquidate their in- 
debtedness to the Association, and half an hour later the con- 
vention came to order. 

Tlie minutes of the Milwaukee convention were called for. 
Somebody suggested that the lengthy affidavits relating to the 
fraud at the Ne^v York convention be dispensed with, whereat 
Frank -J. Martin jumped to his feet and said : --Mv. President, 
I demand that those affidavits be read. I have come here for 
justice, anl want the whole story told!" They were read, but 
action on the minutes -vms deferred until ifter the '!ecti(m of offi- 
cers, the latter having been made the spe.-ial o. ler for 3 p. m. 
Adjournment was taken for dinner. 

At 3 o'clock the convention reassembled. The chair appointed 
Messrs. Legler, Grant, Emery and Graham as a committee to 
examine and count prox^' vote, and thej^ repaired to an adjoining 
parlor with the secretary and treasurer. A recess was taken to 
await the report of the committee, which was not presented until 
5 o'clock, a.->d, with Louis Kempner in the chair, the result of 
the proxy votes was read by Mr. Grant, as follows: 

Whole number of proxiefe cast 48 



144 HISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Illegal . 12 

D. A. Sullivan 19 

Fred F. Heath 17 

Nominations beirio declared in order, Herbert C. Parsons nom- 
inated Fred F. Healli as a candidate for president, and he was 
seconded by Miss Smith, Ralph Metcalf, J. W. Graham, H. E. 
Legler and others. Charles S. Elgutter followed with the name 
of D. A. Sullivan, and he was seconded by F. A. Grant, H. K. 
Sanderson, Frank A. Brown and Geo. VV. Balldon. 

Messrs. Grant, Legler and Metcalf were appointed a committee 
to sort and count ballols. The roll was called, each member 
coming forward and depositing his vote in the box. After con- 
siderable delay, the votes were counted, and, added to the proxies 
made the following result: 

Whole number of votes cast 105 

Xecessary to a choice 53 

FredF. Heath 51 

D. A. Sullivan , 54 

The victorious candidate made a speech. 

A recess was then taken. 

On reassembling, the election of officers was continued, Mr. 
Kempner in the chair. 

W. S. Mooie liaviiit: no opponent for Ihe first vice-presidency 
(Mr. Roe declining to run), the secretary was instructed to cast 
one b.illot for him and he was declared elected. 

F. H. Bowersock was elected second vice-president over Miss 
A. K. Richards. 

Miss Zelda Arlington (Mrs. Swift) received the unanimous 
vote for third vice-president, and Charles N. Andrews was chosen 
treasurer. 

At this juncture Mr. Legler arose and announced that Mr. Fin- 
lay A. Grant and Miss Bertha S. York were united in the holy 
bonds of matrimony that morning, and were now at Young's 
Hotel, prepared to receive their friends. The con\ention then 
adjourned until o'clock next da^'. 

To Young's H( tel the boys all filed in a body, and were 
ushered up stairs, into the parlor, where the ideal worker and 
ideal poetesof our little world were congratulated, over and over 
again, and wished health, wealth, prosperity and happiness. 
Music enlivened the o cision, which was altogethsr pleasant and 
enjoyable. 

'J'hursda^' was a lovely day, and at 9 on the morning President 
Sullivan called the meeting to order. 

The election of officers were taken up. Miss Gracia A. Smith 
was elected recording secretary over F. C. Wicks by a vote of 
29 to 25. 

For corresponding secretary H. W. Robinson and J. H. Ives 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 145 

Muuro were placed iu noraiuation. Oq the first ballot there was 
no choice, though Mr. Robinson led considerably on the proxies, 
but on another ballot being taken, the proxies were thrown out, 
according to the constitution, and Mr. Munro was elected, 
38 to isf 

For official editor Messrs. Burger, Edkins and Emery were 
nominated. On the second ballot P>mery was elected over 
Edkins, 32 to 25. 

The constitution was then amended, giving the judges power to 
change place of meeting if the activity in t!»e city selected did not 
warrant a successful convention. San Francisco v/as chosen as 
the next place of meeting. 

Unfinished business was next in order, and the reconls of the 
Milwaukee convention were taken up and discussed, the matters 
relating to the expulsion of Frank J. Martin and Judson D. Rus- 
sell beiu'j; the bone of contention. It was finally voted to give 
the chair power to appoint two committees to investigate both 
cases, and after they were appointed, it was voted to adjourn till 
they were ready to report. 

After dinner, sixtj'-two amateurs gathered outsioe the Quincy 
House and had a photo taken. Then followed another session, 
at which the committees reported. The Martin committee 
reported in favor of his reinstatement, and its report was adopted. 
The Russell committee reported in favor of giving him a year's 
membership on probation, but the report was not accepted, and 
o-u motion the minutes were adopted, striking out tlie clause relat- 
ing to Martin's expulsion. Adjourned subject to call of 
president. 

A rush was then made for the common, where a gam 3 of base 
ball was played betwesn the Easterners and Westerners, 
resulting in a score of 8 to 2 in favor of the latter. 

The banquet was held on Thursday eveaiug, commencing at 
8:30. Chas. H. Fowle, Fred Sayer, L. E. Tildeu and other old- 
time amateurs graced the occasion with their presence. At the 
opening Rev. Mr. Emery invoked divine blessing. Feasting 
over, Charles S. Elgutter addressed the assemblj', and closed by 
reading letters of regret at inability to be present, from promi- 
nent men. 

The toasts w-ere all excellent. C. E. Wilson responded to 
"Our Visiting Amateurs," and was followed by Finlaj^ A. Grant 
with a speech on "The Worker." The latter was scarcely seated 
when Mr. Sullivan, in behalf of the amateurs, addressed Mr. and 
Mrs. Grant, and presented them with a magnificent ice pitcher 
and goblet as a token of esteem. Mr. Grant feelingly returned 
thanks. Truman J. Spencer next responded to "Our Cause' 
and was followed by Brainerd P. Emery on "Our State Associa- 



146 IIISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

tions.** "The Ladies" was the subject of Fred Metcalf's 
response. Ralph Metcalf next presented the retiring and incom- 
ing presidents with handsome bouquets, in behalf of the amateurs. 
The Other toasts were "Our Authors," by Charles H. Fowle ; 
•'The Future of Amateur Journalism," by Will R. Antisdel ; 
'-Our Critics," by E. A, Edkins; "Our Politicians," by L. E. 
Tildeu, and "The Press," by D. A. Sullivan. 

A special meeting was held Friday evening. Considerable 
routine business was acted on. It was voted that the convention 
be resolved into a committee to consider the question relating to 
reducing the dues. The most animated and interesuing debate of 
the session took place, Messrs. Grant, Truax, Sullivan, Kempner 
and Metcalf favoring a reduction, and Messrs. Legler, Metcalf, 
Day, Pinckney and Swift opposing. It was finally voted to leave 
the dues just as they are. 

A committee, consisting of three, was appointed to take steps 
towards incorporating the Association. 

It was then voted to adjourn to meet at San Francisco in 1886. 

The official minutes give the proxy vote as follows- 

For president— F. F. Heath, 18; D. A. Sullivan, 19. 

For first vice-president— W. S. Moore, 17; W. J. Roe, 7 ; 
scattering, 10. 

For second vi, e-president — J. E. Urban, Jr., 12; F. H. Bow- 
ersock, 10 ; scattering, 10. 

For third vice-president — Zelda Arlington, 25 ; scattering, 8. 

For recording secretary— C. E. Wilson, 8 ; E. H. Dyer, 5 ; 
scattermg, 15. 

For corresponding secretary— H. W. Robinson, 19 ; scattering, 
14. 

For treasurer— C. N. Andrews, 21 ; Louis Kempner, 12 ; scat- 
tering, 2. 

For official editor— C. R. Burger, 21 ; E. A. Edkins, 6 ; scat- 
tering, 7. 

For place of meeting — San Francisco, 21 ; Chicago, 6 ; scat- 
tering, 8. 

For judges, Legler, Grant and Harrison. 

Therein h also found the following information not given by 

"Mugwump"; 

For president: 

Votes cast 103 

D.A.Sullivan 53 

F. F. Heath !.'.'..".'*.*..'.*!".]!!'.!.'".*.!.".*!! 50 

For second vice-president: 

W. J. Roe 34 

F. H. Bowersock 28 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 147 

J. E. Urban 4 

No election. Second ballot : 

E. H. Dyer 1 

Blank 1 

Miss A. K. Richards 24 

F. H. Bowersock 29 

Mr. C. N. Andrews had 42 voles f(u- treasurer and Mr. Louis 

Kenipner 25. 

For recording secreta'v : 

F.S.C. Wicks 32 

0. E. Wilson ..26 

No election. Second ballot: 

F. S. C. Wicks 25 

Miss G. A. Smith 29 

For corresponding secretary : 

Blank 1 

H.W.Robinson 18 

J. H. I. Miinro 30 

For official editor : 

B, P. Emery 27 

E. A. Edkins 28 

C. R. Burger 25 

F.S.C. Wicks 1 

No electiun. Second ballot: 

E. A. Edkins 25 

B.P.Emery 32 

The secretary cast a unanimous vote for executive judges, H. 
E. Legler, T. J. Spencer and F. S. C. Wicks. 

There are a number of discrepancies between the figures given 
in the minutes and those given in the report published by Youth, 

The following amendments to the N. A. P. A. constitution 
were adopted : 

Article II. Section 1. Lady members of this Association shall be 
entitled to all the rights and privileges of membership without paying 
dues. 

Art. XVII. Sec. 2. Bat this shall not be construed to appy to lady 
members. 

Art. VIII. Sec. 4. In case the place of meeting chosen does not 
show sufficient activity to warrant a successful convention, the judi- 
ciary committee shall have power to select another city in the same 
section. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

DR. • 

1884— 

To Harrison for official organ $ 30 00 

Rent of hall in Milwaukee 5 00 

Printing'constitutions 6 00 

1885—' 
Treasurer's Book 6 50 



148 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMA.TEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Steele, balance of bill 22 00 

Miller, for official organ 60 00 

Silk badges, etc 5 00 

Invitations and blanks 5 00 

Invited guests at banquet 3 50 

Cash on hand 89 00 

Total $ 230 00 

CR. 
1884-5— 

By fees and dues • 217 00 

Badges sold 10 00 - 

Constitutions sold 3 00 

Total $ 230 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

Truman J. Spencer, Treasurer. 

In his first quarterly message, President Sullivan proposed to 
organize a recruit committee of three members in each State. He 
also announced that there would be an exhibit of amateur papers 
at the New Orleans Exposition. Announcement was made that 
no paper would be refused pound rates of postage, merely because 
it was an "amateur." The following appointments were made: 
Historian laureate recorder, O. A. Mueller; credential committee, 
A. E. Barker, chairman ; H. W. Robinson and L. P. Lang. 

After the convention new papers sprang up on every side. 
The September Amateur chronicled the advent of thirty-one and 
the December issue of twenty-eight more. 

Volume VIII of the National Amateur consisted of three 
eight-page and one four-page issue. The September, 1885, issue 
contained the president's message, historian laureate recorder's 
report, bulletin of new papers, changes of address and elections 
in minor associations, reports of laureate judges, amendments 
adopted at Boston, a classification of all papers issued, minutes 
of the Boston convention and editorials. The December issue, 
the four pager, contains the address of welcome by James R. 
Gleason to President D. A. Sullivan at a dinner given the latter 
by the Long Island Amateur Press Association, classification, 
bulletin and editorials. The March, 1886, issue contained a 
second message from President Sullivan, four pages of editorials, 
the classification, bulletin, etc. The June issue contains the 
usual departments, president's message, proposed amendments 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 149 

to tlie constitution, and an extract from a History of Amateur 
Journalism, then being prepared by President D. A. Sullivan.* 

Leading papers of the year were the American Sphinx, of which 
the farewell number was the finest amateur paper ever issued to 
that time; Bric-a-Brac, Montreal, Can., an ably edited publica- 
tion ; 5o?/s' Folio, i)y James H. IvesMunro; Bumble Bee, as 
quarrelsome as its name would indicate ; Chic, Berkle}^ Cal. ; the 
Comet, by Vanderbilt Hros. ; Dowaglac News, Dowagiac, Mich. ; 
Kansas Zephyr, Lawrence, Kan. ; Messenger, Oshkosh, Wis. ; 
Norm, Buffalo, N. Y., iirst published anonymously, and credited 
to several persons, entirely innocent, but never to the real editor, 
M. F. Boechat ; New Century, Milwaukee ; iV^^^e^, New Glasgow, 
N. S., at that time a paper \vithout a paragraph from start to 
finish, to save time and space, and thus the recipient of much 
comment; Our Optic, East Concord, N. H. ; Our Knight Errant, 
by President Heath ; Pacific Coura.nt, San Francisco, ujidoubtedly 
the ablest all-editorial journal of the j^ear ; Progress, with a dif- 
ferent staff of editors on almost every issue, yet always lilted with 
interesting matter ; Sentinel, Newburgh, N. Y., a leader in the 
publication of good literature: Stars and Stripes, Milwaukee, 
illustrated ; Violet, Cincinnati, edited by Mrs. Swift, then known 
to Amateurdora as Miss Zelda Arlington; Youth, Lowell, Mass., 
President Sullivan's paper. 



*The editor acknowledges receipt from Mr. Sullivan of the copy for 
a portion of the first chapter of this book. More was promised later, 
but repeated requests have failed to secure it. 



CHflFTER 13, 

"'FRISCO IN '86." 

Political Phases. — The San Francisco Convention. — Munuo 
Elected President. — Judiciary Committee's Report. — 
Papers, Authors and Books of the Year. 

IN February, 1887, a hook entitled "Anne^ils of Amateur 
Journalism in 1886" was published by Will S. Dunlop, of 
Milwaukee. It was edited and complied by Mr. Woollen, 
assisted by Messrs. Moore and Heath. From Mr. Moore's 
article, "Political Phases of '86," we extract: 

Hardly bad the smoke of battle of that bitter and hotly con- 
tested campaign of 1885, between the forces of DenniejA. Sullivan 
and Fred F. Heath cleared away, then the politicians of the 
amateur fraternity began to start the ball rolling for the following 
canvass. In fact, within the very walls of the Quincy House, at 
Boston, before the 18S5 election had occurred, a scheme was con- 
cocted by which it was intended to place Louis Kempner, of New 
York City, in the presidential chair at the 1886 convention. 
Plans for the consummation of this plot progressed through cor- 
respondence, from the time of the Boston convention until a 
denoument was made by a few outside parties who had been 
advised of the movement, and as a result the campaign for Mr. 
Kempner was prematurely forced to the surface before his adher- 
ents CG'iild concentrate their forces. The prevailing sentiment 
adverse to early campaigning vented itself upon the projectors of 
this plan, and as a result they lost faith, and a short time there- 
atter it was authoritively announced that Mr. Kempner would not 
be a candidate. About one month after this annoncement went 
forth, the New York contingent entered the arena with a boom 
for Howard L. Pinckney, of New York City, The candidacy of 
this gentleman did not meet with any great favor, and save for 
a few scattering papers in the Empire State, the campaign lagged 
slowly duward with the dying year. The admirers of Will R. 
Antisdel, of Detroit, Mich., also placed his name in nomination 
for the presidency, but his inactivity in amateur matters, and the 
UDsatisfactory discharge of his duties as president o^ '-he Western 
Amateur Press Association, prevented a large ^6 ppoit from 
gathering under his standard. eJ 

Thus the matter stood until the opening of the j^iew year, at 
which lime three strong candidates were placed m nomitation 



HISTORY OF THE NATION -VL AMATKaR PREi^S ASSOCIATION. 151 

almost simultaueously. President Sullivan, by the energetic and 
successful administration which he had given the Association up 
to that date, had gained great popularity, and was strongly 
endorsed for reelection. At a time when, to accept the suffrages 
of his friends once more almost guaranteed his election, he 
declined the nomination in favor of Official Editor Brainerd P. 
Emery. Mr. Emery had given the Association one of the best 
administrations as official editor that it had ever had, and at the 
first mention of his name support was offered to him from all sec- 
lion*^. At this time the course of ^Yill S. Moore, of San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., was watched with considerable interest. He had 
brouoht himself prominently before Amateurdom as an advocate 
of San Francisco for the 1886 meeting place. Some of those who 
opposed the election of that city baserl their opposition upon the 
argument tl.at Mr. Moore had personal aims to gratify in endeav- 
oring to take the convention away from the bulk of tiie amateur 
frateruity. In the campaign preceding, that gentlenien refuted 
all such (.harges and pledged himself not to accei)t the presiden- 
tial noniiiiation for 1886. Therefore, when a large number of his 
friends offered him their support, it was generally conceded that 
he would waver in his determination. However, he declined the 
nomination, and his following was given over to Mr. Emery. For 
two months the amateur press resounded with plaudits for that 
gentlemen, and for the first time in the history of the amateur 
press an unanimous support of the National Association w:is 
given to one individual. On May 29, in a letter addressed to 
his numerous constituents, Mr. Emery declined the nomination 
and his act left the political field barren, insofar as the presidency 
was concerned. 

While the campaign for the highest office lulled into rJ.v^'.vl'Ue 
quietude, the contest for the minor offices became spirited. It 
was generally understood that the election would (lei)end solely 
upon the proxy vote, as the great distance of San Francisco from 
the East would prevent a representative attendance from tliat 
section of the country'. Recognizing that fact, every ambitious 
amateur who had friends at all, was placed in nomina'Jon for some 
one of the offices. For first vice-president the principal candi- 
dates were Frank C. Wicks, of Worcester, Mass., and Harry W. 
Robinson, of Montreal, Can. For recording secretary, Fred L. 
Hunter, of San Francisco, was the favorite candidate. Ernest A. 
Edkins, of Hartford, Conn., who had been defeated by a close 
vote at Boston, was again nominated for official editor, and his 
only opponent was Edith May Dowe, a talented young lady of 
Worcester, Mass. For a short time the contest for this office 
presented an animated aspect. As convention time drew near 
Mr. Edkins rapidly developed a remarkably increasing support^ 



152 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

and in a short time his election was predicted. For tlie 1887 
convention seat two cities were nominated : Phialdelphia,Pa., and 
Montreal, Can. As with the editorship this contest was lively 
for a short time, but the survival of the fittest was signealizad by 
the withdrawal of Montreal in favor of the Quaker City. 

In June Jas. H. Munro, of New Glasgow, N. S., opened his 
campaign for the presidency, and in a few weeks time his support 
had assumed formidable proportions. A number of amateurs 
unfavorably inclined towards Mr. Munro, prevailed upon Fred 
F. Heath to once more accept the nomination. The contest 
narrowed down between these two candidates, and a close and 
exciting campaign was waged between their respective forces. 
Neither of these candidates were present at the convention, but 
no third nomination was made. 

Early in March H. E. Legler, one of the executive judges, 
tendered his resignation to President Sullivan, because of a press 
of other work. No successor was appointed. 

Al. E. Barker resigned as chairman of the credential committee, 
and H, W. Robinson was appointed in his stead. S. S. Stinson 
was also added to the committee. 

The convention was called by President Sullivan in the follow- 
ing notice : 

TA CALL. 

In accordance with the power vested in me, the members of the 
National Amateur Press Association are hereby requested to 
assemble in San Francisco, on the 28th day of July, 1886, and 
transact any and all such business as may legally come before 
them. D. A. Sullivan, 

President. 

President Sullivan appointed First Vice-President Moore as 
chairman of the reception committee for the San Francisco con- 
vention, and in the June National Amateur Mv. Moore announced 
the following committees and sub-committees. 

General and reception committees — California Amateur Jour- 
nalists' Association. 

Entertainment — F. L. Hunter, chairman; Lee Weil, M. J. 
Sideman, E. D. Taylor, Percy Goldstone. 

Literary — F. S. Arnett, chairman ; T. P. Andrews, J. C. Bull, 
A. L. and M. G. McClinton. 

Banquet — J. R. B. Bookman, chairman ; J. A. Ephriam, D. 
L. Hollub, G. B. Taylor, M. G. Jonas. 

Badges — Misses Zebbie Hunt, Alice Mason and Jennie Martin. 

Reception committee, northern district — E. B. Devlin, chair- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE88 ASSOCIATION. 153 

man; Messrs. Woodson, Palmer, Chadderdon, Cunningham, 
Luce, Blackwell and Atkinson, of Sacramento. 

Reception committee, southern district — E. E. Stowell, chair- 
man ; P. R. and F. E. Ruth, of Pomona. 

A good report of the San Francisco meeting of 1886 is found 
in (7aiia(?a, the paper of President Munro. The article is un- 
signed, and as Mr. Munro was not present at the convention, we 
do not know the author : 

First day — Wednesday, July 28 : Firsr business session. Also 
evening session. 

Secondday— Thursday, July 29. Morning: Final business 
session. Afternoon: Excursion on San Francisco Bay. Even- 
ing: A trip through Chinatown. 

Third day— Friday, July 30. Morning and afternoon : Visits 
to state mining bureau, Sutro's library, U. S. mint, and other 
interesting points in the city. Evening: Literary entertainment 
and hop. 

Fourthday— Saturday, July 31. Morninor: A visit to Ala- 
meda. Annual baseball game. A sail on lake Merrit, Oakland. 
Evening : Annual banquet. 

OnJuly28the eleventh annual convenMon of the National 
Amateur Press Association was called to order by First Vice- 
President William S. Moore. After roll-call the folloTving officers 
Were appointed pro tern : Vice-presi<lent, G. R. Lukens ; secre- 
tary, Miss Jennie Martin ; treasurer, Philip I. Figel ; credential 
committee: Fred L. Hunter, D. L. Hollub and M. G. Jonas. 

The report of the judo^es was read and adoi)ted. Ne2.t came 
the reports of the officers. Miss Gracia A. Smith, recording 
secretary, gave a report and presented the Association with a 
handsome gavel. There were about fifty new natnes reported as 
applying for membership. Here are the nnmes of those who took 
part in the convention : Miss Hanirah 13. Gage, Miss Zebbie 
Hunt, MissEphriam (Ruth Ellis), Miss Alice Mason, Miss Jen- 
nie Martin ; Messrs. Philip I. Figel, Fred L. Hunter, T. P. 
Andrews, Will S. Moore, A. L. McClinton, G. R. Lukens, Philip 
Hastings, J. Robinson, M. G. McClinton, J. R. B. Bockman, J. 
A. Ephriam, Ed Tavlor, E. Alexander, D. L. Hollub, D. P. 
Dolan, L. S. Boruck, M. G. Jonas. P. Goldbtone, T. B. Sullivan, 
A. Goldstone, E. F. Giiiudoii, M. J. Sideman, S. M. Van Wick, 
Jr., L. E. James, F. S. Arnett, J. I). Bowersock, A. H. Red- 
ington, F. M. Woodson, A. W. Whitney, S. Smith, C. Faud and 
G. F. AUardt. 

The afternoon session resumed work by hearing the report of 
the constitutional committee. 

The judges did not send in their reports to the president, con- 



154 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

seqnently the winners of laureate titles could not be announced. 

This evening the convention was again called to order at 8:30 
p. ra. The minutes of the Boston convention were then read and 
{ulo[)te(l. Acting Treasurer Philip I. Figel reported thirty mem- 
bers present and clear on treasurer's books. The election of 
officers was now in order. It was somewhat late when this order 
of busiiaess was reached, and in order that an adjournment could 
be had at a reasonable hour, it was proposed to count the proxy 
vote for president only, and continue to count for the other offi- 
cers the following day, which proposition was carried. Recess 
taken. The following committee was appointel to count the 
proxy votes: Miss Jennie Martin, Messrs. Philip I. Figel, F. S. 
Arnett and M. G. McClinton. 

After a short absence the committee reported that, as no 
authentic record of the financial condition of those sending 
proxies was in the hands of the committee, it recommended that 
article II, section 2, of the by-laws be temporarily suspended, and 
that all those who have sent proxies have them counted. The 
ifeport was accepted and the committee returned to work. 

The committee on proxies was out an hour. In the interim 
Jonas rushed into the room, claiming a report from the commit- 
tee on proxies. It read: Munro, 47; Heath, 44. Andrews 
jumped upon a grand piano and proposed three cheers for J. H. 
Ives Munro, and they were given with a vim. But it was only 
a joke. 

The convention was then called to order with T. P. Andrews in 
the chair. Some fun was in the air. The chairman spoke of the 
necessity there was for united and harmonious action on the part 
of those present, for the success and welfare of the Association. 
That, after due consideration, the Heath men through Lnkens, 
and the Munro men through Andrews had concluded to sacrifice 
their ideals in favor of a good "dark horse." Those in the joke 
spoke with much oratorial ability. The stenographers pegged 
away as the eloquence grew warmer and deeper. l^ukens suc- 
ceeded Anrlrews, and in a fifteen minute speech depicted the 
many good results of a "dark horse/' and cited Garfield as an 
€xarnple. Applause again greeted the speaker. Then California's 
rno^t polished and accomplished speaker, Andrews, addressed the 
assernl)ly, and the affair was getting more and more hilarious 
wlien ihe convention was thrown into excitement by the action of 
the 'dnrk horse," who stampeded. 

The committee then returned and reported as follows: 

T'^tal number of proxies cast 09 

Thrown out* 2 



*The official minutes ignore these ballots here shown as thrown out 
an 1 give Mr. Heath 27 votes. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRES3 ASSOCIATION. 155 

Total 67 

Munro 38 

Heath 25 

A.D.Grant 1 

W.J.Niles 1 

B. P. Emery 1 

M. H. Shelp 1 

Nominations for president wer now in order. Silence reigned 
supreme. Arnett, Moore, Lukeus and other heavy constituents 
of Heath looked enquiringly at the Munro men. The great ora- 
torical battle was about to begin. ir'hilip I. Figel broke the 
silence, nominating J. H. Ives Munro. Thos. P. Andrews sec- 
onded the nomination. McClinton and Ephriam followed. 
Heath was placed in nomination by Frank S. Arnett, seconded 
by Lukens and others. Ballots were prepared and Figel and 
Lukeus were appointed tellers. While the ballots were beiug 
collected everyone was on the qui-vive of excitement. That the 
result would be pretty close everyone knew, and it recalled vividly 
the scene at Boston when the chair was announcing the votes. 
Vice-President Moore was in the chair. 

The result as announced was: Number of votes cast in con- 
vention, 30 ; Munro, 12; Heath, 18. Grand total and in con- 
vention : * 

N umber of votes cast 97 

Munro 50 

Heath 43 

Scattering 4 

Munro' s majority 3 

Munro's plurality 7 

A scene followed that no pen can portray. The Munro men 
marched around the hall in a body singing "Glory, Glory, Halle- 
lujah!" At even that late hour they marched down town to the 
Tivoli Cafe. In the dining hall all sat around a long table. 

Tuesday, July 29. — The convention again in session.! Tlii 
committee on proxies proceeded to complete their count, and 
after considerable earnest and painstaking work the}' reported 
that no candidate received a majority of votes except Ernest A. 
Edkins, whose vote stood 38 to 21 scattering. Montreal having 
withdrawn in favor of Philadelphia, the vote resulted in an over- 
whelming choice in favor of the citj^ of brotherly love. 

For first vice-president Robinson was defeated by Wicks. 
Kugler got 8 votes. 

* The official minutes vary from these figures, giving 98 votes cast, 
and Heath 44, 

tThis session was held at the Mason House, 917 Market street, W. 
S. Moore in the chair, Mr. Moore retired with the proxy committee 
and Mr. Lukens took the chair. Mr. Hunter read the minutes of pre- 
tIous day's session. 



156 HI-STORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOGIATION 

For second vice-president Jert)nie C. Bull defeated W. W, 
Carpenter. 

For third vice-president, J. D. Bowersock, of the Kansas 
Zephyr^ who was present, was unanimously chosen. 

Fred L. Hunter was elected recording secretary, his opponent 
being Lester E. James. 

For corresponding secretary, William B. Baldwin, editor of the 
Palladium^ was tlie unanimous choice to succeed President 
Munro. 

Mrs. Zelda A. Swift was elected treasurer. 
Ernest A. Edkins, of Albany, N. Y., was elected official 
editor. 

William S. Moore, Frank S. Arnett and Braiuerd P. Emery 
were elected executive, judges. 

Friday evening — The literary entertainment was of great 
interest, and is a feature that should be perpetuated. Tho fol- 
lowing is the program: Piano solo, Frank S- Bentley ; recitation, 
J. R. B. Bockman ; essa^-, Frank S. Arnett; mandolin solo, Prof. 
S. Adelstein ; scene from Julius Caesar, J. R. B. Bockman, M. 
G. Jonas; recitation, M, 0. Jonas; piano solo, Miss Ephriam ;. 
impromptu debate, G. R. Luken^, TCugene Alexander. 

Saturday evening in Cambrian hall — The banquet came off. 
It was quite a success. The menu and toast cards were tast3% 
Toasts were responded to as follows: 

Birth of the National Association F. S. Arnett 

National Amateur Press Association D. L. HoUub 

Presidents of the National . M. G. McClinton 

Amateur Journalism as ar Educator G. R. Lukens 

Amateur Literature J. D. Bowersock 

Youjig Woman's A. P. A Miss Zebbie A. Hunt 

Our Faith F. L. Hunter 

The New England Association . L. E. James 

Our Lady Amateurs , . . . W. S. Moore 

Our Gentlemen Amateurs Miss Jennie Martin 

Our Absentees A. L. McClinton 

Our Future M. J. Sideman 

Our President P. I. Figel 

The eleventh annual convention of the National ended with the 
resonant cry, N — A — P — A. 

The official minutes gave the following additional information! 

Roll call showed the followmg members to be present: Messrs. 
J. R. B, Bockman, D. L. Hollub, F. S. Arnett, W, S. Moore, 
F. L. Hunter, P. Goldstone, E. D. Taylor, M. J. Sideman, L. 
E. James, P. I. Figel and J. A. Ephriam. 

On motion of F. S. Arnett :\ constitutional committee of three, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 157 

the presiding officer to act as chairman, was appointed, consisting 
of W. S. Moore, F. S. Arnett and G. R. Lukens. 

The report of the credential committee was submitted and the 
following members admitted : 

Herbert L. Reed, Chas. Gates, Jr., W. B. Baldwin, E. E. 
Bryant, C. W. Henderson, F. Jameson, J. A. Shannon, F. D. 
Woollen, J. T. Miniter, B. S. Emory, Zebbie A. Hunt, Jennie 
M. Martin, P. R. Ruth, Miss A. Tomlinson, F. C. Lindsley, 
Mabel F. Noyes, Lottie Smith, F. A. Fartenheimer, Abbie E, 
Underwood, John Evans, Homer Green, G. E. Frye, Bertha 
Wuest, Ella Murray, E. M. Clarke, A. M. Murtaugh, O. A. 
Mueller, S. S. Stinson, May Alice Mason, Fred Kemp, J. Swain 
Garrison, W. C. -Davis, J. H. McDonald, JohnG. Kugler, Nathan 
Block, W. E. Melinger, J. E. Jones, Will S. Dunlop, Frances A. 
Parsons, Alice L. Anderson, Eva Hutchinson, Miss McEwan, L. 
Sanger, Anna Munro, Jessie Todman, Mary McKercher, Mary 
Wilson. 

Mr. Bockman called attention to the fact that some non-mem- 
bers were voting, and aiso that two of the officers did not belong 
to the Association. First Vice-President Lukens asked to be 
allowed to resign the chair. Mr. Arnett appointed first vice- 
president j?ro tern., in his stead. 

The report of the auxiliary credential committee was adopted, 
the following being admitted : 

Miss Ellis, Messrs. G. R. Lukens, T. B. Sullivan, L. Gold- 
stone, E. Alexander, A. L. McClinton, M. G. McClinton, Eugene 
F. Guindon, A. H. Redington, P. Dolan, L. S. Boruck and M. 
Backus. 

The convention adjourned to meet at Cambrian Hall at 8 p. m. 

At 8:15 the convention was called to order, W. S. Moore in 
the chair. 

Auxiliary credential committee recommended the names of F. 
M. Woodson and J. Robinson for membership. Report adopted. 

Report of retiring recording secretary read and adopted, with 
a vote of thanks to Miss Smith for ber gift of a minute-book. 

Amendment for which Goldstone had moved for a reconsidera- 
tion was again read and adopted. 

The counting of proxy ballots being in order, a committee con- 
sisting of Jennie M. Martin, chairman ; W. S. Moore, P. D. 
Figel, F. S. Arnett and M. G. McClinton withdrew from the 
room. 

Report of examining committee, second day's session: 

Wednesday, July 28, 1886. 
Mr. President and members of theNational Amateur Press Association: 

Your committee having opened and counted all duplicate proxy 
votes received by the first vice-president, report as follows . 



158 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Candidates for but three offices have a majority of all votes cast, viz . 
President— Munro 38, Heath 25, scattering 4. 

Official editor— Edkins 38, Dowe 11, Hunter 7, Moore 4, scattering 9. 
Meeting place— Philadelphia 56. Montreal 9, scattering 2. 
For presdent Mr. Munro's majoritv is 9 votes, for official editor Mr. 
Edkins' majority is 7 votes, and tor the next place Philadelphiji receives 
a majority of 45 votes. 

The votes for the other offices are so widely scattered that it will be im- 
possible to elect any of the candidates on the proxy vote taken in con- 
nection with the votes of the conA^ention. In order to expediate 
matters, your committee would recommend that the proxy votes be 
counted only for the three offices aforesaid. 

For executive judges the following have received the largest number 
of votes : Spencer, Moore and Grant. 

Respectfully Submitted, 

Jennie M. Martin, chairman. 
Will S. Moore, 
Frank S. Arnett, 
Myron G. McClinton, 
Philip I. Figel. 
Nominations for first vice-president being now in order, F. S. 
Wicks was nominated. John G. Kugler was nominated by D. L. 
Hollub and seconded by J. A. P^phriam. Kugler 8, Wicks 18. 
Wicks declared elected. 

For second vice-president Will S. Moore nominated W. W. 
Carpenter, the nomination seconded by G. R. Lukens. Jerome 
C. Bull was nominated by Miss Zebbie A. P. Pluut, and seconded 
by Eugene F. Guindon. The vote resulted in a tie. On the 
second ballot it stood; Bull 14, Carpenter 12. Bull declared 
elected. 

Jus. D. Bowersock was nominated for third vice-president by 
Philip Hastings. Thomas P. Andrews seconded the nomination. 
On motion, the secretary was requested to cast a vote as the 
voice of the assembly. Mr. Bowersock was then escorted to the 
chair. 

Nominations for treasurer now being in order, W, S. Moore 
nominated Mrs. Zelda Arlington Swift. G. R. Lukens seconded 
the nomination. C. N. Andrews w^s placed in nomination by 
M. G. Jonas, seconded by T. P. Andrews. Mrs. Swift 21, C. 
N. Andrews 2, scattering 3. Mrs. Swift was declared elected. 
On motion the election was made unanimous. 

For recording secretary Fred L. Hunter was nominated by F. 
S. Arnett, seconded by W. S. Moore and D. L. Hollub. Lester 
E. James was nominated by T. P. Andrews, seconded by Philip 
Hastings. Hunter 13, James 11, scattering 1. Hunter elected. 
William B. Baldwin was nominated for corresponding secretary 
by J. R. B. Bockraan, seconded by W. S. Moore, Miss Zebbie A. 
P. Hunt and G. R. Lukens. l^ester E. James was nominated 
b^' Philip Hastings, seconded byM. G. McClinton. Baldwin 21, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



]59 



James 2, scattering 2. \V. B. Baldwin (leclaued elected: Moved 
and seconded that the election be made ntianimons. Carried. 

For ottlcial editor Ernest A. Edkms was nominated, and on 
motion the secretary was requested to cast a ballot for Mr. 
Edkins as the vote of the convention. 

David L. Hollub nominated Philadelphia for meeting place. 

The following vote was cast : 

Philadelphia 19 

Milpitas 3 

Huntsville 1 

Scattering 2 

rhiladelphia having received G5 votes on the proxies, had in 
all 84 votes. It was therefore declared next meeting place. 

P'or executive judges the following gentlemen, receiving the 
highest number of votes, were declared elected: Messrs. Emery 
Arnett and Moore. 

The following is the report of the work of the judiciary com- 
mittee made at the convention : 

Immediately after our election the committee organized by the 
election of Truman J. Spencer, president; Henry E. Legler, 
vice-president, and Frank S. C. Wicks, secretary, and in pursu- 
ance with the constitution of the Association remained in session 
duriuT the year, ready to act upon any matter that might be 
referred to it. 

Early in the year a discussion arose in the columns of the 
National Amateur in regard to what was called the sanctity of 
the minutes, and upon 'being appealed to, the president of your 
committee, seeing that it arose from a misapprehension of the 
disposition of the Milw^aukee minutes, wrote to the olficial editor 
the true action taken at the Boston convention, which satisfac- 
torily settled the difficulty. 

In March your judges received the resignation of Second Vice- 
President F. H. Bowersock, which was accepted. Believing it 
to be the spirit if not the letter of the constitution that vacancies 
in the corps of vice-presidents should belilled by the next in rank, 
Miss Zelda Arlington was promoted to the office, and Mr. Ernest 
A. Edkins, of Hartford, Conn., appointed to fill the vacancy of 
third vice-president. 

During the month of April your committee were pained to 
receive the resignation of Mr. Legler of his position on the com- 
mittee, a step much regretted by the remainiuij members. In 
justice to him, however, they felt constrained, under the circum- 
stances, to accept his resignation, which was reluctantly done, 
and the board for the remainder of the j^ear was deprived of his 
sage advice and valuable counsel. 



160 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Although your judges felt confident that the selection of a 
successor to Mr. Legler devolved upon them, yet, as there seemed 
to be some doubt upon the subject in the minds of some of the 
members, and the remaining time of their executive existence 
being short, they deemed it best not to fill the vacancy. In 
order, however, that the question might be set at rest forever, 
they have here recorded their decision, subject to your approval. 
Their decision is based upon the following interpretation of the 
constitution : The filling of a vacancy in the judiciary committee 
is not expressly provided for in that document, except that, inas- 
much as by article IV the judges are put upon a common footing 
with all other officers, the method of procedure would seem to be 
detailed in section 1 of article VIII, which says : 

It shall be the duty of the judiciary committee * * ♦ to fill all 
vacancies in the corps of oflicers when not otherwise provided for by 
the constitution. 

In the absence of any express provision on the subject, power 
would also be conferred by another clause of the same section, 
which provides that the judiciary committee shall "act in all re- 
spects for the Association in convention assembled." 

At the last convention an amendment to the c®nstitution was 
adopted, providing that if "the activity of the city selected as the 
next place of meeting be not sufficient to warrant a successful 
convention, the judiciary committee shall have power to change 
said meeting place." Under date of April 3 the president called 
the attention of your committee to the state of affairs then exist- 
ing in San Francisco, and requesting them to take some action in 
the premises. After a careful investigation of the subject, your 
committee came to the conclusion that not only was San Fran- 
cisco the most active city in the west, but that the existing cir- 
cumstances would not materially affect the success of the 
convention, and therefore decided that no action in the case was 
necessary, to which decision Presidert Sullivan acquiesced. 

The only specific matter, we believe, which was left for the 
consideration of your committee by the convention was the 
question of incorporating the Associati(^n. Your committee 
have examined into the matter and have procured lecral advice 
upon the subject. They find that there are two methods of pro- 
cedure. First, by State action, in which case the Association 
would have to present at least a nominal point of headquarters 
in the State in whicli the act was procured. Or, it mighl, by 
changing its system of organization, become a body corporate 
under tiie laws of some State, embodying the law of that State 
in its constitution, and after that members from other Sfates 
'jouldjoin. The other, and undoubtedly the true, plan would 
be to apply t > the National Congress for an act of incorporation. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 161 

This would place upon it certain restrictions, and make it amen- 
able to that body for the faithful performance of its obligations. 
The advantages of the step would be principally these : The 
Association could issue charters to State and local associations, 
and make them responsible to the central head in all matters the 
power to act in which the Association deemed best not to dele- 
gate. As at present constituted, this would be of no benefit to 
the Association, but in what your committee believe to De the 
ideal system of organization, and, in fact, what will be the ulti- 
mate position of our associations where all subordinate organiza- 
tions are amenable to the National Amateur Press Association, 
subject to its decisions and controlled by its actions, such a power 
would be indispensable. Another advantage would be that the 
Association would have power to enforce its orders and decrees 
through the courts. It would seem, however, as though, with 
proper amendments to the constitution, that document could be 
made binding enough for the present. But there is difficulty upon 
the point. Congress has no jurisdiction over any foreign coun- 
try, and the orders of the Association would not be binding 
upon our Canadian members, thus putting them upon an en- 
tirely different status from the other members, and if your com- 
mittee is correctly informed, rendering them ineligible to office, 
or excluding them from the Association altogether, which would 
be an unwise move. As at present constituted, the Association 
could maintain an action at law for the recovery of its property. 
Taking everything into consideration, at the present stage of the 
history of the Association, your committee do not feel justified 
in recommending that the steps be taken. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

RECEIPTS : 

Received from Ex-Treasurer Spencer $ 87 00 

Received from dues, etc 39 00 

Total I 126 00 

DISBURSEMENTS : 

Printing oflicial organ and invitations $ 70 00 

Money orders and expressage 1 50 

Envelopes, telegrams, postage, etc 5 00 

Cash on hand 33 25 

Total $126 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

e. X. Andrew^s, Treasurer ■85-''86. 

The constitution committee rendered a report, but there is no 
record as to what part of it was adopted and what rejected. It is 
probable, however, that the following is a correct record of the 
amendments adopted ; 



162 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Article X. Section 4. — During the interval between conventions 
it shall be the duty of the judiciary committee to receive and act upon 
all charges preferred against a member by another member in good 
standing. They shall have power to suspend a member, such action 
being subject to final decision by the convention immediately follow- 
ing. 

Add to article XIII, section 5 : 
All constitutional amendments made at any convention shall be pub- 
lished in that issue of the official organ immediately following said 
convention. 

Add to article XV, section 1 : 
and in order to insure their being counted must be fjroperly filled out 
and forwarded to the respective officers having them in charge, at 
least two wrecks preceding the time of convention. 

Art. XXIII. Sec. 6. — The president shall api^oint a committee to 
be known as the document committee, whose duty it shall be to make 
copies of all documents pertaining to the Association, its oflicers and 
members, place the same on file and publish such of them as they 
deem necessary in the number of the National Amateur immediately fol- 
lowing the convention. 

Wherever the word "Amateurdom" occurs, the words "Ama- 
teur Journalism" -were substituted. 

The young ladies were subject to the same money claims as the 
other members. 

There were two other suggestions, the fate of which we have 
been unable to ascertain : 

We suggest that section 3 of article IV be amended by striking 
out the words "of the constitution" and preceding "and the 
first vice-president." 

We further suggest that section 5 of article XVI be stricken 
out. 

Long after the convention the laureate judges reported. The 
judge of essays, Mr. J. J. O'CoDnell, gave the laureateship to 
Mr. Ernest A. Edkins, for his entry "A Forgotten Poet." Mr. 
Charles C. Heuman bestowed the poet laureateship on Miss 
Edith Callender for the entry "In Summer Woods." 

The first number of the National Amateur did not appear until 
late in November. President Munro's message occupied almost 
four columns of space. From it is quoted: 

The great need there is for some way of preserving the records 
of our Association has induced me to complete arrangements for 
the publication of the N. A. P. A. Year Book, to contain the 
following: A brief history of our Association, the constitution 
and by-laws, a list of members and papers, the laureate articles, 
a complete report of the last convention, and all other data that 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



16B 



is worth a place in a chronicle of the year's doings. The book 
will consist of about one hundred pages. 

I hereby appoint the following gentlemen as a credential com- 
mittee: Mr. Harry W. Robinson, Mr. W. E. Mellinger, Mr. J 
G. Kugler. 

The one issue of the National Amateur following the conven- 
tion and preceding the new year, consisted of eight pages. It 
contained the president's message, minutes, reports of various 
officers and almost four pages of literary criticism. 

The papers of the year are carefully reviewed by F. D. Woollen 
in "Annals of Amateur Journalism in 1886." From it we 
quote: 

For the amateur to fully realize the great improvements which 
our papers have undergone since the '70's, it is only necessary to 
read the National Amateur for September, 1883, when Tommy 
Harrison was official editor. Judged even by the papers of 1883, 
when Harrison, Reeve, Arnett, Spencer, Bodenwein and Kemp- 
ner formed a brilliant coterie of editors, our papers of today are 
in every sense the superior of the papers of all previous years. 
We have more papers, better edited papers, and papers contain- 
ing better literary composition than any year previous to 1884, 
at least, can boast of possessing. 

In 1883, Mr. Harrison, as official editor, included in his class- 
ification table the names of eleven papers, ranking as first class 
and the names of twenty others ranking as second class. 

The National Amateur under Mr. Emery's editorship mentions 
thirty papers as belonging to the first class and nineteen as 
belonging to the second class. If we compare the eleven papers 
ranking as first class with the best eleven papers of 1886, we will 
see our superiority distinctly enough. Most of the papers of 
1883. which rank in the higher grade, are still represented in 
Amateur Journalism by the editors who then issued them, and 
the latter are no more highly renowned for ability than many of 
our new editors who have but lately sprung up. Arnett, Kemp- 
ner, Emery, Grant and McClain still keep up their connection 
with Amateur Journalism, and with the exception of Emery 
neither of them ranks in the very highest class of amateur 
journalists. 

It is true we have a multitude of small papers which are of no 
use or value whatever, and serve to excite more contempt in the 
minds of strangers for our institution than all our good papers 
are capable of removing. 

It is a great source of relief to turn from the mass of medioc- 
rity as displayed in these petty sheets whose editors have not 



164 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

yet changed their swaddling clothes, to examine the pages of our 
best papers, where we delight in the soft, smooth verse of Day, 
with its delicate, artistic grace and charming color, its odor of 
golden-rod and purple-misted hills, its autumn nuellowness and 
sad beauty ; where we linger with delight over the finely-balanced 
periods, the smooth, flowing, yet caustic style of O'Connell; 
where we eagerly scan the last critical essay of the polished, 
scholarly Edkins ; where we carol the songs of Batchelder and 
Stinson, Emery and Bergen ; where we gather faith and pride in 
the strengh of our institution from the romances of Batsford, 
Bull, Bergen and Dowe, the sketches of Kitchen, Cleveland, Mil- 
ler and Lester and the essays of Emery, Edkins, Stephens, 
Hughes, Doughty and Martin, and the editorials of Moore, Hun- 
ter, Shelp, Robinson and McClinton. Also where we take so 
much pleasurable pride in witnessing the triumphs of a numerous 
junior class of litera, who, though far from being perfection, are 
gradually working up to higher things, and who, occasionall}^ 
by some burst of inspiration, strike off lines worthy of our best 
authors. 

Of all our most prominent journals, the Violet has been the 
medium through which the greatest number of our real literary 
recruits have gained the ear of our institution, although Leisure 
Moments bids fair to outrival Mrs. Swift's journal in this respect. 
Among those amateur authors whose productions first appeared 
in the first named magazine we mention James W. Doughty, 
Emma J. Bates, Dora Sheldon, L. W. Kitchen and the writer 
of this article. Leisure Moments was the means of introducing 
H. D. Hughes, Sam S. Stinson, Robert Tilney, Bertha Wuest and 
several others of lesser note. 

In Leisure Moments we have Hughes, Stinson, Tilney and 
Batchelder, who give to it a tone derived from their thought and 
mode of expression. Just so we find the Sentinel and Aihenia 
deriving individuality from Edkins, Emery, O'Connell and Buck- 
ley. Consequently these journals are sharp, caustic, sarcastic, 
flattering and diffuse all in one. 

The Violet derives its peculiar tone from writers of a far dif- 
ferent individuality. This magazine is not so much the represen- 
tative of any certain coterie of writers as it is the representative 
alma mater of the embryo amateur literati. The editorial pages 
of Violet have never equaled those of the Brilliant, Faciflc Cour- 
ant or Bric-a-Brac, but they have always been generous and kind, 
directed for the good of Amateur Journalism ; sincere, sympa- 
thetic, and — what others have not alwaj^s been — consistent. 

Probably the most conservative of our papers was the Micro- 
gram. Its editorials were free from vituperation, and were noted 
for strong, good sense. What literary matter it published was 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION, 165 

sometimes of the best, never of the poorest. Quartz, another 
California paper, leaped into popularity on its first appearance. It 
showed a marked individuality which was rather quaint and 
unique. Another paper which does not fail to attract attention, 
and which one cannot help thinking of, when thinking of 'Frisco, is 
the Pacific Courant. This paper has always been a power among 
the all-editorial sheets, and the influence of its columns is second 
to none. 

Away up in Canada Amateur Journalism is represented by 
several good papers, which are known as the Nugget, Catmda 
and Bric-a-Brac. The 'Nugget issued a literary number m June 
that was a conspicuous sample of the literary ability of Canadian 
authors. During the year only three numbers of Youth appeared. 
As Sullivan's term as president drew to a close the paper expired. 
Progress was another publication which was short-lived after the 
new year of 1886 had come in. It was issued but once during 
the year. 

We must not forget to mention in this article the paper which 
is known as our official organ, the National Amateur. Under 
Mr. Emery's management it leceived much praise from the 
amateur press in general. Emery's classification scheme was 
favorably received, and he was as correct and impartial in his 
judgment as one could well be. Edkins has issued but one 
number of the paper. Judging from this we believe that the 
official organ for '87 will be one of which we will long feel proud. 

Besides the Violet, Ohio is particularly proud of two other 
papers — the Palladium and Picayune. Both are bright, clean, 
interesting journals, a credit to the institution of which they 
form a part. 

O'he last year has chronicled no serious '-w^ordy war," except 
what was known as the Empire State trouble. Here an associa- 
tion of amateurs disagreed among themselves, divided off into two 
antagonistic parties, and fell to calling names like a crowd of 
street gamins. Happily the trouble did not continue for any 
great length of time, and the papers outside the Empire State 
remaining neutral, the affair had no serious effect. The Cali- 
fornia papers also engaged in a little civil war, which came near 
costing the N. A. P. A. a convention. 

Among the new journals of the year, One commanded general 
attention, partly from the fame of its editor, and partly from its 
own intrinsic worth. Two appeared shortly after, not unworthy to 
follow in the footsteps of such an illustrioiis predecessor. Fred 
Heath's old Stars and Stripes was ably conducted by Will Dunlop, 
while the former gentleman issued Our Kyiiglit Errant, a paper 
which bade fair to eclipse all his other publications, but which, 
alas! survived only a few months. Other new papers sprang up 



166 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

which coDtinued on till the eod of the year, and a few like the 
Frairie Zephyr, Norm, Commentator, FricJily, Fear and Osceola 
Star gained not a little influence in the fraternity. The FricJcly 
Pear had a distinct individuality about it, which in the same 
degree, was not possessed by any other paper. It had much 
pith and no little humor, and its weekly visits were heartily wel- 
comed. The Commentator commanded general respect for its 
sensible editorials, and much consideration for the business-like 
energy of its chief editor. 

The Norm was the journalistic sensation of the year. Upon 
its first appearance, which was anonymously, it attracted so much 
attention that all Amateurdom was in a quandary regarding the 
person who edited it. Many declared that it was Steele, while 
others loudly proclaimed the editor to be none other than Par- 
sons. What was the surprise of everybody then, when the paper 
suddenly changed tactics, and came out with the name of Boechat 
as editor and publisher. 

Among the number of small western journals which showed 
more than average ability, we must make honorable mention of 
the Dowagiac News, Kansas Zephyr, New Moon of 'Frisco, Glean- 
ings, Fen and Fress, Chrysalis and Golden Gate. And in the 
same connection we must place the names of those eastern journals 
like Quartette, Flanet, Solo, Breeze, Duett, Spear, Forest City 
SparJc and the Monthly News. 

The Year Book reviews the work of the editors at length, and 
the following is extracted : 

It would be difficult quite to decide whether the Brilliant is 
more welcomed for its beautiful literary features or its highly 
polished editorial effects. The assertion will find no gainsayers 
that among all our editorial writers Mahlon H. Shelp and D. B. 
Stephens, of the Brilliant, are by far the most brilliant, the most > 
polished and the most logical. It is true the Brilliant appears no 
of tener than the changes of seasons, four times a year, yet its 
influence upon each appearance is marked and lasting, for good. 
As the foremost all-editorial paper, the Facific Courant has 
accustomed its readers to several styles of ability which in brilli- 
ance can affect no comparison with that of the Brilliant. But, 
on the other hand, the editors of the Courant possess the other 
rare quality of simplicity. The setting is never so elegant, but 
the gems are quite as rare. Harry VV. Robinson represents 
another style of writing from either of the above. The force he 
develops in a few words is electrifying. Robinson does not hedge 
about fearful of giving offense; he is frank, fearless, uses no 
dissimulation and cuts right to the line regardless of consequen- 
ces. These are valuable traits, and the editor of Bric-a-Brac 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 167 

could heighten Ihem considerably by observing some approach to 
regularity. Frederic Faries Heatii has been president of the 
National for part of a terra, and has accomplished such an amount 
of recruiting work as none but himself can ever know or appreci- 
ate. His Stars and Stripes in '83 and '84 led the van, with its 
finely engraved headings, illustrations and readable editorials. 
The Kansas Zephyr has gained a world-wide reputation for reg- 
ularity and good common sense. Fred and Justin Bowersock 
have placed the imprint of their broad, honest, Christian charac- 
ter upon the pages of the Zephyr \u marked relief. The style of 
Bowersock brothers is plain, unaffected and never fatiguing. W. 
E. Mellinger, of the Chicago Commentator, is fast winning a name 
among the forcible yet truthful editors of our institution. R. L. 
Colman, in his Flant, and later in Our Compliments, discovers 
the making of a tirst-class amateur editor and journalist. Frank 
C. Liudsley and W. B. Baldwin, of the FaUadium, have, in a 
comparatively short time raised their journal to a leading position 
among its contemporaries. Fred D. Cole, of the Globe, Abbott 
Village, Me., has made visible progress witliin the year, and this 
can be said truthfully of a score uf others, who possess peculiari- 
ties of style with a nearly even degree of accomplishment. A. L. 
McClinton and Jerome C. Bull, of San Francisco, have stepped 
out from the ranks and taken advanced positions which they are 
Well qualified to maintain. McClinton displays great indepen- 
dence of character and Bull remarkably diversitied powers of 
observation. W. A. Cowley, of Our Optic fame, proves a most 
interesting editor. The impression never fails to a reader of 
Cowley's editorials that tiie truth and nothing but the truth 
should prevail. 

The "schemes" of the year are thus described in Dunlop's 
"Annals:'* 

Several new schemes were originated during the 3'ear 1886, one 
providing for the publication of a "year book," another to pro- 
vide a permanent meeting pla'je, and a third to establish a uni- 
form page system. The first idea was broached by Mr. Munro, 
and caused considerable comment. tlis plan was for the Asso- 
ciation to publish yearly a large book, to ct)ntain a complete 
history of all important events occurring in the amateur fraternity. 
As such a plan would involve the Association in great expense, 
the plan was not favorably considered at the San Francisco con- 
vention. The idea of a permanent meeting place was first pro- 
mulgated by W. C. Davis, of Denver, Cuio. Much discussion 
was provoked over the matter, but owing to its utter impractica- 
bility it was linally abandoned. Fred Heath brought forward 



168 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUK PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

what was known as the Stars and Btrifpes uniform page plan. It 
was stated thus : 

It is proposed to effect, after July 1, 1887, a change in the page form 
of all amateur papers, to agree Avith a standard size (to be agreed on 
hereafter) . The paper issued during the official year to be gotten 
together, passed upon by a committee at the N. A. P. A. convention, 
and bound by the Association into a volume. This volume, or better, 
the volume in triplicate, to then be i3resented to three reliable public 
libraries, respectively in prominent cities, that will guarantee tbem 
safe keeping, and w^ere they will be on hand for reference, the same 
as other books. 

The idea was generally commended, and the indications at the 
end of the year were that it would go into effect wt the time 
specified. 

In "Annals of Amateur Journalism in 1886" Frank D. 
Woollen writes: 

Our Authors — May God bless them everyone. 

Our literature has been remarkable this year for the wide range 
it has taken, for the depth of thought displayed, for a certain 
elegance m style, and lor the number and ability of our authors. 
Undoubtedly our essayists have shown a nearer approach to the 
perfect than ever before, and they continue to gain in strength 
day by day. The romancers and story-writers are becoming 
much more entertaining and original, and the historical novel has 
for the first time stepped in to play an important part in the his- 
tory of our literary realm. Tlie poets have been content to sing 
less this year, as a general thing, and the result has been benefi- 
cial. More hard thinking performed. In fact, our authors are 
just beginning to think. They are becoming convinced of the 
futility of penning poor verse when excellent prose is at their 
command. Knowing the fate of Phaeton, they are wise in drop- 
I)ing the reins which refuse to control their Pegasus, and thus are 
saved. Plain prose is doing much for us today, has done much 
for us the past year, and will accomplish still more. Through 
the influence of this new reform in prose our views of things are 
enlarging and becoming clearer, we are plunging deeper into intel- 
lectuality, our eyes are beginning to fatbom the deep abysm of 
truth, we are becoming students more aiul more. 

All in all, we have had a great year — a year of reform, of 
progress, of development. A push in the rigbt direction has been 
given us; if we keep moving forward, the annalist will have still 
l)righter pages to record for Amateur Journalism in the years to 
come. 

Mr. Woollen thus treats amateur book publishing: 

I)urin<j^ the vear 1885-6 four books of considerable size and 
inil)orlance wereissuc<l Irom the i)resses of amateur publishers. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 169 

Our poet laureate for 1885-6, George E. Day, gathered together 
some twenty poetical fragments which were published in book 
form under the name of "Wild Rose and Thistle." This book 
gained favor upon its first appearance, and is still regarded as a 
most excellent little volume, both in typographical appearance 
and literary finish. 

"Leaders of Today," published by John Moody, is a book of 
fifty-seven pages, containing short biographies of twenty-six 
prominent amateurs, mostly editors and politicians. Those who 
have obtained notice in this work are Andrews, Bigelow, Burger, 
Clymer, Cherry, Day, Dunlop, Dowe, Edkins, Emery, Gonden, 
Hough, Hollub, Kimball, Moore, Munro, Metcaif, Mueller, 
Pinckne3% Sullivan, Stone, Smith, Truax, Winchell, Wyckoff and 
Wicks. 

"Finlay Arnon's Faie," published by Bert H. Gonden, is a 
very excellent little volume from the pen of Frank W. Lee, wherein 
is told the story — true or not we cannot say — of Finlay Grant's 
wooing of Bertha York, the poetess of Amateurdom. This book 
had a large sale and was favorably criticised throughout the *Dom. 

"Phillis the Fair," published by Will S. Dunlop, owes its 
existence to the pen of Edith May Dowe, whom O'Connell des- 
ignates as "that marvelous little tot." 

Official Editor Edkins issued but one number of the Notional 
Amateui\ He was followed by Wm. B. Baldwin who finished 
the term. The March (1887) issue contained a review of the 
various associations, committee reports, editorial and president's 
message, consisting of eight pages. The June issue of six pages, 
contained the constitution as revised, treasurer's report, edi- 
torials, etc. 



CHflFTER 14. 

THE LITERARY LYCEUM OF AMERICA. 

Mr. Emery's Reasoning. — Whoelsecoulditbe to Lorenzo. — 
Announcement and Constitution of the Lyceum. — The 
Executive Board's Manifesto. — Spencer's Open Letter 
TO Emery. — Action of Judiciary Committee. — The Refor- 
mation Over. 

IN the closing months of 18S6 Athenia, edited by Brainerd f. 
Emer3', appeared as the' representative of the literary 
reformer in amateur journalism. By way of iutroduction, 
Athenia said : 

If you ask the average Amateur Journalist why he pubhshes a 
paper, he will answer, for self-improvement in literature ; but 
when you come to see his paper you willlind it filled with politics. 
This is the way he improves himself in literature; He knows 
exactly whether Mr. Jones can preside well over the bawling of a 
convention ; he can tell you precisely how many numbers of a 
paper Mr. Smith has issued, but whether the papers were well 
edited he doesn't care a rush, nor can he tell whether they were 
or not. He can explain how Mr. Robinson managed Mr. 
Soforth's campaign and got defeated ; he can show where the 
err©rs of judgment occurred, but he is very likely to think Dante 
wrote "Paradise Lost" and to suppose Milton gave the world the 
"Inferno." He glories in describing the educational facilities of 
Amateur Journalism — and fills bis columns with politics and bad 
grammar. It will be seen from this that the average amateur 
believes in precept and practice agreeing. He is called the plod- 
der, the Philistine, and for him Athenia has a cordial hatred. It 
is to quite another class that Athenia is to be devoted — to the 
amateur who is honestly interested in literature, who is what he 
pretends te be. He is known as the Reformer, and on his head 
the Philistine delights to shower the full power of his abuse and 
bad grammar. Strange to say, the Reformer survives and 
increases in strength each year. He is the true amateur jour- 
nalist and the only amateur journalist worthy the name. The 
Philistine is an ignoramus and a blackguard. His days are 
numl)ered. He is to be kicked out and an Amateur Journalism 
of Reformers remain. When that "consummation devoutly to 
be wished" is reached, Athenia will have fulfilled its mission and 
will fold up its tents and silently steal away. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 171 

The National Amateur Press Association is supposed to foster 
the literary spirit, inasmuch as it is devoted to the best interests 
of Amateur Journalism ; but literary exercises are noticeable for 
their absence, and no literary qualifications are necessary to render 
a person eligible to membership. Another thing: The N. A. 
P. A. encourages recruiting with no discrimination — an illiterate 
recruit being as welcome as one really desiring to gain literary 
culture. Now this is all wrong. An Association which endeav- 
ors to represent a literary institution should foster literary 
studies, should require some literary attainments of its members. 
Otherwise it fails in its object. We see that the N. A. P. A., to 
be really useful, must make literary attainments one of the qualifi- 
cations to be considered in electing officers and members. No 
illiterate person should be admitted. A rigid standard should 
be adopted. Indiscriminate recruiting must be discouraged. 
Can this be done and the present organization be retained? It 
may be, and it may not. But it must be done, any way. 

There is no middle course if Amateur Journalism is to be saved 
and made useful. The Philistine must be driven out. Make our 
cause something more than child's play, discourage and banish 
politics, and he will lose all interest and retire. We must do our 
utmost to bring this about. Our literati must be stirred up to 
greater efforts. Some of them, even, have dabbled in politics to 
the detriment of literature. They should remember that in set- 
ting so bad an example they are damaging Amateur Journalism 
and themselves. Let them return to literature and work for 
Amateur Journalism, an institution which is a reality and not a 
sham. If any amateur wants politics, let him form a new society 
and call it by another name — true Amateur Journalism is far 
higher and nobler in its aims. To destroy politics and banish 
the Philistine — this should be our object. 

We propose that at the Philadelphia convention of the National 
A. P. A., a series of essays be prepared and read by prominent 
amateurs selected by the president sufficiently long before to give 
them ample opportunity to prepare themselves well. And we 
also propose that the president appoint four critics, who, at a 
subsequent session, shall prepare and read criticisms on the 
essays read. Then let a ballot be taken as to which essayist has 
treated his subject best. 

* * * * The knell of the Philistine has been sounded, 
and his overthrow is only a question of time. The day of the 
political trickster is over. The leaders of our little world, to 
whom she must look for salvation, are Edkins, Da3^, O'Connell, 
Hey wood, Shelp, Stevens, Batchelder, Miller, Mrs. Grant and 
Gleasou. If they will put their shoulders to the wheel they can 
set the chariot of reform rolling. And they are going to do it. 



172 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Politics mean death to our institution. They shall be abolished. 

A "letter" written by James J. O'Connell, also appeared in 
this issue: 

A LETTER 

From an Amateur of Nowhere, Who is Visiting the United 

States, to His Friend Lorenzo, Grand Scribe of the 

Amateur Author's Association op Nowhere. 

My Dear Lorenzo: — Several months have . elapsed since I left 
the island of Nowhere, in order to inquire into the workings of 
Amateur Journalism in America. I have not forgotten my prom- 
ise to send you a brief account of the things I have seen, so that 
you could better comprehend the report I will render upon my 
return to our honored Amateur Author's Association. But, the 
truth is, I have seen so many things that are so strange and won- 
derful to a foreigner, that I have despaired of making myself 
fully understood by you. My notes are yet in the utmost dis- 
order, so this letter cannot be otherwise than rambling. I will, 
therefore, content myself with hitting off for you a few of the 
most salient features of Amateur Journalism in America, leaving 
the details until I am once more with you and our brother Bo- 
hemians in the land of pipes and lager beer. 

I find Amateur Journalism to be an institution without any 
organization whatever. There are no records of how it originated ; 
it is merely known that for years it has struggled on through a 
spasmodic existence — at times full of life, and then again so 
moribund that its pulse has almost ceased to beat. It has never 
had any fixed object in view, and resembles a large school — but 
a school without a master, in which each scholar follows the bent 
of his own mind. An institution, owing its being to such circum- 
stances as these, can never accomplish any good. Individual 
members may improve themselves by their own exertions, but the 
institution itself is impotent for good. 

Of late years the constitution of the National Amateur Press 
Association has offered an apology for an object by the iuserting 
of a somewhat equivocal clause, stating that its aim is the advance- 
ment of Amateur Journalism and as a side issue, it professes to 
be opposed to sensational Uterature. But these things mean 
nothing at all, except that Amateur Journalism has for years 
been sailing under false colors. The average amateur is not 
noted for his scholarly attainments — he does little reading and 
still less thinking — but whenever he doas read, it is the very 
class of periodicals by condemning which he has sought to gain 
public recognition for his cause. Thus, with a lie upon its face, 
is it strange that the outside world has always given Amateur 
Journalism a very cold shoulder? 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



173 



Lorenzo, I have not forgotten year last request of me when 
leaving: "Be sure and send me the complete works of all the 
presidents of the National Amateur Press Association." I would 
willingly do so, but, the truth is, that with one exception, none 
of the presidents have ever written anything. As soon as an 
amateur becomes educated and learns how to write, he is no 
longer eligible to the office. If all the presidents, from Harrison 
down to the present day,wefe put into a bag and well shaken up, it 
is a question as to which would come out first. Perhaps Reeve, 
Grant and Sulhvan were more conscientious than the others, but 
they have all been dulness personified. Indeed, there is a tradi- 
tion that upon the birth of every president a miracle takes place, 
similar to the one described by Dryden : 

The midwife placed her hand on his thick skull, 
With this prophetic blessing: "Be thou dull." 

This National A. P. A. is entirely different from our Amateur 
Author's Association. Our body is magnificently organized ; all 
our members are imbued with the literary instinct, and when 
they improve themselves they improve one another. We have 
four grades of members — freshmen, sophomores, juniors and 
seniors. The association has no officers, in the ordinary sense of 
the word, but is governed by the seniors, who come together 
whenever it is necessary to choose a new executive and scribe, 
which are all the officials needed in an association of this kind. 
Instead of using a ballot, which invariably creates jealousy and 
disturbance, the seniors merely cast lots for the offices. Any 
member is thus liable to be chosen, but ^ no one can be a senior 
until he has shown marked ability, and as all the members are 
thus equal, it does not matter which of the seniors' names should 
happen to be drawn. For this reason we have always capable 
men at the head of our association, and there is ever a noble 
rivalry among our younger members as to which will be the first 
to be promoted to a higher grade. 

With the National A. P. A. all is different. It nieets annually 
and elects a long list of officers who have nothing to do, and who 
take good care to do it. The president has no duties to perform, 
except to issue his paper every month. He is judged by that 
alone. If, at the end of his term, he has pubhshed twelve num- 
bers of his paper, he is handed down to posterity as a good presi- 
dent ; if he hasn't done so, he is handed down as a bad one. 
Tthe vice-presidency is a soft-soap office, generally given to the 
defeated presidential candidate, or to one of his henchmen. The 
other vice-presidencies are figure-head offices, created to recon- 
cile dissatisfied factions. The recording secretary is entrusted 
with the books. He generally keeps them ; for Amateur Jour- 
nalism has no archives. The other secretary wastes his time and 



174 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

depletes tbe treasury by valueless correspondence. The treasurer 
waits until there is a round hundred in the box, when he becomes 
a fossil and is never heard of any more. The official editor does 
more work than all the other officers combined, but as the Asso- 
ciation itself is merely a plaything, the official organ is seldom 
much better. As for the business transacted at these conventions, 
it is the most vulgar and trivial that can be imagined. The first 
one I attended took me entirely by surprise, for I had pictured to 
myself a meeting somewhat similar to those of our Amateur 
Author's Association, where each member of the senior class 
reads a carefully prepared essay upon the subject given out 
months before by the executive. At these meetings many famous 
men-of-letters are present, who aid us in our work by passing 
judgment upon our essays. But I had made a big mistake. 
There was no fear of missing the place of convention. I heard 
it on the street a block away. But when I entered the room I 
thought I must have made a mistake, and got among a party of 
lawyers' apprentices. The din was deafening ; a couple of loud- 
mouthed bullies were blackguarding each other from opposite 
sides of the room. Occasionally a weaker voice could be heard 
calling for the previous question or rising on a point of order. 
Then a ballot was taken which ended in more confusion, after 
which the convention adjourned to play a game of ball. I was 
dumbfounded, and went home to ponder over the scene I had just 
witnessed. Here I had attended a convention of amateur jour- 
nalists, who claim to belong to a literary institution, and yet I 
did not hear the word literature mentioned once during the entire 
session. 

I have already told you that there is no organization about 
Amateur Journalism. Anyone can become a member, without 
having previously shown any ability or taste for literature ; so, it 
is not strange that most of the amateurs are drawn from the un- 
educated classes of society. Quantity counts for more than 
quality, and "the worker," who is merely a recruiting-sergeant, 
is never so happy as when he picks up a red-headed, dirty-nosed 
Bowery urchin and introduces him to the fraternity as a promis- 
ing recruit, who is destined to become one of the most prominent 
amateurs in the ranks. The introduction invariably winds up 
with the information that the neophyte will shortly issue the Blad- 
der, and editors are kindly requested to send him copies of their 
papers. As a natural consequence, nine-tenths of the amateurs 
are intellectually deaf, dumb and blind ; and Amateur Journalism, 
instead of being a literar}^ institution, is merely an expensive pas- 
time, where the members play at make-believe politics. They do 
nothing but wrangle from one year's end to the other, and if 
brought to task will plead that the3^ are fighting for a principle. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



175 



This so-called principle has no existence outside the shallow brain 
of some wire-puller, who makes it a pretext for involving the fra- 
ternity in a squabble, for a month after he has fought and gained 
his point he will be over on the otiier side with a brand new 
principle, and will fi^ht with renewed vigor to undo the very work 
he accomplished only the month before. 

The female amateurs, being recruited from the same circles of 
society as the males, of course, very few of them are mentally at- 
tractive. They do not indulge so much in politics as their brother 
amateurs, but this is not because there is anything literary about 
them, but simply for the reason that they are not built that way. 
As a substitute for politics they deluge the amateur press with 
school-girl compositions on "Friendship," "Hope," "Mother" 
and "Heaven." These are so atrociously bad that even if handed 
in as school exercises their writers would probably all be treated 
to a good spanking. Poetry is by no means neglected, and, 
thanks to the editor of Youth, we are each month treated to a fine 
display of female amateur verse. It does not matter what the 
theme may be, the substance is always the same. The author is 
discovered sitting in the twilight, thinking of all the troubles there 
are in this world. Then, just as her trials are becoming unbear- 
able, she sees a cloud with a silver lining. After this she begins 
to doze and hears the heavenly band. It takes a dozen rheumatic 
lines to convey her to heaven, when she begins flying about with 
nothing on but a pair of wings. Heaven, I may incidentally state, 
IS always described as having pearly gates and golden streets. 
Where there are several female amateurs in one town 
they generally organize a local association. To study 
literature, you ask ? No, indeed ; to indulge in kissing games. 
I was once introduced to one of tUese female amateurs, having 
been previously informed that she was of the literati. I began 
wondering whether she was as brilliant and intellectual as the 
women of our Author's Associaiion. I became sceptical when 
she pronounced "Amateiirdom" Amachewerdumb, and the illu- 
sion altogether vanished when I noticed that both her teeth and 
her finger nails were innocent of a brush. 

I send you a clipping from the San Francisco Examiner. It 
is an article on Amateur Journalism, illustrated with the por- 
traits of eighteen alleged prominent amateurs. With the possible 
exception of Arnett (and he owes the dubious distinction to the 
accident of being a resident of San Francisco at the time the 
article was gotten up), you have probably never heard of any of 
them. The female amateurs are represented by a Mrs. Swift 
and a Miss Smith, while not a word is said about Miss Brown or 
Miss Dowe (that marvelous litile tot), who, intellectually, are 
worth a hundred Zelda Arlington's and all the female poetasters 



176 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

and authorlings who smear their drivel through the dirty-looldng, 
misspelled pages of the Youth. 

Despite all I have related, my dear Lorenza, I am confident 
that Amateur Journalism could be made as great a power for 
good as our own Amateur Author's Association, if the institution 
were but properly organized and managed. The great majority 
of the recruits are attracted to the cause by the prospect of hav- 
ing a little fun. Uneducated, and with no desire to educate 
themselves, they must look for amusement outside of literature. 
They thus turn Amateur Journalism into a playhouse and organ- 
ize associations just for the sake of fighting for the offices. For 
years the presidency of the National has been an empty honor, 
conferred upon those who had not the ability to succeed in liter- 
ature. The proper place for these persons is of course, in the 
various debating and social clubs which exist all over the country, 
but they are too ignorant to perceive that the greatest mistake 
they ever made was in joining a literary institution. There are 
hundreds of young men and women, educated and- of literary 
taste, who would be only too glad to join an institution which 
was devoted to the study and pursuit of perfection, but they do 
not feel disposed to waste their time just seeing which dullard is 
going to get the greatest number of votes for an office which has 
no intrinsic value or significance. That this picture is not over- 
drawn, it is merely necessary to state that Amateur Journalism, 
during its entire existence, has never yet produced a man of 
superior talents. Out of the host of amateurs graduated every 
year, not a dozen could make their salt at newspaper work, let 
alone at literature. This fact has not escaped the notice of even 
the average amateur, for he attempts to atone for it by claiming 
as former members many famous men-of -letters who died before 
the institution came into existence. It is folly to contend that a 
man was an amateur, in the sense which theso persons use it, just 
because he wrote a manuscript magazine in his youth. The 
name of Nathaniel Hawthorne is most commonly paraded as a 
graduate of Amateur Journalism by the very persons who, were 
Hawthorne an amateur at the present day, would try to drive him 
out of the ranks because he was a man of education. 

A very intelligent young person recently gave his experience as 
an amateur. He was born and bred a gentleman, his parents 
being of literary habits. He was induced to become an amateur 
under false pretenses, one of the "workers" having told him that 
Amateur Journalism was a literary institution. After being a 
member for a month, and attending one convention, his eyes 
were opened and he saw he had been deceived. While neither 
proud nor liaughty, he had suflficient self-respect to 
see that he was mingling with young men who were both intellec- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 177 

tually and socially far beneath him. He had no hard feeling 
toward them ; many of them were "good fellows" in their way, 
but there was nothing in common between them. He retired, 
and was soon forgotten. 

If the Story of this young man, who washed his hands of Ama- 
teur Journalism the moment he found out what it really was, is 
sufficient to arouse our sj^mpathy, how much more sorry must 
we feel for those few line spirits who have remained amateurs 
just for the sake of trying to redeem the cause in the eyes of the 
outside world. They have been sneered at as only the careless 
can sneer ; abused as only the ignorant can abuse; hounded as 
only the brutal can hound. And so, with no hope of any other 
reward than the consciousness of battling for the truth, they have 
dashed themselves to pieces against the Philistinism of the ama- 
teur press. Some have fought with Spartan courage, whilst others, 
weaker and less hopeful, have, like Shelley, merely *' beaten in 
the void their luminious wings in vain." Daring spirits are con- 
stantly springing up to carry on the good work of the reform 
movement. They move, but their progress is slow. For years 
Amateur Journalism has been living an unhealthy life, oscillating 

Between two worlds ; 
One dead, the other struggling to be born. 

Adieu, my dear Lorenzo, for I find that the candle is burning 
low in the socket. Whoelsecoulditbe. 

The publication of this "Letter" and its accompanying com- 
ment attracted widespread attention in amateur papers. A num- 
ber of letters were published, addressed to imaginary persons, 
mostly on the Philistine side of the controversy. As an answer 
to these Afhenia in the January, 1887, issue, printed another letter, 
signed "Philistine,'' in which the same ground was taken, by sar- 
castic thrusts at the "plodders." 

A circular accompanied January Athenia, of which the follow- 
ing is a copy; 

THE LITERARY LYCEUM OF AMERICA. 

Announcement and Provisional Constitution Adopted at the 
Organization Meeting. 

We believe that Amateur Journalism is primarily, and should 
be actually, a literary institution. 

That the interchange of intelligent thought and of refined criti- 
cism should constitute alike the object and the aim of its ad- 
herents ; 

That all subjects foreign to this design should be rigidly ex- 
cluded from all papers published under its auspices ; 



178 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

That all meetings of its Associations shall be given entirely to 
proceedings of a nature calculated to improve the literary culture 
of those participating. 

We believe that the present *'Araateurdom" fails of these re- 
quirements, and we demand a change in the existing order. 

To that end we have organized under the name 

THE LITERARY LYCEUM OF AMERICA, 

and have adopted the following provisional Constitution : 

1. The general business of the Lyceum shall be administered 
by an executive board, to consist of three members, who shall be 
appointed, at each annual meeting, by their predecessors in office. 
The executive board shall choose their own chairman. 

2. The executive board shall draught and report at a special 
meeting, to be held for that purpose, a list of the names of such 
persons, papers and associations as are now and may be then con- 
nected with the National Amateur Press Association, or with 
"Amateurdom," or whose opinions are inimical to the principles 
hereinabove expressed. Such names as shall, by a two-thirds 
vote of the members present, be included in said list, shall con- 
stitute the "proscription list.'' 

3. The Lycteum shall meet annually during the month of July, 
at such place as may be chosen at the foregoing meeting. 

4. No member of the Lyceum shall in any manner discuss the 
affairs of the institution known as "Amateurdom." 

5. No member shall, after 1st March, 1887, send any paper, 
contribution or subscription to any paper, person or association 
included included in the proscription list of the Lyceum, and he 
shall accept no copies of papers so mentioned, nor subscriptions 
from any such paper or persons. He shall not attend any meet- 
ing of any associations prescribed by the Lyceum. 

6. No person shall be eligible to membership in the Lyceum 
who is not fully in sympathy with its aims, nor until his or her 
credentials have been favorably passed upon by the executive 
board. J. Rosevelt Gleason, 

Brainerd p. Emeuy, 
Ernest A. Edkins, 

Executive Board. 
B. P. Emery, Secretary of the Board, 244 Grand St., 

December 20, 1886. Newburgh, N. Y. 

The executive board explains its action in this issue of ^^J^ema, 
under the heading, ''The Parting of the Ways:" 

Recent expressions of opinion show that the reform movement 
is unpopular in Amateur Journalism. The majority prefer, and 
always have preferred, the predominance of politics over literature 
and indulgence in unprofitable amusement, rather than the exer- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEL'R PRESS ASSOCIATION. 179 

cise of those faculties which the institution is designed to improve. 
Every one whose sj^mpathies were with reform has been maligned ; 
everj^ one who has entered Amateur Journalism with the idea that 
it was a body of young men and young women engaged in the 
"study and pursuit of perfection" has been repudiated. A pre- 
mium has been placed upon dullness and a ban upon brains. 
Circumstances such as these have held down Amateur Journalism 
so that it is today regarded, wherever it is known, as a band of 
self-satisfied upstarts. Strong as the vulgar sentiment has been, 
the evidences of inherent improvement are discernible ; for the 
irresistible forces of reform have gradually beaten down some of 
the greatest barriers. Yet, after all, we doubt whether the reform 
movement could, even b}^ the most arduous endeavor, overcome 
many of the existing evils which are incidental to State associations 
and the National A. P. A. ; whether it could bri'ig its principles 
to be the settled policj'. In view of these circumstances, the 
reformers feel that they can better attain their ends by withdraw- 
ing from Amateurdom and organizing an institution wherein liter- 
ary endeavor, alone, shall be stimulated ; whose members will find 
all the advantages of Amateur Journalism in its best sense, with- 
out its course features ; an institution wherein there will be no 
politics, no campaigning, no wrangling, no baseball. This will 
be called the Literary Lyceum of America. It will draw only its 
nucleus from Amateur Journalism. The Lyceum will be honest 
and consistent. It will welcome all who seek the inestimable 
advantages of polite writing and candid criticism. It will debar 
no one because he is not a clever author, a poet of melodious verse 
Of a master of polite diction ; but it shaU exclude the man who 
will not strive, with all his native abilitj-, to approach these 
standards. 

With this number of Athenia a provisional constitutianal of the 
Lyceum is issued. 

We do not suppose that the founders of the new institution will 
escape the malignant lury of the Philistines, whose copious cal- 
umny will ascribe every surreptitious motive to the Lyceum and 
its friends. Upon this point there can be no argument. If 
the politicians do not want the literati in Amateurdom, let them 
stone the literati when they depart. 

The plan and purpose of the new institution is, then, self-evi- 
dent. We invite every member of Amateur Journalism who is 
prepared to live up to the constitutional provisions, to join the 
Lyceum. 

We invite those who believed ' Amateurdom" a seminary of 
literature and who found it a cemetery of intelligence; everyone 
who is content to take his position according to the vitality and 
refinement of his thought ; ail these we call upon to co-operate 



180 HrSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

with the committee whose announcement accompanies this copy 
of Athenia. The day of destiny is come; the little empire, whose 
king is ignorance, shall totter ; the thunder of reform shall roar 
with four years' accumulated fury ; the field upon the right and 
that upon the left shall spring apart, leaving a chasm which no 
voice can traverse and no bridge can span. 

Executive Board. 

Under date of January 20, 1887, the following card appeared 
in Quartz: 

The judiciary committee of the National Amateur Press Asso- 
ciation fully appreciate the necessity of prompt and decisive 
action in crushing out the recent attempt to ruin the N. A. P. A., 
and would request that all members who are loyal exercise a 
small degree of patience, and grant the committee sufficient time 
to thoroughly canvass the movement. All may rest a&,sured that 
the best interests of the Association will be protected, and treason 
quelled at any cost. Will S. Moore, 

President Judiciary Committee N. A. P. A. 

As a type of the manner in which many amateurs viewed the 
L. L. of A., portions of an article from Juvens Vade Mecum, 
June, 1887, are reproduced : 

AN OPEN LETTER TO MR. B. P. EMERY. 

My Dear Friend: — I am in receipt of your polite note inviting 
me to become a member of the Literary Lyceum of America. It 
is, perhaps, unnecessary for me to say that 1 have been one of 
those who looked for and worked for the reformation and improve- 
ment of Amateur Journalism, and that any movement toward 
that end, which seemed to me wise in its methods, has met with 
my approval and support. During the past year I have watched 
the struggle from afar, regretting that my circumstances were 
such that I could not join with you in the good work, but never 
for a moment doubting the final success and triumph of the move- 
ment having for its object the elevation of the cause. Judge, 
then, of my surprise when I suddenly learned that the Reformers, 
if I may make use of that term, had become discouraged by the 
immensity of the task before them, "given it up as a bad job,'* 
and retired from the ranks, leaving Amateur Journalism to be 
saved by other hands. You must excuse me if I confess that I 
expected different things, that I had thought you possessed of 
greater courage, pertinacity and perseverance than to give the 
matter up so, publicly acknowledging that the Philistine, as you 
term him, is too strong for you, and that, after all, the game is 
hardly worth the candle. 

When in 1882 Mr. O'Connell declared that, except as the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 18l 

T^v'orld improves, "Amateur Journalism can never improve;" that 
its scope migbt he enlarged and its numerical strength increased, 
"but that is all the advancement it can ever make," not only did 
he show that his judgment in matters of this kind is not always 
to be depended upon, but, if his words had been accepted as 
true by the molders of public sentiment at the time, Amateur 
Journalism would not now be enjoying even as high a state of 
development as it is. 

Mr. O'Connell would now abolish politics altogether, yet it was 
he who wrote that "Amateur Journalism without its campaigns 
would be insipid and monotonous." In this statement, as usual, 
he has gone to an extreme, but he is partially' right. It it cer- 
tainly true, however, that the politics of Amateur Journalism have 
done harm to the cause, for there is 

■•Xonght so good, but. strained from that fair use, 
Kevolts from true birth, stumbling on abuse.'' 

Buf who is to blame for this present condition of affairs? I 
lay a large share of the responsibility directly at the door of 
the literati. 

In a conversation held in this city last July with Mr. Edkins, 
now of your executive board — and who, by the way, I had hoped 
and expected to help elect president of the National at Jr'hihidel- 
phia, as a practical step toward the end we have in view — I 
ventured the remark, and he aoreed with me, that it is, in a great 
measure, so with our politics. Some of our so-called reformers, 
such, for example, as Shelp and O'Connell, have in recent years 
had considerable to say about the dirt}^ pool of politics, but instead 
of attempting to turn itinto the right channel, as they might easily 
have done, they have held aloof, refused to attend our conven- 
tions, aud let the worst elements manage things for themselves. 

In the spring of 1883, in delining the objects of the Reformers, 
Mr. O'Connell stated one of them was to abolish politics --to an 
extent." Thus far I was with him. I differ from you in this: 
You would annihilate Amateur Journalism, I would reform it; 
you would banish politics, I would improve it. 

As for the Lyceum, I cannot see how it can fill the lif Id that 
Amateur Journalism occupies. In the first place, two somewhat 
<;orrelated objections occur to my mind. To illustrate, take the 
•case of Mr. O'Connell. When in 1877 he published the P/ioem>, 
filled with politics, puzzles, slang and vulgarity, do 3'ou suppose the 
executive boar.l would have considered him using every effort to 
attain liis highest literary powers, and have admitted him to the 
Lyceum? Aud was he likely to have been attracted at that time 
to an institution of that nature? And yet Mr. O'Connell is now 
"the high priest of the Reformers.^' It is no disparagement to 
Mr. O'Connell to point to the depths from which he has come ; it is 



182 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

rather a high compliment to his industry and genius, when we 
consider his present eloquent writings and well-rounded periods. 
But he says he "recognizes how much Amateur Journalism has 
done for him." Amateur Journalism has done this, the Lyceum 
would have failed to reach him. Mr. O'Connell in 1882 declared 
the California papers at that time to be puerile and picayune and 
thought affairs on the Pacific coast had degenerated. That Mr. 
Harrison, Philistine though he may have been, possessed a clearer 
vision when he said that these journals were yet in their infancy, 
and that when they reached man's estate they would show that 
Amateur Journalism had advanced, is shown by the California 
journals of recent years. And yet, Mr. Moore, with his La Whale, 
would neither have applied nor have been admitted to the Lyceum. 
Amateur Journalism has produced the Pacific Courant. I shall 
give but one more example — that of my own career. The fact 
that 3'ou liave asked me to join your association is sufficient 
evidence to me that you now think me worthy to be one of you, 
but when, five years ago, I first entered the ranks, I think it alto- 
gether unlikely that you would have admitted me to your societ3\ 
And, however that may have been, I am sure that at that time I 
should have felt little interest in a literary lyceum. Amateur 
Journalism has done much for me ; the Lyceum would not have 
reached me. There is in Amateur Journalism a strong, uplifting 
evolutionary tendency, which leads one into the proper channels, 
if he but takes an interest in his work. 

Only last July Mr. O'Connell said in your Sentinel that Ama- 
teur Journalism had become, as much as it ever can, a literary 
institution. I have always said that Amateur Journalism was not 
wholly a literary organization. There is the business training, 
the love of debate, the practice of oratory, tlie knowledge of 
parliamentary law and tactics, and many other things, which 
though of course subordinate to its literary features, are, never- 
theless, legitimate parts of the whole. Mr. O'Connell has sug- 
gested as a definition of Amateur Journalism, ''the Jacob's lad- 
der to professional journalism." I should rather term it an 
engine of mutual intellectual culture. I have myself received 
incalculable benefit from my connection with Amateur Journalism, 
and it has not been all of a literary nature either. I have reaped 
advantages from our political campaigns, bad as they may have 
been, and derived much good from our conventions, poorly con- 
ducted though they may have been. If, then, it can accomplish 
so much in its present state, what can it not achieve when each 
and every feature is relegated to its proper sphere? The Lyceum 
loses all this. And so — call me a Philistine, if you will — I cannot 
but express the opinion that your association can never equal 
Amateur Journalism, even though it attain that ideal state of 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 183 

perfection it has reached iu that county so felicitously described 
by Mr. O'Counell as "the land of pipes and lager-beer." 

In conclusion, to use a Shaksperian expression, iny dear 
Emery, chew upon this : there is in Amateur Journalism such a 
latent power and innate tenacity, and its principles and methods 
are so well grounded, that the withdrawal of half a dozen of its 
members and the formation of a literary association will never 
destroy it. It will press on, despite the Lyceum, in its useful and 
educating work. These are some of the reasons which have 
influenced me in decliniog 3^our invitation to join your association. 
But while I cannot honestly wish your institution success, for its 
individual members, severrd of whom are my personal friends, I 
have but the best wishes for their prosperity. Believe me to be 
as ever your sincere friend, Tklman J. Spexcer. 

Hartford, Conn., March 1, 1887. 

Under date of March 10, 1887, the judiciary committee 
rendered a report which was publised iu the March Amateur, and 
dealt with the L3'ceum as follows : 

The Amateur Author's Lyceum of America, organized secretly, 
by members of our Association, who endorsed sentiments antag- 
onistic to the National Amateur Press Association, i» a circular 
letter sent out under date of December 20, 1886, was thoroughly 
investigated by your committee, and we found it to be a direct 
attempt to cause the downfall and ruin of the National Amateur 
Press Association. Recognizing this fact, your committee 
obtained the names of all members of our Association said to be 
connected with the scheme, and forwarded to each of them a copy 
of the following letter : 

Office Judiciary Committee National Amateur Press Association. 

Mr 

Dear Sir: — Our attention has been called to a circular headed the 
Literary Lyceum of America, issued under date of Dec. 20, 1886, and 
signed by Messrs. J. R. Gleason, B. P. Emery and E. A. Edkins, as 
an executive board. While our committee recognizes the rights of 
individuals to form organizations for self-improvement or amusement, 
or both combined, it appears to them, from a careful perusal of the 
circular referred to, that the purposes of the Literary Lyceum of 
Amerioa are antagonistic to and intended to injure or destroy the 
National Amateur Press Association. Entertaining this belief, we 
cannot understand how any member, and especially an official mem- 
ber, of the National A. P. A. can enter into such an organization as the 
aforementioned Lyceum. The committee can easily conceive how 
members of the National A. P. A., so inclined, could form a second 
and select literary association, without in the least conflicting v'ith 
our National Association, and to this there could be no possible 
objection. The regulations of the N. A. P. A. provide that any mem- 
ber thereof may resign his or her membership, and this having been 
done, the future action of such individual would not be within the 



184 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

purvne of our Association; but AA^hen a member, while retaining his or 
her connection with the National Amateur Press Association, enters 
into another and antagonistic organization, apparent y making use 
of the advantages derived from their connection with the Association 
for the purpose oi organizing any such antagonistic association, it 
appears to us that the}^ place themselves in a position which leaves 
but one consistent course for the National A, P. A. to pursue, with 
regard to them. As your name has been given us as one of the mem- 
bers and supporters of said Lyceum, we desire to hear from you in 
response to this communication and at your very earliest convenience. 
If we have been misinformed or are laboring under any wrong 
impression in regard to the intents of the Lyceum, we shall be glad to 
be corrected. Yours most respectfully. 

Judiciary uommittee, 
Per Will S. Moore, President. 

While this matter was pending, Mr. Arnettt resigned his posi- 
tion as secretary of the judiciary committee, giving as a reason 
that his sympathies were with the Lyceum and while entertaining 
such feelings, he could not conscientiously hold office in an 
Association, whose cause he could no longer espouse. Your 
committee appointed Edwin B. Swift to fill the vacancy. 

First Vice-President Wicks, under date of Feb. 7th, tendered 
his resignation from his office, because of excessive studies at 
college. Mr. Wicks' sympathies are also with tlie Lyceum, but 
he states that he is not a member of that society. Your committee 
accepted this resignation and appointed Second Vice-President 
Bull to fill the vacancy. Third Vice-President Bowersock has 
been promoted to the second vice-presidency, and Mr. F. D. 
Woollen has been made third vice-president. 

Resignations from membership in our Association were sent in 
by Miss Martin and Messrs. Carpenter, EnTer_y and Edkins. 
The latter two gentlemen likewise resigned their ofllcial positions. 
That of Miss Martin was accepted, she having resigned her 
allegiance to the N. A. P. A. before joining the Literary Lyceum, 
In the cases of Messrs. Carpenter, Edkins and Emery, your com- 
mittee decided that emphatic action and a severe penalty were 
necessary. 

Your committee concluded to reject the resignations of 
these gentlemen and declare them no longer officers or mem- 
bers in the National Amateur Press Association. It is only after 
mature deliberation that such action was taken and we feel 
asssured that the members in convention assembled 
at Philadelphia, will agree with us, that to insure the perpetuity 
and continued success of our Association it is necessary to punish 
the movers in all attempted insurrections in the severest manner 
possible. This is the time when all loyal members of our Asso- 
ciation must rally to the standard and prove its everlasting 
stability. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 185 

Your committee has further found it advisable to reorganize 
the preseut board of officers as follows : 

President, Jas. H. Ives Munro; first vice-president, Jerome 0. Ball; 
second vice-president, Jus. D. Bowersock; third vice-president, Frank 
D. Woollen; recording secretary, Fred L. Hunter; corresponding 
secretary, Walter E. ]Vlellinger; treasurer. Zelda A. Swift; official ed- 
itor, William B. Baldwin: judiciary committee— Will S. Moore, presi- 
dent; Fred F. Heath, vice-president; Edwin B. Swift, secretary. 

A circular letter was issued by President Munro, under date 
of May 1, 1887, in which he reviewed the reform movement and 
urged loyalty the N. A. P. A. 

At the 1887 convention that part of the judiciary committee's 
report dealing with the action taken concerning the Lyceum was 
stricken out ; also all reference to resignations of Emery and 
Edkins. Thus the N. A. P. A. did nothing. 

President Stinson, in his first message— September, 1887, 
Amateur — reviewed the subject: 

I shall not go into a lengthy discussion of reform here, being 
assured from careful observations that we are even now under- 
going a course of unconscious reform. I have never entertained 
theenmity toward the Literary Lyceum of America so bitterly 
expressed by many of our papers, and would only be too 
pleased to welcome its adherents back to the National. I have no 
hesitancy in saying that from the beginning I have been in sym- 
pathy with the principles of the movement, but objected to the 
manner of carrying tliem out. The action taken at" the Philadel- 
phia convention, when the Association refused to entertain the 
judiciary committee's report relating to the L. L. of A., forcibly 
demonstrates the fact that its members would be received in a 
spirit of kindliness. Clearly we cannot afford to lose the men 
who have done so much toward building up our literature, and 
who, for the most pa:t, are sincere in their work for reform. 

In the initial number of Our Free Lance, September, 1888, 
Mr. Emery printed the following, closing the days of the Literary 
Lyceum of America; 

To us belong the ashes of defeat; to you, former comrades in 
Amateur Journalism, the palm of victory. We make this con- 
fession in all candor ; we have in the past pursued a mistaken 
course; ytQ ioo^ avi ignus fatuus for a true light; w^e carried a 
reform to such an extreme that it ceased to be a reform. Now^ 
we can see all this, and that is why we are back in Amateur 
Journalism, to try, by earnest work, to atone for past mistakes. 



CH/irTCR 15. 

PHILADELPHIA'S SECOND CONVENTION. 

Campaigns Open the Year. — The Philadelphia Meeting. — 
Proxies Thrown Out. — Reports of Officers. — Moore's 
Review of the Year. — The National Amateur. 

THE opening of the year 1887 and the events of its first 
half are thus briefly outlined i.i the second Year-Book, by 
Frederick Lindsay Hunter: 

Ere January, 1887, it became evident that the campaign which 
was to culminate in the ensuing July would be most closely con- 
tested. It was quite evident ere the New Year that William S. 
Moore, of California, and Michael F. Boechat, of New York, would 
be rival candidates for the presidency. The former's friends 
agreed upon a campaign committee, of which Fred L. Hunter 
was constituted chairman, which labored zealously in the interests 
of its candidate. Mr. Boechat's prospects were in the hands of 
New York amateurs, who were loyally devoted to their leader. 

In May, 1887, the Buffalo Amateur^ a campaign sheet, 
appeared under the management of John J. Ottinger, which con- 
tained Mr. Boechat's letter of acceptance. Written in excellent 
taste, it was chiefly open to criticism in the writer's failure to 
touch upon some important points involved in the canvass. The 
letter declared for more popular laureate awards, condemned the 
literati movement, spoke of the value of our conventions, made a 
number of recommendations relative to our official organ and urged 
the necessity of activity. ^ 

Mr. Moore's letter of acceptance appeared in the June 
Ubiquitous. In it he denied that his canvass was being made 
upon sectional issues, congratulated the fraternity upon the high 
character of the campaign as being conducted by both sides, 
declared against "slates" and favored a greater interest on the 
part of the members in amateur politics. He declared that a 
good, conservative, business-like policy should be our aim, 
favored a reduction in membership fees, urged the preservation 
intact of the proxy system, and finished by urging the importance 
of recruiting in our work. 

As with all letters of acceptance, these epistles had little or no 
effect upon the canvass, they standing in about the same relation 
to a canvass as does the preface to a book. 

Mr. Frank C. Liudsley, of Cincinnati, in bis paper, The Pah 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 187 

ladium, gave a graphic account of the 1887 convention. From 
it we quote : 

Tuesday, July 12, about 3 p. m., the convention was called to 
order by President Munro, and C. R. Burger was appointed secre- 
tary pro tem. Members present were Messrs. Munro, Boechat, 
Kempner, Stinson, Kugler, McClain, Burger, Will J. Heineman, 
Dr. and Mrs. Swift and F. C. Lindsley ; and candidates for mem- 
bership on hand were Messrs. Chrystie, W. P. Hopkins, LaRue, 
Wolffe, Goeway, Conolly, Sheridan, Hochstadter, Hughes, Cope, 
Lewis, F. E. Schermerhorn, Potter, Chiles, Perot, Edmunds, 
Bell, Burke and Hanly, upon all. of whom the committee reported 
favorably. Russell was reinstated by special act, no one object- 
ing. E. G. Wyckoff arrived next day. 

Messrs. Kempner, Burger, Stinson, Cope, Swift and the treas- 
urer, ex-officio, were appointed to examine the proxies, and the 
convention adjourned till evening^. 

Many of the amateurs then visited points of interest in the 
city. Upon the return to the Continental it was learned that a 
large number of proxies had been opened before reaching the 
committee, and this fact raised keen apprehension in the ranks of 
the Moore men. 

The president rapped for^ order at 9 : 30. Kempner, of the 
committee on proxies, reported sixty-four proxy ballots cast, the 
duplicates of forty-eight of which had been opened by First 
Vice-President Bull by mistake. The originals were sealed and 
tallied with the duplicates. Of the sixteen not previously opened, 
thirteen were for Moore and three for Boechat. The convention 
was then resolved into committee of the Whole on the proxies, 
and Kempner called to the chair. Russell moved that all the 
proxies be thrown out. After some discussion the motion was 
withdrawn. Wolffe now made a point of order that the proxies 
were illegal and therefore could not be considered by the com- 
mittee. The chair ruled the ballots illegal. An appeal was at 
once taken by the Moore men, but it failed for lack of a two- 
thirds vote. If our memory is not at fault, the question was then 
put to rise and report the proxies illegal and thrown out, which 
was declared carried by one majority, including the vote of the 
chair in the affirmative. All this was done rapidly and the excite- 
ment was intense. Kempner quickly relinquished the chair, 
and Wolffe abruptly moved an adjournment to midnight, which 
was put and declared carried amid great confusion. The local 
Moore adherents left in anger declaring they would denounce the 
proceedings as illegal, and that they would participate no further 
in the affairs of the convention. 

At the midnight session there were present Messrs. Boechat, 



188 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Munro, Stinson, Kugler, McClain, Heiiieraan, Kempner, Burger, 
Wolffe, Russell, LaRue, Chrystie, Hopkins, Conolly, Goeway, 
Sheridan, Swift and Lindsley. 

Everyone must have felt that injustice had been done. The 
trick to get rid of the Philadelphia boys was too i^alpable. Mr. 
Stinson saw this when he moved to adjourn till next day. Mr. 
Boechat felt it deeply when, in a determined voice, he declined 
the nomination for president, and, on a question whether he 
would accept if the meeting should adjourn till the morning, re- 
plied in a tone closel}^ bordering on the angry, that under 710 
consideration would he accept the oiBce at the hands of ttiis 
convention. This exhibition of honor and manly dignity was 
heartily applauded ; and when Russell bluntly expressed his dis 
taste of a leader who spurned the victory w^on at such a cost, the 
ringing retort from Boechat, that he thanked heaven there were 
different tastes, thrilled everyone present into silent respect, and 
many into contrition over their share in the disgrace. 

Few had the assurance to endeavor to proceed with business. 
Enthusiasm was dead. Russell moved to go on with the election 
of president and official editor. The response was feeble. In 
turn Swift, Munro and McClain declined a nomination. Stinson 
was named. He rose to decline, expressing misgivings as to his 
fitness, but his hesitating manner proclaimed to the "leaders" 
their la^t chance, and he was howled down and elected b}^ accla- 
mation. Woollen was elected unanimousl3\ Adjournment fol- 
lowed and was heartiij^ welcomed. 

Wednesday the convention was slow to assemble. Manj^ were 
glad so good a man as Mr. Stinson had been made president, but 
nearlv all regretted that the act had not been left to the calmer 
judgment of the morning. The proceedings thenceforward were 
more harmonious, and marked by some observance of parlia- 
mentary law and the rights of members. Several Philadelphia 
boys put in an appearance rather tardily, and some of them at 
first declined to take an}^ part in the balloting. 

Arrangements for the banquet were abandoned. The conven- 
tion was a disappointment to most of the visiting amateurs, and 
the^^ were anxious to start for home. 

Mr. Lindsley's article fails to make mention of the election of 
minor officers, and from the Violet, Mrs. Zelda A. Swift's paper, 
the following is taken : 

On reassembling Boechat was elected first vice-president by 
acclamation. After several nominations and withdrawals Miss 
Phillips was elected second vice. The election of third vice post- 
poned, and Burger elected recording secretary. For treasurer, 
Lindslev received twelve votes, and was elected after four ballots 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE6S ASSOCIATION. 189 

being taken. For third vice McClinton and Ephriara were nomi- 
nated. Ephriam was elected. Kngler received twelve votes and 
was elected corresponding secretary. Munro, Kerapner and 
Figel, judiciary committee. Chicago next meet! nor place. An 
elegant medal was here presented to the editress of the Violet. 
Adjourned. 

The official minutes give additional infornintion :. 

The following new members were ndmilted : Messrs. M. C. 
Allen, W. H. Bell, —lUirke, N. N. Block, T. L. Chrystie, W. 
C. Chiles, P. F. Cope, L. D. Downer, B. A. Connolly, E. A. 
Goeway, C. H. Hall, W. P. Hopkins, H. I). Hughes, H. C. 
Hochstadter, B. M. LaRue, A. G. Kreidler, \V. C. Lewis, A. C. 
Mellville, Leon A. Mitchell, S. A. Nelson, J. J. Ottinger, C. U. 
Potter, F. E. Schermerhorn, R. B. Sheridan, A. P. Windolph, 
H. Wolffe, C. VV. Edmunds, George Moore, H. F. Thompson 
ami F. D. Cole; Miss Maud Potter. 

The following treasurer's report was submitted to the con- 
re ntion : 

receipts: 

C. IST. Andrews. 12 badges and $ 33 25 

Philip L Figel 34 70 

William S. Moore 25 00 

Initiation fees and dues J 27 00 

Badges sold 21 50 

Total $ 241 45 

disbursements: 

National Amateur $ 57 00 

Proxies, invitations, etc 1175 



Receipt book ^o 

Postage for official organ 3 00 

Munro's bill for 1886 7 65 

Amount returned for back dues (E. B. Hill $2, E. E. 
Stowell $2, Michael F. Boechat$l. C. R. Burger $1, 

— Pierrot $1, E. T. Capen $1, W. J. Heireman $2.) . 10 00 

Total $ 91 90 

Balance in treasury 1-^9 55 

:N'umber of names crossed from roll for non-payment of dues or in- 
activity, 98. Respectfully submitted, Zelda A. Swift . 

The progress of Amateur Journalism during the year is thus 
treated by Mr. Will S. Moore in the Year-Book: 

To quote the famous words of John Winslow Snyder, the first 
president of the National Amateur Press Association, "the cause 
of' Amateur Jonrnalism is a spark which perpetually renews 
itself." Political dissensions maj^ arise and personal differences 
exist, petty jealousies may tug at the heart strings of the average 



190 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

amateur journaiist, but withal the glorious cause of true Amateur 
Journalism is destined to flourish. The identity of the cause is 
necessarily embraced in its publications, and it is by the standard 
of our papers that the progression or retrocession of the cause 
must be established. 

Assuredly tlie amateur press association is in a measure the 
very life of the amateur cause, but it is not to the association 
that the writer would refer if asked to give a true exemplification 
of Amateur Journalism. Only too often are our associations 
made unfit representatives of Amateur Journalism by petty 
quarrels, which, sad to say, in many instances characterize their 
existence. First, it is the amateur papers that should gauge the 
standard of excellence in our work, and secondly, the book- 
publishing interests must be considered. Many books issued 
under the management of tyros in the rough sea of journalistic 
experience — amateurs we mean — would reflect credit upon more 
experienced men. Notably as amongst these might be mentioned 
Mr. Figel's "Land by the Sunset Sea and Other Poems,'* Mr. 
Stone's "Poems and Sketches," Mr. O'Connell's "Stanzas and 
Sketches," Mr. Harrison's "Career and Reminiscences of an 
Amateur Journalist," and more latterly in appearance, but by 
no means less in importance, Mr. Boechat's "N. A. P. A. Year 
Book for 1886-7." All of the above named books are elegantly 
gotten up mechanically, and ably compiled. 

But, coming back to the subject proper of this article — our 
progression — we may justly claim that the progression of the 
amateur cause has been steady during the past year. Our authors 
and editors are attaining a degree of proficiency and polish as 
surprising as it is true, the like of which has never before been 
witnessed. The amateur author of today is in many instances a 
devoted student of literature. Amateurs are beginning to appre- 
ciate the fact that our cause is one wherein literary distinction 
may be obtained and true genius recognized. It was not so very 
long ago that the writers who figured conspicuously in our belles 
letters were actuated solely from mercenary motives. They wrote 
by measurements, and each subdivision of literary measurement 
commanded its fixed price, and in many cases a good round price 
it was, too. But now how changed. The author of today seldom 
becomes so prolific that his effusions may be had as commonly 
as in days of old. Indeed, the average author of these times 
thinks much more and writes much less than did his less con- 
scientious brother of a few years since. As a natural consequence 
we have a much more enlightened tone to our literature. In 
originality of thought, logic, style and versatility, how favorably 
do Edkins, Stephens, Arnett and Lukens compare with the essay- 
ists of eight years ago. Among our sketch-writers look to Shelp, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 1^1 

Bull, Dowe, Cleveland, Emery, Bergen and Lynch. Contrast 
them with the sketch- writers of that much discussed previous 
time yclept "ye halcyon days," and you cannot but notice the 
superiority of our latter day talent. How much greater in ability 
are Day, Edkius, Emery, Heywood and Tubbs than any of our 
early day poets. Originality and poetic spirit, combined with 
literary skill and simplicity are observed in their productions in 
so great a degree as the "old timers" never even conceived in 
thought, much less committed to verse. Certainly the authorial 
field in our cause has rapidly progressed. 

Our papers, too, are, as a general rule, superior to those of 
previous times. The two classes — literary and all-editorial — are 
certainly good evidences of the benefits derived from participat- 
ing in our cause, viewing the matter from a literary standpoint. 
Let us note a few of our best literary papers. The Brilliant, 
that magnificent magazine, replete with the very choicest contrib- 
uted and editorial matter, larger and by far superior to any other 
magazine yet published by amateur journalists. The Falladium, 
Irving Magazine, Bijou, Nulli Secundus, Mistletoe, Violet and 
Norm are all worthy specimens of our work. Who can possibly 
read through these journals and fail to recognize the rapid strides 
of progress made in our work ? 

The all-editorial paper is comparatively a new growth in our 
institution, but it is from the sound and logical utterances of 
these editorial mouth pieces that the public opinion of our little 
world is moulded. The editor of the editorial sheet, provided 
he possesses the requisite vim, intelligence and personality, com- 
mands a potent influence over his contemporaries. The editorials 
prove the calibre of the man, much more plainly than a story or 
poem possibly could. There is a deal of difference in the writer 
expressing other people's thoughts through the mediem of a 
sketch, and expressing his own in the editorial "we." A fair- 
minded, consistent editorial writer is a blessing to the cause of 
Amateur Journalism, and there are many such among us today. 

In conclusion, we may say that the progress and growth of our 
cause has been rapid, and as the year 1887-1888 has proven, it is 
lasting. That Amateur Journalism is today enjoying its greatest 
prosperity is a fact that cannot be gainsayed. That it will con- 
tinue to advance and gain power is the fervent wish not only of 
the writer, but of all those who have enjoyed and observed its 
manifold advantages as a literary institution. 

Volume X of the National Amateur was published in bi- 
monthly numbers. The September issue was of ten pages, con- 
taining a page of "representative amateur verse;" an article on 
Amateur Journalism ; minutes of the Philadelphia convention ; 



192 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

reports of offiners ; bulletin of new papers; "news 'round the 
circle," from various localities; editorial paragraphs and the 
president's message. The December issue was eight pages, con- 
taining several reprinted poems, "some gossip about amateur 
papers," several critical articles, news 'round the circle, bulletif> 
and editorials. The January issue of eight pages, contained 
"some amateur sonnets," an entry for the essay laureateship^ 
by B. P. Emery ; a classification of poets, story and sketch 
^■riters, essayists, editors, critics and papers; news 'round the 
circle^ bulletin, president's message, editorial, etc. The March 
issue, eight pages, contained the usual amount of v.erse, the 
treasurer's report, bulletin, editorial, news 'round the circle, 
classification, etc. The May issue, eight pages, contained several 
poems; a critical article on H. D. Hughes by S. S. Stiuson, edi- 
torials, bulletin, news 'round the circle, personals, aad the first 
part of an article on "some old amateur papers." The July issue^ 
four pages, contained the conclusion of the article on old amateur 
papers and editorial notes. 



CHAPTER 16. 

A YEAR OF GOOD WORK. 
I^AUREATE Recorder Barker's Report. — Review of the Year's 
Work. — The Chicago Convention. — Barker Elected, 
Over Woollen.— Moore's Name Put on the Presidential 
Roster. — The National Asatilcr. 

LAUREATE Recorder Albert E, Barker reviewed the year's 
woik from convention to convention as follows: 
At Philadelphia in 1887, after an exciting campaign, 
in which Mr. Will S. Moore's election to the presidency of the 
National Association seemed a foregone conclusion, circumstances 
arose which resulted in Mr. Moore's defeat and the election of 
Mr. S. S. Stinson, of Philadelphia. 

Upon the accession of Mr. Stinson, Amateur Journalism was in 
a seriously divided state of mind. Mr. Moore's friends were 
positive in their convictions that their favorite had been illegally 
deprived of his rights, while upon the other hand a majority of the 
delegates present at the convention were equally as positive in 
theircouvictions that no other action could have been taken, and 
that Stinson' s title was bej/ond question. 

New England amateurs pursued the even tenor of their way, 
and no revival was apparent in that section/ Some slight com- 
motion was caused by the efforts of the Eastern Association to 
secure a foothold in Ne TV England, but the New England Asso- 
ciation, which met in Hartford in January, effectually disposed 
of that question, for the lime being, by a vigorous resolution 
denouncing all New England men -who should in any manner give 
countenance or support to the efforts of the Eastern Association. 
Fred D. Cole's Smiles and Satire increased the reputation it had 
fast been winning as a bright and sparkling all-editorial sheet. 
The Yade Mecum was strengthened by the addition of Truman 
J. Spencer, who, becoming enthused, re-enlisted under the ban- 
ner he had served so faithfully and well in days gone by. The 
Bay State Amateur assumed the lead of Massachusetts papers, 
under the management of W. E. Baldwin, an enthusiastic and 
talented young man of Pittsfield, while the old Nutmeg State 
developed a promising recruit in the person of Newton C. Smith, 
of Waterbuiy. 

After the usual period of inactivity so prone to follow the 
meetings of our prominent associations, New York shook off its 
lethargy and aroused the energies of Brodie, Heislein, Connolly, 



394 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Block, and other well known leaders in behalf of their former 
love. Messrs. Cramer and Wolffe issued perhaps the finest mag- 
azine of the season, under the title of the Irving Magazine. Mr. 
Boechat's paper appeared regularly for several months succeed- 
ing the convention, an admirable departure and example set to 
defeated candidates. Mr. Ottinger's Nulli Secundus made a 
struggle to prove true to its name. Mr. Kempner issued a num- 
ber of his Union Lance and Joseph Dana Miller apparently at 
last and in earnest retired from his active authorial duties. The 
Amateur Mews, under the management of Messrs. Chrystie and 
Dodd, soon placed itself in the first rank of literary journals. 
New York was the head center of all activity in book publishing 
this year. Mr. Boechat had the honolr of puDlishing the first 
N. A. P. A. year book our Association had ever seen. Although 
a private enterprises, it was, nevertheless, so entirely and exclu- 
sively devoted to matters of interest and moment to our National 
Association, that its name, though never officially authorized, was 
but natural and proper. It proved so valuable as a book of 
reference that its continuancec from year to year seemed a matter 
of necessit}^ and thanks to Mr. Ottinger, the year book for 
1887-8 was placed in the hands of subscribers on the first of June, 
fully illustrated, and a volume indi^pensible to the amateur 
student. "Coral Gems," '^Rosebuds," "Flutterings of Rhyme," 
"Morning Glories," and two or three other volumes of more or 
less value were also given to the public by our New York friends. 

New Jersey was enlivened by the return of John Moody and 
Herbert Reid, while several promising recruits were enlisted 
through the efforts of Mr. Burger. 

As usual in a convention city, the amateurs of Philadelphia, 
with but few exceptions, took their customary sleep. The Ideal, 
under Messrs. Schermerhorn and Hochstadter ; the Bising Age, 
with W. C. Chiles as editor, and the Arena of our worthy presi- 
dent, were notable exceptions. The latter journal is remarkable 
for the large number of laureate entries it succeeded in presenting 
to the literary lovers of our Association. 

Osborne I. Yellott, of Towson, Md., by original, though crude, 
illustrations, and earnest work, made for himself a reputation and 
name which few secure in so short a time. 

The Southern States did not display great activity. Except 
Texas, which sent out two or three journals, Kentucky was the 
only state in this section to distinguish itself, which it did through 
the earnest efforts of Anthony G. Kreidler, of Dayton, whose 
Xi^era Jfa^a2;me ranked among the finest of its class in Ama- 
teurdom. 

Cincinnati sent out but one or two journals of prominence, the 
€hief of which was Mr. Lindsley's Falladiuni. The holiday num- 



HISTORY OF THK NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



195 



ber of this journal was especially admiral)le. Mrs. Swift discon- 
tinued lier editorial labors, while her husband undertook a con- 
tinuance of the same. One number of the Fio?e< appeared under 
his control, when it finally suspended. Tiffin and Cleveland were 
the only other cities to show activity in Ohio. 

Indiana's principal worker, Harry F. 'I hompson, editor of 
Bizarre, was compelled to go south for iiis health earlj' in the 
winter, which caused a decided lull in amateur affairs of that 
State. 

Illinois held her own. President Carter, in connection with 
the writer, resurrected the old Exchange- Journal, and with the 
March number they secured the services of Mr. R. B. Teachenor, 
one of its original editors. H. R. Cody in the Bay had one of 
the leading papers of the West, while the Covwientator , although 
deprived of Mr. Mellinger's services, held the high position it 
had formerly obtained, both editorially and in the excellence of 
its contributions. The Chicago Junior Press Club was reorgan- 
ized in January, and its menbership was increased to between 
thirty-five and forty by the first of July. Mendota. Ottnua aid 
several other cities continued their labors for the can-e. 

Wisconsin was gladdened early it the fall by the return toacli\iry 
of Messrs. Mueller and Phillips, whose Truth at once assumed a 
prominent position as an all-editorial journal. It wa* further 
eiriched later on by the return of Ex- President H^^nHi from 
Florida, and his immediate activity. . Ex-President Grant and 
wife removed from their Dakota home to Milwaukee early in the 
year. W. S. Dunlop returned to activity with a masazTne, and 
Fish and Barnett materially improved the Youth. Upm the 
whole, Wisconsin showed the most signs of a healthy orowth of 
any State in the Union. 

West of the Mississippi slight activity was witnessed. Iowa's 
amateur centers were Davenport, Marion and Fort Madison. 
Messrs. Kellogg Brothers, of Davenport, sent out a novelty in the 
shape of a magazine called the Mikado. Hal C. Bixby's Bazoo 
appeared as usual, while the Helios Magazine,, under the editor- 
ship of Stempel Brothers, assumed considerable prominence as a 
literary journal. E. E. Bryant's Pen and Press appeared 
regularly from St. Cloud, while the Brilliant maintained its 
former high reputation for true merit. Nebraska's sole represen- 
tative was Etchings, which, under the management of F. D. 
Woollen stood very near the head of onr literary magazines. 
From Colorado appeared Ifixed PicMes. by Bert Cui»ningham, 
and PricUy Pear, by W. C. Davis. California's activity steadily 
degenerated. Mr. Moore's Pacific Courant ai)peared regularly 
with Messrs. Hunter, James and Hollub as associates. Mr. 
Ephriam's New Moon appeared once, and with the exception of 



196 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

tlie Coster froti) Sauta Barbara, and one or two minor sheets, 
these were the only journals which served to keep alive the 
interest of that S*^^ate, until late in the spring, when Mr. Magill 
rei»!sued his Bumble Bee, 

Upon the whole Aniatenrdoin finds little encouragement in the 
Yfar just drawn to a close. The general quality of our papeis 
has baen l>uL little above mediocrity, editorially as well as in a 
literary sense. 

The campaign lor the presidency opened with the new year, 
the candidates being Frank D. Woollen and Albert PI Barker. 
The main political interest centered in the presidential contest, 
and the canvass was vigorously made on both sides. 

In Stars and Stripes for September, 1888, Mr. John T. Nixon 
gave an account of the 1888 convention, at Chicago, from which 
the following is taken ; 

The following notice was tacked up in the Tremont hotel office: 

The thirteenth annual convention of the Xutional Amateur Press 
A,«sociatlon will be Ciiilod to order at 10.30. a. in.. July 5, 1888. 

Sam S. Stinson, The One President. 

The caucuses were held that evening,. Stinson alone attending 
neither. 

The next tnorning at 10 :45 President Stinson rapped the coii- 
vpii ion to order. 

;;>o-!it out tlie fact ihat there were t wcnty-rliree 
1 oent. Recording Secu'etary Isuroer read the minutes 

ot the Phi huieiphia convention from the National Amaieur. The 
Tote stood fourteen for and six against adopting (hem, the chair- 
man and two otlier members not voting. 

At 12:16 the second session was called to order, Stinson it the 
chair. Minor committee work transacted. The convention we it 
into commiitee of the whole on the new constitution, Mellinger in 
the clitiir. Action deferred until old and new constitutions could 
be oriiite^l side by side for comparison. Proxy committee 
aj^poinied and convention adjourned until 7 p. m. 

At 7:oO tlie third session vvas called to order. Report of the 
crelp i''''-.! t'o-.nirlttce rea.l. Objections made to several appli- 
canes, but overruled on a vote. 

Committee on proxies reported tliroutrh Hochstadter, chairmar. 
Sixty-two proxies were accepted; one thrown out. Over this one 
proxy ballot there arose the bitterest fight of the convention 
The illegality of the ballot lay in the fact that it was not signed. 
It was on an official blatik, |)roperly enclosed and sealed in an 
official envelope, which was marked with name of sender. Bur- 
ger moved that it be thrown out. An aye aiid nay vote was 



HISTORY OF THK NATIONAL AMATEUK PRESS ASSOCIATION. 197 

oalled for and Secretary Burger announced the vote as thirteen 
nays and twenty-nine ayes.* From the smaller side of the house 
there immediately came objections to the count. Many of us had 
tallied the vote as called, and counted sixteen nays. The chair 
requested those who had voted "nay" to range themselves in line 
along the wall to be counted. The line contained Woollen, 
Lindsley, Dunlop, Day, Antisdel, Davenport, McCabe, Heath, 
Nixon, Bigelow, Hochstadter, Houghton, Bull, Davis and two 
Heyn brothers— sixteen in all. Secretary Burger glanced down 
the line, and, bending again to the desk, announced "thirteen." 
The miscounted sixteen were all mad, and numerous uncompli- 
mentary remarks were cast at the secretary. Again the line 
formed and again they were counted— this lime by Sliuson. 
"Thirteen" was his an noun cement also. 

The situation was a trying one, and a fouilh count, calling 
each voter by name, con-ectly recorded us as sixteen. In justice 
to Mr. Stiason, who, I am sure, was trying to be fair to all parties, 
I will state that three of the side were standing back of ihe table, 
and in his excitement he failed to notice them. The other side 
was correctly counted and Heath moved a vote of censure on Mr. 
Burger "or an aliemp;: to f al dry the records. It was lo.:; by a 
strict party vole. Barger moved Laat the vote as iiislauaounced 
— thirteen to tweuty-nme — be accepted as the true voie, and so 
entered on the minutes. This was carried by another party vote. 

♦Recording secretary reported the motion carried, it having received 
the necessary two-thirds vote, 29 to 13. Mr. Hochstadter demanded 
a division. On standing vote President Stinson declared the result to 
be 28 to 13. Mr. Heath protested that the negative vote was not 
correct, and asked permission to have the members form in line. 
Unanimously granted. On this count Messrs. Hochstadter and Heyn, 
who were recorded in the affirmative, changed to the negative, ana 
Messrs. Bigelow and McCabe. having finished their conv^^rsation in 
one of the windows,voting in the negative, made the result 17.— Official 
minutes of Chicago convention. National Amateur, September, 1888, 

A motion w^as made and carried that the minutes [of the Chicago 
convention] be adopted as read, and that Mr. Hochstadter go on record 
having objected to the statement of his vote.— Official minutes of 
Buffalo convention, National Amateur, September, 1889. 

We see by the minutes of the National convention at Chicago, as 
published in the National Amateur, that McCabe and Bigelow are said 
to have voted in the negative on the Mcintosh proxy question, on the 
last ballot, ^'having finished th^^ir conversation in one of the windows." 
This is a mistake. We voted nay in the first place, voted the same 
when the division was called for, and, wten the permission to form in 
line was given, we stood directly in front of one of the windows, 
against which we naturally rested our wearied frames. We were 
conversing in a low tone at times, as were others, but as w^e were in 
the direct line with others on either side, and with none but those 
voting standing on the floor, we felt a natural certainty of being 
counted.— Lewis C. Bigelow in Dowagiac News, October, 1888. 



198 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

The uusealed ballots of Di. and Mrs. Swift were accepted. The 
committee's report as a whole was then accepted, and President 
Stinson announced that nominations for his successor were in 
order. Hope R. Cody nominated Barker. The nomination was 
seconded by Messrs. Hotz and Ryan, of Chicago. George E. 
Da}^ nominated Woollen, the nomination being seconded by Heath. 
Tellers were appointed. Amid comparative silence the ballots 
were dropped in the hat, and after the count the result was 
announced as follows : Barker, fifty-live; Woollen, forty-eight; 
Barker elected. 

Immediately there arose a great din. "What's the matter with 
Barker?" "He's all right!" were echoed and re-echoed, and 
three cheers were given the elected and defeated candidates. 
Barker took the chair and made a speech, beginning, "This is the 
proudest moment of my fife." A vote of thanks was tendered 
Stinson, and to loud cries of "speech" he resjK)nded in a short 
talk. He accusred the prt'sident of ph gairizing his opening 
sentence, as he distinctly remembered hearing Russell at the 
Philadelphia convention exclaim, "This is the proudest moment 
of my life." A. G. J)avis wis nominated for first vice-president, 
and the convention adjourned until morning. 

Next morning a convention photo, with forty faces, was taken. 
At the fourth session, election of first vice-president was in order. 
There was no election on the first ballot and a second was taken, 
resulting: Spencer, thirty-one; MacK', lone ; A. G. Davis, five. 
Spencer declared elected. Barker ruled out the proxies after the 
first ballot, without tlie formality of voting on it. For second 
vice-president the first ballot stood : Mrs. Ottinger, twenty-five ; 
Miss Philips, nineteen ; Cody, two ; Cramer, five ; Mack, fif- 
teen ; scattering, thirty-five. Second l)allot, Mrs. Ottinger, 
twenty-two; Miss Phillips, eighteen; Mrs. Ottinger elected. For 
third vice-president Lewis C. Bigelow was nominated : proxies 
thrown out and Bigelow elected unanimously. For recording 
secretary Block and Burger were nominated. The ballot stood: 
Burger, seventeen; Chrystie, thirteen; Block, thirty-three; 
Scattering, thirty- three. No choice. Before another ballot was 
taken, Burger in a long speech, withdrew his name. A letter was 
read from Christie, also declining, and Block was elected unani- 
mously. For corresponding secretary, George W. Dodd was 
elected on the first ballot, recei\ing forty-five of the eighty-nine 
votes cast. For treasurer, 'J omlinson and Hopkins were nomin- 
ated. Tomlinson elected on first ballot, receiving fifty-one votes. 
For ofUcial editor, Messrs. Mellinger, Brodie, Cole, Spencer and 
and Mrs. Bertha Grant were nominated. The chair ruled that 
any member could be elected to all the officers within the gift of 
the Association. 'J'his made Spencer eligii)Ie. The vote of the 



HISTOHV OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 199 

convention lay between Spencer and Mrs. Grant. First ballot: 
Spencer, forty-six ; Brodie, fifteen ; Mrs. Grant, fourteen ; Cole, 
nine ; Mellinger, two. No choice. Second ballot : Spencer, nine- 
teen ; Mrs. Grant, fifteen ; Brodie one. Spencer declared elected. 

Adjourned until 7 :30 p. m. After dinner came the ball game 
at Lincoln park. Legler and Stinson headed the sides. At the 
end of the second inning darkness began to close in and the game 
was called. The score stood: Leglers, six; Stinsons, eight. 
H. E. Heyn umpired the first half of the game under an umbrella, 
but ingloriously retired when hit by the ball. 

At 8 p. m. the fifth (and last) session assembled. On second 
ballot Buffalo was selected for next meeting place by a majority 
of four votes. For executive judges, Woollen, Day and Boechat 
were selected after quite a tussel. Mellinger presented Brodie' s 
"scheme" for the benefit of fossils, and it was adopted. Legler, 
after a short introductory speech, read the following set of resolu- 
tions, and moved they be adopted by the convention : 

The jS'ational Amateur Press Association in convention assembled 
in Chicago, July 6, 1888, recognizes the honest, indefatigable and 
effective work done by S. S. Stinson while acting president of the 
Association during the past twelve months. It commends him for his 
wise, careful and prudent admmistration, which it fully endorses, and 
it honors him for the manly, unselfish manner in which he took hold 
of the administrative duties of the presidential office under the most 
trying circumstances, and absolves him from any blame whatever in the 
unfortunate chain of circumstances that led to the defeat of the popular 
will at Philadelphia last July. 

Believing that justice to Will S. Moore, justice to S. S. 
Stinson, and, above all justice to the N. A. P. A. demands 
that the will of the majority should not be stifled, especially under 
pretexts controverting the principles and direct stipulations of the 
constitution, this convention hereby declares that Will S. Moore, 
according to all law and evidence, received a majority of the legal 
votes cast in Philadelphia for the presidential office, and shall here- 
after figure on the roll of presidents of this Association. 

The chair ruled the motion to adopt out of order while the 
minutes of the Philadelphia convention remained as adopted at a 
previous session. In explanation, Mr. Legler stated that he had 
no desire to erase Mr. Stinson's name from the list of presidents. 
No action of the Chicago convention could change the decisions 
of the officers who presided at Philadelphia, and any attempt to 
change the minutes of that gathering would be wrong, and would 
tend to falsify the records. The minutes, he argued, were merely 
a record of the transactions of the convention, and as such the 
minutes of the Philadelphia meeting should -not be altered. The 
positi®n of the chair was ably defended by Mr. Burger and 
others, and the discussion waxed warm. An appeal was made 
from the chair's (decision, which was carried by a vote of 13 ayes to 
5 nays.. The decision being thus reversed, the motion was put 



200 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



and carried, live members voting nay, tlie rest voting aye or 
remaining silent. 

There was considerable confusion. Tiie room was stifling 
hot, and man}- of the amateurs were tired out. The convention 
had done nothing but elect officers, and had been in session two 
whole days. Carter had made several attempts to adjourn until 
the morrow, but had been voted downeveiy time. A motion was 
made to adjourn, and the chair warned the members that if it 
carried he could not call the meeting until next July, and then in 
Buffalo. To the surprise of many it carried, and the convention 
adjourned sine die. 

Immediately there arose a great hubbub. The visiting ama- 
teurs were tired of staying there, but some of Chicago's famous 
debaters were not satisfied with their manipulation of the politics 
of the National Amateur Press Association. Individuals whose 
sole claim as amateur journalists lay in the fact that they had 
"t'ead origioal essays at late meetings of the Chicago Junior Press 
Club, paced the halls, loudly reviling those who had come many 
miles to be present and participate in the exercises. Fraud was 
claimed and talk of a special meeting indulged in, but finally the 
neated ones cooled off. 

As a number of the boys were to leave in the mor>;iug, i-.Vi oi us 
sat up late, indulging in chat with ams. whom we might never 
meet again. 

The official minutes give additional details : 

President Stinson appointed protem officers: W. E. Melliuger, 
first vice-president; N. N. Block, second vice-president; H. C. 
Hochstader. third vice-president; H. M. Carter and P. A. Burke, 
associate members of credential committee with G. E. Day as 
chairman. 

Following members present: W. R. Antisdel, P. A. Burke, 
C. R. Burger, J. C. Bull, H. M. Carter, G. E. Day, H. A. 
Heyn, H. C. Hochstadter, F. C. Lindsley, W. E. Mellinger, J. J. 
Ottinger, A. R. Parrish, J. D. Russell, S. S. Stinson, F. D. 
Woollen. 

N. N. Block's name added to list. 

Following amateurs elected to membership: Mrs. A. E. 
Barker, L. C. Bigelow, E. H. Barnard, R. B. Cramer, H. R. 
Cody, M. A. Cohen, B. E. Cunningham, F. B. Davenport, A. 
G. Davis, George W. Dodd, N. H. Ferguson. W. J. Hunter, F. 
Hanchett, E. C. Hall, J. S. Hall, D. P. Hurlburt, H. Strom, F. 
R. Luescher, E. J. Mock, R. G. Mackav, W. F. Moody, S. O. 
Mumford, R. D. McAllister, J. J. Mack, W. Muirhead, J. T. 
Nixon, Mrs. John J. Ottinger, J. P. Paret, W. E. Price, E. G. 
Palmer, O. Praeger, R. M.Rawlins, I. J. Romer, M. H. Shelp, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. ^01 

N. C. Smith, J. D. Steffian, A. C. Stempel, P. W. Sweet, J. L. 
Tomlinson, M. VV. Van Winkle, H. W. Warner, O. I. Yellott, 
W. C. Collins, W. C. Pinckoey, E. P. Knowles, W. B. Burger, 
J. T. Walton, Louis Drake, J. D. Carr, C. F. Goodrich, E. P. 
Cook, Oscar Reum, B. H. J. Gonden, A. G. Holland, E. Heyn, 
J. Heyn, L. O. VanRiper, E. O. Vanderslice, C. S. Zimmerman, 
— Ryan, C. H. Frost, Richard Ferris, E. A.Hotz, Frederick Kemp. 

Mr. Mellinger offered the following amendment to the consti- 
tution, which was adopted: 

Article X, Section 5, It shall be the duty of the corresponding 
secretaiy to receive copies of current amateur publications for distri- 
bution among such of the inactive members of the Association as may. 
on payment of twenty-five cents yearly dues, request the same. 

The reports of the laureate judges showed that J. D. Miller 
had won the essay title with his entry, "Laud Nationalization'' ; 
J. J. Mack the sketch laureateship with "Hezekiah, or the Pink 
Lady," and B. P. Emery the poet laureateship with "Pan, Pan 
is Dead." 

President Barker, just after the convention, announced the 
following committees : 

Revision of constitution — l^ouis Kempner, chairman ; M. F. 
Boechat, H. R. Cody. 

Credentials— C. R. Burger, chairman ; F. D. Cole, H. H. Eish. 

Editorial award— 7F. A. Grant, chairman ; Miss Helen G. 
Phillips, M. J. Harty. 

He also announced the appointment, by both president and 
judiciary committee, of Warner J. Brodie as first vice-president, in 
place of Mr. Spencer, who had resigned because he was nlso 
elected official editor. 

Volume XI of the National Awiateur was the prettiest and best 
edited volume yet sent out. It consisted of four issues, two of 
eight and two of four pages each. The September issue contained 
the official minutes, the new constitution offered by the revision 
committee, president's message and editorial matter. The 
December issue contained the reports of laureate recorder, news 
of the associations and editorial matter. The March issue con- 
tained president's message, notices on the death of Messrs, Reeve, 
Stowell, and Steele and Mrs. Gracia S. Woffenden, an editorial 
review of proposed changes in the constitution, and editorial 
notes. The concluding issue of the volume contained the usual 
official matter, an explanatory article oil Amateur Journalism and 



202 HI8T0BY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PBESS ASSOCIATION. 

several pages of editorial. Mr. Spencer made the Amateur an 
official organ in fact, and quite a contrast to that of Mr. Woollen. 

In his message in the March, 1889, Amateur, President Barker 
named July 4, 5 and 6 as the date of the 1890 convention, and 
Messrs. M. F. Boechat, chairman; J. J. Ottinger, N. N. Block, 
T. H. Parsons and M. A. Cohen as reception committee. 

Mr. W. O. Wylie was appointed a member of the committee on 
editorial award, vice Miss Helen G. Phillips, resigned. 

Mr. H. M. Carter was appoiMted laureate recorder. 

In the June National Amateur President Barker announced 
the selection of C. N. Andrews as corresponding secretary, vice 
G. W. Dodd, resigned. 



CMflFTER 17. 

BUFFALO'S SECOND CONVENTION. 

The Conservative Party Organized. — The Buffalo Conven- 
tion.^Election of Officers. ^The New Constitl'tion.— 
Alumni Organizations. 

ARLY in the year 1889 a circular letter was sent out to a 
select number of amateurs, containing announcement of 
the organization of a new party. This circular read as 
follows : 

THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY OF AMATEURDOM. 

announcement. 
This is to give notice that a number of amateur journalists, 
from strictest motives of uprightness and a desire to benefit 
amateur politics, have organized a political party to be known by 
the above caption. 

This party is, in part, the crystallization of the opposition to 
radical movements of this and other years, and as it is founded 
by conscientious amateurs, it is expected to reflect the virtue of 
well-meaning amateurs and, in the correction of political abuses, to 
be of immeasurable good to the cause. Its reasons for existence 
are manifold : 

1. Because there are print'i[)les that need its championship 
and demand its existence ; in its work of concentrating these 
principles and in firmly establishing them, it will become a mighty 
medium for good results. 

2. Because Amateuidora's highest ofl^ces should be placed in 
most competent hands and the N. A. P. A. ruled by its greatest 
minds. Its solicitous workers of long service who bear its bur- 
dens on unflinching and devoted shoulders should stand foremost 
in its councils. To place the "laurels" where most deserved shall 
be the Conservative party's constant endeavor. The Conservative 
party believes that the N. A. P. A. offices should be so guarded 
that the only means of official distinction would be through an 
honorable and devoted career in the cause. 

3. Because laxity has been rampant too long in the adminis- 
tration of our oflSces, a condition the party aims to supplant with 
business-like and sj'stematic methods ; and lastly- — 

4. Because it realizes the evils of promiscuous nominations and 
its co-evil, that of personal ambitious office-seeking, often seating 
the inefficient and the unwortbv. 



204 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

PLATFORM. 

I. The Consrvative party is in hearty sympathy with the line 
Amateurdom has hewn for itself, providing a popular educating 
process, accessable alike to the humblest youth and the more 
fortune-favored. It believes in the intermixture of practical 
literary work with the opportunities afforded for general informa- 
tion on diverse subjects useful to young people, and affording 
them such a knowledge of government and parliamentary matters 
as to store them with that which will stand them in good stead in 
after 3'ears. 

II. The Conservative party is in direct sympathy with the 
endeavor to place Amateurdom before the public in its true nature 
as an educational factor in the development of the rising genera- 
tion. It is opposed to indiscriminate recruiting, but favors the 
judicious advertising of the work, that those of literary bent may 
identify themselves with it. 

III. The party believes in the encouragement of the better 
class of our authorial talent, while not despising the tyro in the 
paths of composition. It hopes for the advancement of our 
literary standard, champions the national laureate system, and 
advocates the encouragement of literary discussion, in the English 
language, in our journals. The party recognizes the editor as 
equally important with the author, poet or essayist. 

IV. The Conservative party is opposed to all hasty, radical 
and ill-considered legislation, and is unalterably opposed to early 
campaigning, which tends to subordinate literary applications. 
The party earnestly champions the present proxy-voting system, 
and believes in the spirit as well as in the letter of the present 
laws governing the N. A. P. A., and believes in strict adherence 
to them. It believes only in the election to office of such mem- 
bers as are tried and competent workers in the cause, who are 
actively connected with some journal in the capicity of editor or 
associate editor during their entire term, a pledge to that effect 
being required of them upon the acceptance of a nomination for 
official trust. The party believes in the sancity of the official 
records and in the necessity for their being carefully compiled and 
preserved by publication in the official organ. 

The circular further explained that the government of the 
party was to be in the hands of a central committee, of seven 
members, each from a certain district. Nominations were to be 
made annually, during the month of April, for president, record- 
ing secretary and official editor, by postal card ballots sent to the 
various district heads, who gave returns to the chairman, who in 
turn announced the nominees. The circular was signed by 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 205 

Frederick F. Heath, chairman, an(ithe central committee was 
announced as follows : First district, F. D. Cole ; second dis- 
trict, N. N. Block; third district, W. E. Mellinger, fourth dis- 
trict, Frederick F. Heath; fifth district, ; sixtii district, F. 

D. Woollen ; seventh district, Robert Mackay. 

Tlie country was divided into districts as follows. 

First — Maine, New Hamphire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Con- 
necticut, Rhode Island. 

Second — New York, Pennsylvania, Wesi Virginia, Virginia, 
New Jersey, Maryland. 

Third — Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee. 

Fourth — Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, MicUigan. 

Fifth — North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, 
Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas. 

Sixth — Idaho, Montana, Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Utah.^ 
Colorado, Kansas, Indian Territory, New Mexico, Missouri. 

Seventh — Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona. 

About the same time announcement was made that Louis 
Kempjier was a candidate for the N. A. P. A. presidenc}^ and 
an active campaign was carried on in his behalf. The Knicker- 
bocker A. P. A. endorsed him, and the greater part of the can- 
vass was carried on under its direction. 

At the election of the conservative party M. F. Boechat was 
nominated for president. The two candidates named , were the 
only ones before the members of the National at the Buffalo con- 
vention. The conservative party existed only for this one 
campaign. 

Laureate Recorder Howard M. Carter, writing of the year's 
work from convention to convention, said : 

The administration of President Barker cannot be said to have 
been notable for great things, but for careful attention to all bus- 
iness and for complete conscientious labor in all departments, it 
has seldom been equalled. The membership increased about 
twenty per cent. ; Official Editor Spencer issued the National 
Amateur regularly and abl}-, and every officer did his work well. 

From Mr. Carter's report we also take the following paragraphs 
of interest : 

Book publishing was not quite as active as last year. 
•'Amenophra," by Ernest A. Edkins, from the press of Edwin 
B. Hill, was the most pretentious work of the year. O. A. 
Mueller issued, in February, a volume of his poems, and towards 



206 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

the close of the year Scherraerhorn published a voliime of poems 
and sketches by H. D. Hughes. 

The first annual banquet of the California Alumni took place 
in August, and was a brilliant success. In November the New 
York Amateur Associated Press celebrated its anniversary with 
a merry spread at their club room. Speeches were made by a 
host of prominent amateurs. Most of the conventions of the year 
were made occasions for a feast, that at Buffalo surpassing all 
others. On the whole, the social features of our institution were 
by no means slighted. 

Prominent papers of the year were Union Lance, by President 
Kempner ; the National Amateur ; the Visitor, ever on time ; the 
Empire State Amateur, containing a valuable series of articles on 
the N. A. P. A. conventions ; Our Free Lance, of high-class lit- 
erature ; Stars and Stripes, illustrated ; Facific Courant, etc. 

In the Ideal, Frank L. Schermerhorn gave an account of the 
convention, from which we quote : 

The 1889 meeting of the National Amateur Press Association, 
at Buffalo, N. Y., on July 4, 5, and 6', -was the most successful 
and most pleasant convention held for several years. 

The morning session on July 4 was called to order by President 
Barker at 9 :30 a. m. 

After some minor business and the appointment of the commit- 
tee on proxies, comprising Messrs. Burger, Block, Cody, Stin- 
son and Grant ; and also the committee on documents, on which 
Messrs. Block, Chiles and Boruck were selected to serve, the as- 
sembly resolved itself into a committee of the whole to discuss the 
newl}^ proposed constitution. This occupied the remainder of 
the morning meeting. 

At the evening session the discussion and amendment of the 
constitution were finished, and it was moved that the committee of 
the whole rise, and at 9 a. m. on the morrow, report in favor of 
its adoption. 

July 5 , the convention was called to order rather late on this 
day, but as soon as convened the new constitution was adopted. 

The nomination and election of oflacers was then declared in 
order. For President, Mr. M. F. Boabat was nominated by W. 
O. Wylie, seconded by Messrs. Mellinger, Chrystie, Heyn and 
Block. Mr. Louis Kempner was nominated by J. D. Miller, 
seconded by Messrs. Cody, Cohen, Carter and others. The 
proxy votes were counted and Mr. Louis Kempner was declared 
elected on the first ballot. 

The afternoon session was opened with nominations for the 
first vice-presidency. Messrs. Fish and A. B. Grant were tb« 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 207 

contestants. Mr. Grant won in the convention, but the proxies 
gave Mr. Herbert H. Fisb, of Neenab, Wis., tbe victory on the 
first ballot. 

For second vice-president, Miss Harriet C. Cox and Messrs. 
W. W. Carpenter and F. E. Schermerhorn were nominated. The 
latter gained a plurality on the first ballot, but Miss Cox, of 
Abington, Mass., was declared elected on the second ballot. 

Messrs. N. N. Block, of Buffalo, and Hope R. Cod}^, of 
Naperville, 111., were nominated for the office of recording secre- 
tary. Mr. Cody declined in favor of Mr. Block, who was accord- 
ingly declared elected. 

For corresponding secretary the race was interesting. Messrs. 
Chiles of Philadelphia, Brown of Baltimore and Boruck of San 
Francisco were the nominees. At first there was a considerable 
plurality for Brown, but the second ballot decided the election 
for Mr. Walter C. Chiles. 

Mr. Carter was nominated for official editor by Mr. Cody ; Mr. 
W. E. Mellinger by Mr. Leuscher. On the first ballot Mr. 
Howard M. Carter was declared elected. 

The next question was the selection of a convention seat for 
1890. Milwaukee, Chicago, Cleveland and Detroit were placed 
in nomination. The first ballot showed no decision. On the 
second ballot Cleveland won. 

The executive judges were selected, to be Messrs. Brainerd P. 
Emery, A. D. Grant and Al. E. Barker. 

Adjourned until after the literary entertainment. 

The session of Friday evening was begun before 11 o'clock, 
but did not terminate until after 1 a. m. For two hours the con- 
vention debated, pro and con, the adoption of a resolution 
presented by Mr. Cochrane, of the Pioneer. It was moved by 
him that the National Amateur Press Association should recog- 
nize the malicious influences of the saloon on the character of 
America's young men, and should declare itself forever opposed 
to rum-rule, not, however, necessarily in favor, either directly or 
indirectly, of prohibition or of high license, but as an advocate 
of temperance. The resolution and its adoption were discoursed 
upon until the morning hours of July 7. This session was by 
far the most exciting of the whole series, and the apparent efforts 
of certain anti-resolution men to prevent an aye and nay vote 
upon the article were quite ingenious, but futile in the end. It 
was argued that such a paper had no place in the proceedings of 
the Association. Attempts were made to table the motion to 
adopt, but with unsuccessful results. Amendments, proposed to 
divert and alter the meaning, were likewise ineffective. Finally 
tbe vote was taken, and the resolution was not adopted. This 
decision reached, the minutes were read and adopted, and one 



208 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

of the most successful of all N. A. P. A. conventions came to an 
end, as every good thing must. 

On Saturday morning, some thirty amateur journalists em- 
barked on board a steamer chartered for the purpose, and were 
transported along the Niagara river to Grand Island. Here the 
annual ball game was played, resulting in a complete victory for 
the Eastern nine. The principal features of the game were the 
heavy batting of Stinson, the brilliant pitching of Oltinger and 
Boruck, the wonderful base running of Chrystie, the startling 
success of Heath as an umpire ably assisted by Brown and the 
remaining members of both nines, the mignifijent work of 
Crossley at first base, and last but not least, trie persistent efforts 
of Wj'lie to secure fair play. The game took about two hours, 
one-half of which was consumed in wading tlirough swamps and 
hay fields in search of the ball-; the rest in chasing it over the 
diamond when thrown to a baseman or when struck by a lucky 
batsman. 

In the afternoon an excursion was madie to Niagara. The 
party arrived safely in Buffalo in time for a 10 o'clock supper. 

When 3 o'clock sounded from the cnurch tower on Sunday morn- 
ing, the last festive amateur has scampered off to bed, and 
Buffalo in '89 was a thing of the past. 

The following amateurs were in attendance at one or more 
sessions of the Buffalo convention : 

C. N. Andrews, W. R. Autisdel, Al. E. Barker, N. N. Block, 
M. F. Boechat, L. S. Boruck, W. J. Brodie, Geo. S. Brown, C. 
R. Burger, W. B. Burger, H. M. Carter, W. C. Chiles, T. L. 
Chrystie, A. D. Cochrane, H. R. Codv, M. A. Cohen, Harriet 
C. Cox, Harry Crossley, W. F. Dainforth, W. W. Delaney, 
Geo. W. Dodd, Jr., Duhme (proxy W. G. Muirchead), E. A. 
Edkins, J. R. Gleason, E. A. Goeway, A. D. Grant, Fred Han- 
chett, F. F, Heath, C. M. Heineman, H. J. Heislein, J. G. 

Heyn, Heyn, E. B. Hill, H. C. Hochstadter, Jas. Kavanagh, 

Louis Kempner, F. R, Luescher, F. T. Mayor, W. E. Mellinger, 

Metcalf, J. D. Miller, Cora Ottinger, J. J. Ottinger, T. H. 

Parsons, E. F. Pugh, H. B. Saunders, F. E. Schermerhorn, S. S. 

Stinson, Symonds, J. L. Toralinson, E. G. VVvckoff, W. O. 

VVylie. 

The ofBcial minutes give additional information : 

The following new members admitted : 

Johnson, Leslie, Theill, Price, Corbett, Smith, Brown, Apple- 
ton, Moss, Ott, Baker, Pendell, Cochrane, Mosier, Stevenson, 
Mayer, Hall, Cunningham, Tomlinson, Smith, Miss Underwood, 
Miss Truman, Miss. Cox, H. Crossley, F. Crossley, Barnett^ 
Jensen, Voss, Miss Tullar, Rasmussen, Newton, Bailey, Ander- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEl'R PRESS ASSOCIATION. 209 

•son, Knight, Allen, Stanley, Pugb, Sheffeld, Gleason, Wagner, 
Bearhope, George, Steinberg. 

Committee on official list of presidents reported the following 
roster : 

1876, J. W. Snyder; 1877, A. W. Dingwall; 1878, W. T. 
Hall; 1879, J. E. Briggs ; 18S0, W. L. Wright, T. G. Harrison, 
T. H. Parsons; 1881, F. N. Reeve; 1882, F. A. Grant; 1883, 
W. O. Wylie, H. E. Legler ; 1884, E. E. Stowell, F. F. Heath; 
1885, D. A. Sullivan; 1886, J. H. I. Munro; 1887, S. S. Stin- 
son, W. S. Moore; 1888, A. E. Barker. 

Editorial prize awarded to the Union Lance. 

The proxy votes were as follows : 

For president— Boechat, 22; Kempner 39. 

For first vice-president— scattering, 11; Fish, 35. 

For second vice-president— scattering, 10; C. W. Smith 9; Scherm- 
erhorn, 12; W. W. Carpenter, 16. 

For third vice-president— scattering, 17; C. F. Goodrich, 11, L S. 
Boruck; 17. 

For recording secretary— scattering, 4; Brodie, 5; Block 14; Codv 27. 

For corresponding secretary- scattering, 19; H. F, Thomoson, 1 1; 
Andrews, 15. 

For treasurer—scattering 6; Blork; 5; Tomlinson, 45. 

For official editor^-scatte:! ::^ 7: lloVi'n^Qv, 15: C^'rtci, 40. 

For ^oaven.Io:! seal— scj.LLer'ii :. 5. Caic.:o;o, 13, M;:w!..:^e«% 32: y' w 
York, 1. - i^ , , -, . 

For judiciary committee— scattering, 39; Miller, 7; Andrews, 11; 
Grant 13; Mack, 18; Barker, 20; Emery, 28. 



Ballot for president 

L. Kempner.. . 
M.F. Boechat.. 
Ballot for first vice-president: 



Proxy. Convention. Total, 

L. Kempner 39 20 59 

M. F. Boechat 23 14 37 



Proxy. Convention. Total. 

A.D.Grant 1 21 22 

H. H. Fish 35 12 47 

For second vice-president the official minutes merely state : 
First ballot, no choice. Second ballot ; Carpenter, 1 ; Scher- 
merhorn, 14 ; Miss Cox, 20, and elected. 

Ballot for corresponding secretary: 

Prox}'. Convention. Total. 

Andrews 15 .. 15 

Thompson 11 . 11 

Chiles 13 13 

Brown ]2 12 

Boruck 7 ^ 

Second Ballot: 

Boruck 4 

Brown 8 

Chiles * 21 



210 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Ballot for official editor: 

Miller 1 

Antisdel 1 

Mackay 4 

Gleason 5 

Scattering 8 

Mellinger 22 

Carter 69 

For convention seat, tbe minutes say: "Cleveland elected on 
second ballot, 19 to 14." As Detroit, Chicago and Milwaukee 
were in nomination, the vote is not easily understood. 

The laureate titles were awarded as follows : Poet, to Fanny 
Kemble Johnson ; essay to E. B. Hill ; sketch to Harriet C, Cox. 
Treasurer Tomlinson's report to the Chicago convention: 

receipts: 

From Ex-Treasurer Lindsley $161 85 

Initiation fees and dues ($2 each) from twenty-six mem- 
bers 52 00- 

Dues ($1 each) from seventy-eight members 78 00 

Unexpended balance fund Cincinnati Exposition 6 00 

From Ex-Treasurer Lindsley, dues of three members. . 3 00 

Total I 300 85 

disbursements: 

Dues refunded | 19 00 

Tremont House, for convention 15 00 

Expressage on Treasurer's book, ... 45 

Checks discounted. 25 

T. J. Spencer, printing four issues National Amateur 60 00 

Credential committee 2 00 

Invitations, proxies, etc 31 56 

Reception committee bill 72 00 

Treasurer's sundries 5 00 



Total $ 205 26 



Balance on hand. $95 59 

THE NEW CONSTITUTION. 

PREAMBLE. 

The amateur journalists of the United States and Canada, believing 
that by thorough organization they will be better able to further the 
interests and extend the influence of an institution destined to be an 
important educational factor for the youth of America, have formed 
themselves in an Association, and hereby adopt a constitution and 
by-laws consisting of such measures as seem practicable for the fur- 
therance of their aims and objects. 

CONSTITUTION. 

Article I— Name. This Association shall be known as the 
National Amateur Fress Association. 



HlffMRY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PREB8 ASSOCIATION. 21 f 

Art. II — Object. The aim of this Association shall be to unite ama- 
teur forces so that the principles represented may be fully developed. 

Art. Ill-Government. In order that the National Amateur Press 
Association may attain its object, and consistently become the repre- 
sentative organization of the fraternity, a system of proxy voting is 
provided, whereby each qualified member of this Association shall be 
enabled to have a voice in its proceedings. 

Art. 1Y— Membership. SECTION 1. Any person who edits, publishes 
or contributes in prose or poetry to an amateur paper, and \vl)o lesides 
in the United States or Canada, is eligible to membership in this 
Association. 

Sec. 2. Any distinguished ajthor who has by some nor manifested 
an interest in Amateur Journalism, may be elected an honorary mem- 
ber, at any regular meeting, a unanimous vote of those present being 
necessary to elect. 

Sec. 3. Applicants for membership, as provided for in section 1, 
shall send their names to the secretary of credentials, and. receiving 
a favorable reply, shall remit, within thirty days, to the treasurer, the 
sum of $2, as an initiation fee and dues for one year. 

Art. \.— Officers and Their Duties. Seo. 1. The otRcers of this As- 
sociation shall consist of a president, a first and second vice-president 
a recording and a corresponding secretary, an editor, three executive 
judges and a treasurer. 

Sec. 2. The president and treasurer must be present at the con- 
vention at which they are elected to such oflSces. 

Sec. 3.. It shall be the duty of the president, upon assuming his 
office, to present a message to the convention assembled, wherein he 
shall name a board of advisors of three members, who shall be desig- 
nated as follows: Secretary of credentials, national laureate recorder 
and librarian. 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of the president to preside at all con- 
ventions of the Association, and perform such other duti s as are 
called for in conformity with the constitution and these by-law.s and 
the adopted parliamentary authority. 

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of the president to countersign a 1 bills 
standing against the Association and presented to the treasurer for 
payment. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the president to remain active 
during his term of oftice by publishing at least six numbers of a joui- 
nal, at regular intervals, within that period. If he fails so to do, it 
shall be his duty to resign. No issue of his journal shall be delayed 
more than one month after its regular date of publication. 

Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the president to demand the resigna- 
tion of any officer of this Association who shall neglect his duties. If 
such resignation be not forwarded without delay the presi(-ent shall 
immediately discharge such o^cer. 

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the president to appoint the recep- 
tion committee and such other committees as shall from tiuje to time 
be necessary. 

Sec. 9. It shall be the duty of the president to secure the first four 
named judges of aw^ard as hereinafter provided, and to make known 
their acceptance through the columns of the official organ not later 
than its third number. He shall also appoint the fifth judge, and 



■212 



HISTORY OF THK NATIONAL AMATEUR PREfcS ASSOCIATION. 



-make known his aeceptaDce not later than the third number of the- 
♦official organ. 

Sec. 10. It shall be the duty of the president, after roll call, to fill 
;all vacant offices caused by absence from the convention; he shall also 
appoint two members to assist and act with the secretary of creden- 
tials on the credentials of applicants for membership presented at the 
convention. 

Sec. 11. It shall be the duty of the president to appoint an active 
member as custodian of ballots. His appointment shall be made 
during the month of March of each year; notice of appointment shall 
be inserted in the official organ, and the title, name and full address 
of the appointee shall be placed in a conspicuous place in all issues 
of the oificial organ appearing after date of appointment The custo- 
dian of ballots must be a resident of the city where the next conven- 
tion meets. 

i^EC. 12. "^^riie Association shall faaitsb the custodian with a print- 
ed book COD taiuiug- the (blowing foriiis with stub attachments: 
Forml. The Eece;i)L 



IS. 



Mr 



f hxi': ''h'.< -ia;/ Tif-elcrd . du'i/ sea.k'd,'yovr 
I proxy ballot for the Xational Amaicin- Press 
Association. 

. . Custodian. 



Form 2. The Stub. 



.^.IS.. 

Received this date from 

proxy ballot postmarJced at 

on 18. . 

Custodian. 



It shall be the duty of the custodian of ballots to receive, either 
personally or by mail, the proxy ballots from the members, giving a 
receipt therefor. 

Sec 13. The custodian of ballots shall retain in his possession all 
ballots received, until the convention is called to order, when it shall 
shall b« his duty to deliver them to the presiding officer, taking ac- 
knowledgment for receipt book and for the number of proxy ballots 
so delivered. 

Sec. 14. Resignation of members and officers, excepting that of 
the president, are to be directed to the president for action. Vacan- 
cies throughout the year in the board of officers, other than the pres- 
idency, are to be filled by the president. 

Sec. 15. In the event of a t^acancy in the presidency, caused by 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 213 

resignation, death, or by violation of section 6 of this article, the 
executive judges shall appoint from among the active members a 
president to fill the unexpired term. 

Sec. 10. Durin'' the interval between conventions it shall be the 
duty of the executive judges to receive and act upon all charges pre- 
ferred by one member against another. They shall have povyer to 
suspend a member, such action being subject to final (.ecjsion by 
the next convention. 'J'he decision of the executive judges shall be 
final until such convention, when one or more members may appeal 
from the decision, a two-thirds vote being necessary to reverse the 
action of the executive judges. They shall take no action against a 
member unless specific charges are made (in writing) by one member 
aizainst another; it shall then be the duty of the executive ju«lges to 
notify the persons interested, by sending a copy of the charges and 
demanding an immediate reply. In all cases the executive judges 
shall render decisions promptly and in accordance with the facts pre- 
sented. 

Sec. 17. It shall be the duty of the secretary of credentials to re- 
ceive and pass upon all applications for active membership during 
his term of office, and promptly notify each applicant of his or her 
acceptance or rejection. When the credent als of an applicant have 
been favoraoly pa>setl upon, the secretary of credentials shall imme- 
diately send the name an ! adiress of the same to the president, cor- 
responding secretarv. e litor and treasurer. The actions of the secre- 
tary of credentials shall be subject to approval of the Association in 
convention assemble i. During the conventions the secretary of cre- 
dentials shall be assisted by two members, as provided for in section 
10 of this artude. 

Sec. 18. It shall be the duty of the national laureate recorder to 
writb a complete reconl of the atiairs of Amateur Journalism taking 
place during his term of office, and prepare such record for publica- 
tion in the official organ. 

Sec. 19. It shall be the duty of the librarian to furnish in formation 
pertaining to Amateur .lournalism and supply copies of current ama- 
teur publications to such recruits or inactive members as may come 
to his notice. He shall make a file of all amateur papers published 
during his term of office, and sen. I the same to the convention for the 
benefit and inspection of menibers and visitors, To this end he shall 
(all upon all publishers of amateur papers and books, to send him for 
the above purpose as many copies of their publications as they can 
spare. 

Sec. 20. It shall be the duty of the first vice-president to perform 
all duties devolving upon the i)resident, in the case of the latter's 
absence from or disability in convention. It sliall be the<lut5^ of the 
first vice-president to have charge of the departments specified in 
article XIII, section 3. He shall receive all articles sent to these 
departments, arrange them alphabetically and enter the title of each 
together wilh the author's name or nom de plume in a book provided 
for that purpose. He shall retain one copy of each of the papers 
containing articles entered for competition, and deliver one copy to 
the judge of awar.l at least two months prior to the eonvention, to- 
gether with a list of entries. 

Sec. 21. It shall be the duty of the second vice-presi lent to as- 
sume the chair in case the officers preceding him in rank are absent 
from ponvention. It shall be the duty of the second vice-president 
to have charge of the departments specified in article XIII, section 3, 



214 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

and shall conduct them in accordance with the rules laid down for 
the departments conducted by the first vice-president. 



Sec. 22. It shall be the duty of the recording secretary to keep a 
..... A. 

list of members in a book provided for that purpose, and to perform 



true record of all the transactions of tliis Association, and a complete 



such other duties as are customary under parliamentary usage. He 
shall enter upon the minutes a copy of the treasurer's bond. It shall 
be the duty of the recording secretary to receive the duplicate proxy 
ballots from the members and have such ballots at the convention, 
which are to be used only in the case of the non-appearance of the 
original ballots. 

Sec. 23. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary to act 
as assistant editor, and in case of the death, disability or resignation 
of the editor, he shall act as editor until the vacancy is filled by the 
president. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary to pre- 
pare printed lists containing the names and addresses of all the mem- 
bers, a copy of which he shall send, free of charge, to any member ol' 
recruit who may request the same. 

Sec. 24. It shall be the duty of the editor to take entire charge ol 
the oflicial organ with the assistance of the corresponding secretary; 
to issue the official organ as provided for m article VI, and shall mail 
to each member of this Association one copy of each number, as soon 
as it is issued. He shall prepare a list of the names and addresses of 
such persons as are not members of this Association but are actively 
interested in Amateur Journalism, and mail to each of them one copy 
of the oflicial organ. He shall invite the members to contribute then- 
best efforts for publication in the official organ. 

Sec. 25. It shall be the duty of the treasurer to collect all moneys 
due the Association, aud to pay all bills countersigned by the presi- 
dent. He shall keep a complete list of the members of this Associa- 
tion in a book provided for that purpose, also a complete and true 
account of al! moneys received and disbursed. The treasurer shall, 
immediately upon his election, file with the recording secretary the 
following bond signed by five members of the Association : 



We, the undersigned members of the National Ama- 
teur Press Association, do hereby jointly and severally 
agree to be responsible for all moneys and property 

intrusted to as treasurer of 

the above Association elected at on 

July , 18. . . ., for the period of one year. We also 

jointly and severally agree, if called upon by a written 
request signed by the president and recording secre- 
tary, to pay to them as representatives of this Associa- 
tion such sum or sums of money as may be due to the 

Association from as treasurer. 

We expect our interests in the premises to be protected 
by receiving a true account of the treasurer's books be- 
fore any demand is made upon us for moneys due the 
Association from the treasurer above named. 

(Signed by five members.) 

In presence of 

President. 

Recording Secretary. 



Such bond, duly executed, shall be in the hands of the recording 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 215 

secretary before any other business is bronu^ht before the convention. 
The secretary in whose possession the bond shall be placed shall not 
be permitted to act as a bondsman. It shall be the duty of the treas- 
urer to furnish a written report for publication in the September and 
March numbers of the otlicial organ. 

Sec. 26. It shall be the duty of all the officers to remain active dur- 
ing their term of office by publishing at least four numbers of a 
journal at regular intervals, within that period. No issue to be de- 
layed more than one month after its regular date of publication. This 
provision shall not conflict with article V. section 6. It shall be the 
duty of all the officers, in addition to other duties prescribed in this 
constitution, to present at the annual convention a report of all duties 
performed during their term of office, and to deliver to their respective 
successors all books, papers or property of any kind belonging to the 
Association. 

Sec. 27. It shall be the duty of this Association to appropriate at 
each convention a sum of money sufficient to meet all necessarj' ex- 
penditures by- the officers in the discharge of their duties, as pre- 
scribed in this constitution. 

Akt. Yl -Official Organ. SEC. 1. The Association shall publish 
quarterly a paper which shall be known as the National Amateur. This 
paper sliall consist of not less than eight pages, the size of each page 
to be 9xlS inches, set in long primer type. lOUO copies of each issue 
shall be printed. 

Sec. 2. This journal shall be under the supervision of the editor, 
who shall edit the same in the interests of Amateur Journalism and 
the National Amateur Press Association. 

Sec. 3. This journal shall be issued promptly during the official 
year, on the first day of each of the following months: September. 
December, March and June. 

Sec. 4. This journal shall contain nothing of a political nature, nor 
anything of the nature of an advertisement. It may. however, contain 
an imprint such as the following: "'Press of Richard Eoe, 123 Fourth 
street, Philadelphia. Pa." 

Sec. 5, The names and addresses of all the officers and standing 
committees shall be published at the head of the editorial page, with 
full information regarding the manner of joining the Association. 
The September number shall contain the minutes of the preceding 
convention and all constitutional amendments adopted thereat. The 
official organ shall contain reports of new associations, items of inter- 
est regarding old associations, and as much information regarding 
new papers, consolidations, changes, and such letters and reports 
from officers, committees, and members upon national topics, as the 
editor can use in the best interests of this Association. It shall con- 
tain on the last page of every number in alphabetical order of states, 
the name and address of every member whose name appears on the 
Treasurer's book. An amount not to exceed $100 shall be annually 
appropriated for the publication of the oificial organ. 

Art. VII. — Conventions. Sec. 1. This Association shall convene 
annually during the month of July, the date to be made by the presi- 
dent and announced in the March number of the official organ. 

Sec. 2. The conventions of this Association shall be held in an 
eastern and western city alternately, the seat of the succeeding con- 
vention to be chosen in the same manner as the officers and at the 
same time. 



216 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Sec. 3. Should the activity of the city selected be not sufficient to 
warrant a successful convention, the president shall have power to 
change said meeting place to some more active city in the same sec- 
tion of the country. 

Art. yiU.—Election of Members. Sec. 1. It shall be the duty 
of the secretary of credentials > to present a list of accepted 
applicants immediately after the appointments of officers 
pro tempore as provided for in article V, section 10. By a 
majority vote of members present such list may ' be 
favorably acted upon in its entirety. Thereupon such applicants after 
the payment of their initiation fee and dues for one year shall be en- 
titled to the privileges of active membership. By the request of ten 
raembers present any number of names on the secretary of creden- 
tials' hst may be voted upon separately, when ten negative votes 
shall be necessary to reject any applicant for membership. 
^ Sec. 2. The name of any member who does not each year issue at 
least one number of an amateur paper, or contribute at least one po^m,, 
essay or sketch to an amateur publication shall be dropped from the 
roll of membership, but should he again become active he may re- 
apply for membership in the usual manner. Ex-members applying 
for membership. are exempt from the payment of an initiation fee. 

Art. IX.— Election, of Officers. Sec. 1. Each member whose name 
appears on the treasurer's book, and all accepted applicants for mem- 
bership, shall be furnished with official blanks for the purpose of 
proxy voting for officers and upon proposed amendments to the con- 
stitution or by- la vys. 

Sec. 2. These blanks shall be furnished bv the corresponding sec- 
retary, together with twA,addressed envelopes, beariug the name and 
addrgss ot the custodian of ballots and recording secretary respective- 
ly; m the upper left hand corner of the envelope shall be printed the 

following^: "N. A. P. A. Proxy ballot from " 

.3m. 3.,, Tbe corresponding secretary shall furnish these blanks at 
least thirty days previous to the date of convention, and in or-ler to 
insure their being counted thev must be properly filled out by the 
members and be received by the custodian of ballots on or before the 
morning 01 the convention. 

..Sec. 4. No proxy ballot shall be legal unless the dues of each 
tn^mber so voting shall have been paid, for the current year, before 
the examining committee shall have retired to count the proxy bal- 
lots, as provided in article IX, section 8. 

Sec. 5. After the custodian shall have turned over the proxy bal- 
lots to the presiding officer, no ballots shall be accepted unless pre- 
sented in person to the presiding officer. 

Sec. 6. Members attending the convention may withdraw their 
proxy ballots. When such ballots be withdrawn, the presiding officer 
sball write in ink, across the face of the stub, the word '^withdrawn." 

Sec. 7. Any official blank or blanks, having been tilled out, as 
heretofore stated, for proxy voting and found to be defective, for anv 
reason except non-membership or non-payment of dues for the current 
year, shall be submitted by the examining committee, through the 
presiding officer, to the Association, which shall, by a majority vote of 
the members present, decide whether the blanks in question are legal 
or not. If decided to be illegal, they shall not be counted. 

S^EC. 8. The mode of procedure for the election of officers shall be 
as follows, beginning when that section of the order of business shall 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 217 

be reached : The president shall appoint from among the members 
an examining committee, to consist of the first vice-president as chair- 
man, the recording secretary, the treasurer and four others. The 
president shall then turn over to the chairman of the examining com- 
mittee the proxy ballots and stubs of same received by him from the 
custodian of ballots. A recess for a specified time shall be taken to 
enable the examining committee to make their count. 

Sec. 9. The examining committee, in rendering their report, shall 
give the entire returns, as follows, viz: Number of votes cast, num- 
ber of blanks, number of votes cast out for illegality, and the respec- 
tive number of legal votes cast for all the candidates for each office. 
The blank ballots shall not be included with the total vote cast. 

Sec. 10. The president shall reconvene the meeting promptly at 
the expiration of the specified time, when the chairman of the exam- 
ining committee shall render his report. Nominations for president 
shall be declared in order, and the vote cast in convention shall be 
added to the vote cast by proxy, as reported by the examining com- 
mittee; a majority of all the legal votes cast shall constitute an elec- 
tion. This same procedure shall be followed out for all the officers, 
and if no candidate shall receive a majority of all the legal votes 
cast for election to any office after the second ballot, the proxy 
votes shall be dispensed with, and the members in convention 
assembled shall elect such officer or officers, a majority of the votes 
cast being necessary to a choice. 

Sec. 11. The duplicate proxy ballots sent to the recording secre- 
tary by the members shall be considered the legal.ballot sof the Asso- 
ciation, in the absence of the original proxy ballots sent to the custo- 
dian of ballots And the foregoing sections shall govern the dupli- 
cate ballots in the absence of the originals. 

Art. ^.—Quorum. Such officers and members as are present at a 
regular convention shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of 
business. 

Art. 'XI.— Parliamentary Authority. This Association shall be gov- 
erned by Cushing's Manual,, wheren it does not conflict with this 
constitution and these by-laws. 

Art. Xll.—Rectption Committee. A committee on reception, consist- 
ing of five members, residents of the city where the Association meets, 
or in the immediate vicinity of said city, shall be appointed by the 
president. It shall be the duty of the reception committee to procure 
suitable meeting rooms for this Association, and to perform such 
other duties as the president may direct. 

Art. Xlll.— Laureate Titles. Sec. 1. In order to stimulate the 
interest and activity of our editors and authors, and promote the 
general tone of amateur literature, this Associatiod shall confer the 
title laureate, as hereinafter provided. 

Sec. 2. In order to compete for the title laureate in any branch, 
an author must have his article printed in an amateur publication at 
least two months prior to the date of the convention, and send two 
copies of the paper, with such article marked, to the officer who shall 
have charge of the particular department in which the article is 
entered. 

Sec. 3. Articles may be written under the following heads, and 
$ent to the officer whose title precedes them: 

First vice-president \ Serials, stories and sketches or poems. 

Second vice-president \ History of Amateur Journalism and essays. 



218 HISTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Sec. 4. There shall be five judges of award, each of whom shall 
have a distinct department, thus: The first shall have charge of 
serials, the second shiall have charge of stories and sketches, the third 
shall liave charge of poems, the fourth shall have, charge of essays, 
the fifth shall have chargeof histories of Amateur Journalism. 

Sec. 5. Four of these judges of award shall be literary men of 
known ability, not actively connected with Amateur Journalism. The 
fifth judge of award shall be an active amateur. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of these judges of award to examine 
closely every article sent to them, and to report to the president as 
soon as practicable the one which they believe to be, in a majority of 
respects, the best, giving their reasons therefor. ITie judges of award 
shall also name the second highest rating entry of each department. 

Sec. 7. The title "laureate'' shall be conferred upon the author 
selected by the judges of award, for contributing the best article in 
each department specified in section 3 . 

Sec. S . Upon receipt of a certificate signed by the president and 
recording secretary, the persons receiving such awards shall be al- 
lowed to place the title in full under their names or nom de plume, 
when writing for the press, until the date of the next convention, and 
thereafter, by adding the year in which the title was awarded. A 
certificate of "honorable mention'" shall be awarded to the second 
highest rating entry of each department. 

Sec. 9. Any individual or State or local association may give this 
Association one or more medals to be presented in connection with the 
title laureate, to either of the successful competitors. 

Art. XIV. — Editorial Laureate. Sec. 1. Any member publishing 
four or more number;* of his paper during the year is entitled to enter 
such publication in competition for the title editorial laureate, which 
shall be awarded at each convention, by the president. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the president to appoint from the 
active members a committee of three, who shall receive copies of pub- 
lications entered in competition for the title editorial laureate. 

Sec. 3. This committee shall be known as the committee on edito- 
rial award, and their names and addresses shall be inserted in each 
number of the official organ. 

Sec. 4. This committee shall recommend to the Association the 
publication which in their best judgment is most worthy of the title 
mentioned in section 1 of this article. 

Sec. 5, Upon receipt of a certificate signed by the president and! 
recording secretary, the editor receiving such title may place the same 
in f jll, under the heading of his paper, until the date of the next con- 
vention, and thei-^after by adding the year in which the title was 
awarded. 

Art. XV — Amendments. Sec. 1. No part of this constitution shall 
be suspended except by the unanimous vote of the members present. 

Sec. 2. Proxy votes sent to this Association for the amendment of 
any part of this constitution shall be placed in the hands of the record- 
ing secretaiy, whose duty it shall be to have them counted, when such 
amendment shall be voted upon in convention. 

Sec. 3. Amendments to be voted on by proxy shall have appeared 
in the September, December or March numbers of the official organ. 

Sec. 4. Amendments to this constitution can be made by a two- 
thirds vote of all the votes cast. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 219 

Sec. 5. This constitution shall take effect July 8. 1889, and all laws 
previously adopted for the goTernment of this Association shall be 
thereupon declared null or void. 

BY-LAWS. 

Article A — Order of Business. First day — 1, roll call; 2, appoint- 
ment of officers pro tempore^ in the event of any vacancy caused by 
absence or otherwise; 3, appointment of two members as assistants to 
secretary of credentials; 4. report of secretary of credentials; 5, elec- 
tion of members; 6, annual report of officers and committes. Second 
day — 1, unfinished business of the previous day; 2, election of officers; 
3, execution and filing of treasurer's bond; 4, installation and message 
of president-elect: 5, literary exercises and announcement of laureate 
awards; 6, banquet. Third day— 1, unfinished business of the previous 
day; 2, miscellaneous business; 3. reading and adoption of minutes of 
this convention; 4, adjournment. 

Art. B -Eules of Order. 1. A motion to adjourn shall be debatable. 

2. An appeal from the decision of the chair on any question shall 
be considered in the same manner as a regular motion. It shall be 
made by a member, seconded by another, and a majority vote of those 
present shall be necessary to sustain or reverse such decision. 

3. To reconsider a vote already passed a motion must be made and 
seconded in the usual manner. A motion to reconsider shall be in 
order only upon questions acted upon at the convention at which the 
original vote has been taken. 

4. These by-laws shall not be amended except by a two-thirds vote 
of the meuibers present at a convention. 

5. No part of these by-laws shall be suspended except by the unani- 
mous vote of the members present. 

6. These by-laws shall take effect July 8, 1889, and all laws pre- 
viously adopted for the government of this Association shall be there- 
upon declared null and void. 

At the Buffalo convention an Alumni Association was organ- 
ized, with Joseph D. Miller as president and Will R. Autisdel as 
secretary. 

The second annual banquet and reunion of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation of California Amateur Journalists was held at the Maispn 
Doree parlors, San Francisco, August 31, 1889. About twenty 
were in attendance. 

The Alumni Association of New England was organized with 
a banquet at the Quincy house, Boston, November 21, 1889. 
Chas. H. Fowle was elected president and VVillard O. Wylie 
secretary. 



CH/IFTEK18. 

THE BOSTON CONFERENCE OF 1890. 
Amateurs in Attendance. — Subjects Discussed. — The Ban- 
quet AND Toast Responses. 

ON FEBRUARY 22, 1890, a conference of amateur 
journalists was held at Boston, Mass. Progress ipuh- 
lished a full report of tins coaferen<3e, from which we 
condense the following: 

The conference was called to order at 4 p. m., bj the president, 
Willard O. VVylie, with the following named persons in atten- 
dance: 

Messrs. Louis Kempner, Charles E. Wilson, Willard O. Wylie, 
D. A. Sullivan, George PI Day, Ralph Metcalf, Fred Metcalf , C, 
H. Fowle, Henry W^olffe, Truman J. Spencer, J. Whidden Gra- 
ham, Charles R. Burger, Howard K. Sanderson, Louis N. 
Geldert, Clarence W. Small, George W. Dodd, Jr., Franklin C. 
Johrson, Everett C. Fay, Jerome C. Bull, Elisha T. Read, Ros- 
coe L. Colman, Alfred H. Nash, Albert R. Moulton, Guy Met- 
calf, Charles A. Sheffield, Oscar L. Stevens, Ernst Schadee, J. 
F. Morton, Jr., W. O. Whipple, Robert Carey, Dan J. Chris- 
holm, George L. Crockett, Edward W. Odlin, Thomas J. Ander- 
son, E. S. Spaulding, C. F. Harper, Charles S. Greene, E. A. 
Durgiu, W. D. Cram. L. H. Nutter, George H. Lewis, Frank C. 
Smith, A. M. Rice, Will S. Coggan, Mills Hoyt, W. L. Jack- 
man, A. S. Guttersou, W. A. Grover; Misses Harriet C. Cox, 
Jennie M. Day, Frances E. Parsons, Minna Noyes, Mabel S. 
Barrows, Lillian Foster, Mary Cox, A. B. Richards, Marie Hunt. 
Mabel F. Noyes ; Mrs. Cox, Mrs. W. O. Wylie, Mrs. C. E, 
Wilson, Mrs. Ella Maud Frye. 

In his opening remarks, Mr. Wylie first spoke of the reasons 
he had in calling such a meeting, and expressed his gratification 
with the number of amateurs, active and otherwise, who had 
responded to his ca|l. We had met to discuss the best methods 
for recruit work, and in every way enlarging and benefitting our 
work. It was certainly a thoroughly representative gathering 
both as regarded the members present and the papers represented, 

Mrs. Ella Maud Frye read a paper entitled "Our Authors — 
what incentive can we off er them to secure greater activity?" 
The paper was discussed by Louis Kempner, George E. Day, T, 
J. Spencer, Fred Metcalf, E. T. Read, C, E. Wilson, Harriet 



9 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 221 

Cox, J. C. Bull. J. F. Morton, Jr., Fiauklin C. Johuson and C, 
R, Burger. 

Mr. Wylie read an "apptjaL /or contributions for laureate 
fund," which he said would be sent to all amateurs in the course 
of a few weeks, 

Chas. H, Fowle. a well-known old-timer, was then introduced. 
Miss Cox read a paper on "Recruit work," 
A number cf telegrams and letters of regret from absent 
amateurs were here read. 

Chas, R, Burger introduced a resolution, favoring Boston as 
next meeting place for the National Association, which was 
unanimously adopted. Resolutions were also adopted endorsing 
the admistration of Louis Kempner, president of the National A, P. 
A. ;extending sympathy to Finlay A, and Bertha Grant for the loss 
of their son, Guy, and to President A. G. Davis, of the New 
England A, P, A., on account of his own serious illness. 

A banquet was held at 7 :30 o'clock, at which forty amateurs sat 
down. After a faithful discussion of the viands set before the ama- 
teurs, speechmaking began. Mr, D, A. Sullivan acted as toast- 
master. The following were the toast responses : 

Address of welcome to President Kempner,. Chas. E, Wilson 

Response Louis Kempner 

What Our Literature Owes to Shakspere. Truman J. Spencer 

Youth Robert Carey 

The Tariff Joseph D. Miller 

(Read by Elisha T, Read) 

Professional Jonrnalism .Thos. P. Anderson 

New England A. P. A Harriet C. Cox 

Protection J. Whidden Graham 

The Canadian Amateur Ella Maud Frye 

The Ladies Ralph Metcalf 



CHflFTER 13. 

AMATEURS GATHER AT INDIANAPOLIS. 

President Kempnku's Official Appointments. — Meeting 
Changed from Cleveland.— The Grant and Dunlop 
Campaigns. — Swift as Convention Chronicler. — The 
Membership Revised. — Constitutiok Amended. 

PRESIDENT KEMPNER announced the following appoint- 
ments in the September, 1889, Amateur : 
Secretary of credentials, B. P. Emery ; National lau- 
reate recorder, W. S. Dunlop; Librarian, Leiand S. Boruck. 

Executive judge, vice Mr. Emery, resigned — Wm. W. Car- 
penter. 

Committee on award of editorial laureate — C. M. Heineman, 
chairman; C. S. Elgutter, J. J. Ottinger. 

Constitution committee — C. R. Burger, chairman ; W. O. 
Wylie, F. E. Schermerhorn. 

Recruiting Managers: 

First district, Canada — A. D. Grant. 

Second district, New England— H. C. Cox, W. O. Wylie, C. 
A. Sheffeld, C. W. Smith. 

Third district, New York state, except New York and Brooklyn 
—Fred Hanchett, W. W. Carpenter, M. A. Cohen, N. N. 
Block, E. A. Goeway, E. F. Pugh, B. P. Emery. 

Fourth district. New York, Brooklyn and New Jerse}' — C. R. 
Burger. 

Fifth district, Pennsylvania— W. C. Chiles, F. E. Scher- 
irerhorn, W. J. Heineman. 

Sixth district, Maryland, District of Columbia, Delaware and 
Virginia — G. S. Brown. 

Seventh district. North and South Carolina, Georgia and 
Florida — N. H. Ferguson. 

Eighth district, Ohio and Kentucky — W. J. Brodie. 

Ninth district, West Virginia, Tennessee, Alabama and Mis- 
sissippi — Everard Appleton . 

Tenth district, Michigan — L. C. Bigelow. 

Eleventh district, Wisconsin and Minnesota — H . H . Fish, 
Bessie E. Tuliar, W. S. Dunlop. 

Twelfth district, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana— H. R. Cody, 
H. M. Carter, J. L. Tomlinson, S.J. Steinberg. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 223 

Thirteenth district, Texas and Arkansas — H. F. Thompsoa, 
J. T. Walton. 

Fourteenth district, Iowa, Dakota Nebraska and Kansas — 
W.J. Hunter, E. J. Mock. 

Fifteenth district, Wyoming, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, 
Arizona, Washington, Oregon, Nevada and California— L. S. 
Boruck, C. E. Christiancy, Jr., R. G. Mackay. 

In November, 1889, the official board was changed as follows: 
Frank E. Schermerhorn appointed librarian, vice Leland S. 
Boruck, resigned. Sam J. Steinberg appointed recording secre- 
tary, vice Nathan N. Block, resigned. Wesley J. Hunter ap- 
pointed first vice-president, vice H. H. Fish, removed. Later 
in the official 3. ear, Mr. Hunter resigned and Mr. Fish was 
replaced as first vice-president. These appointments were all 
by President Kempner. 

Volume XII National Amateur contained 28 pages in four 
numbers. The September issue was of twelve pages, containing 
the president's message, minutes of the Buffalo convention, com- 
mittee and official reports, the new constitution in full, member- 
ship list and editorial matter. The December issue contained 
the laureate winners, recorder's report, official reports, account 
of California alumni meeting and editorial matter — eight pages. 
The March issue, of four pages, contained an account of the 
Boston conference. New England alumni, a review of the ama- 
teur world, president's message and editorial. The July issue, 
also four pages, contained two pages of reprinted amateur litera- 
ture and two pages ofnnatter by Official Editor Carter. During 
this term the Awiateur was ably edited and almost a modtl 
official organ. 

President Kempner changed the next meeting place from 
Cleveland, O., to Indianapolis, Ind., naming July 24-26 as the 
dates. Thos. G. Harrison was appointed custodian of ballots 
and S.J. Steinberg, T. G. Harrison, F. B. Davenport, Misses 
Harting and Steinberg, reception committee . 

The political phases of 1900 were handled by Will S. Dunlop 
as laureate recorder, from which we quote: 

It was generally understood at the close of the Buffalo con- 
vention that Official Editor-elect Carter would be a candidate for 
the presidency the succeeding year. Mr. Carter represented 
what has been called the political section of Amateurdora . The 



224 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

literitry section, during the latter part of 1889, begun easting 
about for a suitable candidate to represent their views. A. D. 
Grant was selected . Work on both sides went on, quietly until 
the opening of 1890, when the literary men began to discuss their 
man in their papers . Willard O . Wylie was selected to manage 
the Grant campaign. He organized his forces thoroughly, drew 
up a platform, appointed a campaign committee and soon had a 
large following for his man. The Carter men seemed to be do- 
ing nothing. Grant was gaining ground every day. Finally, 
in April, after the Grant campaign sheet. Our National Can- 
didate, was issued. Grant had almost the entire support of the 
members, and it was rumored that Carter would not run. The 
election of Mr. Grant seemed a certainty. Fate ordained other- 
wise. Upon the advice of his physician, his family and his 
immediate friends, Mr. Grant withdrew, feeling that his health 
would not stand the strain of the onerous duties to be per- 
formed by a president of this Association. Mr. Grant withdrew 
May 15th in favor of William S. Dunlop. Like a thunderbolt 
from a clear sky did the news of Grant's withdrawal and Dunlop' s 
acceptance strike the amateur world when it was first circulated 
by an extra edition of Dilettante. Mr. Wylie continued to 
manage the party's affairs, and endeavored to hold the support 
gamed for Grant for the new candidate. In this he was only 
partially successful. The Idiom nominated Walter E. Mellinger, 
Many who were dissatisfied with Dunlop as a substitute for 
Grant supported Mellinger. Carter refused to run, and the 
campaign, which toward the last was very interesting and ex- 
citing, narrowed down to a contest between Dunlop and Mellinger. 
Wylie issued another number of Our National Candidate, and 
Leuscher the Lance and Shield for Mellinger. 

The oflace of official editor was the only other office for which 
a thorough canvass was instituted. Charles R. Burger was the 
nominee of the political party, while William S. Dunlop was the 
candidate of the literary party. Burger finally refused to run. 
Dunlop's nomination for the presidency left the literary party 
temporarily without a candidate. Miss Harriet C. Cox was 
mentioned for the office. She proved a strong candidate. 

In Syperion, Dr. Edwin B. Swift gave a concise account of 
the Indianapolis convention, from which we quote: 

The convention was called to order by Corresponding Secre- 
tary Chiles, who announced that nominations for temporary 
chairman were in order. Burger was elected over Swift by a 
vote ten to six. He appointed Carter and Mueller vice presi- 
dents and named Barker for member of proxy committee. Objec- 
tion was raised by Grant that Barker was not a member in good 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 225 

Standing. Objection sustained. Phillips, Brown, Chiles and 
Schermerhorn were then appointed. Report of credential com- 
mittee received. Then came reports of retiring officers and 
adjournment. 

Second session. Temporary Chairman Burger called the 
meeting to order. Proxj- committee reported seventy-seven 
votes c^st ; twenty-five thrown out as being received too late, 
six for non-payment of dues. Several were also withdrawn by 
those casting them being present. 

The proxv vote for president stood: Dunlop, 26; Mellinger, 
8; Tomlinson, 4. In convention: Dunlop, 10; Mellinger, 10; 
Brown, 4. 

Schermerhorn received eleven proxies and enough in conven- 
tion to elect him first vice-president. Scattering proxies pre- 
vented election of second vice on first two ballots, which were then 
thrown out and Burke elected by the members present. Stein- 
berg received twenty-four proxy votes and was elected recording 
secretary. He resigned and Mueller was then elected by the 
members present. Hardcastle was elected corresponding secre- 
tary by the members present, and treasurer by the proxies. 
Resigning the latter office. Swift was elected over Brown by a 
vote of thirteen to ten. Miss Cox was elected official editor by 
a practically unanimous vote. Philadelphia received thirty-one 
votes, Boston thirty. Mrs. Swift seventeen. Grant fourteen, 
Mellinger thirteen was the vote of the elected members of the 
executive committee, after a total of six ballots. 

Lewis, Hardcastle and Mrs. Swift were appointed editorial 
laureate committee, and awarded the title to the Nugget, giving 
the Messenger honorable mention. The Bising Age was also 
given honorable mention by the meeting. 

The convention decided that proxies received up midnight of 
the 9 th were legal. 

Except editorial laureate the entries for this year were cast out. 
Wylie reported a balance of $21 in laureate fund. [This was 
ordered returned to donors.] 

Swift, Mellinger and Hardcastle were appointed to examine the 
treasurer's books, and reported them all right, with a balance of 
$47.40 to be handed over to the new treasurer. 

Badge committee reported in favor of blue button with gold 
lettering. It was accepted, the design was turned over to Swift 
who is authorized to sell them at 50 cents each. 

The following amateurs were in attendaice at one or more ses- 
sions of the Indianapolis convention: Albert Barker, Charles 
Bier, Justin Bowersock, Q. S. Broivn, Charles Bu^er,'T. Arthur 
Burke, Howard Carter, Walter Chiles, Will Dunlop, A. D. Grant, 



226 HI8TORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

E. J. Hardcastle, Ida Hailing, Tlios. Harrison. Frederick Heath, 
Harry Hochstadter, OltoKamber, W. A. Kennedy, E. St. Elnao 
Lewis, Walter Mellinger, Mrs. Mellinger, Oscar Mueller, Emanuel 
Phillips, Frank Schermerhoru, Rose Steinberg, Sam Steinberg, 
Edwin Swift, Zelda Swift, Harry Thompson, John Toralinson, 
Willard Wylie. 

The official minutes give additional information : 
Committee composed of Messrs. A. D. Grant, W. C. 
Chiles and S. J. Steinberg reported and report adopted, dropping 
following names from membership roll : 

R. E. Kimbell, T. P. Andrews, J. R. B. Bockman, J. A. 
Ephriam, P. I. Figel, Percy Goldstone, L. Goidstoue, Philip 
Hastings, Zebbie Hunt, M. G. Jonas, Lester James, G. R. Luken, 
Jennie M. Martin, Alice Mason, Myron McClinton, Geo. J. 
Moore, E. G. Palnaer, A. H. Rediugton, L. S. Robinson, M. J. 
Sideman, T. B. Sullivan, E. D. Taylor, Leo Weil, J. VV. Graham, 
J. H. Ives Muuro, Frederick Kemp, W. D. Ross, W. C. Davis, 
W. P. Hopkins, Jud D. Russell, L. H. Spencer, Geo. N. Truax, 
R. D. McAllisiter, F. B. Davenport, W. H. Stanley, Al E. Bar- 
ker, Myra I. Barker, Ed P. Cook, D. P. Dolan, R. J. Eerris, 
C. H. Frost, H. K. Gilbert, A. G. Holland, R. S. Hotz, A. R. 
Parrish, A. J. Ryan, F. L. Tomlinson, W. J. Vanderslice, L. O, 
VanRiper, C. S. Zimmerman, F. H. Bowersock, J. D. Bowersock, 
H. S. Chapman, F. D. Cole, A. G. Davis, C. VV. Small, Frtd 
Sma'l, D. C. Mcintosh, James G. Knoght, K. H. Bancroft, 

F. L. Biscoe, George A. Dunn, Jennie M. Day, Wm. M. Emery, 
E. C. Fay, A. H. Gleason, F. H. Green, R. J. Griffen, H. H. 
Hilton, Geo. N. Hall, Geo. A. Hough, A. R. Moulton, Helen C. 
Phillips, F. A. Plympton, M. L. Penn, H. C. Parsons, E. H, 
Rockwell, Alfreda K. Richards, H. K. Sanderson, C. A. Sheffield, 

A. A. Stewart, D. A. Sullivan, H. W. Smith, A. C. Whitney, F. 
C. Wicks, F. S. Arnett, J. C. McCabe, Warren J. Niles, E. E. 
Bryant, Ralph Metcalf, M. J. Harty, W. A. Cowley, E. H. 
Barnard, R. T. Moore, C. I. Rogers, W. B. Burger, H. C. Cross- 
ley, Geo. W. Dodd, Jr., W. C. Puickney, Lewis T. Stevens, M. F. 
Boechat, Geo. W. Baildon, T. L. Chrystie, B. A. Connolly, R. 

B. Cramer, M. A. Cohen, A. D. Cochrane, W. W Delaney, W 
J. Doran, James Delaney, J. D. Earle, B. H. Gonden, H. J. 
Heislica, Henry Jacobs, J. F. Kavanagh, E. P. Knowles, 
L. P. Lang, B. J. Mosier, J. J. Moore, S. A. Nelson, 
A. B. Osgoodby,C. T. Ott,T. H. Parsons, H. L. Pinckuey, E. F. 
Pugh, H. W. Robinson, W. T. Scofield, H. L. Smith, H. W. 
Warner, Henry Wolffe, E. G. Wyckoff, M. Adler, W. B. Bald- 
win, W. J. Brodie, J as. D. Carr, H. A. Clarke, F. C. Lindsley, 



HISTORY OF THB NATIONAL AMATKLll PKKSS ASSOCIATION. 227 

J. J. VVeissert, W. H. Bell, W. H. Burke, H. D. Hughes, VV. T. 
Hanley, C. T. Hall, C. M. Heinemnn, W. J. Heinernan. \V. A. 
Lewisi John W. McClain, C. H. Potter, R. B. Slieridan, R. M. 
Rawlings, Jr., Otto Praeger, Jas. T. Walton, C. F. Goodrich, 
A. L. McClinton, R. W. Houshton, Herbert Hein, Joseph Hein, 
H. E. Legler, W. J. Roe, J. E. Urban, Jr., J. A. Shannon. 

Following applicants elected to membership: C. E. Chris- 
tiancy, George Frye, John Cole, E. J. Hardcastle, E. J. DaVis, 
H. VV. Ireland, W. B. Newgeon, H. D. Ross, E. St. Elmo Lewis, 
Ida Halting, Jessie Hood, Rose Steinberg, Harry Sizer, Charles 
Bier, James Morton, Jr., Charles Lawson, E. T. Read, John 
Stover. W. W. Darby, D. G. Melloy, C. B. Palmer, A. E, 
Taylor, G. A. Salmon, E. T. Price, Ella Frye, L. H. Nutter, A. 
G. Bouney, J. C. Landis, Kittie Wolffe, Theodore Thiele, C. A. 
Moxley, Frances Parsons, Charles S. Greene, A. VV. Sutherland^ 
R. L. Mitchell, F. D. Lackey, Harry Carson, Mabel Noyes. 

The reports of laureate judges were rejected. Later the chair 
appointed judges who awarded the sketch laureateship to Irving 
J. Romer, the essay laureateship to VV. O. VVylie and the poet 
laureateship to H. C. Hochstadter. These awards were then 
rejected by the convention. 

The treasurer's report submitted, to the convention, showed 
receipts for initiation fees and dues, $70 ; dues $55 ; two badges 
sold. $5 ; amount on hand at close of Buffalo convention, $95.59, 
making total receipts, $225.59. Expenditures, for various pur- 
poses, $177.19, leaving $48.40 on hand. 

Numerous amendments were made to the constituion at Indian- 
apolis. The various parts amended were made to read as follows : 

Article V. Section 23. It shall be the duty of the corresponding 
secretary to act as assistant editor, and in case of the death, disability 
or resignation of the editor, he shall act as editor until the vacancy is 
filled by the president. It shall be the duty of the corresponding sec- 
retary to issue notices of convention and provide the members with 
official blanks necessary for proxy voting, as provided for- in article 
IX, sections 2 and 3. . 

Sec. 26. It shall be the duty of all officers to remain active during 
their term of office by publishing at least four numbers of a journal 
at regular intervals, within that period, or by contributing at least 
four articles to the amateur press, during the year, three of which 
shall be printed prior to February of each year. No issue to be 
delayed more than one month after its regular date of publication. 
This provision shall not conflict with article V, section H. It shall be 
the duty of all the officers, in addition toother duties prescribed in 
this constitution, to present at the annual convention a report of all 
duties performed during their term of office and to deliver to their 
respective successors all books, papers or property of any kind belong- 
ing to the Association. 



228 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Art. YIII.— Election of MemUra. Sec. 1. It shall be the duty 
of the secretary of credentials to present a list of accepted 
applicants immediately after the appointments of officers pro 
tempore as provided for in article V, section 10, and report the names 
of those who by reason of inactivity shall be dropped from the mem- 
bership list. By a majority vote of members present such list may be 
favorably acted upon in its entirety. Thereupon such applicants after 
the payment of their initiation fee and dues for one year shall be en- 
titled to the privileges of active membership. By the request of ten 
members present any number of names on the secretary of creden- 
tials' list maybe voted upon separately, when ten negative votes shall 
be necessary to reject any applicant for membership. 

Art. IX. Sec. 1. Each member whose name appears on the treas- 
urer's books, and all accepted applicants for membership, shall be 
furnished with official blanks for the purpose of proxy voting for 
president, official editor and next place of meeting, and upon proposed 
amendments to the constitution or by-laws. 

Sec. 3. The corresponding secretary shall furnish these blanks at 
least thirty days previous to the date of convention, and in order to 
-insure their being counted they must be properly filled out by the 
members, and be received by the custodian of ballots, through the 
postoffice, three days prior to the convention. 

Art XI. — Parliamentary Authority. This Association shall be gov- 
erned by Eoberts' Eules of Order, wherein it does not conflict with 
this constitution and these by-laws. 

Art. XIII. Sec. 2. In order to compete for the title laureate in 
any branch a member must have his article printed in an amateur 
publication by June 15 of each year, and send two copies of the paper, 
with such articles marked, to the officer who shall have charge of the 
particular department in which the article is entered. 

Sec. 4. There shall be five judges of awards each of whom shall have 
a distinct department, thus: The first shall have charge of serials, 
the second shall have charge of stories or sketches, the third shall 
have charge of poems, the fourth shall have charge of essays, the fifth 
shall have charge of history of Amateur Journalism. 

Art. XV. Sec. 1. No part of this constitution shall be suspended 
except by the two-thirds vote of the members present. 

Eliminate section 5 of article XV of constitution. Also sec- 
tion 6 of article B of by-laws. Amend article A of by-laws so 
that sixth order of business on second day shall read as follows : 
«6. Miscellaneous and new business. 

Leading papers of the year were Nugget, notable for literary 
and editorial matter ; Union Lance, also ably edited ; Our Gompli" 
'ments, with a lady editor-in-chief ; Mercury Magazine, issued 
like clock work ; Commentator, the leading all-editorial publica- 
tion; Bising Age, Amateur Journalist, Dilettante, Our Venture, 
etc. , 



CHflFTER 20. 

THE SECOND BOSTON CONFERENCE. 
Amateurs in Attendakce. — Papers Read and Thoroughly 
Discussed. 

THE miuutes of the second Boston conference were pub- 
lished in Dilettante, from which we quote : 
In the parlors of the American house, Boston, Mass., 
on the afternoon of February 23, 1891, a conference of amateur, 
journalists was called to order by Chairman James F. Morton, Jr. 

There were present Mrs. Miniter, Misses Noyes, M( r:on, 
Abbott and Cox; Messrs. Wilson, Wylie, Capen, Burger, Chiles, 
Hochstadter, Nutter, Cram, Spencer, Read, Porter, Morton and 
Dr. Swift; and among the visitors were Mrs. Cox, Mrs. Cameron, 
Mrs. Wjlie, Mrs. Wilson, Misses Robbins, Barrows, Wentfailh 
and Cox; Messrs. Lewis, Stone, Gallagher, Gettemy, Morion, 
Sr., Schadee and several others. 

Mr. Morton welcomed those assembled and declared that the 
purpose of the meeting was for the discussion of the scone, prac- 
tical value and present needs of Amateur Journalism. 

The first topic was "The Scope of Amateur Journalism." Mrs. 
Miniter read a paper, followed by Willard O. \A ylie with ar- 
other. Letters relating to the subject were read from Everard 
Appleton and Jeanette Swing. 

Mr. Moore's paper on "The Scope, Present Needs and Prac- 
tical Advantages of Amateur Journalism" was then read. The 
subject was announced as open for general discussion and Mr. 
Chiles, Mr. Capen, Mr. Wylie and Miss Cox partici[ ated. 

Mr. Morton read Mrs. Frye's paper on "The Practical Value 
of Amateur Journalism to tie Author." Also the paper pre- 
pared by Mr. John L. Tomlinson, on its value to the editor. 

Miss Cox prefaced Mr. Pugh- s paper,»My College of Journal- 
ism," by the remark that it was of particular value, inasmuch 
as Mr. Pugh was very successful as a journalist, and knew 
whereof he spoke, both from his own experience and from that 
of his old-time amateur friends. Mr. Spencer spoke of the prac- 
tical value to the printer. 

Opinions were then called for from the company. Mr. Chiles, 
Mr. Gallagher and Miss Cox responded. 

Mr. Morton read a paper written by Mrs. Ella M. Frye on 
"The Present Need of Amateur Journalism." This was dis- 
cussed by Dr. Swift, Mr. Read and Miss Cox. 

After adopting some resolutions the conference adjourned. 



CH/IFTER 21. 

RED-LETTER DAYS. 
A Triangular Presidential Contest. — The Fine Array of. 
Papers in 1891. — Spencer's Magnificent Volume. — Mor- 
ton's Account of the Philadelphia Meeting. — The 
Official Minutes. 

THE contest for the presidency in 1891 was, for the first 
time in the history of the National Amatenr Press Associa- 
tion, a tliree-cornered tight. Ti»e candidates were Edwift 
B. Swift, Frank E. Schermerhorn and John L. Tomljnson. Dr. 
Swift, an amateur of long standing, was the candidate of the 
literary party of Araateurdom, the campaign being under the 
personal direction of James V. Morton, Jr., an energetic and 
shrewd politician as well as a most prolitic author. Mr. Morton 
bad assistants throughout the country, an(i did iiis work 
thoroughly. The Scliermerhorn party was the party of Ama- 
teurdom's younger element, Mr. Harry C. Hochstadter being 
in charge. The wa^chwonlsof the campaign were '•Schermerhorn 
and manhood." The Tomlinson campaign was managed by 
Messrs. C. R. Burger and W. C. Chiles, and it was generally 
understood —and afterwards proven — that its following consisted 
mainly of ''fossils" and "recruits." 

The era about which we are now writing has been, 03' general 
consent, styled the ''Red-Letter Days" of Amateur Journalism,, 
from the title of the leading magazine of the year. In his ruinual 
report, Laureate Recorder Frank D. Woollen says: 

In ihe past we have had some reall}^ brilliant magazines ; we 
have had poeuis. sketches, essays, criticisms, books; but when 
iu one single year before have we boasted of a Stylus, Bed-Letter 
Days and New Era; of a Miss Johnson, Miss Parsons, Edkins, 
Emery, Mack. Shelp, Batsford, Antisdel, Hill, Spencer and the 
"Literary Cycbpedia?" Add to these the fine volume of th« 
National Amateur, Investigator, Monthly Visitor, Onr Compli- 
ments and Quartette, from New England; Progress, Ivy Leaf, 
Fern Leaf, Ideal, Wm. Penn, New Century, Delawarean, Bising 
Age, Lotus Leaves and Our Quill, from the Middle States; 
Southern Critic, South, Texas and Appleton's "Uuiquii Series," 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUK PKES8 ASSOCIATION. 251 

from the South ; Hyperion, Messenger, Gold Foil, Commentator, 
Pansies, Ink Drops, Pacific Gourant and Bowagiac News, from 
the West, and a fair estimate may be formed of the extent and 
vahie of Amateur Journalism for the year. 

The most valuaf)Ie product of the year was beyond doubt 
Truman J. Spencer^s "Literary Cyclopedia of Amateur Journal- 
ism,'* a volume of 512 pnges, handsomely bound, containing 
selections entire from the works of over eighty amateur authors, 
covering the whole field of amateur literature from the days of 
Gerner, Huss, Fyiies and Clossey to the present era. It con- 
tains Clossey's famous poem, "Red-Letter Days," Gleason's 
fine lines beginninty 

My pipe is peace to me 
On languid summer eves, 
as also Shelp's masterpiece, "The Sheik," and Batsford's un- 
rivalled "Doctor Dick." There, too, is Buckley's "Missoury," 
Hey wood's "In Praisentia Mortis," Day's "In the Castle Gar- 
den," Metcalf's "Lines to My Waiting Love," Sluyvesant's 
^'Professor Plum tree," Miller's "Dead,'' etc. 

In February, 1891, President Dunlop removed Second Vice- 
President Burke, for inactivity, and appointed John L. Tomlin- 
soD in his stead. 

An epoch of activity in the South was made the occasion for a 
vigorous campaign for New Orleans as the seat of the 1892 con- 
vention. The campaign committee was headed by John T. Nix- 
on, whose South was at this time the leading amateur paper of the 
section. 

The convention met at Philadelphia, July 14, at 2:45 p. m. 
The following account of the convention is from Dilettante and 
by James F. Morton, Jr. 

At 2 p. m. of July 14, President Dunlop called the convention 
to order in the parlors of the Lafayette hotel. About sixty were 
present. In the absence of the corresponding secretarj' Walter 
C. Chiles was appointed to serve in place of that officer. 

The names of candidates admitted during the past year were 
read by Mr. Hochstadter, the secretary of credentials. Motioa 
being made to accept the report, Mr, Heath arose and asked 
that 73 names which he read be acted on separately. By rising 
vote these applicants were blackballed. 

With one or two exceptions, the reports of officers and commit- 
tees presented little of special interest. The report of Miss Cox 
as official editor was greeted with loud applause, and the conven- 
tion voted to present her with a suitable testimonial, in recogni- 



232 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

tion of her services. The convention then adjourned to 10 a. m. 
of the following day. 

The remainder of the afternoon and the entire evening were 
devoted mainly to caucusing and pplitical discussion. A union 
between the Swift and Tomlinson forces was decided on. 

The first order of business jii the morning was the election of 
officers. Mr. Schermerhorn, 'who was chairman of the proxy 
committee, was absent. After considerable delay, Charles R. 
Burger presented a report of the committee, signed by five of its 
seven members. This recognized as legal every proxy ballot 
cast by a member in good standing whose dues were paid and 
whose ballot had arrived on time. On the motion to accept the 
committee's report a tie vote was announced, whereupon Presi- 
dent Dunlop cast the deciding vote in favor of the report. The 
Schermerhorn faction then attempted to force an adjournment, 
and when they found themselves unable to do this, bolted the 
convention in a body. 

The convention meanwhile proceeded with the regular order of 
business. Dr. E. B. Swift was nominated for president by Ci 
R. Burger. He received 87 votes out of 113, and was declared 
duly elected. Harriet C. Cox was elected first vice-president 
and Charles H. Lawson second vice, John Moody recording sec- 
retary, Oscar A. Reum corresponding secretary and Hope R. 
Cody treasurer, with no opposition. Walter C. Chiles received 
85 votes for official editor, and was declared elected. John L. 
Tomlinson, Willard O. Wylie and Truman J. Spencer were 
elected as executive judges. For convention seat the first two 
ballots revealed no choice. On the third, Boston was elected by 
acclamation, the constitution having previously been suspended 
to allow the convention to meet in an eastern city. The con- 
vention then adjourned to 2 p. m. 

On reassembling, it was found that the bolters had taken pos- 
session of the room, and were holding a so-called convention, 
with Carter in the chair. After a brief consultation it was de- 
cided to claim the room as rightfully belonging to the National 
Association. Accordingly, the members quietly filed in and 
took their seats, while President Dunlop, taking the. gavel from 
Carter's hands, assumed his position as chairman. The Scher- 
merhorn faction, realizing that they had no right to the use of 
the room, hastily adjourned to their headquarters. 

Dr. Swift was then installed as president. He returned thanks 
for the honor in a brief but eloquent speech, in the course of 
which he announced the following appointments : Secretary of 
credentials, Charles R. Burger ; laureate recorder, James F. 
Morton, Jr. ; librarian, Charles W. Edmunds. Announcement 
-was made of the award of poet laureateship to Miss Stella Trumam 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 233 

for ''A Soldier's Meditation," with honorable mention to Miss 
Capitola L. Harrison for "Marguerite." The title of historian 
laureate was conferred on Mrs. Ella M. Frye for "A Miniature 
World of Letters," with honorable mention to Warren J. Brodie 
for '-The National Amateur and Its Official Editors." E. St. 
Elmo Lewis received the essay laureateship for "The Art Divinity 
in Amateur Literature." The committee awarded the editorial 
laureate to the Ideal, with honorable mention to the South. 

The credential committee presented a report favoring the 
admission of the 73 members previously blackballed. The report 
was accepted. Some discussion arose over the name of Abel P. 
Caldwell, who was also favorably reported on by the committee. 
On testimony that the applicant was not objected to on the 
ground of color, but because his paper was in no sense an 
amateur paper, his name was referred back to the committee. 

Willard O. Wylie then presented the following resolutions: 

Whereas, Certain meinbers of the National Amateur Press Association, 
known as the Scherinerhorn faction, have refused to obey the voice of a ma- 
jority of the members of that body, and have proven themselves disloyal to 
it and its best interests ; and 

Whereas, In the corridors of the Lafayette hotel, the Schermerhorn fac- 
tion has disgraced itself in its flippant references to an attending lady dele- 
gate ; be it 

Eesolved, That we, the members of the N. A. P. A., in convention assem- 
bled, denounce all such actions expressing our disapproval in the most 
emphatic manner ; and be it further 

llesolved, That the professional press of this city be furnished a copy of 
these resolutions. 

The resolutions were adopted, and the convention then ad- 
journed to 10 a. m. of the following day. The regular conven- 
tion banquet was held in the evening at the Colonnade hotel. It 
was a success in every sense of the word. Over thirty were 
present. Willaed O. Wylie presided as toastmaster. The post 
prandial exercises were opened with a piano solo by Miss Helen 
Lawson. John L. Tomlinson responded to the "Conventions of 
the Fast," and Truman S. Spencer to "The National Amateur 
l^ress Association." Miss Harriet C. Cox read an original 
sketch entitled "Tim's Query." Ex-President Dunlop responded 
to "The Ladies" after which he presented Miss Cox, in the 
name of the Association, with a handsome diamond ring, in 
recognition of the excellent work performed by her during the 
year in her capacity as official editor. Other responses and 
literary exercises were "The Western Amateur Press Associa- 
tion," Walter E. Mellinger; a reading by James F. Morton, 
Jr.; "The Fossil," Ex-President Louis Kempner; "Our Local 
Clubs," Mrs. Ella Maud Frye; "Our Hobbies," Charles R. 
Burger ; "The Successful Candidate," President Edwin B. Swift ; 



234 HISTORY OF THE NATIOiJAL AMATEUR PRtsfe ASSOCIATIOF. 

^'Eastern Amateur Press Association," John Moody; "New 
England Amateur Press Association," James F. Morton, Jr. ; 
reading by George Dodd ; "The Politician," Walter C. Chiles. 
At the close of the exercises President Swift read a letter just 
received from the judge of the entries for the sketch laureate- 
ships. The title was awarded to Mrs. Ella Maud Frye for "Who 
Was to Blame," with honorable mention to Everard Appleton, 
for "Nor Live Nor Love." 

The session of the following morning was eminently a busines 
session. The constitution committee reported a number of 
important changes, which were adopted. An elaborate scheme 
with reference to thciColumbiau exposition was presented by Mr. 
Cody for J4jdsbn D. Russell, and adopted by the convention. It 
was voted that measures be taken for the incorporation of the 
Association, and a committee was appointed for the purpose. 
During the proceedings, Frank E. Schermerhorn, E. J. Hard- 
castle and C. W. Edmunds entered the hall, and Mr. Schermer- 
horn read the following: 

Fellow amateurs assembled: We, the undersigned committee, 
representing a body of Amateur Journalists, ask the appointment of a 
like committee to meet us in conference to discuss and settle, if pos- 
sible, the difficulties that exist as a result of the proceedings of the past 
two days. We make these^overtures, willing to forego that for which 
we have personally contended in the interests of the cause which we 
all love. Our cause has never been strong enough even in the most 
prosperous days, to stand the breach that now threatens, and it is in 
goodfaith that we ask for an amicable adjustment of the difficulties 
now existing. 

The request was complied with, and President Swift appointed 
Wylie, Spencer and Morton as such committee. A recess was 
taken to 2 p. m. 

For some reason, the committee representing the Schermerhorn 
faction failed to materialize. After waiting more than half an 
hour, the committee from the N. A. P. A. made an appointment 
with the only member of the otlier committee present, at 1 :45. 
The Schermerhorn committee, consisting of Carter, Heath and 
Baker, when the conference finallj' met, declared their wish to 
be that the entire proceedings of the convention, subsequent to 
its desertion by the Schermerhorn party, be declared null and 
void. To this theN. A. P. A. committee refused to accede. Mean- 
while the convention had been called to order. Mr. Tomlinson 
obtained the floor and described the manner in which he had 
been approached b}' the Schermerhorn faction, who proffered him 
the presidency in return for his assistance in overthrowing the 
proceedings of the convention. He declared himself stronglj" 
opposed to such methods, and moved that the convention adjourn 
sine die. There being no further business to consider, the 



BrSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 236 

motioa was carried. The cotntnittee remaiiiel in session for 
some time, but no satisfactory agreement was reached. 

The official minutes give additional details as follows: 

Hope Reed Cody and James F. Morton, Jr., appointed to 
assist secretary of credentials. 

Committee on countingr proxy ballots: F. E. Schermerhorn, 
chairman; Walter C. Chiles, Edwin B. Swift, Willard O. Wylie, 
Ciiarles R. Burger, Truman J. Spencer and Harry C. Hoch- 
stadter. 

Roll call showed following members present: Miss Cox, Mrs 
Frye, Mrs. Swift, Messrs^ Spencer, Cole, Hardcastle, Ross 
Lawson, Taylor, Salmon, Mitchell, Carter, Cody, Meilinger, 
Reum, Tomiinson, Heath, Baker, Wylie, Morton, Burger 
Moody, Stover, Sizer, Swift, Chiles, Edmunds, Hochstadter, 
Kugler, Lewis, Schermerhorn, Melloy, Mellville, Smith and Dun- 
lop. 

Following applicants for membership accepted : Messrs. Vin- 
nedge, French, Emerick, Nulty, Stout, Tubbs, Gilbert, Aldrich, 
Reid, Peacock, Grossman, Robinson, Lord, Porter, Clinton, 
Wade, White, Schwartz, Carr, Sizer, Palen, Ball, Mace, G. 
Boughton, W. Bougiiton, Fellows, Stewart, Haskell, Hall 
Rosenfield, G. Melloy, Walker, Lloyd, Beckers, F. Noonan 
Bailey, Deats, Davis, Sheldon, Davis, Russell, Sutherland, Sayre 
WilHams, White, Groff, W. Walker, Munro, Ha3'den, Whitney 
W. Grant, R- Edmunds, Pinckney, H. Jaehne, Bouchet, ^. 
Carey, Grabam, Brubaker, O. Pratt, F. Pratt, Vail, Teniey, 
Church, Mayor, W. Lawson, Howard, Praeger, Walling, Cope 
Donovan, D. Newbold, E. Newbold, Russell, Billheimer, Cowles 
Heineman, M^nn, White, Shannon, Hassard, Gooder, Siemon 
T. Carey, Foss, Magurn, Goldenhorn, Wolff e, Barker, Hodges 
Potter, Bell, S^'l»oneman, W. Burke, Williams, Nelson, Marten, 
Knauer, Baer, F- Tomiinson, Holland, Frick ; Mrs. Allen, Mrs. 
Kugler ; Misses Sallie Stanberry, Addie Humble, Elma Johnson 
Rosa Mara, Jea^^tte Swing, E. Trust Foster. C. A. Hardesty, 
Adell Ray. Ida Gruth, Emma Keim, Nettie Woodzelle, Hattie 
Marpe, Edith C. Cooper, Rose Williams, Mabolm Douglas, Mrs. 
E. B. Summers, J- J- Weissert, Frank Lindsley, W. A. Paul, 
William Harrison, J^- O- Addison. 

Messrs. Heath, Ross, Cole, Hardcastle, Baker, Taylor, 
Salmon, Melloy, Carter and Schermerhorn, objected 
to and Messrs. Baker, Hardcastle, Salmon, Stewart, 
Carter, Peacock, Melloy, Cole, Hochstadter, Heath and 
Schermerhorn blackballed, the following applicants, rejecting 
them: Messrs. Polster, W. Burger, J. C. Burger. Kimball, 
Anderson, Engel, J. Wilson, Knapp, Duhme, Dalton, Quinlan, 



236 HISTORY oy the national amateur press association. 

D. Noonau, Murray, Earle, Hall, Trafford, Rivers, Tiltoii, 
Longstreet, Hughes, Hewins, Townsend, Hamilton, Ed'. Miller, 
Petit, J. Yellott, Devendorf, H. Sedgwick, Vilas, A. Sedgwick, 
Fesmier, Parsons, Whately, Craig, Evans, Frazer, C. Jaebne, 
Dusel, G. Wilson, Langer, Delane}^, Wells, Bearhope, Isen- 
schmid, Hall, Hine, Ward, Waggoner, Lovett, Holland, Parrish, 
Ferris, Verrinder, Peters, Bays, Paul Jaehne, Fred Jaehne, 
Deakin, Pike, Bixby, Care,'Vanderslic, Van Riper, Ryan; Misses 
Lillie Hawkins, Nan Lawson, Helen Lawson, Etta Hawkins, 
May Parsons, Mabel Vail, Annie Parsons, Jennie Morris, May 
Verrinder. 

The secretary reported the following dropped for inactivity : 
Bull, Mackay, P. Ruth, R. Ruth, Nervgeon, Hunter, Strom, 
Metcalf, Tewksbury, Harrison and Miss Hood. 

T. J. Spencer appointed chairman constitution committee: 

Second day. Proxy committee's report rendered by Mr. Bur- 
ger: 246 votes cast; 78 thrown out for non-payment of dues, 
73 blackballed, 4 received too late, 3 non-membership. Total 
cast out, 158 ; counted, 88. 

For President -Swift 62, Schermerhorn 19, Tomlinson 6, Mellingerl. 

For official editor — Chiles .59, Mayor 7, Mack 4, Mueller 1, Lewis 2, 
Tomlinson 1, Kugler 2. Miss Ooxl, Miss Steinberg 1, HoUub 2, Hoch- 
stadter 2. 

For convention seat— Buffalo .3(5, New Orleans 25, Boston 14, Albany 
4. Cincinnati 3, Fargo J , New ^' ork ] . 

Vote for president : 

E. B. Sw ift 87 

F. E. Schermerhorn 39 

J. L. Tomlinson 6. 

W. E. Mellinger 1 

Accordmg to the official minutes, in voting for the other officers, 
following the president, the secretary was instructed to cast the 
ballot for the candidate elected. 
Vote for meeting place : 

ProxT. Convention Total 

Boston 14 16 30 

New Orleans 25 . . 25 

Buffalo. 36 4 40 

Scattering 9 1 10 

Total number cast. 105 ; necessary for a choice, 53. 
Second ballot: 

Pi-oxv. Convention Total 

Boston 14 P) 30 

Buffalo 8(i ;i 39 

New Orleans 25 25 

Scattering . 9 . . 9 

Total number cast, 103; necessary for a choice, 51. 



HISTOUy OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 237 

Secretary instructed to cast the vote of the convention for 
Boston. 

Mr. Burger moved that the seventy-three applications rejected 
be reconsidered ; carried. These applicants all elected to mem- 
bership. 

Third day's session. Constitution committee reported. Fol- 
lowing changes made : 

Article VIII, section 1 amended so that a two-thirds vote shall 
be necessary to reject any applicant for membership. 

Article XIV. Section 1. Any member or accepted applicant 
publishing four or more numbers of his paper during the year is entitled 
to enter such publication, one month before the convention, in compe- 
tition for the title editorial laureate, which shall be awarded at each 
convention by the president. 

In article XIII, section 2, the words "or accepted applicant" 
were inserted after the word "member," in the second line. 

Article V, section 20 was amended by striking out the words, 
"at least two months," and inserting "before June 15." 

The last two lines of article VI, section 1, were stricken out, 
and the sentence ' 'the editor shall use the electrotyped heading of 
previous years" inserted. Section 5 was amended so as to read: 
"It shall contain on the last page of the first and last number — ." 

In article V, section 12, the words "either personally or" 
were stricken out. 

Treasurer Swift rendered a report to the Philadelphia conven- 
tion showing collections during the year of $243.15, disburse- 
ments of $177.40, leaving a balance on hand of $114.15. The 
balance a year before had been $48.40. 

The committee on conference appointed during the convention, 
had no opportunity to report to the convention before adjourn- 
ment, and published their report in Progress. It reviews the 
work of the convention up to Thursday morning and continues; 

Thursday morninor after disposing of much important miscel- 
laneous business, Mr. Schermerhorn appeared and presented a 
communication [which is printed on page 234]. 

The request embodied in this note was granted, and Messrs. 
Wylie, Spencer and Morton weie appointed such committee. 
A vote was passed instructing the committee that the 
election of President Swift was not to be nullified. Your 
comuiittee orgauized with Mr. Wylie as chairmam, and Mr. Spen- 
cer as secretary. Your committee found that they were not 
expected to meet the committee named in the communication, but 
that another committee, composed ®f Messrs. Heath, Carter and 
Baker sood back of them. Waiving this point, after several 



238 HISTORY OF THE HATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

iueffectiial efforts on their part to get their committee together, 
your committee met them in session at 1:45 p. m. Mr. Heath 
for his committee said that they had received tacit instructions to 
the effect that the body of the amateurs whom they represented 
would return to the Association upon condition that all business 
which had been transacted after the report of the proxy committee 
be reconsidered, and that they have a voice in the proceedings 
from that time. Mr. Wylie voiced the instructions 
your Association gave the committee, and stated the proposition 
offered mu«t be declined. Mr. Heath then asked for a proposition 
from your i;ommittee. Mr. Wylie, speaking for the committee, 
said that they had met to listen to any proposition that might be 
made to them, but saw no necessity for offering any on their part. 
The body of amateurs who had asked for the conference, were 
members, in good standing, of the Association, and would be 
welcomed at its sessions at any time. At this point Mr. Heath 
announced to your committee that the convention had adjourned 
sine die. After considerable fnrther discussion the conference 
was dissolved by mutual consent. 



CHAPTER 21. 

THE SCHERMERHORN BOLT. 

The Minutes on Which Thky Based the Legality of Theih 
ACTIONS. — Full Report of the Proxy Committee. — How 
OvFicEss Were Elected. — Resolutions Adopted. — Pecu- 
liarities OF THE Case. 

TH^ observant reader will have noted a few pages back 
that the N. A. P. A. took occasion to notice a bolt 
from its ranks at the Philadelphia convention. These 
bolters, daiming that the refusal of President Dunlop to put a 
motion to adjourn gave Mr. Carter the right to put it himself 
and adjourn the meeting, claimed for themselves the regular 
organizatfen and published a National Amateur. This chapter 
will take irp the faction from the point at which Mr. Burger read 
his proxy report. We quote from the mmutes as published in 
the Amateur : 

Calls for the chairman of the committee. Moved by Mr. 
Hochstadter to adjourn. President Dunlop refused to put the 
motion. An appeal made but ignored. Point of order by Mr. 
Cope that a motion to adjourn was always in order ; chair ruled 
the point of order out of order. Moved by Burger to accept his 
own report. A count of the votes by Mr. Burger reported as 
23 to 23. Cries that Mr. Burger hnd incorrectly counted the 
vote. His count accepted by President Dunlop, who cast the 
deciding vote in favor of the acceptance of the report. Moved 
and seconded to adjourn by several members, but movers not 
recognized by President Dunlop. After repeated requests, Mr. 
Carter, who had moved to adjourn, put the motion, which was 
carried by a vote of 28 to 22. 

Called to order at 2 p. m. Vice-President Schermerhorn in 
the cliair. Mr. Hochstadter secretary pro tern. 

Proxy committee's report submitted by Chairman Scher- 
merhorn : 

The proxy committee met at 10:45, Tuesday evening, July 14. It 
was VQted that all proxies received, bearing Philadelphia's postmark 
of July 11 up to 2 p. m. be counted. 

It ^^8 recommended that all rejected proxy ballots be filed with the 
recor(^ng secretary, and if such be not called for upon the appearance 
of the^ National Amateur, that they be destroyed by said official without 
any knowledge of how said votes were cast. 



240 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

On count it was found that the total number of proxies cast was 246. 

Proxies from the following named persons were thrown out for non- 
membership in the Association: , G. J. Moore, E. R. Townsend, A. E. 
Tilton, David Noonan, John Dalton, John J. Yellott, Jr., W. W. 
Delaney, H. E. Parsons, W. J. Vanderslice, R. B. Teachenor, G. A. 
Longstreet, J. J. Hughes, John Quinlan, E. C. Hall, Guy E. Wells, 
Mary Parsons, L. O. Van Riper, Etta Hawkins, Lillie Hawkins, Annie 
Parsons, N. O. Whitney, P. J. Ferris, E. F. Waggoner, A. G. Holland, 
W. F. Fesmer, I. J. Hewins, Charles H. Trafford, John Bearhope, A. P. 
Ward, A. J. Ryan, Millie Henderson, J. C. Benendorf, John Hamil- 
ton, Helen Lawson, H. W. Frozer, M. S. Dockstadter, E. W. Miller, 
J. H. Evans, R. Petit, Nan Lawson, Paul Jaehne, Fred Jaehne, 
Edward Dusel, Charles Jaehne, J. S. Peters, George Bays, D. E. Pike, 
J. C. Burger, J. D. Earle, F. H. Polster, C. 0. Deakin, J. Morris, S. 
Isenschmit, C. L. Kimball, P. M. Vilas, A. R. Parrish, F. Rivers, A. 

A. Langer, C. L. Hine, Isaac Lovett, J. D. Carr. M. AV. Knapp, F. B. 
Massey, J. H. Case, W. B. Burger, I). E. Murray, M. S. Vail, Jos 
Wilson, Jr., A. M. Duhme, W. Verrinder, Jr., Man Verrinder, G. B. 
Craig, H. C. Bixby W. A. Engel, A. W. Anderson, N. J. Sedgwick, H. 
G. Sedgwick, Luther C Aid, Norman Reisenfelt, Adam J. Wagner, J. 
G. Ballard, G. A. Nelson, W. B. Donelson, Mamie B. Wentz, W. G. 
Hadcock, A. C. Watkins, George J. Ressenfeld, Clinton S.Zimmerman. 

Following cast out for non-payment of dues: Robert uarey, George 
S. Brown, I. Goldenhorn, Frank Stout, Jr., O. Yellott, 0. A. Mueller, 
George A. Vail, Charles S. Sheffield, A. H. Nash, A. Bouchet, J. D. 
Miller, H. L. Pinckney, Henry Wolffe, F. D. Lackey, H. D. Siemon, 

B. William Corbett, E. A. Magurn, H. H, Fish, Mrs. H. H. Fish, E. 
A. Johnson, C. S. Zimmerman, Charles Jensen, Al. E. Barker, F. S. 
Whitney, C. H.Frost, J. Hesscock, Jr., L. C. Auld, C E. Church, M- 
Robinson, H. H. Hodges, G. Gooder, H. S. Johnson, H. Strom, T. E. 
CroBsley, G. J. Rissenfeld, N. Rissenfeld, G. G. Ballard, Jr., L. C. 
Bigelow, Bert Phillips, Emma Keim, James S. Wilson, W. G. Roome, 
P. J. Hayden, S. A. Nelson, A.J. Wagner, Ben A. Baer, L. S. Boruck, 
Charles Knauer, A. C. Watkins, Mrs. J. G. Kugler, Mamie Wentz, 
Elsie Kemp, L. L. Williams, H. L. Reid, J. H. I. Munro, W. C. Carr, 
F. L. Toralinson, A. R. Hazzard, J, S. Hall, B. M. LaRue, F. E, Wil- 
liams, Abbie E. Underwood, G. H. Wilson, Theodore B. Thiele, J. 
Whidden Graham, Theo. Carey, Louis Kempner, W. B. Donaldson. 

Cast out for having arrived too late: John T. Nixon, Lillie Wood- 
zelle, George French, Harry R. Carson. 

Following votes declared legal: Rose L. .Mara, F. B. Noonan, Adell 
Ray, E. R. Aldrich, H. E. Deats, F. D. Woollen, E. A. Edkins, Nettie 
Woodzelle, Jessie Dillon. E. O. Sheldon, J. W.' Foss, Mary Morton, M. 
H. Grossman, W. G. Muirhead, Capitola Harrison, C' B. Palmer, 
Orman Pratt, Fred Pratt, D. P. Hurlburt, Will S. Moore, W. W. Car- 
penter, Alex. D. Grant. Charles Elgutter, W. C. Tennev, Charles E. 
Wilson, Elisha Read, E. T. Capen, G. G. Melloy, L. H. Nutter, C. W. 
Smith, W, A. O. Paul, Fred C. Addison, E. W. Martin, A. G. Bonney, 
George Frye, W. H. Walker, Jr., J. K. Walker, J. P. White, Jr., vE. A. 
Becker, Jr., Everard Appleton, Kneeland Ball, Dewitt Clinton, E. B. 
Hill. David Hollub, Warren Brodie, Joe Mack, C. H. Williams, Frank 
Lindsley, G. M. Purcell, Wm. Harrison, S. O. Addison, H. H. Zumstein, 

C. D. Cowles, A. S. Mann, Mrs. E. B. Summers, Charles Schwartz, 
Edith C. Cooper, Hattie Marpe, P. Arthur Burke, Rose Williams, J. J. 
Weissert, Malcolm Douglas, D.O, Groff, A,W. Sutherland, C.A.Moxley. 
F. C. Johnson, IdaHarting, A. G.Kreidler, Rose Steinberg, Richard 
Edmunds, Stella Truman, Annie Hardesty, Addie Humble, Stuart L. 
White, Otto Praeger, Sal lie Stanberry, George Billheimer. J. Robert 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR FRE8S ASSOCIATION. 241 

Wale, W; B. Wells, C. M. Vinnedge, Charles E. Lloyd, E. D, Melville, 
W. A. Kennedy, S. J. Steinberg, N. H. Ferguson, C F. Bailey, Charles 
E. Bier, C, E, Christiancy, Jr.. Abbie B. Allen, T. J. Nulty, l.eola B. 
White, total 90. 

The vote resulted as follows: 

For president— Swift 61, Tomlinson 6, Schermerhorn 19, Melhnger 1, 
blank 2— total 89.* , , , ^ 

For official editor— Chiles 58, Mayor 7, scattering 18, blank t>-- 
total 89. f 

For convention seat— Buffalo 34, Albany 5, New Orleans 2o, Boston 
15, scattering 6, blank 4— total 89. 

The above respectfully submitted by the proxy committee. 

Report accepted. 

Mr. Heath took the floor to move that every proxy that ap- 
peared to have been cast in good faith be counted, and that their 
dues be regarded as paid, it being clear that the money by which 
many members had arranged to have their dues paid, had been 
withheld at the last moment by Mr. Burger, for political reasons. 
This he considered a clear piece of rascality and held that inno- 
cent members should not be made to lose their vote by reason of 
it. His motion seconded and carried. 

Messrs. Cole, Carter and Hochstadter appointed to recount 
the proxies. Recess. 

Reassembled. Proxy committee reported that the proxy vote 
stood: For president— Tomlinson 58, Swift 64, Schermerhorn, 
25. For official editor Chiles had enough votes to elect. For 
convention seat— Albany 52, New Orleans 32, Buffalo 23, 
Boston 17. 

F. E. Schermerhorn nominated for president. Ballot taken: 

Proxy. Convention Total 

Swift 64 .. 64 

Tomlinson 58 . . 58 

Schermerhorn 25 24 49 

Total 171 

Second ballot : 

Proxy. Convention Total 

Swift 64 .. 64 

Tomlinson 58 . ^ 58 

Schermerhorn 25 25 50 

Total 172 

On the third ballot, the proxies being thrown out, as per con- 
stitution, Mr. Schermerhorn was unanimously elected. 

Other officers unanimously chosen : First vice-president, John 
G. Kugler; second vice-president, George A. French; record- 

*This total is given as 90 in the National ^matcMr— evidenty a typo- 
graphical error. 

tThe Amateur gives this total 141— another glaring error. 



242 HISTOBY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

ing secretary, Jobn H. Cole; correspondiog secretary, Harry S, 
Sizer; treasurer, Arthur E. Baker. 

For official editor Mr. Chiles was elected, but refused to 
recognize tlie convention as legal. His office declared vacant 
and Frederic F. Heath elected. 

Two ballots for convention seat, both alike : 

Proxy. Convention Total 

Albany 52 .. 52 

'New Orleans 32 1 33 

Buffalo : 23 24 47 

Boston 17 .. 17 

Total*... ,.149 

Adjourned to 8 p. ni. 

Fourth session, 8:30 o'clock, President Schermerhorn in 
chair. Constitutional clause relative to annual meeting place 
suspended. Buffalo chosen on third ballot. Roll call — 22 
present. 

Executive judges chosen: S. 8. Stinson, chairman; E. J. 
Hardcastle, A. D. Grant. 

Adopted that a demand be made on retiring officials for all 
Association property. 

Article V, section 25 of the constitution amended by inserting 
the words "not exceeding $100" in place of ^'such sums." 

An assistant editor added to the board of officers and a new 
section added to article V reading "It shall l>e the duty of the 
assistant editor to assist the official editor." 

Fifth session, 10:30 a. m., President Schermerhorn in chair. 
Roll call — 16 in attendance. 

A communication drawn up [it appears on page 234] and com- 
mittee, Messrs. Schermerhorn, Hardcastle and Edmunds, ap- 
pointed to consult with the amateur journalists assembled in the 
parlor, in the hope of reuniting all the delegates at the conven- 
tion. A recess taken. 

On reassembling, the committee reported arrangements for a 
conference. Messrs. Heath, Baker and Carter appointed a con- 
ference committee. Adjourned subject to call. 

At a session held late in the afternoon the conference com- 
mittee reported. This report stated that the committee had 
failed to secure an amicable adjustment of differences. The re- 
port was accepted and the following re?olutions adopted : 

Whereas, We have been outraged b\- the corrupt use of money for 
political advantage, by the dishonorable rulings of an arbitrary and 
partisan president, and by the indignities heaped upon our hosts by a 
minority faction -of the delegates present at the convention just 
closing; be i,t 

*In the Amateur this total appears as 17i?— a \ alpab:e error. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 243 

Resolve<3, That we respectfully submit to the impartial consideration 
of our fellow amateurs of the United States the following statement of 
our grievances : 

1. We denounce the action of the Tomlinson campaign committee, 
in attempting to force into membersnip in our Association a large 
number of persons connected in no legitimate way with Amateur Jour- 
nalism, and in many cases unlit to be received as members of the N. A. 
P. A. 

2. We call attention to the fact that of the members and applicants 
for membership who were supporters of John L. Tomlinson, only four 
had paid their dues prior to the assembling of the convention, proving 
conclusively as was openly admitted that it was the intent of the Tom- 
linson committee to buy the election of their candidate. 

3. We denounce the misuse of the treasurer's office by which for 
the first time in the history of the Association, the djes of every voter 
for a certain presidential candidate, were paid— that candidate being 
the treasurer. 

4. We denounce Ex- President Dunlop for (1) his unparliamentary, 
unconstitutional and partisan rulings in refusing to put to vote amotion 
duly recognized and seconded, an appeal duly recognized and seconded, 
and a motion to adjourn duly recognized and seconded; (2} for appoint- 
ing as assistant secretary a uian notoriously unfit to fulfill the duties of 
the office honestly and fairlj'. 

5. We deny the varacity of the records of the meeting which 
accepted the report of prox>'* committee, and thus defrauded a candi- 
date of his just representation. 

6. We denounce the dishonorable action of the Swift faction in 
accepting onr proposal to arbitrate through duly appointed com- 
mittees representing both parties, and In adjourning sine die while this 
joint committee was in conference. 

7. We denounce the actions of.the Swift faction in insulting our hoits, 
the Philadelphia members by scurrilous resolutions concerning them, 
by interfering with the arrangements of the reception committee, and 
by their general discourtesy to the resident amateurs. 

8. We refuse to recognize the validity of the proceedings of their 
meeting after the motion'to adjourn was carried by the majority. We 
repudiate the pretended officers of the Association. 

9. In conclusion, we appeal with confidence to our fellow amateurs 
of the United States for support and vindication. 

Adjourned at 8 p. m. 

Reassembled. 

CoiistitutioDal amendraeDt: "with the assistance of the cor- 
responding secretary," stricken from article V, section 24. 

F. T. Mayor elected assistant editor. 

Laureate winners announced [as alread noted] and conven- 
tion adjourned. 

After a careful study of the vote cast in this meeting we have 
decided that all proxies that had been cast were counted, except 
those of the unfortunate seventy-three who were blackballed. If 
this was Lite case, the result shown is remarkable. The votes re- 



244 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

jected by the blackballing were all Tomlinson votes, and as he 
got 58 anyway, as the Schermerhorn people acknowledged, the 
73 additional would give him 131 out of a total of 246 •proxies. 
It is an amusing fact that the National Amateur issued by Mr. 
Heath carried the names of the rejected applicants as full-fledged 
members of the Association. 

President Schermerhorn appointed John H. Cole chairman of 
bureau of recruits with Messrs. Salmon, Taylor, Peacock, Hard- 
castle and Ross to assist him. Howard D. Ross was appointed 
secretary of credentials. Miss Addie Humble, national laureate 
recorder and C. E. Christiancy, librarian. 

Much could be written on both sides of the controversy that 
split asunder the N. A. P. A. The writer of this volume care- 
fully and honestly studied arguments made through amateur 
papers and private letters and finally decided that Dr. Swift was 
the legal president of the N. A. P. A. That was the decision of 
the majorit}' of non-attending amateurs. At the same time it 
was generally recognized that the Schermerhorn men were more 
sinned against tliau sinning. They left the convention in the 
heat of the moment, when filled with righteous indignation over 
the unjust rulings of an arbitrary chairman. They made an 
effort to return but were prevented by the early adjournment of 
the Association. 

The campaign of Mr. Tomlinson for the presidency was some- 
thing unique in amateur histor3^ The Tomlinson campaign 
committee printed a large number of small papers, containing 
about fifty words each of original matter, and used as editors the 
names of five or six persons to each paper. These persons had 
filled out for them proxy votes, and Messrs. Tomlinson and 
Burger carried to Philadelphia with them the money to pay the 
dues of these "amateurs" — in fact, the purchase price of the 
National presidency. 

The Schermerhorn faction held a banquet on Thursday night 
at the Colonnade hotel. There were thirty-four present. Porter 
F. Cope was toastmaster and toabts were responded to by E, 
St, Elmo Lewis, Frank ¥j. Sthermerhoru, Frederic Heath, F, T. 
Mayor, Arthur E. Baker, Mr, Charles Morris (a visitor), .John 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PREgS ASSOCIATION. 245 

G. Kugler, Harry D. Hughes, H. C. Hochstadter, and Samuel 
S. Stinson. 

Iq March, 1892, President Schermerhorn accepted the resig- 
nation of Official Editor Heath, appointing Harry S. Sizer in his 
stead. He also appointed Charles W. Gans as director of re- 
cruiting in the northwest. 

Mr. Heath was appointed corresponding secretary. A, E. 
Baker resigned as treasurer and Frank J. Fellows was appointed. 

The Schermerhorn party sent out three issues of the Natioiud 
Amateur. The first issue, October, 1891, was of eight pages. 
It contained the minutes, official documents and editorial matter/ 
The February, 1892, issue, was of four pages, containing a por- 
tion of Laureate Recorder Woollen's report, a page about ama- 
teur affairs in England, and editorial. A third number, by 
Harry S. Sizer, was issued, but we have never seen it. A few 
copies only are in existence. 



CH/irTER 23. 

SWIFT'S ADMINISTRATION— BOSTON CONVENTION. 

Dr. Swift's Personal Work. — Trouble With Officers. — 
Spencer a Candidate for President. — The Boston Con- 
vention AND Its Business. 

THE administration of Edwin B. Swift as president of 
the National Amateur Press Association was fraught 
with many disagreeable features, viewed from that gen- 
tleman's standpoint, but he bravely took up the work and car- 
ried it on. A retrospective glance over twenty-five years of 
amateur effort justifies the statement that to President Swift, 
more than to any other president of the National, was due the 
activity displayed during his term of office. Tlie papers of the 
year were many and valuable. There were many active authors 
in the ranks, and minor associations were numerous. 

President Swift's official board, however, was not of the best. 
The entire board was chosen from amateurs present at the con- 
vention, and it seems the choice w^as made in a hurry. The best 
member of the board, Miss Harriet C. Cox, resigned her position 
as first vice-president. John T. Nixon was appointed. Later 
he resigned and James F. Morton, Jr., was given the place. 

Messrs. O. A. Reuni, corresponding secretary, and Hope R. 
Cody, treasurer, were removed from office for inactivity and 
successors appointed. For some reason the action was rescinded, 
and they retained their places. The official editor. Walter C. 
Chiles, in the March issue of the Amateur took occasion to ac- 
cuse President Swift of a failure to keep his pledges, and later 
on sent out a begging letter to a number of amateurs, asking 
their assistance so that the Amateur, eould be issued as he had 
originally planned, and again accusing Dr. Swift of breaking 
pledges. This led to the printing of considerable matter tljat 
should have no place in the National's official organ. 

OflQcial Editor Chiles issued the largest volume of tlie National ' 
Amateur. It was bi-monthly. The September issue, eight pages, 
contained the minutes and other official matter. The November 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 247 

issue was of sixteen pages. It contained the poem winning the 
laureateship, the laureate recorder's report, an installment of a 
continued story, other literary matter, a classification of amateur 
papers, news from various points and editorial. The January 
issue was of eight pages, modeled after the previous issue. The 
March issue was eight pages. May issue sixteen and July issue 
six. The various issues followed the style adopted in the first. 

At one time during the year Mr. Chiles decided to leave Ama- 
teur Journalism and resigned his oflftcial position and his member- 
ship in the N. A. P. A. Before his resignations had been acted 
on he withdrew them. His reasons were never very clearly 
understood. 

In March Charles H. Lawson resigned as second vice-president 
and Theo. B. Thiele was appointed. Hope R. Cody resigned as 
treasurer and John L. Tomlinson was appointed. 

Laureate Recorder Morton thus briefly outlines the political 
work of the year : 

The political campaign opened late, though rumors concerning 
it were spread abroad almost immediately after the Philadelphia 
convention. The expected candidacy of Mr. Tomlinson and 
later, that of Mr. Burger, failed to materialize. The name 
of Truman J. Spencer awakened almost unanimous support. 
No candidate was named in opposition to him. 

Progress gave a convention account, from which is taken the 
following : 

Monday, July 4, at 10 o'clock, the convention was cnlled to 
order, forty persons being present. The constitution and b}-- 
laws were amended in various ways. The most prominent amend- 
ments put miscellaneous in the order of business for the first 
day, as well as second, gives the president more power in the re- 
moval of officers and the supervision of all official Association 
matter puolished. 

After being photographed at 4 p. m., the National was again 
called to order by President Swift, and the matter of reconcilia- 
tion with the seceding faction was brought up. Charles li. 
Burger stated that reconciliation could be affected under certain 
conditions, and he was in favor of making such an attempt. He 
believed that should President Schermerhorn be re-elected the 
holding of a union mid-winter convention at Buffalo and placing 
Schermerhorn' s name on the roll of presidents would bring about 
harmony. This step was opposed by Wilson, Morton, Emery 
and Wylie, who claimed that we were in no way beholden to 



248 HISTOEY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

recognize Schermerhorn's acts as legal. The matter was finally 
disposed of by empowering the president to nominate a com- 
mittee to arbitrate with a similar committee from the other side. 
At 5 : 30 o'clock the convention adjourned until 9 :30 o'clock the 
following morning. 

As soon as the convention bad adjourned a Spencer caucus 
was held with all the delegates present in attendance, excepting 
Jas. F. Morton, who refused to participate in any political pro- 
ceedure. Brainerd P. Emery served as chairman of the caucus, 
and the ticket was nominated that was on the day following 
elected. The most noteworthy feature of the caucus w^as the 
tilt upon the nomination for official editor. Brainerd P. Emery 
nominated Everard J. Appleton, but Charles R. Burger took the 
floor and swept Appleton's candidacy to the winds, the latter re- 
ceiving but one vote. 

Tuesday, July 5, again the delegates assembled, this time for 
the election of officers. The secretary of credentials reported on 
the names of a large number of new members. The first real 
contest of the convention came up on Morton's special com- 
mittee report to drop inactive members. Morton insisted on the 
step being taken, while others insisted that action should be de- 
layed until the next session. When a vote was taken, only one 
vote could be found against laying the matter on the table. The 
committee on proxies reported, after which came the election of 
officers. Truman J. Spencer was nominated by Willard O. 
Wylie. Sam J. Steinberg nominated by Dr. E. B. Swift. The 
result of the ballot was : 

Truman J. Spencer 44 

Sam J. Steinberg • 3 

and Truman J. Spencer was declared elected. The rest of the. 
ticket elected was follows ; First vice-president, F. S. Whitney, 
Tacoma, Washirgton ; second vice-president, Leola B. White, 
Opelousas, La. ; corresponding secretary, Alson Brubaker, 
Fargo, N. D. ; recording secretary, Theo. B. Thiele, Chicago, 
Hi.; official editor, Brainerd P. Emery, Newburg, N. Y. ; next 
place of meeting Chicago, 111. With completion of election, ad- 
journment was affected until 2 o'clock p. m., when miscellaneous 
business was brought up. A motion expressing disapproval of 
the use of the official organ as a medium for indulging in political 
discussion was laid on the table. It was noted that a majority 
vote shall be sufficient to reject applicants for membership in 
place of two-thirds. 

President Spencer announced the laureate awards as follows : 
Sketch writer laureate, Miss Harriet C. Cox, entry, ^ 'Tim's 
Query;" Essayist laureate, Truman J. Spencer, entry, "The 
Christian Merchant and Jewish Banker;" Poet laureate,. Brain- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 249 

erd P. Emery, entry, "The Wizard;" Serial laureate, Walter 
G, Muirbeid, entry, "A. Remnant of Lace." At 3:30 p. m. 
the convention adjourned to meet the following morning on the 
Plymouth steamer. 

Wednesday, July 6, a very short session was held on the 
steamer bound to Plymouth. Prohibition resolutions introduced by 
Morton were laid on the table, and an attempt to take from the 
table the official organ matter of the day previous was unsuccess- 
ful. The convention then adjourned si7ie die. 

Delegates present: Dr. Edwin B, Swift, Willard O. Wj^lie, 
Geo. E. Frye, Correl Kendall, Truman J. Spencer, Elisha T. 
Read, Ered. W. Small, John L. Tomlinson, Robert Carey, 
Brainerd P. Emery, Miss Harriet C. Cox, Fred W. Pratt, Fred 
Metcalf, Mrs. Ella Maud Frye, Miss Mabelle F. Noyes, Charles 

E. Wilson, Moses H. Gossman, Charles R, Burger, James F. 
Morton, Jr., W. W. Carpenter, Thomas Carey, Miss Annie L. 
Lynde, Guy Metcalf, A. H. Nash, A. H. Spence, Miss M. K. 
Cameron, Walter H. Thorpe, Mrs. E. M. Miniter, Miss Mary 
Morton, Geo. W. Dodd, Jr., Geo. E. Day, E. T. Capen, Chas. 

F. Porter, Oscar L. Stevens, Chas. F. Gettemy, Miss Jennie E. 
Day, Miss Hattie F. Burnham, Miss Susie B. Robbins, A. W. 
Sutherland, John W. Foss, D. T. Clark, Miss Frances A. Par- 
sons, Miss F. A. McKensie, Miss Lauretta A. Bowes, Mrs. F. 
L. Leaming-Llegge, Miss Helen Sullivan, Miss E. J. Robbins. 

The official minutes give additional details : 

New members admitted: Annie Laurie Lynde, Everard Ap- 
pleton, W. H. Thorp, J. F. VanDerCook, Jr., Kathleen F. 
Smith, Frank Bernhard, J. H. Phillips, F. Ellis Reed, J. \V. 
Cole, Marian Skinner, Hugh Lorentz, Alfred Robinson, Charles 
H. Allen, Agues Chipman, Charles Trowbridge, Albert Spence, 
Jr., Hattie Burnham, Susie Robbins, M. K. Cameron, Florence 
L. Leaming-Llegge, Norton C. Whitley, Helen M. Sullivan, 
Lauretta A. Bowes. 

Amendments to constitution : Add following article, reiium- 
bering following sections : 

Article V. Section 12. All official matter shall, upon request of 
the president, be submitted to him for approTal before publicatioii, or 
the bills therefor shall not be paid. 

Insert following, renumbering other sections : 

Art. V. Sec. 17. The president, on concurrence of four members 
of the executive judges and board of advisers, shall have authority to 
suspend any minor officer during the year, such action to be subject to 
appoval of the association at the succeeding convention. 

In article V, section 26, strike out "three of which shall be 
printed prior to February of each year. No issue to be delayed 
more than one mouth after the regular date of publication" and 



^50 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

insert "the first of vvhicli simll be printed not later than Septem- 
ber following; the rereaininor numbers to be not more than three 
months apart." 

Add to order of business for first day "miscellaneous and new 
business." Section 1 of article B of b3^~laws stricken out. 

Following resolutions adotjted : 

Whereas. During the past year there has been an association formed 
for similar purposes as the N. A. P. A., and yet is antagonistic to the 
welfare of Amateur Journalism and this organization, and 

Whereas. This Association, feeling that by right of age and stability 
it is justified in extending the hand of reciprocity towards bodies 
formed for a similar purpose, therefore be it 

Resolved, That this Association appoint a committee of five to meet 
alike committee from any Association that cares to confer with them. 

The proxy committee reported 34 proxies received. Six were 
rejected for non-payment of dues. The remaining 28 were 
counted. There were no contests, every election, save that of 
oflBcial editor, being on the first ballot, and all counting the 
proxies. For these reasons the vote in detail is here omitted. 

Constitutional amendment: In article VIII, section 1, strike 
out "two-thirds" in line 18 and substitute "majority." 

Section in regard to making motions to adjourn debatable 
reinstated. 

Treasurer Tomlinson reported receipt of $123.25 from Ex- 
Treasurer Swift and receipts since of $80. Disbursements were 
$111, leaving $92.25 on band. 



CH/IFTER 24. 

THE SCHERMERHORN FACTION AT BUFFALO. 

Amateurs in Attexdance. — Amalgamation with the Mutual 
Benefit Association.— Election of Officers and Banqlet. 

THE annual raeeliug of the Schennerhorn faction of the Na- 
ional Amateur Press Association was held in Buffalo, 
N. Y., July 4-6, 1892. The following account is taken 
from the minutes of A. H. Snyder, in the National Amateur is- 
sued b\^ H. S. Sizer, from Buffalo in September, 1892 : 

The first session was called to order in association hall of the 
Y. M. C A. building on the afternoon of the fourth by President 
Frank Earle Schermerhorn. After addressing the convention the 
president announced the following officers pro tempore: First 
vice-|)resident, F. F. Heath; second vice-president, I*^. J. Hard- 
castle; recording set-retary and assistant, J. K. Walker and 
Kneeland Ball, resijectively ; W. Hicks Bell and C. D: Cowles, 
associates on the credential committee. 

The following members were present: Misses l^lraa A. John- 
son an<l Mabel A. Lyiies; Messrs. E. J. Harrlcastle, H. D. Ross^ 
H. C. Hochstadter, F. E. Schermerhorn, VV. H. Bell, F. h\ 
Hesth, J. H. Phillips, A. H. Snyder, J. K. Walker. L. S. Spire,. 
C. H. Williams, E. J. Fellows, H. S. Sizer, D. C. Rockwood, S. 
H. Stilling, W. DeC. Moore. E. V. Rockwood, F. C. Rupp, H. 
G. Johnson, C. D. Cowles, F. W. Lynes, S. H. Woodruff,' W. 
S. Sizer. W. H. Walker, Jr., Kneeland Ball, W, A. Runp. G. O. 
Smith, J. J. Ottinger, F. T. Mayor, G. Williams. F. Clans,, Jr. 

The following names were added to the membersliip roll: 
Harry E. Montgomery, Dwight C. Rockwood, Edward V. Rock- 
wood, W. S. Sizer, Gordon Williams, Charles W. Ketmey. Sidney 
H. Stilling, Mabel H. Lynes, Frank W. Lynes. August Binde- 
man, Fred Clans, L. D. Spire, W. A. Fisher, Will J. Roe, J. G. 
Heyn, E. T. Heyn, Frank F. Bassett, Bert H. Gondon. H. J. 
Keudrick, Granville P. Alexander, J. Herbert Phillips. Emma A. 
Johnson, Harry G. Johnson, Frank J. Fellows. W. H. Walker. 
Jr., Graham O. Smith, William A. Rupp, Walter DeC. Moore. 
S. H. Woodruff. ^ 

Mr. Heath spoke at length concerning the admissi(>n of the 
Mutual Benefit Amateur Press Association into membership. Mr. 
Snyder, representing the Mutuals, replied: "Mr. Heath has 
said all that need be said. I now await your pleasure." 



252 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

It was moved by Mr. Heath and seconded by Mr. Hoebstadter, 
that the members of the Mutual Benefit Amateur Press Associa- 
tion be admitted into membership into the National Amateur 
Press Association, and that they be exempt from the paymment 
of initiation fees. Unanimously carried. 

The following are the names of the members of the M. B. A. 
P. A. thus admitted in a body : Lennox D. Browne, R. M, 
Oliver, E. B. Henneman, R. O. Howard, Fred P. Goodwin, E. 
Harsie Smith. Clarence E. Knight, Marshall Smith, Richard O. 
Nehls, Albert H. Snyder. John M. Everett, James Balen, Albert 
Cook, Mayuard L. Daggy, John \"\'esley Geiger, Albert Gang, 
Otto A. Kamber, J. Noland, Emmanuel Snel, Horace Springer, 
Alexander Wolcott, George A. Dean, Wm. H. Eck, Sarah Hr- 
bek, John Bicknell, JefRe R. Hudson, C. E. Bray, S. E. Shan- 
nahan, Harry W. VVhite, H. Boyce, Farrand H. Borgman, C. 
A. Behn, Charles Bockleman, Fred Bircher, George Euler, Wm. 
V. Huss, E. C. Melshelmer, George F. Munsa, James W. Scars- 
dale, Thomas P. Smith, Alvin Soost, J. A. Wardner, Harry 
Weisles, Benjamin Barnett, H. T. Cook, Emma L. Hauck, 
Melvin King, Edward Moore, G. \V. Schelker, P. M. Bailey, 
Charles O. Beirne, Albert C. Smith, Herbert G. West, Frank 
Barr, Orvil West, Howard C. Hillegass, Ned M. Selkregg, W. 
H. Sheahan, George A. Huss, William Little. 

At the second session, President Schermerhorn appointed the 
following proxy committee : Messrs. Heath, Bell, Walker, Cow- 
les, Ross and Snyder. After a recess the committee rendered 
this report which was accepted. 

Whole number of proxy votes cast 18, one defective. 

For president— H. C. Hochstadter 9, F. E, Schermerhorn 3, J. J. 
Ottinger 3, T. J. Spencer 2, total 17. 

For official editor— H. S. Sizur 9, F. F. Heath 1, H. C. Hochstadter 
2, E. J. Ilardcaslle 2, J. L. Tomlinson 1, Kugler 1, Blank 1, total 17. 

For convention seat— Chicago 11, Milwaukee 6, total 17. 

Mr. Heath, seconded by Mr. Cowle., nominated Mr. Hoch- 
:t:tadter for president. Of the coavention votes, 18 were for Mr. 
Hochstadter and 7 for Mr. Schermerborn. Added to the proxy 
vote, Mr. Hochstadter had 27 votes, Mr. Scl^-ermerhorn 10. Mr. 
Hochstadter declared elected. 

At 3:45 p. m. the third session was called to order by PreJ?;- 
dent Schermerhorn aad the following officers elected : First vice- 
president, E. J. Hardcasde ; second vice-piTsident, Miss Addie 
Humble; recording secretary, A. H. Snyder; corresponding 
secretary, J. H. Phillips; treasurer, E. J. Fellows; official editor, 
H. S. Siger; assistant official editor, F. F. Heath; convention 
.scat, Chicago; executive judges, Messrs. Schermerhorn, Kamber 
and Wells. 

On the evening of July 6, the annual banquet was held at the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 25i$ 

Niagara hotel, fifty persons being seated. Mr. Robert Palen 
acted as toastmaster. He read letters from E. St. Elmo Lewis 
and E. H. Butler, the latter editor Buffalo Eaening News. The 
following toasts were ojiven: ., _ . 

The National Amateur Press Association 

F. E. Schermerhorn 

Our Country Fred W. Glaus 

* Wilmington Club E. J. Hardcastle 

Amateur Critics H. C. Hochstadter 

Buffalo Amateur Journalists Chib Harry S. Sizer 

The Benefits of Amateur Journalism Sidney H. Stilling 

The Relations of tiie Amateur to the Professional Press 

F. F. Heath 

The Western Amateur J. Herbert Phillips 

The Ladies Edward V. Rock wood 

In accordance with a proposal by President Hochstadter, a 
silent toast to the memory of Ex-President Thomas H. Parsons, 
who died the day before, was drunk standing. 

Just before respondiiii to his toast. President Hochstadter for- 
mally took his seat as president and delivered Ins inaugural ad- 
dress. At the close of the evening's proorram, \w. announced his 
appointments for the year: E. St. Elmo Levvis. laureate re- 
corder; Kneeland Hall, librarian, -Howard I). Ross, secretary of 
credentials. 

The last session of the convention was held on July 6^ at 
9:45 a. m., in the cabin of the "VVilliam Henry Harrison,'' bt- 
tween the United States and Canada. 

Mr. Heath presented an amendinent to the constitution, chang- 
ing the size of the otficial Organ to Century size, not to be less 
than eight pages and cover, which was carried. 

Mr. Heath, seconded by Mr. Hardcastle, moved that during 
the coming year, the president, official editor and the executive 
committee, constitute a committee on harmony. Carried. 

After passsing a memorial on the death of Ex-President Thomas 
H. Parsons and expressing appreciation for the courtesies of the 
Buffalo amateurs, the convention adjourned to meet in Chicago 
in 1893. 



CH/irTER 25, 




WiiELiK THE Association was Planned. — Dunlop's Election 
Made it Cehtain. — Call fok Organization. — Success 
Inst ANT A\K<)u.s.— The Mutual Coxferenok. — Absorption 
BY THE National. 

Contrihuled hi/ Oito A. Kamber. 

{'V was about the mutdle <»f February, l-SyO, at an informal 
<iatberiiig ot ainaleuiH, that umatenr affairs in ijenernl and 
the NaliojitU in par>ioular were diacusseci. One of the gentle- 
men present vv;is :ni apj^iieanl for nietnber8hi|) in that oroanization, 
and the question catne up what his object was in seeking niem- 
bers!^[} in an oriianization which he admitted! was not altogether 
l!) his liking. Me potidered for a moment ai»d Iheti exclrvimed : 
'I iuive changed my tnin.I. There is nothing consistent in be- 
coming a member of an organization whicli is so at variance with 
my conception of what an organization of amateur journalists 
should i)e." The conversation finally drifted ns to the advisa- 
bility of farming a separate organization, the obstacles it would 
hnve to overcome and the responsil)ility it would have to assume. 
]t was the senliment of those present thai a new organization was 
a great desideratum. Some were in favor of commencing active 
operations at once, Ijut more const rvative judgment prevailed. 
1] was the sense of the meeting that the amateurs be -'sounded," 
and if sufficient en(^ouragem&nt was received, to begin the work 
of nrgui>ization. 

A.t thi:: informed meeting there were two of the shrewdest or- 
ganizers known to Amateur Journalism; men who watched for 
oppurt;iniLies and knew how to take advantage of them. With- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 255 

out disparagement it may be said that they were better organizers 
than journalists. One was George M. Huss, of St. Louis ; the 
Other was "Robert Davis," of Indianapolis. That was the name 
by which he went ; and to forestall a very hoary campaign canard^ 
the writer will make the avowal that his name did not begin with 
a-K." 

The Illustrated Age started the ball rolling by publishing a 
series of cartoons. The St. Louis Amateur began printing a few 
caustic editorials. By June of that year it was evident that the 
cause of independent journalism was gaining ground. There 
were perhaps a dozen |>apers in open revolt. But the leadejs in 
the new organizations movement did not act; they were awaiting 
the outcome of the convention of the National Association, wluch 
•was to convene at Indianapolis in a few days. They had hopes 
that Mr. Mellinger would be elected, as it was understood that 
he was in sympathy with the reform idea — that he would «:U? liis 
utmost to rectify the evils into which the National was fast drift- 
ing I do noc believe that the new orgaaizatiort movement svouid 
have come to a locus if Mr. Mellinger had lieen selected us the 
head of the N. A. P. A. 

The means by which Mr. Duaioi- feocured the picsidenry is a 
matter of history. It was ree®gnizer. that the hope of reform 
was an eifervescent dream so long it lit National chose men in 
ohaige of its affairs whose only qualiticriiion was a well pod.led 
pooketbook. The leaders of the new movement were not slow to 
take advantage of the grove mistake made by the delegates as- 
sembled in convention at Indianapolis. An active committee 
covering several States was selected, with George M. Huy>*, as 
chairman. The writer was detailed with the mission of meeting 
several Eastern amateurs who had become identified with vhe 
new movement to discuss plans looking to a more active campaign 
in that section of the country, and incidentally to take such steps 
as were found necessary to secure recruits from the demoralized 
ranks of the Eastern amateurs. 

On the first of October, 1890, the call was issued and a tem- 
porary organization affected. The committees at work had not 
been idle, as will be conceded when it is known that sixty odd 
amateurs from a dozen different States, raid re[)resenting almost 



256 HtSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AM ATEim PRESS ASSOCIATION 

a score of papers, had been pledged to the new movement. 
George M. Hnss was selected as acting president. He was a 
firm believer in systematic recruit work, and appointed recruiting 
committees in every State where a member of the organization 
could be pressed into service. These committees were instructed 
to report every week the progress made. He was an inde- 
fatigable worker and made free use of postage stamps and the 
wire. It is my opinion that the success of the Mutual was due 
to this feature more than anything else. It will be remembered 
that recruiting work was carried on in a verj^ spasmodic manner 
up to that time. 

Though the errors in the National were very apparent, it was 
by no means an easy matter to avoid all of them after the new 
organization became in "working order." There is one thing it 
did overcome very effectively, and that is the complete turning 
down of the perennial office seeker. Six copies of a paper had 
to be published before any member of the Mutual was eligible to 
become a candidate. It also originated, I think, the manuscript 
bureau, which has since been adopted by the National. It en- 
couraged the illustrated amateui paper, and I believe the credit 
belongs to the Mutual for having fostered "the illustrated idea." 
It had six illustrated papers, while the National was handicapped 
in this respect. 

In Februarj', 1891, a year after the meeting of that informal 
gathering, the Mutual had trouble of its own — if I may term the 
selecting of a suitable official board by such an appellation. 
Samuel E. Shanahan, of Easton, Md., John D. Leisure, f f Lan- 
sing, Mich., and George F. Munsa, of St. Louis, Mo., were all 
being boomed by their respective friends for president. It was 
to fill the unexpired time of President Huss, who was forced to 
turn over the affairs of the Association to a successor on account 
of ill health. The campaign was very spirited and resulted in the 
election of Mr. Leisure, George F. Munsa first vice-president, 
William V. Huss second vice-president, Albert C. Smith treas- 
urer, Miss Sarah Hrbek official editor, Albert H. Snyder corres- 
ponding secretary, and Jacob S. Rupp, recording secretary. 

Ten days before the Veiled Prophets festivities at St. Louis, 
F irst Vice-President Munsa issued a call for a conference. There 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 257 

had been some dissatisfaction at the way President Leisure was 
performing the duties connected with the presidency. I am 
well satisfied that he was not negligent ; but the rapid pace set by 
Mr. Huss he could not keep up. The conference was a surprise 
to all. There were eighteen outside ametaurs, all members of the 
Mutual, in attendance. This, coupled with the presence of the 
large St. Louis contingent, made the number present considerably 
larger tbau the convention held by the National at Indianapolis, 
which, if my memory serves me correctly, was attended by 
twenty-three delegates. Mr. Munsa was unanimously elected 
president after making an impassioned address in which he criti- 
cized rather sharply "the head of the largest and grandest organi- 
zation of amateur journalists in America." Mr. Herbert G. 
West, of Springfield, Ohio, was elected first vice-president. The 
remainder of the ofl3cial board was re-elected. 

All in attendance were deeply gratified at the rapid progress 
that had been made. The organization was then in the heyday 
of its glory. It had thirty-six regular publications, six being 
illustrated, one being a bi-monthly and one a quarterly. Its 
membership list had increased to 117. This exceeded the N. A. 
P. A. membership at that time by exactly a score. 

It is my opinion that this remarkable growth was not due en- 
tirely to the merits of the Mutual organization. I well remem- 
ber an incident which leads me to take this view. One of the 
members present displayed a threatening letter written by Presi- 
dent Dunlop. I remember the exclamations of surprise when a 
number of those present displayed similar letters either from Mr. 
Dunlop or Mr. Mueller, who, despite his carrying a yataghan at 
the Indianapolis convention as a means of intimidation, was a 
very harmless sort of a fellow. I sincerely believe under other 
circumstances the Mutual would have been doomed to failure. 

One hundred and fifty dollars per year had been appropriated 
for the publication of the oflScial organ, the Mutual Amateur, the 
first issue of which was published in March, 1892. It consisted 
of sixteen pages. Century size, containing pictures of the oflScial 
board. This issue contained a scathing denunciation of some of 
the Schermerhorn supporters by a Mutual member, and as nego- 
tiations were then in progress looking to the amalgamation of 



258 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



both orgauizatious, it was deemed advisable not to mail it ex- 
cepting to a few individual members. There are only a few 
copies known to be in existence. 

President Munsa was untiring in his efforts to bring about a 
union of amateur journalists. He was firmly convinced that the 
consummation of such a step would not only be a benefit to the 
cause, but that the standard would be enhanced. The aims of 
the two organizations were practically the same ; to quote the 
Illuminator "the one concurred with the other in what it pro- 
nounced undesirable." Mr. Snyder fully concurred in this view, 
which was shared by the more conservative members, and used 
his best efforts in bringing about the much-desired result. The 
thoroughness of the work performed by the officials can be 
gleaned from the results of the balloting at the Buffalo conven- 
tion, when the entire Mutual membership was elected without 
one dissenting vote. 

With this closed the last chapter of the Mutual Benefit Amateur 
Press Association as an aggressive factor in Amateur Journalism. 
I cannot see that the cause of Amateur Journalism has suffered 
for its having existed. The influence it exerted was for the bet- 
ter, while the activity that manifested itself was unparalleled. 
It was the protest of a potent cause against flagrant evils ; and 
that it fulfilled its mission, in part, at least, there can be no 
doubt. 




The AumtuMATon^ 



CH/IFTEK26. 

THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PROTECTIVE ASSOC'N. 

^Sketch of the Association, — How it Was Organized, — Of- 
ficers AND Work Accomplished. 

IN 1891 an orgauization was made, known as the National 
Amateur Protective Association, To distinguish it, it was 
spoken of as "T. N. A. P. A." The following bj Wm. H. 
Eck, fiom Juvenile Press, September, 1893, explains this organi- 
-^atiou, which lived less than three years: 

On March 15, 1891, having been defrauded b}' several adver- 
tisers, I conceived the idea of getting up an association for the 
protection of amateur publishers against these advertising frauds, 
so in the April issue of the Midget^ inserted an appeal urging 
publishers to co-operate in getting rid of the frauds. 

In the next issue of the Midget the following article appeared : 
ATTENTION EDITORS. 

In answer to the article in last month's issue in regard to frauds, 
%ve have received many letters and papers containing expressions of 
approval and encouragement, with the hope that an organization 
might be perfected in the near future. Acting upon an expression of 
the amateur press, we submit the following proposal: If you wish to 
43ecome a member of the order to be known as ''The National Ama- 
teur Protective Association," (T. N. A. P. A.,) fill out the blank be- 
low and return it to this office. A president, vice-president, corres- 
ponding secretary, and treasurer will be- elected from the member- 
.Bhip. The pre&id«-nt will appoint a committee to plan laws and gen- 
>eral proceeciings of organization, to define the duties of officers, fix 
(fees, penalties, etc. 

Thirty-two publishers sent in applications for membership. 

The election resulted in. the selection of \V. H. Eck, as presi- 
<Ient; J. \V. Donovan, vice-president; R. L. Owenle}', corres- 
poding secretary; Henry Norman, treasurer. 

As president I appointed as a committee to agree upon and 
4idopt plans to govern The National Amateur Protective Associa- 
tion, Jeffie R. Hudson, chairman ; John Chapman and Albert H. 
Snyder. This committee made its final report on or about Sep- 
tember 1, 1891, which was accepted by me as president of the 
Association. 

About the middle of December, 1891, the first number of the 
official organ was issued. The vice-president dropped out of 
Tanks, and I appointed F. W. Kaler in his place. Mr, Oweuly 
resigned and W. E. D. Williams was appointed secretary. 



260 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PREBB ASSOCIATION. 

After Mr. Williams' appointment the Association settled down 
to business and several complaints came in against frauds. The 
secretary wrote to these parties, who had swindled members of 
T. N. A. P. A., and the most of them settled their bills rather 
than be exposed through the organization. 

On February 1, 1893, another election was held resulting in 
Wm. H. Eck being elected president; Frank W. Kaler, vice- 
president, Jeffie R. Hudson, corresponding secretary and Henry 
Norman, treasurer. At one time we had about sixty-five mem- 
bers who had been accepted by the executive committee and 
about forty-five of these were in good standing. 

Some publishers have asked me of what benefit is the Associa- 
tion to its members? To this question I will make an answer by 
saying since the Association was organized it has collected nearly 
$75. 

Cards were sent to each member in good standing for election 
of officers for the year, beginning February 1, 1891, and the 
result was as follows: H. L. Peabody, president; Miss O. 
Wood, vice-president; Fred W. Steckman, corresponding sec- 
retary and Henry Norman, treasurer. This election closed the 
10th of August, 1893. 




CHAPTER 27. 

THE WORLD'S FAIR MEET. 

The Year Reviewed. — Mrs. Leola Nixon as Convenvion 
Chronicler. — Amateurs in Attendance. — The Amalga- 
mation Report.— A New Ex-President and the Discus- 
sion Provoked. — Banquet at the Leland. 

AMATEUR JOURNALISM" says Mrs. Bertha York Grant, 
laureate recorder for 1893, "may be likened to a mighty 
river. Although the river sometimes sinks to a narrow 
stream, it flows unceasingly, and there will soon come the freshet 
time for the low river of Amateur Journalism, when all the little 
rivers, down to the purling brooks, will hasten to swell the volume 
of the big river." 

From Mrs. Grant's report we condense the year's history: 
The year began well, the prevailing sentiment being one of 
implicit confidence in our new leader,' with a general impression 
that if the opposing factions of Amateur Journalism were ever to 
be amalgamated, President Spencer's administration would not 
end until such a consummation was attained. 

A review of the year's work from a literary standpoint is cer- 
tainly discouraging. There were a few single publications dur- 
ing the year worthy of much praise, notably Stylus, Moods and 
Papyrus. The midwinter number of the Investigator is the most 
superb magazine ever published as the product of the amateur 
journalist, author and printer. It consists of 120 pages and 
cover, is profusely illustrated and arranged in the highest stj^le 
of the printer's art. The holiday number of Ink Drops, 32 
pages and cover, ranked second to that magazine, both in beauty 
and in contents. It was devoted exclusively to members of the 
official board. By actual count 314 papers are known to have 
been published during the official year. There were a few papers 
sent out regularly — the Investigator, the Monthly Visitor, Inlc 
Drops, Frairie Breezes, the Northwest, the South and the (Mass.) 
Sentinel. 

The National Amateur, volume XV, consisted of five issues. 
Brainerd P. Emery edited three, of eight pages each. Harry C. 
Hochstadter edited the other two, one of eight pages and the 
other of four. The September, 1892, issue contained official re- 



262 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

ports, including the Boston convention minutes ; a classification* 
of papers and authors ; membership lis*^, etc. The November- 
issue contained the laureate recorder's report, official documents 
and a critical department. The January issue contained a story 
by Everard Appleton, a critical department and editorials. The 
April issue, Mr. Hochstadter's first, contained a number of 
literary contributions, reviews of late papers and editorial matter. 
The June issue contained a plan for the systematic study of 
literature, review of current events and official matter. 

The Schermerhorn party sent out a sixteen page Amateur dated 
September, 1892. It contained the minutes of the Buffalo con^ 
ventiou, a banquet account and various official documents. 

There was no politcial activity preceding the Chicago conven- 
tion. The amalgamation of the two National Associations was an- 
accomplished fact, and every one looked forward to Chicago as- 
the proper place foi a love feast and re-union of old friends. 

THE CHICAGO CONVENTION OF 1893. 
Contributed by Mrs. Leola White Niicon. 

The eighteenth annual convention of the National Amateur 
Press Association, assembled in Chicago, July 4-6, 1893. It was 
the most representative gathering in the history of the Association. 
Delegates from nineteen States were in attendance at one or more 
sessions, the total number being about seventj-. The double 
attraction of the great World's Fair and the N. A. P. A. coa- 
vention was responsible for the full attendance. There were 
amateurs present from Nova Scotia and Massachusetts on the 
east, to Oregon and California on the west; from Dakota and 
Michigan on the north, to Kentucky and Louisiana on the south.. 
All factions and classes of amateurs were represented ; tlie old" 
timer, filled with memories of past meetings ; the raw recruit^ 
experiencing his first convention ; the literatus, with his dignity 
and learning ;the plodder, earnest and open-eyed; the politician, 
with schemes and expectations ; the lady amateur, smiling and 
winning. 

In spite of the varied and cosmopolitan personnel of the conven- 
tion, harmony and good feeling prevailed, comradeship and gen- 
uine friendship cemented the body into one great family. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUK TRES« ASSOCIATION 263 

The following amateurs were present: David L, Hollub, A. 
D, Grant, Annie L. Lynde, T. J, Spencer, L. H. Spencer, Sadie 
Wbitenack, Allan R, Parrish, C. E. Schwartz, J. J. Ottinger, A. 

A. J. Robinson, F. B. Davenport, O. A. Reura, J. L. Tomlinson, 
H. M. Carter, E. A. Edkins, J. H. Phillips, C. Harrison Frost, 
Ada Campbell, Alice Fitzgerald, Cathaiine litzgerald, G. M. 
Jones, H. R. Cody, H. C. Bixby, C. A. Luhnow, Mr. and Mrs. 
W. E. Mellinger, A. H. Snyder, George W. Hancock, Rose 
Steinberg, O, A. Kamber, Howard McCormick, George Terhune^ 
Edna Horwitz, Hal Kellogg, Jeanette Swing, Stella Traman, 
Leola B. White, John Kendall, J. T. Nixon, J. F. Morton, Jr., 
George A. Dunn, L. C. Bigelow, P. Arthur Burke, C. R. Burger, 
Robert Carey, C. N. Andrews, W, T. Scofield, T. L. Chrystie, 
C. C. Hunt, F. A. Grant, Bertha York Grant, Alson Brubaker, 
Jessie Dillon, Blanche Dillon, F. D. Woollen, E. B. Swift, Zelda 
Swift, W. J. Brodie, F. E. Schermerhorn, Will R. Antisdel, 
Mrs. Antisdel, Eugenie D. Smith, W. Bittle Wells, W. S. Dun- 
lop, F. F. Heath, H. E. Legler. 

President Truman J. Spencer called the convention to order in 
committee room 65 of the Auditorium, about 10:15 on the morn- 
ing of July 4. He gave a short resume of the year's work, then 
proceeded with the regular order of business. 

The secretary of credentials, Robert Carey, and his assistants, 
Alson Brubaker and Albert H. Snyder, presented the names of 
the following persons as eligible to membership. The report was 
unanimously accepted : Messrs. Will Hancock, F. S. George, G. 

B. Terhune, C. B. Duffy, H. A. Schoenfeld, R. W. Bennett, Lin- 
den Dey, John Kendall, August Bindemann, Ernest Simmons, 
L. W. Green, Chris Luhnow, E. R. Gardner, and Misses Alice 
Fitzgerald, Eugenie D. Smith, Sadie Whitenack and Ada 
Campbell. 

All officers were present and gave their reports in person, with 
the exception of the first vice-president and official editor. 

The report of the official editor, Mr. Hochstadter. was read by 
the secretary. He proposed that a committee be appointed to 
consider a plan for literary study, which he had fully explained 
in the National Amateur. Such a committee was ordered and^ 
Messrs. F. A. Grant, E. A. Edkins and Mrs. Swift appointed,. 



264 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



with instructioDS to report at next session. On the following day 

the comnjittee reported that owing to the changeable character of 

the organization, so ephemeral in membership, they deemed the 

plan, though excellent in itself, impracticable for the N. A. P. 

A. This report was accepted. 

After considerable discussion, it was decided not to accept a 

verbal report from the executive judges, but to require one in 

writing at 2 p. m. At the evening session the following report was 

presented and accepted, thus uniting and healing the division 

which had occurred in 1891: 

The agreement entered into in regard to the amalgamation of the 
divisions of the Association was as follows : 

1. Kecognition of Mr, Spencer as president and the acts of the 
Boston convention. 

2. A reorganized board of officers, containing members of both 
divisions. 

3. The two treasuries consolidated in Mr. Tomlinson's hands. 

4. Members elected at Buffalo to be accepted as members of the 
Association upon qualifying at Chicago by the payment of dues. 

The board of officers appointed by President Spencer added to the 
list Kneeland Ball as first vice-president; A. H.Snyder as recording 
secretary; H. C. Hochstadter as official editor; H. M. Carter as exec- 
utive judge. . R. Burger, 
[Signed] E.B. Swift, 

H. M. Carter. 

The proxy committee, composed of Leola B. White, ex-ofRcio 
chairman; A. J. Robinson, A. H. Snyder, J. F. Morton, Jr., 
D. L. Hollub, John Kendall and J. L. Tomlinson, reported 18 
legal proxies cast. 

When the election of oflScers was declared in order, Mr. Carey 
nominated our worthy president, Truman J. Spencer, for re-elec- 
tion. Mr. Spencer refused to allow his name to be considered, 
and Dr. Swift nominated John L. Tomlinson of Commentator 
fame. This nominaton met with favor, and the secretary was 
instructed to cast the ballot of the convention for Mr. Tomlinson 
as our chief executive for the coming year. 

Robert Carey, a brilliant young man from New Jersej', was 
unanimously elected first vice-president. The vivacious Miss 
Rose Steinberg, of Indianapolis, was unanimously elected second 
vice-president. Miss Susan B. Robbins, of Massachusetts, a 
sketch writer of undoubted ability, was unanimously chosen re- 
cording secretary. Mr. Alson Brubaker was elected correspond- 
ing secretary, but tendered his resignation — and later this was 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 265 

accepted and a ballot taken on the names of Hancock and 
Schoenfeld. Mr. Hancock was declared elected. 

Alfred J. Robinson and Samuel J. Steinberg were placed in 
nomination for the treasurership, and a lively contest followed. 
Two ballots were taken, there being no election in either case. 
The proxies were then constitutionally discarded and Mr. Robin- 
son was chosen treasurer by the convention vote of 17 to 10. 

For official editor, four persons were nominated. John T. 
Nixon, nominated by Kendall; Chas. R. Burger, b}^ Jones ; J. 
Herbert Phillips, by Steinberg ; Miss Capitola Harrison, by Frost. 
Mr. Phillips declined the nomination. On ballot Mr. Nixon was 
declared official editor. 

Misses Truman and Cox and Mr. Spencer were elected execu- 
tive judges, and Boston was chosen for the next meeting place. 

We cull the following paragraph from Mr. Spencer's account 
in the August, '93, Investigator. 

It was now about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, and the interest 
aroused by the election of officers having subsided, the conven- 
tion, as we announced, that miscellaneous business would be in 
order, settled down into something like lethargy. But it was a 
calm which preceded a tempest. The convention was settling 
itself to sleep at the very moment when, unknown to most of the 
members, there was about to break over the heads of the assem- 
bled delegates the heaviest and fiercest storm of the entire session. 
It came without warning ; with typical Chicago suddenness, from 
an apparently clear sky. Mr. Tomlinson sent to the secretary's 
desk for the action of the convention the following resolution : 

Resolved, Thfit in view of the^ estimable services of Frank E. 
Schermerhorn in behalf of Amateur Journalism, and the National Am- 
ateur Press Association in particular, the secretary be authorized to 
add his name to the list of presidents for the period of 1891-92. 

Mr. Morton instantly moved that the resolution be laid on the 
table, but his motion was lost. Mr. Tomlinson moved the adop- 
tion of the resolution. Mr. Morton secured the floor and opposed 
the motion in a speech of great force. He threw his whole soul 
into it, and impressed every one with his terrible earnestness. It 
was conceived in the best spirit, however, without a particle of 
bitterness or malice, and was a straightforward plea for constitu- 
tional law and legal rights. Finlay Grant replied to him. He 
referred to the precedent that had been established, in cases where 
there was a dispute as to the election of president, of adding both 
names to the list, a precedent he did not approve of, but which 
he thought should be carried out in this case. Mr. Hollub who 



266 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRES^^-ASSOCIATION. 

spoke next, did not believe in standing by a precedent which wa» 
confesedly a bad one. Messrs. Heath, Burger and Nixon 
spoke in iavor of the resolution. Mr. Morton spoke again, then 
Mr. Legler arose and delivered an eloquent plea for the extension 
of the olive branch. He argued for peace and harmony, and 
urged the convention to be magnanimous, making a very grace- 
ful speech of some length and much eloquence. He had no 
sooner taken his seat than Mr. Carey electrified the convention 
with one of his ringing, spirited and magnetic speeches. He 
pleaded with the members to stand by principle and not be ruled 
by sentiment. Mr. Grant again spoke. He claimed that there 
was a time when convictions should yield their claims, and hoped 
the time would never come when he should turn a deaf ear to 
sentiment. It was evident to an impartial observer that both the 
most effective orators and the weight of the argument were on the 
side of the opponents of the resolution. Upon motion of Dr. 
Swift the convention ordered the yeas and nays upon the resolu- 
tion, the result being 18 in favor of its adoption and 13 opposed. 
The resolution, which does not touch the vital matters in dispute 
at Philadelphia, was passed by the votes of the opponents of the 
socalled Schermerhorn faction, simply because they believed that, 
to quote from Mr. Legler's eloquent speech, "It is the prevailing 
party that can afford to be mag^naflimous. " 

The following addition to article IV of the constitution was 

adopted : 

Section 4. Former amateurs attending conventions shall nave the 
privilege of the floor upon paying dues. 

On Wednesday morning the new officers took their places. 
The committee on the feasibility of establishing a permanent 
library reported favorably. Their report was accepted and the 
following amendment to the constitution proposed by Mr. Mor- 
ton and adopted by the convention : 

Article V. Section 3, The president shall appoint each year a 
librarian, who shall collect such papers, books, etc.. as are of interest 
to the Association, and shall be authorized to expend annually a sum 
not to exceed $10 for binding. 

On motion of Mr. T. J. Spencer, the library was located tem- 
porarily at Boston. 

At a recess taken between the sessions Wednesday, an Alumn 
Association was formed with Mr. Legler as president, Mrs. Swift 
secretary, and Dr. Swift official editor. No dues, conventions 
to be held annually in connection with the national, the members 
to rotate in regular succession through the offices of president and 



HItTJRY OF TH3 NATIONAL AMATtUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 26^ 

secretary and all those having been connected with Amateur 
Journalisna for five years eligible to membership, were the main 
points of the organization. 

Excellent photographs were obtained both of the convention 
proper and of the charter members of the newly organized Alumni 
Association. Thirt3'-six faces appear in the former and eighteen 
in the latter. 

The banquet at the Leland Wednesda}^ evening was a most 
pleasant affair. Forty amateurs were seated around the social 
board. Dr. Swift acted as toastmaster. The majority of the 
toasts were impromptu and hence did not attain a ver3' ^^g^ 
standard ; at the same time they were interesting and well received. 
The responses were: 

'^The National" T. J. Spencer 

"Our Literature," F. D. Woollen 

-The Ladies," F. A. Grant 

"Our Editors," J. F. Morton 

"Our Lady Amateur?," Mrs. Zelda Swift 

"The West," W. E. Mellinger 

"The South," J. T. Nixon 

Mr. A. D. Grant and Mr. Burger also made a few remarks. 
Mr. George W. Hancock, of the old timer Chch, mnde a very 
impressive and much appreciated talk. "Our honored dead" was 
responded to by Mr. Robert Carey and was indeed fine. Its 
noble sentiments, beautifully expressed, were delivered with an 
eloquence seldom heard at an amateur banquet. After an 
exchange of souvenirs in the wa}' of autographs and cards, the 
company disbanded with the singing of "Auld Lang Syue." 

The convention was over but many amateurs remaiued to 
attend the fair and several pleasant social reunions were had. 

The laureate awards were as follows: Poet Inureateship 
awarded to Miss Mary W. Morton for her poem eutiiled "The 
Summit," Miss Capitola Harrison's "The Lilies' Easter Dawn" 
receiving honorable mention. Essay laureateship awarded to 
James F. Morton for his essay entitled, "A Forgotten Tragedy." 



CH/IFTER 28- 

A YEAR OF MANY CHANGES. 

The Breach Healed.— Financial Influences on Amateur 
Journalism.- — The Boston Convention Elects Burgee 
rREsiDENT. — Reception and Banquet. — New Constitu- 
tion Adopted. 

THE laureate recorder, Truman J. Spencer, in a thorough 
manner reviewed the progress of Amateur Journalism 
after the Chicago convention : 
The year which closed with the Boston convention of 1894 
was a peculiar one in the annals of Amateur Journalism. The 
Chicago convention, one of the most representative and largely 
attended conventions of recent years, had taken the last step 
which effectually healed the breach existing between the various 
organizations in the ranks, and the National organization started 
out once more, with a united membership and capable officials, 
and the prospects seemed exceedingly bright for a most success- 
ful year in Amateur Journalism. But hardly had the members 
returned to their homes when the great financial panic of 1893 
broke over the country, and its effects were immediately felt in 
our little worM. In the fall President Tomlinson and Official 
Editor Nixon resigned their offices. The executive judges ap- 
pointed Alson Bru baker president, who appointed Finlay Grant 
official editor. In the meantime Corresponding Secretary Han- 
cock had issued the December ^National Amateur. Mr. Robinson 
resigned as treasurer, and Miss Hauck was appointed. It was a 
comparatively quiet year among sectional and local associations. 
The papers issued for the year were comparatively few in number, 
and as a rule were not remarkable for quality, though some very 
excellent issues were sent out. But one book was issued during 
the year. This was entitled 'Verses from a Vagrant Muse,'/ be- 
ing the selected poems of Joseph Dana Miller. It is a book of 
120 pages, bound in cloth, and was published by T. J. Spencer. 
The campaign of 1894 was a very quiet and peculiar one. No 
Teal candidates for the office of president were in the field up to 



*This December Amateur was made up, in great part, of matter pre- 
pared and arranged by the retiring ofticial editor. Mr. Nixon's resig- 
nation was presented to President Tomlinson in November, after he 
had prepared all the copy required for the December ^mai5ewr, allowing 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 269 

the hour of balloting. Several members had been mentioned for 
the position at various times with more or U'ss emphasis, but no 
real campaign work was done for anybod}' but Charles R. Burger. 

Volume XVI of the National Amateur consisted of four issues, 
32 pages. The September, 1893, issue was edited by John W 
Nixon. It consisted of 10 pages, containing minutes of the 
Chicago convention, news of associations, classification of recent 
papers, bulletin of new addresses, news letters from various 
points and other official documents. The December number was 
edited by Will Hancock. It was of 4 pages, containing official 
communications, bulletin, 'round the circle department aiid edi- 
torial notes. The March issue, edited by Finla^^ Grant, was of 
10 pages. It contained a reminiscent letter from Will T. Sco- 
field, the laureate recorder's report, a review of the past year's 
laureate entries, bulletin and three pages of editorial matter. The 
June issue, 8 pages, contained articles on amateur topics from 
Willard O. Wylie and Ella Maud Frye, official letters and reports, 
bulletin and three pages of editorial. The Amnteur go=^\ the As- 
sociation less this 3'ear than any other of its existence— S 15. 
Mr. Nixon donated $10 of his bill, and Messrs. Hancock and 
Grant the entire amount for printing their issues. 

In Bohemia, September, 1894, \V. E. Mellinger reviews the 
convention of that year, from which we take the following: 

The nineteenth annual convention of the National Amateur 
Press Association was held at the United States hotel, Hoston, 
Mass., July 17-18-19, 1894. The great railroad strike interfered 
materially with the attendance of meml)ers from the west, and as 
the mails were also delayed, over thirty proxy votes were missing 



a column, as instructed, for the president's message. This resignation 
was accepted late in January by the executive judges. President Tom- 
llnson having entirely ignored it. The general understanding has 
been that the official editor wilfully neglected his duty, and thus left 
the Association without an organ. The |act is that when the resigna- 
tian was sent to President Tomlinson it was accompanied by a state- 
ment that the MSS. for the December issue was ready for the printer, 
and asking for instructions. These instructions never came. The 
writer's ambition since his entry in Amateur Journalism has been to 
edit a volume of the National Amateur. The great disappointment of 
his career has been the fact that when the opportunity came he was 
unable, through no fault of his own, to complete the vohime he 
started. 



270 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRKSS ASSOCIATION. 

that were en route. Nevertheless the amount of work performed 
will compare very favorably with former conventions. Most of 
the delegates arrived on Monday and spent the afternoon at the 
New England Association convention held at Abinojton, Mass. 

In the ab-<ence of President Brnbaker and both vice-presidents, 
the secretary. Miss Susan B. Robbins. called the convention to 
order at 10 o'clock, and Ex-President Truman J. Spencer was 
elected chairman, who appointed the following^ temporary officers, 
first vice-president, W. E. Mellintrer; second vice-president, J. 
H. Stover. 'I'he treasurer. Miss Emma Hauck, was present. 

The follow n:i new members were elected: Misses E. Flora 
At wood, Florence A. Cobb, M. E. Wynjie. Agnes Butler, Anna 
Braun, Mrs. W. E. Mellinger, Messrs. A. W. Dennis, C. W. 
Kissinger, M. T. Valeutiiie, J. H. Chasp. and D. G. Davis. 

On motion of Mr. , Burger the constitution was amended, 
abolishing the initiation fee, and a recess was taken to allow new 
members to pay dues for the ensuing year. The president then 
appointed committees: On association |)in, Mr. Geo. W. Dodd, 
Jr , chairman ; on revision of constitution, consisting of Messrs. 
E. H. Smith, George Dodd find \V. E. Mellinger and the praxy 
commit^e, Messrs. Morton, Smith, Chase, Mellinger, and Misses 
Cox, Robbins and Hnuck. 

The Association adjourned at 11:30, and after luncheon the 
convention photo was taken, over thirty being in the group. In 
the evening tlie reception committee had arranged a moonlight 
boat ride to Nantasket, and most of the delegates went. 

The second day's session beoan promptly on time, Mr. Spencer 
relinquishing tf>e chair to Mr. Mellinger, who presided until the 
new pre-ideiit was installed. After the reading of various tele- 
grams tiie proxy coiumiltee repor^^^ed as follows: 

For president. C. R. Bnr<rer. 19 votes. 

For treasurer, E. H. Smith, 7; Miss Hauck. 8. 

For official editor. J. F. Morton, Jr., 5; Will Hancock, 7. 

For next convention seat Cincinnati, 15; New Orleans, 5; San Fran- 
cisco. 4. 

The e'ectio!! was then held and resulted as follows: President. 
C. R. Burger, Jersey City, N. J.; (irst vice-president, VV . E. 
Mellinoer. Chicago, 111. ; second vice-president, Linden Dey, 
Ja(ksf)nville, Fla ; recording secretar}^ Miss Emma Hauck, 
White Plains. N. Y. ; corresponding secretary, H. A. Schoen- 
feld. Seatt'e, Wash. ; treasurer, T. J. Spencer, New Britain, 
Ctmn. ; otflcial editor. F. C. Johnson, Boonville, N. Y. ; next 
convention seat, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

The election of Mr. Burger was a foregone conclusion, although 
he sturdily refused it before his election, yet when he saw the 
result of tlie voting he bowed gracefully to the inevitable. There 
were so many names on the proxy committee's report for first 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 271 

vice-president, that the convention, after followinor the constitu- 
tional requirements and rnakinof no choice, selected for that posi- 
tion, the only a:entleman delegate from the west. 

Mr. Dey, Mr. Spencer and Miss Hauck were elected very 
easily, but there was a spirited contest for the official editorship. 
Mr. Morton absolutely refused to accept the position, as his 
sense of "justice" would not allow him, a Boston man, to accept 
any office from a convention held in his own city. The fight was 
between Mr. Hancock and Mr. Johnson, resulting on the fifth 
l)allot in the election of the latter. 

When the first ballot was announced on the next convention 
«eat, it was discovered that there were more votes of members 
present for San Francisco than for Cincinnati ; but notwithstand- 
ing the eloquent appeals of Messrs. Morton, Wylie and Munro^ 
the final ballot showed a majority in favor of Cincinnati. 

The election consumed so much time that the ladies barely had 
time to prepare their toilettes for the reception and literary exer- 
cises, which took place at 4 p. m. in the parlors at the hotel. 
Over two hundred invitations had been issued for this event, and 
the guests were received by the following committee: Mrs. Ella 
Maud Frye, chairman; Mrs. Edith Miniter, Miss Kate Cameron, 
Miss Harriet Cox, Dr. J. W. Foss, T. J. Spencer, E. T, Capen, 
A. W. Dennis, Jas. H. Chase and C. E. Wilsoii. 

After an hour spent in social intercourse, a short program was 
rendered, including an address of welcome by Ex-President 
Willard O. Wylie, a flute solo by Miss Alice McLaughlin, a read- 
ing by Miss Margaret Mullaney, a violin solo by Miss Anna Winn, 
a reading by Miss Maud Murray, a vocal solo by Clarence Wilson 
and an address on professional journalism by Stephen O'Meara, 
of the Boston Journal. 

After the reception the banquet followed — "that summit of 
happiness" to which all had looked forward. The delegates 
marched in couples from the parlors to the banquet hall. Forty 
covers were spread in the large dining hall of the hotel ; three 
long tables forming three sides of a hollow square, which were 
beautifully decorated with flowers. Long stemmed roses were in 
the center before the toast master, and by the plate of each lady 
was a bunch of sweet peas, and for the gentlemen carnation pinks 
were provided. 

Mr. Spencer acted as toastmaster, and after the menu was dis- 
-cussed the following program was enjoyed : 

Boston's Welcome, W. O. Wylie 

TheN. A. P. A. J. H. LMunro 

Reading, Miss L. A. Bowes 

The Fossil p:. H. Smith 

The Politician George W. Dodd, Jr 



2/2 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Reading Jas. F. Morton , Jr 

The Ladies .W. E. Mellinger 

The Gentlemen Mrs. Edith Miniter 

The third day's session was called to order by the vice-presi- 
dent at 10 o'clock, and listened to reports from the various com- 
mittees. Mr. Dodd reported for the committee on pin as having 
selected one which consisted of a laurel wreath, surmounted by 
an antique lamp, with a quill passing diagonally through the 
wreath, the letters N. A. P. A. on same. The revision committee 
presented a long report, suggesting many changes, the most 
important of which was the formicg of a life membership, the 
establishment of a permanent librarian and the abolishing of the 
initiation fee. 

A telegram from Mr. Schoenfeld having been received, abso- 
lutely declining to accept the office of corresponding secretary if 
San Francisco was defeated, his resignation was accepted with 
regret, and Clifford W. Kissinger, of Reading, Pa., elected to 
that position. The credential committee reported two additional 
applications, Mr. Jos. O'Gorman and Miss Henrietta N. Imovilli, 
who were elected to membership. The board of executive judges 
was elected, consisting of Mr. Alson Brubaker, Miss Susie B. 
Robbins and Mrs. E. M. Frye. 

The new president was installed and in a happy speech assumed 
his position and made the following appointments : Secretary 
of credentials, Fred VV. Pratt, of Dover, Me. ; librarian, E. H. 
Smith, of Washington, D. C. ; laureate recorder, J. F. Morton, 
Jr., of Boston. The award of historian laureate for the past year 
was made to Mr. Smith, and the Investigator was awarded the 
editorial laureateship. 

Mr. Morton made a final unsuccessful attempt to change the 
convention seat, but was promptly voted down. After the read- 
ing and adoption of the minutes, the convention adjourned 
sine die. 

On Tuesday the older amateurs assembled hnd effected a pro- 
visional organization of the Alumni Association of Amateur Jour- 
nalism, Mr. Burger being chairman. Miss Cox was appointed a 
committee on membership and Messrs. Spencer, Morton and 
Mellinger on constitution. Wednesday noon a formal organiza- 
tion was effected and the following officers elected : President, 
T. J. Spencer, vice-president, Mrs. Bertha York Grant, secretary- 
treasurer, George W. Dodd, Jr. 

A constitution was adopted which states that anyone who has 
been a member of the N. A. P. A. three years, or an amateur five 
3'ears, is eligible to membership ; it also calls for annual meetings 
in'connection with the N. A. P. A. conventions, the secretary- 
treasurer being empowered to arrange programs. 



UrSTOKY OK THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 273 

The constitution committee reported a new constitution vvbicli 
we fiud to be practicall3' the constitution of 1889 with amend- 
ments made at latter sessions and other amendments by tlie com- 
mittee. The reader is referred to the documcLt as printed on 
pages 210 to 211). All clianges from that document are noted 
below. When an article or a section is entirely omitted from the 
followino^, it indicates that it remained exactly as it stood in 188t^ 
after the adoi)tion of the then new constitution: 
Article IV — Membership. 

Section 3. Applicants for membership shall send their application 
with credentials and one dollar annual dues to the secretary of 
credentials. 

Sec. 4. Any person who has been a member of the Association 
three years or more, may become a life member upon payment of five 
dollars. All ex-presidents shall be enrolled as life members unless 
expelled for cause. 

Sec. 5. Life members shall be entitled to all the rights of member- 
ship wdthout regard to requirements of section 2, article IX, and be 
exempt fiom further payment of dues. Life members may resign, or 
be expelled for cause. 

Article V — Officers and Their Duties. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the president, upon assuming his 
office, to present a message to the convention assembled, wherein 
shall be named a board of advisers of three members, who shall be 
designate<l as follows: secretary of credentials, national laureate 
recorder and chairman of recruit committee. The president shall also 
name the recruit committee, as provided for in article XIII, section 1. 

Sec 6. It shall be the duty of the president to remain active dur- 
ing the term of office by publishing at least six numbers of a journal, 
at regular intervals, within that period. Failing to do so the presi- 
dent shall resign. No issue of the journal shall be dela> ed more than 
one month after its regular date of publication. 

Sec. 8. It shall be the duty of the president to appoint the recruit 
and reception committees, and such other committees as shall from 
time to time be necessary. 

Sec 9. It shall be the duty of the president to secure the first four 
named judges of awards as hereinafter provided, and to make known 
their acceptance through the columns of the official organ not later 
than its March number; and shall also appoint the fifth judge, and 
make known the acceptance not later than the March number of the 
official organ. 

Sec 10. It shall be the duty of the president after roll call to fill 
all vacant offices caused by absence from the convention. 

Sec. 12, It shall be the dut}^ of the custodian of ballots to receive 
the proxy ballots, giving a receipt therefor if desired. 

Sec. 13. Tne custodian of ballots shall retain all proxies received 
until the convention is called to order, when they shall be delivered 
to the presiding officer. 

Sec 16. During the interval between conventions it shall be the 
duty of the executive judges to receive anl act upon all charges pre- 



274 HISTORY OP Ti^E NATDNAL AMATEUR TRBSS ASSOCIATION. 

ferrel by one member against another. They shall have power 
to saspend a member, such action being subject to final decision by 
the next convention. 

Sec. 17. It shall be the duty of the secretary of credentials to 
receive and pass upon all applications for membership during the term 
of office, to promptly notify each applicant of acceptance or rejection, 
and turn over to the treasurer all moneys received from such appli- 
cants within thirty days after acceptance of application. ^Vhen the 
credentials of an applicant have been favorably passed upon, the 
secretary of credentials shall immediately send the name and address 
of the same to the president, corresponding secretary, editor, treasurer 
and chairman of recruit committee. 

Sec. 18. The secretary of credentials shall enroll as life members, 
applicants as provided in article IV, section 5. The action of the 
secretary of credentials shall be subject to the approval of the Associa- 
tion in convention assembled. 

Sec. 19. It shall be the duty of the chairman of the recruit com- 
mittee to act a chairman and ex-offido member of the recruit com- 
mittee, and to apportion the States of each section among their rep- 
resentatives. 

Sec. 20. It snail be the duty of the librarian to receive and keep a 
record of articles defined in article VI and to preserve them in such a 
form that they shall be constantly accessible for inspection. The 
librarian shall at all times furnish to members such reasonable infor- 
mation as may be desired by any member, and shall furnish a report 
at each convention. 

Sec. 21. A sum not exceeding ten dollars shall be appropriated at 
each convention to meet the necessary expense connected with the 
management of the librar3\ 

Sec. 22. It shall be the duty of the first vice-president to perform 
all duties devolving upon the president in the case of the latter's absence 
from or disability in convention. It shall be the duty of the first vice- 
president to have char^-e of the departments specified in article XIV, 
section 3, and to receive articles sent to these departments. The first 
vice-president shall retain one copy of each of the papers containing 
articles entered in competition, and deliver one copy to the judge of 
award on or before June 15, together with list of entries. 

Sec. 23. It shall be the duty of the second vice-president to assume 
the chair in case the officers preceding in rank are absent from the 
convention. The second vice-president shall have charge of the 
departments specified in article XIV, section 3, and shall conduct 
them in accordance with the rules laid down for departments con- 
ducted by the first vice-president. 

Sec 24. It shall be the duty of the recording secretary to keep a 
true record of all the transactions of this Association, and a complete 
list of members, in a book provided for that purpose; to enter upon 
the minutes a copy of the treasurer's bcmd, and to perform such other 
duties as are customary under parliamentary usage. The recording 
secretary shall receive' the duplicate proxy ballots, and have such 
ballots at the convention, which are to be used only in case of the 
non-appearance of the original ballots. 

Sec. 25. It shall be the duty of the corresponding secretary to issue 
notices of the convention, and provide official blanks necessary for 
proxy voting, as provide'l for in article X, sections 1, 2, 3. 



HlfeTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 275 

Sec. 26. It shall be the duty of the editor to take entire charge of 
the official organ, and issue same as provided for in'article VII, and 
mail to each member and accepted applicant one copy of each number 
as soon as issueil. The editor shall publish the names and addresses 
of such persons brought to notice as are not members of the Associa- 
tion, but are actively interested in Amateur Journalism, and mail to 
each the official organ. 

Section 25 of the 18S9 constitution is divided into sections 27 
and 28 of the new instrument. It is identical in the introduction 
and the wording of the treasurer's bond. Beneath the bond it is 
changed to read as follows : 

The recording secretary shall retain possession of the bond, but 
shall not be one of the bondsmen. 

Sec. 29. It shall be the duty of all the officers to remain active 
during their term of office, and in addition to other duties prescribed 
in this constitution, to present at the annual convention a report of all 
duties performed during their term of office, and to deliver to their 
respective successors all books, papers or property Of any kind 
belonging to the Association. 

Sec. 30. The president, first and second vice-presidents, treasurer, 
secretary of credentials, librarian, and chairman of recruit commmit- 
tee shall every three months forward written reports to the editor for 
publication in the official organ. 

Article VI. — Library. 

A permanent library of amateur papers, books, photographs and 
miscellaneous relics of Amateur Journalism shall be established at 
Boj^ton . The officer in charge shall be known as the librarian, and 
shall be a member of the Association appointed by the president to 
serve until resignation or removal. 

Article VII. — Official Organ. 

Sec. 1. The association shall publish quarterly a paper whicti shall 
be known as the National Amateur. This paper shall consist of not less 
than eight pages, the size of each page to be 9x13 inches. 

Section 2 is identical with section 3 of article VI of 1889, and 
section 3 with section 2 of 1889. Section 5 of 1889 is divided 
into two sections — 4 and 5. 

Article VIII. — Conventions. 

Sec. 1. The Association shall convene annually, during the month 
of July, the date to be named by the president and announced in the 
March number of the official organ. 

Sec. 2. The conventions of this Association shall be held in an 
Eastern and Western city alternately, the seat of the succeeding con- 
vention to be chosen in the same manner as the officers, and at the 
same time. 

Article IX.— Election of Members. 

Sec. 1. It shall be the duty of the secretary of credentials to pre- 
sent a list of accepted and rejected applicants immediately after the 
appointment of officers pro tempore as provided for in article V, section 
10; such applicants, afterpayment of annual dues and election to mem- 
bership, shall be entitled to privileges of active membership. By the 



276 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

request of ten members present any number of names on the secretary 
of credentials' list may be voted upon separately, when ten negative 
votes shall be necessary to reject any applicant for membership. 

Sec. 2. Any member, who does not each year issue at least one 
number of an amateur paper, or contribute at least one poem, essay or 
sketch to an amateur publication, shall not be be entitled to vote dur- 
ing the election of officers, and may be dropped from membership, but 
should he or she again become active, shall be entitled to all rights of 
membership, after payment of annual dues. 

Article X. — Election of Officers^ 

Sec. 1. Every member and accepted applicant shall be furnished 
with official blanks for the purpose of proxy voting for every officer 
and next place of meeting, and upon proposed amendments to the con- 
stitution or by-laws. 

Sec. 4. ^o proxy ballot shall be legal unless the member so voting 
is qualified as to activity, and the dues have been paid before the 
examining committee shall retire to count the proxies. 

Sec. 5. After the custodian shall have turned over the pro;xy ballots 
to the presiding officer no ballot shall be accepted unless presented 
in person to the presiding officer. 

Section 6 of 1889 is eliminated, thus advancing all following 

sections one number. 

Article XII — Parlirnentary Authority. 

This association shall be governed by Eoberts' Rules of Order,' 
wherein it does not conflict with this constitution and these by-laws. 
A rticle XIII — Committees , 

Sec. 1. The president shall appoint a recruit committee of 
twelve active members, three of whom shall be residents respectively 
of the Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western sections of the 
country. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the committee to furnish information 
pertaining to Amateur Journalism, and supply copies of current 
amateur papers to such recruits and inactive amateurs as may come 
to notice. The committee shall endeavor to organize local press clubs, 
and secure as members of the Association all persons interested in 
Amateur Journalism, 

Sec. 3. A committee on reception, consisting of at least five mem- 
bers, residents of the city where the Association next meets, or in the 
immediate vicinity, shall be appointed by the president. It shall be 
the duty of the reception committee to procure suitable meeting rooms 
for this Association, and to perform such other duties as the presi- 
dent may direct. 

Article XIV— laureate Titles^ 

Sec. 2 In order to compete for the title laureate in any branch a 
member must have the article printed in an amateur publication by 
June 15th of each year, and send two copies of the paper, with such 
articles marked, to the officer who shall have charge of the particular 
department in which the article is entered. 

Article XV — Editorial Award, 

Sec. 1. Any member or accepted applicant publishing four or more 
numbers of a paper during the year is entitled to enter such publica- 
tion, on or before June 15th, in competition ior the title editorial 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



277 



laureate, whicn shall be annouaced at each ^convention by the 
president. 

Article XVI — Amendments. 

Sec. 1. No part of this constitution shall be amended or suspended 
except bj^ the two-thirds vote of members present at a convention. 

Sec. 3. Amendments to be voted on by proxy shall have appeared 
in the September, December or March number of the official organ. 

Sections 4 and 5 of 1889 eliminated. 

By-laws unchanged except that rule 6 of article B is eliminated. 




CH/IFTER 29. 

WHEN THE PRESS CLUBS FLOURISHED. 

Conferences at Boston and San Feancisco. — President Bur- 
ger's Work as an Organizer. — Death of Franklin C. 
Johnson. —The Chicago Convention. — Blackballing Of 
Candidates for Membership. — Compromise Measures. — 
The Result. 

A CONFERENCE of amateur journalists was held at Boston, 
February 22, 1895. There were present Messrs. Capen, 
Burger, Morton, Dennis, Hochstadter, Murray, Wiggin ; 
Misses Bean, Cameron, Wynne, Morton ; Mrs. Frye, Mrs. Mini- 
ter, Mrs. Small. 

The proceedings of this conference were published in the Hub 
Official, from which we quote: 

A paper was read by Mrs. Frye, ^'Advantages and Disadvan- 
tages of Sectionalism to Amateur Journalism." The paper was 
thoroughly discussed by all present. Following this came a 
symposium on "Amateurdom's Need — Is it External Work or 
Internal Reform?" Letters on the subject were read from John 
L. Tomlinson, David L. Hollub and Miss Stella Truman, and it 
was then discussed. A great many splendid ideas were brought 
out. A paper was to have been sent in by Linden D. Dey on 
"The Value of Organization to Amateur Journalism," but as it 
bad not appeared, the subject was informally discussed. 

A conference of amateur journalists for the purpose of discuss- 
ing the affairs of the National Association and of nominating 
candidates, was held in San Francisco, May 1, 1895. Ed A. 
Hering presided, Walter Radius secretary'. 

There were present Messrs. Ackermann, Bachmau, Bioch, Da}% 
Farnham, Faucompre, Hauser, Hering, S. and J. Hamilton, 
Hollub, Hinkle, Igoe, Jackson, Johnson, Kolberg, Miss Loh- 
meyer, Levy, Lind, Meyer, Moore, McCarthy, Mortimer, Morris, 
Miss^Neal, Peltret, Phillips, Miss Rothchild, Radius, Rothchild, 
Miss Schoenf eld, Stevens, Shirke, Steeves, Schoenfeld, Voorsan- 
ger and Weihe, 

The proceedings are here quoted from the official minutes pub- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 279 

lished in the Pacific Cor^ference^ issued immediately after the 
gathering : 

Several committees were appointed and then a symposium was 
announced, consisting of extemporaneous speeches. Mr. Hollub 
treated "Reform and Progress." Among other things he said 
that an amateur who wished to join the National should have at 
least six months' standing. Mr. Schoenfeld spoke upon "The 
Ideal Editorial." Mr. Peltret paid tribute to "The Ladies in 
Amateurdom." "The Coast Candidates" was delivered by Mr. 
Da_y. Mr. Phillips did justice to "The Scope of the Amateur 
Advertising Solicitor." "The Ideal President" was treated by 
Mr. Mortimer. He said that such honorable positions in ama- 
teur organizations demanded men of dignity, purpose and intelli- 
gence. "Is Sectionalism on the Decline?" was delivered b}' Mr. 
Morris. Mr. Hauser spoke on "Public Schools as a Field for 
Recruiting." "Amateur Journalism From a Young Ladies' 
Standpoint" was Miss Lohmeyer's subject. Mr. tiering showed 
a thorough knowledge of his subject, "The l\ypographical 
Appearance of Papers." 

Resolutions were adopted endorsing candidates for president 
and official editor. At this point it was decided to appoint an 
executive committee of five Coast amateurs, to name a full ticket. 
The chairman appointed D. L. Hollub, H. C. Morris, D. J, Mc- 
Carthy, C. A. Bow and H. A. Schoenfeld. The balance of the 
time was consumed in variously resoluting and discussing. 

The executive committee on May 21 promulgated the following 
ticket: President, D. L. Hollub; recording secretary, Albert 
E. Barnard; corresponding secretary, Edward A. Hering ; treas- 
urer, Alson Brubaker ; official editor, Will Hancock ; executive 
judges, Charles R. Burger, Emma L. Hauck, James F. Morton, 
Jr.; convention seat, New Orleans. 

The administration of Charles R. Burger as president of the 
National Association was one different from all preceding and 
following, because of the systematic method of recruiting adopted 
and carried on b}^ Mr. Burger. The laureate recorder, James F, 
Morton, Jr., says: 

President Burger set the example of working with an energy 
which no preceding president had shown, traveling thousands 
of miles to visit the different amateur centres, everywhere organ- 
izing local clubs, and adding new members to the roll of the 
National Association. In his arduous labors he was warmly 
seconded by the recruit committee, headed by Edwin H. Smith 
and John H. Stover, together with manj- individual men^bers of 
the Association. Thousands of circulars were published and 



280 HI8T0RY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

very widely distributed, and innumerable letters written. Sev- 
eral prominent professional papers and mao^azines published 
articles on Amateur Journalism written by differient members. 
The result of this and other forms of recruit work was the 
swelling of our membership list to an unprecedented degree. 

While all rejoiced at so desirable an outcome, some difference 
of opinion arose concerning certain of the methods employed. 
It was feared by some that the credentials of applicants were not 
scrutinized with sufficient care, and that the membership list 
was being overloaded with dead wood. The request made by 
the administration and followed by many editors that papers 
should not be sent to amateurs who refused to join the N. A. 
P. A., also awakened severe criticism in seme quarters and 
warm commendation in others. The election of Cincinnati as 
meeting place was regarded as a severe blow by the active 
amateur element of the Pacific coast, which had asked that the 
convention meet at San Francisco. The complete inactivity of 
Cincinnati gave more than usual color to their complaint. An 
unfortunate misprint in the minutes of the convention caused a 
hasty cry of fraud to be raised by some of the Westerc mem- 
bers. The partisans. of the opposing side retorted with no 
little acrimony ; and a violent conflict was preciptated, greatly 
marring the harmony of the Association. 

Almost before the Boston convention had adjourned, political 
l^lans were being matured. Edwin H. Smith was the first name 
prQrainently mentioned in connection with the presidency. He 
was supposed to be the adraiuistratioo candidate. The contest 
finally narrowed down to Mr. Smith and David L. Hollub, the 
latter representing the Pacific Coast and its sympathizers. 7 he 
campaign was an unusually bitter one. By reason of the 
inactivity of Cincinnati, the convention seat was changed to 
Chicago. At the last moment President Burger announced his 
intention of standing for re-election, inasmuch as the attitude 
of the Pacific Coast was interpreted by him as a direct assault 
on the administration. Up to the hour of tlie convention the 
result was doubtful. 

Volume XVII of the National Aynateur consisted of 54 pages 
and a full page plate containing the pictures of the entire 
official board. The first two issues were edited by Franklin 
C. Johnson. The September issue w^s 20 pages — 16 pages of 
^ma^et^r proper and a 4-page "official mail list." In this issue 
is found the Boston minutes, official reports, new constitution 
and much news of papers and persons. The December issue 
— 16 pages — contained several literary articles, the laureate 



HISrORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PREfcg AgSOCIATION. 281 

recorder's report, reports of new press clubs, oflScial documents 
and editorial. Franklin C. Johnson, the editor of these two 
issues, died at Nice, France, on January 6, 1895, of meningitis. 
His death was sudden and unexpected. Albert W. Fen lis was 
appointed as his successor. His March Amateur was 10 pages 
and contained several laureate entries, editorial matter, official 
documents, etc. The June issue was of 8 pages. There were 
two pages of literary matter, the balance reports of officers, 
communications and editorial. 

Prominent papers of the year were Progress, the Investigator, 
Itilc Drops, Some Remarks, Monthly Visitor, Criteria, Cycle, Dav:n, 
Dilettante, Fr air ie Breezes, etc. 

The work of recruiting was given great prominence this year. 

In Ocean Waves, Harrie C. Morris thus describes the Chicago, 
1895, convention: 

Over forty amateurs assembled at the Wellington hotel. Chi- 
cago, on the morning of July 16th, 1895", to attend the twentieth 
annuiil convention of the National Amateur Press Association. 
At that convention, the majority of whose attendants were active 
amateurs, were discussed the methods of perpetuating and 
increasing the benefits of our institution ; at that convention was 
elected tlie most active and satisfactory board or officers ever 
in control of the National. While it is true that the work of 
some of the members at times was nnfair, they w^re forced to 
refute their action later on, and with the majority, a spirit of 
fairness prevailed. 

Shortly after the hour appointed President Burger called 
the meeting to order, and appointed Walter C. Chiles and Hope 
R. Cody to be temporary vice-presidents. Calling Chiles to the 
chair. Burger took a seat among the members. A point was here 
raised, MrT D. L. Hollub claiming that Mr. Burger could not 
vacate the chair unless he desired to speak on some certain 
question. With Mr. Chiles in the chair recognition could not be 
gained for some time, but at last Mr. Hollub was recognized ami 
demanded that Mr, Burger occupy the president's proper posi- 
tion. Mr. Chiles having declared him out of order, he appealed 
from his decision, but his appeal was laid on the table. Will 
Hancock was selected recording secretary and John L. Tomlinson 
secretary of credentials. Up to this time eight or ten old-timers 
had been running the convention, but the credential secretary 
now proceeded to make his report, beginning with Illinois. When 
asked why he commenced at such State, he said he did so in 
deference to those who were entertaining the convention, but 



282 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



proceedino^ with Indiana, he was again interrupted and requested 
to proceed alphabetically. Omitting Alabama and Arizona, he 
commenced at California and the first six names were accepted. 
The name of Herbert Hauser being reached, Charles K. Burger 
requested that the application be rejected. Backed by nine 
others, he succeeded, and Mr. Hauser was not accepted. The 
name of William F. Yates was also rejected. Burger now 
demanded that the names of all the other California applicants 
be voted on in a bunch, and when the ballot was taken they had 
the necessary ten votes to cast out the names, and every Cali- 
fornia application was rejected. 

Proceeding with Alabama all names were accepted. Next 
came the name of Herbert K. Patrick of Arizona, and when a 
ballot was demanded on his name by ten members as provided for 
in the constitution, the demand was not listened to on the floor 
of the convention. Repeated demands to ballot separately on 
certain pames were all denied. After the secretary of credentials 
had finished reporting, no other names having been thrown out, 
it was decided to adjourn until 7 p. m. Coming to order at the 
appointed time, Burger in the chair, the amateurs listened to 
reports from the various officers, read by George L. Colburn. 
A fifteen minute recess being declared, the representatives of 
Charles R. Burger, acknowledged their defeat by offering to 
compromise on Hancock. Positive of success, the supporters 
of Hollub at first positively refused to be a party to the outrage- 
ous proceedings of the morning by compromising, but feeling it 
would be death to tbe N. A. P. A. in California and the West, 
they rallied to the standard of the Association, and the name of 
Will Hancock of Fargo was put through for president. Albert 
W. Dennis was chosen official editor. After having agreed that 
the only legal way to admit the rejected applicanls was to 
obliterate all mention of the black balling, the applicants were 
accepted. Adjournment followed. 

President Burger called the meeting to order at 10 o'clock the 
next morning, and Harrie C. Morris acting as chairman of the 
proxy committee, rendered the report, after which nominations 
for first vice-president were declared in order. Colburn nomi- 
nated Morris, who declined in favor of Alfred J. Robinson, of 
Chicago, Morris being elected second vice-president on the 
proxies, .resigned, and Miss Zelda Wesley Thurman, of Chicago, 
was unanimously elected. Mr. Colburn was then nominated for 
treasurer by Mr. Barnard and was unanimously elected. For 
recording secretary Albert Barnard, of Chicago, was elected on 
the proxies. For the corresponding secretaryship, there was a 
vary close proxy vote. Colburn having a lead over Bering ; the 
Seattleite's support in the convention was unanimous however, and 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 283 

would have elected him with ease, but au}' need of a contest was 
avoided, Colbura bavinor already been chosen to an office. 
Therefore Edward A. Hering, of Seattle, was unanimously 
elected correspending secretary. A strong effort was made to 
elect Mr. HoUub to an executive judgeship, but a ballot being 
taken, it was found that the proxies had selected Charles R. Bur- 
ger, of Jersey City, John L. Tomliusou, of Spokane, and Stella 
Truman, of Opelousas, La. 

Considerable interest was shown in the selection of the next 
convention city. Washington was nominated, after which, Mr. 
Daniel made an impassioned speech for New Orleans, which city 
he nominated, seconded by Morris. President Burger declared 
New Orleans ineligible, and his decision was appealed from by 
Daniel, seconded by Morris ; the appeal was lost. Washington 
was unanimously elected. The treasurer's bond was then filed 
and the convention adjourned until 12 ;30. 

The meeting was called to order in the afternoon, and Presi- 
dent Will Hancock announced his appointments as follows: 
Secretary of credentials, Nathan Hill Ferguson, Level Plains, N. 
C. ; national laureate recorder, Mrs. Mabel C. Lucas, Spokane, 
Wash. ; chairman of recruit committee, H. C. Morris, San Fran- 
cisco, together with the other members of the committee. Col- 
burn introduced a resolution to make the Mississippi river the 
dividing line between the east and the west in order to settle all 
further disputes in relation to the selection of future convention 
seats ; it w^as seconded and unanimously carried, A resolution 
was introduced by Frost to change the National Amateur into a 
four page monthly. This matter was referred to a committee of 
Spencer, Robinson and Morris. Further business of a minor 
nature was disposed of and meeting adjourned until 10 a. m. 

The afternoon was spent at the photographer's until 4 o'clock, 
after which all proceeded to the hotel, where a public reception 
was held. Instrumental and vocal music and recitations were in 
order. The Morgans, Miss Thurman, Mr. Loel and others 
kindly contributed their talents to the afternoon's entertainment. 

In the evening the banquet was held, and all who^attended pro- 
nounced it a grand success. The toasts were well rendered and 
an enjoyable evening was spent. 

President Hancock called the meeting to order promptly on 
Thursday morning and all unfinished and miscellaneous business 
was disposed of. Fifteen dollars was voted to pay for engross- 
ing resolutions on the death of Franklin C. Johnson, the engrossed 
copy to be presented to the parents of the deceased. 

The recruit committee^:eceived an appropriation of twenty-five 
per cent of the annual receipts for use in extending the work. 
The board of officers were constituted a committee to assist in 



284 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



raaking the exhibit of the G. S. A. F. A. at the Mechanics' Fair 
in this city a success. Afler several other items were disposed 
of, the retiring treasurer rendered a report, showing a balance 
on hand of $1.25 as against a deficit of $85 at same time last 
year. 

The minutes were then read and adopted and the conventioa 
adjourned sine die. 




CHflFTERiO. 

BACK AT THE NATIONS CAPITAL. 

Changes rs OrrciAi. Board. — Pkssident Hasc*>ck"$ V»iws a>t» 
His Work. — New Members. — ^Thk Washixgtox Coxtex- 
Tiox. AS Sees-bt Lisdex Det. — ^The New CoxsTrrcxrox. 

TH£ ttJiD of President Will Haincock was one of an active 
presitlert. bat partiallj assisted bj his official boai^. 
The work of nHrruiting was TigoroasSj t?ained en, and 
the membeiship of the National grew apace. 

The resignation of A« W. Dennis as official editor was accepted, 
immediately after the Chicago convention, and Mis. £dith Mini- 
ter was appointed in his place. Nathan H. Ferguson was 
appointed secretary of credentials, Mrs. Maibel C. Lucas national 
laureate recorder, and Mrs. EUa M. Fiye, librarian. The recruit 
work was put in charge of Hanie C. Motris, with assistants ia 
«very secticm and State. 

In a message to the A^ociation President Hancock thus 
encouragingly noted the progress of the work: 

There has been no especial boom, but a great deal of quiet but 
effective work has been done by the entire official board. A 
special effort has been made to bring the memboship Ibt up to 
50Q by January 1. The effort will, I am sure, be successful. 

Late in the term Mr. F. Stacy Whitney was appoinlted first 
Tice-president, Mr. Joseph 0*6orman second Tice>president^ and 
Mr. Gus A. Schuldt treasurer, to fill vacancies caused by 
resignation. 

The jr«f»oiHil Amatemr^ volume XVIII, consisted of four num- 
bers of 8 pages each. The contents of the various issues were 
uniform, consisting of required official documents, a small quan- 
tity of contributed matter, and notes and comments on amateur 
topics by the editor. Mrs. Miniter^s writings are always appre- 
<ciated, and the volume shows much of her individuality. 

During the term Secretary of Credentials Ferguson reported 
a«3cepte<tl applications for membership from Frank W. Lovering, 
Will C. Price, George A. Alderman^ Edward Hicksoa, George 



286 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

W. Buchanan, G. Edward Harrison, Eugene Smith, Edward S 
Peterson, Xavier S. Honer, Butte H. Tipton, Edgar Levy, 
Edniond C. Stone, Clarence W. Chase, Sue F. Nail, John H. 
Campbell, Jr., Melvin R. King, Charles Beamish, F. A. Adams, 
Robert M. Meisel, D. G. Knerr, Philip A. Barry, D. A. Bow- 
man, Elmer B. Boj^d, Eliza Hancock, Samuel W. Ball and Roy 
L. Porte. 

Efforts were made to change the convention from Washington, 
but they were unsuccessful. The internal trouble of the Burger 
administration was not yet over, although all recoganized Presi- 
dent Hancock as a faithful officer. 

The Villa de Laura Times issued a handsome convention num- 
ber following the Washington meeting. From Linden D. Dey's 
convention account we quote the proceedings : 

The twentj^-flrst annual convention was held in Hotel Page, 
Washington city, July 7, 1896. A telegram from President Han- 
cock announced to the amateurs that he had missed connection. 
It was fully 11 o'clock when Gus. A. Schuldt, treasurer, called 
the meeting to order, and requested J. Edson Briggs, president 
of the N. A. P. A. in 1^79 to take the chair. Mr. Briggs took the 
gavel and appointed Eleanor C. Dowden, recording secretary, 
and Linden D. Dey, secretary of credentials, and asked the latter 
for his report which was read and on his motion accepted. 
The president then appointed a proxy committee consisting of J. 
Edson Briggs, Liaden D. Dey, Gus A. Schuldt, Milton Tibbetts, 
W. R. Moscow, Elizabeth Tyler and Creed M. Fulton. A com- 
mittee consisting of Emerj^ Wilber and Moscow was appointed 
to prepare resolutions upon the death of Ex-President Will S. 
Moore and other members deceased during the year. On motion 
of Smith the president appointed a committee on the revision of 
the constitution, consisting of Smith, Emerj^, Moscow, Ada S. 
Love, and Sarah W. Howe. The rest ®f the afternoon was 
occupied in committee work and sight seeing, so that the different 
amateurs become pretty well separated. During the afternoon 
and early evening, several more amateurs arrived. 

In the evening, after a lengthy and very pleasant social 
period, the caucus was called to order, and "Tommy" chosen 
chairman. It was more of an informal gathering to see how tke 
sentiment ran than a regular political caucus, and no one was 
considered bound to support its nominees, but it was, in reality, 
a forecast of the morrow. Confusion reigned supreme, 
despite the clear and forcible tones of -'Tommy," demanding 
order, and offices were passed and repassed over and over, and 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 287 

taken up again and again with the rapidity to dazzle the brain 
of even an expert parliamentary lawyers. Morton was unani- 
mously proposed for president. Hering, Burger and Hollub 
were named for first vice-president and Hering proposed. F©r 
second vice-president, Miss Truman and Dey were named, and 
the former endorsed, the latter declining to stand. Here Smith, 
as chairman of the constitutional revision committee, caused no 
little amusement by nominating candidates for offices never 
before heard of in tha Association, which can be explained by 
the fact that the new constitution proposed changes in the 
names of several of the offices, and with which he as chairman 
of the above named committee, whicii had finished its work in 
the afternoon, was familiar. He was constantly reminded by 
Morton that the offices had not yet been created. Miss Howe 
was unaniftiously endorsed for recording and foreign secretary, 
as was Smith for general secretai*}'. For treasurer a whole 
string of names was presented with Kissinger as the nominee. 
For official editor there were were no nominations, as Smith 
said the office would be abolished b\' the r.ew constitution. 
For the board of directors, formerly executive ju«lges, several 
were named with Burger, Hancock and Hollub in the lead. For 
next convention seat, Fargo and San Francisco were named, and 
the latter easily endorsed. 

It wa-; quite late when Ex-President Briggs called the sec ii 1 
session to order Wednesday morning. In a few well-chosen 
words he yielded the chair to President Hancock, who had arrived 
in the night, and the regular ordr of business was calied. 
The committee on resolutions up*on the death of members 
rendered its report and the same was accepted. Several names 
were presented for membership. The proxy committee presented 
its report showing forty votes cast. This was evidently a point 
for discussion and opposition. Mr. Emery asked if the dues of 
every member who had cast a prox}' hnd been j)aid. Mr. Schuldt 
said he did no know. Mr. Emery asked him if he could furnish 
a list of all who had paid to him, and he said he could. Mr. 
Fulton said it would be impossible to find out who had or had 
not, paid Owing to the disorganized state of the treasury record^, 
and the only way to protect the innocent, was to count the 
proxies. After some more discussion the report was accepted as 
read. 

The committee on revision of the constituion presented its 
report, and the convention resolved itself into a committee of 
the whole, Mr. Morton, chairman. Mr. Smith read the new 
constitution, which was adopted by the committee and so pre- 
sented to the ccmvention. The report was adopted by a vote of 
twenty-two to eight. After this came a recess of twenty minutes. 



238 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

liiiHiediately upon reasseHiblino;, tlie election of officers was 
taken up. NoTuiiiations for president being culle<l, Kissinger 
placed in nomination James F. Morton, Jr., seconded by Dey 
and Emery. Smith withdrew his proxy and on his motion the 
secretary cast the entire cimvention and proxy vote for Morton. 
Upon the fourth ballot Hering was elected first vice-president. 
For secon-l vice-president the ballot resulted in favor of Freeman. 
For recording an:] foreign secretary Miss Sarah IloWvi was iinani- 
moufily chosen. For treasurer Kissinoer was elected without any 
opposition. For board of directors the proxies were cast out as 
the (iuties of executive ju icres. for which they had been cist, were 
different, aiid tiie names presenteti, Hancock, HoUub and 
Burger, were elected l)y acclamation. For historian, Miss Irene 
l^isonnette was elected. For the next convention seat Fargo and 
San Francisco were named. On the third ballot the vote stood: 

Proxj^ Convention 'I'otal 

San Francisco , .... IS 12 30 

Fai-o-o 16 12 28 

A motion to adjourn until 10 o'clock Thursday was carried. 

A publii; reception to the retiring and incoming presidents was 
lieid Wednesday afternoon, from 3 to 6 o'clock in the parlors of 
liotel P.'ioe, 

Just before the banquet, when everyone appeared at their best, 
our regular convention photo was taken by flasldight. It was a 
general regret that we could not have an outdoor one, but Wash- 
ington was not kind enough to give us sunnv days while the con- 
vention lasted. 

Like all the previous meetings, the banquet was the event of 
the conventi(m. Tiie banquet hall was an ideal one, large, airy, 
well-lighter] and ventilated and conducive to the best effects of 
the speech-making. The table was very prettily arranged in 
the sh.ape of a '"T," the toast master, incoming and retiring pres- 
idents and ex-presidenis sitting at tlie head, and the rest 
arranged on both sides. About thirt3'-six covers were laid. 
The ta])le was beautifully decorated with roses and other flowers, 
and it was a tempting sight just i)efore we were seated. The 
menu (;ards were very tastefully rotten up. On the first page was 
the customary banquet <lescription. On the next page appeared 
the menu with appropriate amateur names for the dishes, as: 
'^'i'humb Nail Clams," '-New McCarthy Potatoes," "Ice Cream 
Washinorton Style," and prefixed by the title "Our Compliments" 
and the assertion, "The band for the occasion is kindly furnished 
by Lord Knowswho." 

The succeeding page was devoted to the list of toasts, headed 
"Some Remarks," and with the warning, "Any speaker men- 



HISTORY OF TH:'. NATIONAL A:\IATEUU PRESS ASSOCIATION. 289 

tioning Lester Kirk will be dealt with according to the coastita- 
tion." 

The fourth page was devoted to signatures, with the headinor, 
'•Ink Drops," and the indication "A good thing — push it along," 

and "Return to ." The last leaf contained the names of the 

reception committee and the first verse of old -'Auld LangSyue." 
After the delicious repast, the toastmaster, Brainerd P, Emery, 
performed his office most successfully and acceptably-, and intro- 
duced the toasts and their speakers as follows: 

The N. A. P. A Will Hancock 

Our Foreign Bretheru J. H. Stover 

Literature and Litterateurs Brainerd P. Emery 

Our Press Clubs Linden D. Dey 

Politics and Politicians Charles R. Burger 

Remarks Miss Irene Bissonette 

The Ladies Creed M. Fulton 

Our Fossils Clifford VV. Kissinger 

The Next Convention John L. Tomlinson 

Amateur Journalism in 1996 James F. Morton, Jr 

The Professional Press 

Dr. Franklin T. Howe, of Washington Star 

The C. C. C. of A. J : E. H. Smith 

Immediately after the banquet, the tables and chairs were 
cleared away and what had just been a banquet hall was now 
transformed into a dancing room where an informal and delight- 
ful soiree was had. 

The convention was called to order in third session by Presi- 
dent Hancock, at about 10:30 o'clock, Thursday morning. The 
chair appointed Misses Love and Howe as a committee to escort 
President-Elect Morton to the chair. Upon taking the office, the 
new president made a very enthusiastic address, thanking the 
Association for the honor conferred, and urging everyone to lay 
aside personal feeling and aid the Association, by helping its 
president in his new duties. The treasurer rendered his final 
report, and the president named a committee consisting of Tom- 
linson, Wilbur and Miss Keim to audit his accounts. While 
waiting for the report of the auditing committee, Ex-President 
Briggs distributed files of his paper. The Imp, published by him 
during his early connection with A. J., during the '70's and 
copies of his work containing the laureate entries during the year 
1879, while he was president. The auditing committee reported 
the treasurer's books all right. It was moved and carried that 
the minutes of the convention be approved as they stand, without 
being read. On motion the twenty-first annual convention was 
declared by the president to be adjourned sine die. 

It was a merry little party that took the trolley cars Thurs- 



290 iiiBTorwY OF THE national amateur press association. 

day afternoon for Mount Vernon. The manj' iiiteresting sights 
to-be seen in and around this historical spot are certainly worth 
a trip to Washington to see, and it was a great treat to all of us 
to examine the old mansion of thi-; father of our country, and 
the beautiful grounds surrounding it. 

The number in attendance at the convention was quite large 
and fairl}^ representative, there being twelve States represented, 
from Washington on the West and Massachusetts on the East 
and from North Dakota on the North and Florida on the South. 
The following is the list: Edwin H. Smith, Sarah W. Howe, 
Pease Potter, Ada S. Love, Gertrude M. Walsh, Eleanor C. 
Dowden, Helen I. Walsh, Elizabeth Tyler, Gus A. Schuldt, John 
E. M. Hall, Brainerd P. Emery, Linden D. Dey, Wm. R. Mos- 
cow, Mortimer K. Wilber, Wm. R. Stewart, Robert L. Stone, 
Albert O. Penny, Katie L. Howe, W. A. Page, Creed M. Fulton, 
Milton Tibbetts, J. L. Tomlinson, Howard E. Bokman, Clifford 
W. Kissinger, J. F. Morton, Jr., Jay M. Fallass, F. B. Lord, D. 
G. Davis, Wm. \V. Delane3% J. L. Feeney, Horace Freeman, 
J. H. Stover, Charles Beamish, William Hancock, Irene Bis- 
sonette, Corene J. Bissonette, Emma Keim, John G. Lallice, 
Walter C. Gosling, Lucille Dawson, Dr. Frank T. Howe, Mrs. 
Frank 1\ Howe, Frank T. Howe, Jr., Marie Howe, Millard J. 
Holmes, Wilber Underwood, Washington Topham, John E. 
Briggs, Charles A. Darr, Mary Dennebaum, Ed J. H^irdcastle, 
Annie M. Lee and Mary E. Howe, 

The new constitution adopted at Washington follows in full; 

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS. 

PREAMBLE. 

The amateur journalists of the United States and Canada, believing 
that organization will extend the principles and iDfluence of a 
cause destined to be an important educational factor for the rising 
generation, herby form into an association and adopt constitution and 
by-laws. 

CONSTITUTION. 
Article I. — Name. 
This organization sball be known as the National Amateur Press 
Association of America. 

Article II. — Membership. 
Any person residing in the United States or Canada w^ho edits or 
contributes prose or poetry to an amateur paper is eligible to 
membership. 

Article III. — Officers. 
The officrs shall be a president, a first and a second vice-president, 
a recording and foreign secretary, a general secretary, a treasurer, 
an historian, three directors, a librarian, and a chairman of recruit 
committee. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AM^TEL'K PRESS ASSOCIATK/X. 2')1 

'Article IV. — E'.ectiom. 

Section 1. The president and treasurer must attend the conven- 
tion at which they are elected. The vice-presidents shall not be 
residents of the same section. 

Sec. 2. The first vice-president, general secretary, treasurer, cus- 
todian of ballots, and three members shall be the committee to 
examine proxies. 

Sec. 3. Xo proxy shall be accepted after committee haj-. retired 
and no proxy shall be examined unless tlie voter has qualified a? to 
activity and paid dues. 

Sec. 4. The committee shall rcDovt number of proxies received^ 
number counted, number cast out, and legal number for each candi- 
date for each office. 

Sec. 5. The vote in convention shall be added to the vote by 
proxy and a majority shall elect. If there be no election after second 
ballot the proxies of lowest candidate shall be withdrawn, but remain- 
ing proxies shall be counted. If there be no election after fourth 
ballot all proxies shall be cast out and the convention elect. 

Sec. 6. In the absence of original proxies the duplicates shall be 
le^al and be examined. 

Article V. — Duties of Officers. 

Sec. 1. The president shall appoint the librarian, recruit commit- 
tee and chairman, reception committee, judges of award, custodian 
of ballots (who must be a resident of next convention-city), and 
three members of proxy committee, and appoint with approval of 
directors the critics in charge of departments in official organ. The 
president shall publish a monthly paper; remove officers who neglect 
their duties or become inactive: fill vacancies caused by death, resig- 
nation or removal ; change convention-seat within same section should 
activity of city elected not assure successful meeting; select and make 
known dates of convention sixty days previous. 

Sec, 2. The first vice-president shall be a manager of the manu- 
script bureau and chairman of the proxy committee. 

Sec. 3. The second vice-president shall be a manager of the manu- 
script bureau. 

Sec. 4. The recording and foreign secretary shall record the pro- 
ceedings of convention, correspond with individuals and associations in 
foreign countries and arrange international exchange of reports and 
papers. 

Sec. 5. The general secretary shall accept or reject applicants sub- 
ject to approval of next convention; mail in April notice-call for 
observance of activity clause and present the returned credentials to- 
convention ; and mail members thirty days previous to convention 
invitation and proxy blanks with two envelopes printed: X. A. P. A. 

(original or duplicate) Proxy from , the original addressed 

to custodian of ballots and duplicate to vice-president resident in the 
section of convention. 

Sec. 6. The treasurer shall collect all money due and pay bills 
countersigned by president; mail notice to delinquents thirty days 
previous to convention; and furnish directors a bond for one thousand 
dollars ($1,000) within thirty days after convention. 

Sec. 7. The historian shall present to the convention the literary 
and political history of the year. 



292 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Sec. 8. The directors shall receive and act on charges preferred 
against members ; enforce president's activity, and appoint successor 
when vacancy occurs therein; receive and record laureate entries and 
furnish prizes authorized. 

Sec. 9. The librarian shall receive an^ preserve donations to library. 

Sec 10. The custodian of ballots shall receive original proxies and 
give receipt vi^hen requested. 

Sec. 11. The chairman of recrjit committee shall supervise the 
work and furnish papers and circulars necessary to is development. 

Sec 12. All officers, elected and appointed must publish or con- 
tribute to a paper every two months, present report at convention, and 
deliver to successors all property of the Association. 

Article VI. — Conventions. 
The association shall convene annually during July, alternately east 
and west of the Mississippi river. 

Article VII — Emblem. 
The official emblem shall be a scroll cossed by a quill with letters 
N. A. P. A. 

Article VIII. — Official Organ. 

Sec 1. The official organ shall be the National Amateur, a magazine 
of at least eight pages Century size, published monthly. 

Sec 2. The publishers shall be The National Amateur Publishing 
comprising at least three members. Fifty cents of each member's 
dues shall be paid to the publishers as an annual subscription. 

Sec 3. Critical departments shall be established therein under the 
heads: Poetry, serials, sketches and short stories, essays, histories 
and biographies, editorial, typography and book publishing. 

Article IX. — Library.' 
A permanent library of papers, books, photos and relics shall be 
established at Boston, Mass. 

Article X — Laureateships. 
To arouse interest and activity and promote standard of literature 
the titles laureate and honorable mention shall be conferred as here- 
inafter provided. 

Article XI — Manuscript Bureaus. 
Two manuscript bureaus shall be established, one east and one 
west of the Mississippi river, to receive manuscript from writers and 
dispense to editors, the managers to use discretion in accepting articles. 

Article XII — Amendments. 
This constitution may be suspended or amended by two-thirds vote 
of members present in convention. 

BY-LAWS. 

Article I. — Election of Members. 

Sec 1. A pplicats shall send application with credentials and one 

dollar (|1) for certificate, annual dues and subscription to official 

organ to the general secretary. Ten negative votes in convention 

shall be necessary to reject. 

Sec 2. Any member who fails to publish one paper or contribute 
an article during the year shall be dropped from membership at 
convention. 



F1I3TOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 293 

Sec. 3. Ex-presidents shall be enrolled as life-members, unless 
expelled, but shall vote only when qualified as to activity. 
Article II — Committees. 

Sec. 1. The recruit committee shall consist of one member from 
every State and Territory, each to have charge of the particular sec- 
tion. They shall interest persons in Amateur Journalism and induce 
them to join the Association and shall organize press clubs. 

Sec. 2. The reception committee shall consist of at least five mem- 
bers, residents of nextconrention-city, and shall provide headquarters 
and arrangements. 

Article III — Laureateships. 

Sec. 1. Laureate entries shall be seiials, short stories, sketches, 
essays, poems, histories of Amateur Journalism including biographi- 
cal sketches, editorial and book publishing. 

Sec. 2. — A member who competes must have the article printed in 
an amateur publication and send marked copy to any of the directors 
by June 1. No paper shall be considered in the editorial contest 
unless at least four numbers have been issued by June 1. 

Sec. 3. Five of the judges shall be professional authors uncon- 
nected with Amateur Journalism and each shall have a department, 
thus: Serials, short stories, sketches, essays, poems. The judge of 
editorial shall be a professional journalist. The judge of book pub- 
lishing shall have a practical knowledge of printing. The judge of 
histories and biograghies shall be a prominent Amateur Journalist. 

Sec. 4, The certificate laureate shall be awarded annually to the 
member receiving the highest rating in each department and certifi 
cate, honorable mention, be awarded to second highest rating entry. 

Article IV, — Order of Business^ 

First day. 1, roll call; 2, appointment of ofiicers in event of absence; 
3, reading of communications; 4, reports of officers and committees; 5, 
election of members; 6, appointment of committees. 

Second day. 1, roll call; 2, reading of communications; 3, reports 
of committees; 4, election of officers; 5, installation of officers: 6, liter- 
ary exercises and announcement of laureate awards; 7, miscellaneous 
business. 

Third day. 1, roll call; 2, appointment of officers and committees; 
3, miscellaneous business; 4, reading and adoption of minutes of con- 
vention; 5, adj ournment sine die. 

Article V — Quorum. 

Such members as -are present at a regular convention-session shall 
constitute a quorum. 

Ar.icle VI — Parliamentary Authointy. 
Eoberts' Rules of Order shall govern wherein it does not conflict 
with the constitution and by-laws. 

Article VII — Amendments. 

These by-laws may be suspended or amended by two-thirds vote of 
members present in convention. 



CHAPTER 31. 

BACK TO THE GOLDEN GATE. 
The Storm Following the Washington Convektion.— Lxactivk 
Officials. — The San Francisco Gathering. — Another 
"New" Constitution. — An Interesting Election. — The 
Business Transacted. 

THE news from the Vv'nsbingLon convention eanie ii!ce u clap 
of thunder to the slay-at-home amateurs. The new con- 
stitution was to them an unnecessary innovation, and the 
abolition of the official editor and placing of the National Amateur 
in other hands was bitterl}^ denounced. The work of Mr. Edwin 
H. Smith was recognized throughout the changes, and grave 
fears were expressed that his rule would be the ruin of the Asso- 
ciation. 

Miss Irene Bissonette, historian of the Association, in her re- 
port aptly says : 

In the adoption of the new constitution the curtain did not 
fall on the last act Of thedraina; other acts were played during 
the year. 

In October the machinery of the Association seemed to be in 
good working order. Two numbers of the National Amateur 
appeared simultaneousl.y, September and October, quite satis- 
factory in every respect. The former contained the Washington 
convention reports ; the latter is the t3"pical magazine for which 
the constituticn provides. 

The president duly appointed his recruit committee and chair- 
man. A generous bundle of printed matter was sent to each 
State manager— everything necessary to inspire a recruit officer 
to do the work so nicel}^ planned for him. 

November came, but with it no National Atnateur. December 
found the amateurs still waiting for. the official organ, and rumors 
of distrust of the National Amateur Publishing Company began 
to spread. 

In the January issue of his paper, the West, Mr. Schoenfeld 
opened a tirade on the official board for inactivity and published 
an address to the N. A. P. A. members, in which he asked for 
their aid and co-operation in promoting activity, and in which he 
elected himself "director of activity and advancement." In the 
foUowinor six months Mr. Schoenfeld continued his warfare on in- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PEESS ASSOCIATION. 295 

fictivit}', and was instrumental in hiving petitions sent to Direc- 
tors Hancock. Biirj^erand Hollub for the removal from office of 
Treasurer Kissinger and General Secretary Smith, and to Presi 
dent Morton a petition for his resignation on account of his 
alleged official inactivity and failure to enforce constitutional 
provisions. 

Since January considerable discussion on the condition of Na- 
tional affairs iuive appeared in our papers. In the discontinuance 
of its official or2:an our Association lost its balance wheel. Kept 
in the dark on matters which they should have known, the ama- 
teurs, naturally, lost coiffidence in their official board. Our offi- 
cers gave no satisfaction to their inquiries, and it was only 
diligent investigation in other sources of information that facts 
can be ascertaiiied, 

Amateur papers were not so plentiful during the year 1806-7, 
-as compared with others. The Monthly Visitor, and Monthly 
Beacon were the most regularly issued. The largest paper of the 
year was the convention issue of the Villa de Laura Times. Among 
other valuable papers were Criteria, Athenia. Prairie Breezes and 
Amateur Bohemian. 

Two issues only of the National Amateur appeared. They 
were of the Century size. The first— September — issue was of 
12 pages, containing an account of the Washington conven- 
tion, official minutes and minor matters. The October issue was 
of 18 pages and cover. It contaiued much reprinted matter, 
some pictures of N. A. P. A. officers, departments of various 
kinds, official reports and membership list. 

President Morton appointed Allison C. Brokaw chairman of 
the recruit committee. Members were appointed for each State. 
In a message printed in the Monthly Beacon, April and May, 
1897, he appointed the reception committee for the San Francisco 
convention : David L. Hollub, William A. Day, Harrie C. Mor- 
ris, Herbert Hauser, Edward M. Lind, Leon M. Pinkson, John 
L. Peltret, Daniel J. McCarthy, and Leon M. Voorsanger. 
Herbert Hauser was appointed custodian of ballots, the conven- 
tion being called for July 7-9. 

The presidential candidates previous to the convention were 
David L. Hollub and H. A. Schoenfeld. The latter's absence 
defeated him and Harrie C. Merris was used by Schoenfeld's 
friends as a candidate against Hollub. No amateurs from the 



296 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

East were present at the convention. Tbe following account was 
contributed by Herbert M. Shirek to tbe Junior Eeporter, 
August, 1897 : 

The twenty-second annual convention of the National Amateur 
Press Association is now but a piece of tiie history of that 
institution. However, that piece of history will always be dear 
and wll remembered by those who were fortunate enough to be 
present at the sessions of the San Franciso gathering. 

From the time Treasurer Morris called the convention to order 
until President Hollub declared it adjourned the meetings were 
exciting and enjoyable. The social features were well planned 
and we can truly say that from every standpoint the convention 
Mas a success. The political and literary element both had 
their time ; it was a convention full of life, vigor and enjoyment 
and well worthy the trouble and expense which it brought about. 

On the morning of July 7, tbe convention was called to order 
by Treasurer Morris. Mr. \Vm. A. Day was elected temporary 
chairman. 

At the first day's session constitution, proxy and resolution 
committees were appointed. Provisions were made for the 
appointment of a committee, with J. Ives Munro as chairman, 
for the purpose of reporting upon the advisability of holding 
an international convention in Paris in 1900. 

The politician was now beginning his work. The absence of 
Mr. Schoenfield brought about a series of difficulties ; his 
supporters wished to turn down the clause in the constitution 
requiring the attendance of the president. When the xjonstitu- 
tion committee reported, this was attempted, but a motion to 
strike it out was lost by two votes. 

Schoeufeld was nominated by McCarty, who at the same time 
moved that the clause requiring the presence of the president be 
suspended. Lind rose to a point of order, contending that as 
the convention was under the head of nominating , nothing else 
could be considered. Of course Chairman Day declared tbe 
point not well taken and an appeal hastily put by Voorsanger 
resulted in the upholding of the decision of the chair, But tbe 
original motion was lost and Schoenfield' s fate was sealed. 

Mr. Morris was nominated by Mr. Peltret and Mr. Hollub by 
Mr. Bow. 

The proxy committee reported and it was seen that Hollub was 
virtually elected, but McCarty, who was one of the tellers, raised 
a point of order which the chair stood by and the report declared 
illegal. 

After some deliberation, during which time excitement pre- 
vailed, Hollub was declared elected with 48 votes in his favor. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 297 

After au intermission for lunch the conveation reassembled and 
the following other officers were elected: First vice-president, 
Freeman ; second vice-president, Clarke ; recording secretary', Dey ; 
corresponding secretary, Miss Kreiner; treasurer. Bow; official 
editor, Hering; executive judges, Morton, Lind and Whitney; 
'98 convention seat. New York City. 

The evening of the 7th was given up to a theatre party. The 
attraction was a well known Chinese play and it appealed to 
everybody. 

Thursdaj^ afternoon a trip was taken around Frisco Bay on a 
government tug. It was very enjoyable and aside from Voor- 
sanger^s little experience with the captain, drinking water, etc., 
all passed off well. 

Thursday evening a reception was tendered by the G. S. A.F.A. 
to the National. Over a hundred invitations had been sent out 
and a large gathering was the result. After the entertainment 
the trip through Chinatown begun. 

Friday evening the banquet took place. The beautiful deco- 
rated table, combined with those around it, made a beautiful 
sight. The Amateur Bohemian was the menu card. 

Saturday afternoon the baseball game was in order, and the 
final score was 12 to 11 in favor of the home team. 

A fitting wind-up of the week's festivities was a party across 
the bay at Fruitvale, Saturday evening, at the home of Mr. 
Hauser. The trip was delightful and though the stay was short 
the time was advantageously spent. 

I believe that the '97 conventi -n compares favorably with other 
National conventions and will long be remembered by attending 
amateurs. 

The San Francisco convention found it necessary to again 
revise the constitution. The document adopted at Washington 
was not at all satisfactory. The new constitution was practically 
the one discarded at Washington. As the document has already 
been printed in this book, we give below explanations of it that 
will enable the searcher for information to read the document 
complete : 

Preamble and articles I, II and III as found on pages 210 

and 211 of this book. 

Article IV, section 1: -or design" added after "poetry." 
Sections 2, 3 and 4. See sections 3, 4 and 5 article IV, 

page 273, 

Sec. 5. Any person who has by some act manifeted an interest in 
Amateur Journalism may be elected an honorar.v member, at any 



298 HlfcTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR TRESS ASSOCIATION. 

rjgular meeting, a unanimous vote of those present being necessary 
to elect. The privilege of suffrage shall not be open to honorary 
members. 

Sec. 6. To foster ond encourage the organization of amateur press 
clubs, this Association will allow one full vote at all of its « lections, 
to all organizations of not less than ten members; two full votes at all 
its elections for not less than fifteen members; three full votes for not 
less than twenty members, and thereafter one vote for every five 
members over twenty-five. It is understood that the word members 
as used in this constitution and particularly in this section, refers to 
bona fide accepted members of the National, and amateurs delinquent 
in their dues shall not be considere I in the light of members. The 
subordinate Associations by a majority vote shall direct some mem- 
ber to cast its vote or votes in such manner and for such candidates 
as it may see fit, provided that no section of this constitution and by- 
laws is violated thereby. 

Article V, section 1, add "a historian'' at close of section, to 

same section on page 211. Section 2, 4, 5 and 7 as on page 

211 ; seclion 11 as o;i page 2 12 ; S83ti mi 3, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13 and 

16 as on page 273; sections 14 and 15 as on page 212 ; sections 

17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25 as on page 274; sections 

26 and 30 as on page 275 ; sections 27 and 28 as noted on 

page 275, 

Sec. 29. All officers, elected and appointed, must publish or con- 
tribute to a paper every two months, and in addition to other duties 
prescribed in this constitution, to present at the annual convention 
a report of all duties performed during their terem of office, and to 
deliv.er to their respective successors all books, papers, or property of 
any kind belonging to the Association. 

Article VI and article VII, section 1 as on page 275 ; section 2 
identical with section 3 on page 215 followed by "and shall 
contain nothing of a political nature ;" section 3 identical with sec- 
tion 5, page 215, ending "amendments adopted thereat." Sec- 
tion 4 identical with balance of section 5, page 215. 

Article VIII. — Conventions. 
Sec. 1. Conventions of this Association shall be held annually, 
during the month of July, alternatel}' east and west of the Mississippi 
river, the date to be named by the president and announced in the 
March number of the official organ, the seat of the succeecdng conven- 
tion to be chosen in the same manner as the officers, and at the same 
time. 

Section 2 of tliis article identical with section 3 at top of 
page 216. 

Article IX, sections 1 and 2 as on pages 275 and 276. 

Article X, section 1, 4 and 5 as on page 276 ; sections 2 and' 3 
as on page 216; section 6 identical with section 7 on i)age 216, 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 



2S9 



all other sections — 7, 8, 9 and 10— identical with sections on 
pages 216 and 217 having numbers one higher. 

Article XI identical with article X on page 217. 

Article XII and XIII on page 276. 

Article XIV, section 1 identical with article XIII, section 1, 
on page 217; section 2 as on page 276, except date changed 
from Jane 15 to June 1 ; section 3 identical with section 3 at bot- 
tom of page 217 by adding '-and design" to end of section. 

IsEO. 4. There sha'l be five judges ot award, each of whom shall 
have a distince department, thus: the first shall have charge of 
stories, sketches and serials; the Becond shall have charge of poems, 
the third shall have charge of essavs, the fourth shall have charge of 
histories of Amateur Journalism, the fifth shall nave charge of design. 

Sec. 5. Three of these judges of award shall be literally men or 
women of known ability, not activly connected with Amateur Journal- 
ism ; the fourth shall be an active member of the Association; the 
fifth shall be an artist of repute. 

Sections 6, 7, 8 and 9 identical with same sections on page 218. 

Article XV, section 1 same as on page 276, except date 
changed from Juue 15 to June 1. Sections 2, 3, 4 and 5 same 
as same sections, article XIV, page 218. 

Article XVI — Amendments. 

Sec. 1. Xo part of this constitution shall be amended except by 
two- thirds of the total vote cast at a convention, provided that no 
proposition for amendment shall be acted upon unless the same has 
been published in the official organ not later than the March number 
and printed on all proxy ballots. It may be suspended by a two- 
thirds vote of the members present at a regular convention. 

Sec 2. Proxv votes for the amendment of any part of this consti- 
tution shall be placed in the hands of the recording secretary, whose 
duty it shall be to have them counted when such amendment shall be 
voted upon in convention. 

Article A of by-laws amended as follows (compared with same 
on page 219): No. 3 made to read "appointment of commit- 
tees. No. 7 (first day) eliminated. Roll call made 1 on second 
and third day. On second day banquet omitted and following 
added, '-7, miscellaneous and new business." 

Article B, 1 as on page 219. 

2. A motion to reconsider shall be in order only upon questions 
acted upon at the convention at which the original vote has been 
taken. 

3. These by-law^s shall not be amended or suspended except by a 
two-thirds vote of the members present at a convention. 



CH/IFTER 32. 

GATHERING IN GOTHAM AGAIN. 

Necessary Changes in Official Board. — Chicago Amateur 
Press Club's Handsome Act. ^Steinberg's Account of 
the New York Convention. 

THE election of officers at San Francisco was not as sLiccess- 
. fully carried on as had been hoped. After the conven- 
tion had adjourned it was discovered that Ross Clark, 
second vice-president, and Stella T. Wayne, historian, were not 
members, and, of course, their places were filled by others. 
President Hollub appointed Hubert Hauser, second vice-presi- 
dent and F. W. Fahnestock, historian. The Association was 
entirely without funds, and heavily in debt. Mr. E. H. Smith, 
late general secretary, had presented a statement at the con- 
vention showing that he had expended all the money he could get 
and still the Association owed him. As bills for two years back 
were still unpaid, President Hollub had no ordinary term before 
him. 

Mr. Hering, official editor, did not care to stand the expense 
of publishing the official organ himself and so handed in his resig- 
nation. President Hollub appointed Walter C. Chiles editor. 
The Chicago Amateur Press Club volunteered to pay the printer's 
bill on four eight page issues, which was accepted and the con- 
tract was carried out. 

We quote from Historian Fahuestock's report: 

The chairman of the recruit committee did very efficient work 
during the year in securing new members. According to the 
records the National has in good standing 187 members, exclud- 
ing ex-presidents. In September, 1896, we had 103 members, 
and in September, 1897, we had over 173 — probably about 200, 
as about 40 additional members claimed they were in good 
standing. 

President Hollub started his term of office with a very lauda- 
ble ambition, namely, to clear the Association of debt, and his 
efforts have borne good fruit, as our present debt is small. The 
National should feel proud of the official board elected at the San 
Francisco convention, as it has certainly pushed the Association 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 301 

forward and shown a marked contrast to the bickerings of last 
year. 

Among the prominent papers of the year were Dilettante^ by 
President Hollub and Mr. Steinberg; Ocean Waves, a typographi- 
cal gem ; Bising Age. unique as to typography and interesting 
as to contents ; Inli Drops and Frairie Breezes. 

The iVa/iow«7^m«feMr, volume XX, contained four issues of 
8 pages each. The September number contained the official 
minutes, new constitution and other documents. The December 
issue contained the historian's report, a page of tributes to Ex- 
President Finlay A. Grant, official documents and editorial. 
The March issue contained the foreign secretary's report, laureate 
reports and other official matter. The June issue contained the 
winning the laureateship, official matter and an article on "Ama 
teur Journalism in Brooklyn," b}^ Chas. N. Andrew>!. This 
volume was carefully edited and ranks high, Mr, Chiles gave 
the credit for the issuance of the volume to Messrs. Jnj- M. 
Fallass, Warren R. H. Sawj-er, Linden D. Dey, Hervey H. Dorr, 
Alfred J. Robinson, Henry C. Johannes, Allison C. Brokaw, 
Francis P. Goss and Samuel J. Steinberg. 

In the March Amateur amendments were offered to the con- 
stitution, so that they could be voted on b}^ proxy. They were 
as follows: 

Article V. Section 2. The treasurer must be present at the 
convention at which he is elected to office. 

Art. XVI. Sec 1. No part of this constitution shall be amended 
except by two-thirds of the total vote cast at a convention. It may 
be suspended by a two-thirds vote of the members present at a regu 
lar convention. 

The campaign was comparatively a spiritless one. For presi- 
dent Mr. Horace Freeman had been named, but had refused to 
accept the nomination. He was unable to attend the convention. 

President Hollub appointed John H, Stover chairman of the 
reception committee, with Horace Freeman, Charles N. Andrews, 
A. H. Delano, Frank E. Williams and Edith V. Kreiner, Chas. 
N. Andrews was appointed custodian of ballots and the conven- 
tion was called for July 5-7. 

The following account of the New York convention of 1898 is 
taken from Mr. S. J. Steinberg's chronicle in October Dilettante-. 

On the morning of the 5th, it was discovered that not one of 



302 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

the official board was present, and John Stover, as president of 
the local club called tho convention to order. According to 
previous arrangement I nominated Peltret for permanent chair- 
man and the motion was duly carried. Miss Kriener not being 
present Mrs. Rowe acted as recording secretary until she came. 
Mis-! Howe was appointed vice-i)resident and I was given tempo- 
rary treasurership. 

After a recess, as secretary of credentials, I reported the 
acceptance of fifty-four names and the rejection of three names 
for lack of credentials. 

Reports were received from Vice-Presidents Freeman and Hau- 
ser, Secretary De}', and Treasurer Bow. Bow reported a bal- 
ance of S29.65 in the treasury. Miss Kreiuer reported verbally 
as to the manner in which she had performed her duties. 

By virtue of her appointipent as vice-president,. Miss Howe was 
entitled to the chairmanship of the pi oxy committee, but she found 
it impossible to serve. Mrs. Miniter was given her place — her 
assistants being Kugler, Hurlev, Konwiser, Miss Cox and myself. 
After a little more routine businesss, the convention adjourned 
for the day. 

After adjournment, the proxy committee proceeded to their 
duties. 

The proxies were scattering. For president, Freeman had 23, 
Chiles 10, Steinberg 2. Bow led with 19 votes for first vice- 
president ; for second vice-president Davis' 11 votes gave him a 
good start. For recording secretary Miss Kreiner had 12 votes 
and Delano had 10 votes ; Tipton was given 36 out of the 51 
votes cast for corresponding secretary. For treasurer, Mrs. 
Spencer headed the list with 11 votes, Andrews being second with 
8 votes. Out of tifty-three votes cast for official editor I was 
given 31 ; Lind getting 22. Chicago's 47 votes to four scattering 
easily settlpd where the next convention was to be held. The 
vote for executive judges was scattering as usual, Hollub had 26, 
Mellinger 18, Spencer 12, Dey 12, Freeman 10. There were 
47 votes cast on the first amendment, 28 for, and 19 against. 
The second amendment had 46 votes, 22 for, 24 against. 

It will be well to state here that some time before the conven- 
tion Chicago endorsed a complete ticket. Here is the slate we 
made up and when it is compared with the new official board, 
it will be observed that Chicago's influence was felt: president, 
Chiles ; first vice-president Bow ; second vice-president, Davis ; 
corresponding secretary, Tipton ; recording secretary, Delano; 
official editor, Steinberg ; treasurer, Mrs. Spencer; convention 
seat, Chicago; executive judges Hollub, Mellinger, Freeman. 
This will explain how it happened that some of those voted on 



IIISTOIiY OF THZ NATIONAL AMATPIL'U PUKS-^j ASSOCIATION. S03 

received SO m\ny votes, Cuicago, by the way east -15 votes at 
this convention. 

Wednesday morning after the convention was called to order 
my supplementary report of applicants accepted was received. 
The reports of the laureate judges were read. Eleanor Atkinson 
awarded the esssay title to Spencer for h.is '-Lady or the Tiger." 
Jerome Case Bull gave the poet huireateship to Goodenough and 
honorable mention to Andrew A. Veatch. Editorial laureateship 
was given to Dilettante. 

The proxy conunittee's re[)ort was accepted as read, after 
which Peltret declared nominatious for president in order. 

Before we entered into the election of officers a motion was 
made and carried to the effect tliat the amendments voted on in 
the proxies be acted upon. After a ballot the chair declared 
th-^m both carried. As there was no pronounced opposition to 
these amendments, it was no wonder that some member did not 
care to verify by actual calculation the chairman's ruling. 

Acting under the supposition that the amendments were carried 
Kugler nominated Freeman and I nominated Chiles. After a 
number of speeches had been made in Freeman's favor, I with- 
drew Chiles' name. The secretary was instructed to cast the 
ballot of the convention for Mr. Freeman. 

It was decided to elect the official editor at once. Kugler 
put my name before the convention, Dorr seconded it with 
a very pretty speech. Peltert relinquished the chair to the 
vice-president, and put Lin 1 in nomination. Stover seconded it. 
The ballot resulted : 

Proxy Convention Total 

Steinberg 31 13 64 

Lind 22 3 25 

When the chair declaied me elected Mrs. Spencer was the first 
to congratulate me. After we adjourned for lunch a number 
took occasion to tell me how pleased they were over my election. 
Of course I was called on for a speech and I think I made one. 

The election of the rest of the officers was a very mild affair, 
Charles A. Bow and Edwin Davis were elected first and second 
vice-presidents respectively, without opposition. I nominated 
Hurley for corresponding secretary, but Miss Krieuer named a 
winner when she put up Linden Dey. Tipton easily secured 
the corresponding secretaryship by an overwhelming majority. 
Mr. Stover attempted to interfere with Chicago's slate by nom- 
inating Truman J. Spencer for treasurer, but my nomination 
of Mrs. Spencer easily settled Stover's candidate. 
Charlie Andrew's lead in the proxies gave him an easy victory 
for historian, and Hollub, Mellinger and Spencer were elected 
executive judges after the usual number of tiresome ballots. 



394 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Dorr and I made a speech apiece placing Chicago in nomination 
and Chicago's nomination was an easy one ; whether because of 
our speeches, or in spite of them I am unable to sa}'. 

An adjournment was then taken, after which we placed our- 
selves in the hands of the arrangement committee who were to 
take us to Central Park to have our official convention photograph 
taken. Two pictures were taken by the photographer. If the 
one accepted by the committee is the best of the two the rejected 
one must have been pretty bad. After the official photographer 
had finished, the nnofficial photographers took matters in hand 
and photographed various people in various groups. It was one 
continual series of posing and looking pleasant. 

The banquet that night brought around a number of old timers 
who had not the opportunity of coming around during the day. 
Spencer, as toast master, took the head of the table with Mrs. 
Spencer. Owing to Freeman's absence I was the highest National 
officer present, and had a seat of honor close to to the head. 
I was seated between Miss Cox and Mrs. Miniter and had every 
opportunity of realizing my good fortune. The toasts had not 
been prearranged and Spencer divided his attention between the 
menu and arranging speakers. With the exception of Spencer's 
introduction to each speaker, there was nothing brilliant in any- 
of the toasts that evening. Mr. Spencer's remarks and stories 
that evening were exceptionally good. It is possible that the 
other speeches were poor only by comparison. 

The last day of the convention was as cool and pleasant as the 
two succeeding days. The program for the day was to attend to 
the constitution the larger part of the day, to finish up all remain- 
ing matters, and then to take a trip to Riverside Park and see 
Grant's tomb. 

There has been no great improvement in our constitution since 
the document known as the Kempner constitution was adopted at 
Buffalo in 1889. There have been a few amendments of some 
value, but, in the main, the original was as excellent a set of 
rules as could be adopted. It was our intention to use them as 
a basis for our work during the da}^ but a copy of the constitu- 
tion could not be found. It seemed Kugler's idea to adopt the 
constitution in its entirity without being read. This was opposed 
by a number of us. Kugler's motion that a committee to revise 
the constitution be appointed was amended by my motion that 
they report at the next convention. With a few changes, I felt 
sure that we cauld pull through for another year. The amend- 
ment and motion were both carried and the chair ignoring 
Kugler's claim to the chairmanship, put me in that position. 

My scheme of about five years' nourishment, to reduce the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 305 

National Amateur to the uniform size, aud have it issued bi- 
monthly, went through without any opposition. 

A motion was made and carried to congratulate Ex-President 
Louis Kempner for his good f«»rtune in being selected to assist in 
extending the postal facilities in Cuba, after which the usual 
motion to thank everything and everybody was made and the 
convention then adjourned. 

The following amateurs were present at New York : John L. 
Peltret, Truman J. Spencer, Capitola Spencer, Sarah W. Howe, 
Hervey H. Dorr, Sam J. Steinberg, Harriet C. Cox, Edith Mini- 
ter, John J. Hurley, Donat J. Lefebore, Edith V. Kreiner, H. 
M. Kon wiser, John H. Stover, Frank E. Williams, Emma H. 
Rowe, John G. Kugler, .Arthur L. Tubbs, Samuel DeHayne, 
J. Fred Crosson, Herbert E. Woodward. 




CHflFTER 33. 

CHICAGO'S FIFTH CONVENTION. 

Mr. Thiele's Objections. — The Historian's Report, Con- 
densed. — The Chicago Convention, as Seen by FiiANCis 
P. Goss. — The National Amateur Clearing House. — 
List of Members. 



M 



R. THEO. B. THIELE inspected very closely the report 
of the New York convention, and discovered that the 
constitutional amendnnents had not been carried by a 
two-thirds majority. On the strength of this discovery he protested 
against Hor.-ce Freeman acting as president. The executive 
•judges listened to this complaint, acknowledged that it was cor- 
rect and appointed Mr. Freeman as president, thus correcting 
the error of the convention. Mr. Thiele then additionally pro- 
tasted against the publication of ibe i\^a/io??«Z Amateur in the new 
form, after the issuance of the September number. The 
decision being the same on this c^se as on tiie other, Mr. Stein- 
berg resigned rather than change his plans and John G. Kugler 
was appointed.* Butte H, Tipton resigned as corresponding 
secretary and John M. Acee was appointed. Francis P. Goss 
resigned as chairman of the recruit committee, and Walter C. 
Chiles to his place. 

Historian Charles N. Andrews reviewed the year's work as 
follows : 

The one prominent feature of the 3'ear was the lack of interest 
taken in amateur affairs. Papers were few in number, and, with 
but few exceptions, of little merit. 

To Walter C. Chiles and Linden D. Dey, both of Chicago, 
credit is due for having issued what was undeniably the most 
dainty creation in magazine making of the year — The Bising Age. 
This little magazine ccmsisted of some twenty or more pages each 
issue, printed on beautiful deckle edge paper and encased in a 
cover of l»andsome design, done in quaint old style lettering. Mr. 
Dey also published independently The Villa de Laura Times, 
modeled after and somewhat in keeping with tiie Age. Both 
magazines were unique as to construction, being not alone dainty 



UrSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 307 

ill geueral appearance but cultured in both the literary and the 
editorial departments. 

Mr. and Mrs. Truman J. Spencer also sent out a most delight- 
ful paper, both iu the quality of its contents and in its perfect 
typography. The name given their paper, however, was 
uueuphonious enough for almost any modern dictionary and 
would not do to stump the State with on a platform of sliort 
planks. Even Noah V^ebster has reasons to thank an all merci- 
ful Providence that he died before HoiionficabiUt ltd Initcct thus came 
to task alike editor and printer. Despite its name the Spencers 
gave us a charming literaiy magazine, its convention number 
of the 1898 meet being especially noteworthy. 

Mr. Horace Freeman, president of the National Association, 
sent out with unfailing regularity heis comevY^tive Criteria. In 
its literary department appeared some of the year's best work, 
both iu prose and verse, 

Theodore B. Thiele, of Chicago, sent out a number of inter- 
esting issues of the Pirate, mostly all-editorial and being conspic- 
uous for the length of the editorials and the unusually good style 
iu which they were written, Samuel J. Steinberg also sent out 
several issues of Dilettante containing some really good literar}^ 
efforts. 

Other notable papers of the year were Hervey H. Dorr's La 
Critique, Edwin B. Hill's one issue of The Stylus, Prairie Breezes, 
Amateur Becord, Aftermath, Sebe, Epocha, Crusader, Le 
Premier and Hot Shot. 

Through complications arising from a misinterpretation of the 
National constitution as regards the size of the official organ, 
Samuel J. Steinberg, who had been elected official editor at the 
New York convention of 1898, deemed it advisable to tender his 
resiornation after having issued his first number of the National 
Amateur. This number of the official organ, sent forth in 
Century size, was an admirable document, and many were the 
regrets that the National constitution would not permit its con- 
tinuance in that form. Mr. John G. Kugler was duly appointed 
by President Freeman to the position left vacant by Mr. Stein- 
berg's resignationr and the year closed with the three remaining 
issues printed in the old familiar blanket form. 

Among the authors whose names appeared most frequenth' and 
whose work it may be claimed equaled that of bygone days, may 
be mentioned Annie Laurie Lynde, Vincent F. Howard, Arthur 
H. Delano, Everett Horn, Edward S. Peterson and Ross Clarke. 
To President Freeman all credit is due for his careful perform- 
ance of duty, and I am sure members everywhere feel a deep 
sense of obligation for his untiring efforts in clearing the Associ- 



308 HJBTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

ation of the indebtedness that confronted bina upon assuuaing the 
duties of office. 

As reception committee for tbe Cbicago convention Tresideu 
Freeman appointed Hervey H. Dorr, cbairman ; Linden D. Dey, 
Francis P. Goss, W. E. Mellinger, A. J. Robinson, Mr. Dorr 
was appointed custodian of ballots, tbe convention being called 
for July 5, 6, 7. 

The first issue of volume XXI of tbe National Amateur was 
in tbe popular Century size, 16 pages. It contained much official 
matter, including tbe minutes, and a new department "Papers 
received." Tbe first page was adorned witb a pretty beading, 
and tbe issue was generally commended. Tbe succeeding issues 
were in tbe old size, edited by Mr. Kugler, and of 8 pages each. 
Tbe December issue contained tbe historian's report, official 
documents, papers received, and considerable chat about old- 
timers. The March issue was composed wholly of official matter 
and editorial. Tbe June issue contained tbe 1898 laureate 
winners, and official ard editorial matter. 

Sam J. Steinberg and Theodore B. Thiele were candidates for 
president before tbe Chicago convention. Tbe result was doubt- 
ful until tbe ballot. 

Tbe twenty-fourth annual convention of tbe N. A. P. A. was 
held in tbe Great Northern hotel, Chicago, July 5-7, 1899. 

The following account is taken from the report of Francis P. 
Goss in the July- August issue of The Beview, of Blissfield, Mich 

Rumor of tbe contemplated fight for chairmanship of tbe con- 
vention filled tbe air; each faction held caucuses long before the 
convention was called to order. The Thiele contingent was better 
organized than that of the Steinbergites, though each side betrayed 
some little anxiety as to the probable outcome of the preliminary 
session. Delegates, who thus far had remained neutral in the 
presidential contest, were buttonholed by the campaign managers ; 
arguments pro and con were freely used, but in many cases with- 
out avail. Messrs. Clarke and Fallass looked after Steinberg's 
interests and Goss busied himself attending to Thiele's. 

Precisely at 10 o'clock, Recording Secretary Dey, in the 
absence of president and vice-presidents, called the delegates to 
order. Mr. Dey delivered a brief but appropriate speech, at the 
conclusion of which be rapped tbe table with bis gavel and 
declared the twenty-fourth annual convention of the N. A, P. A. 
in session. He then called for nominations for cbairman. Wal- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. ^^9 

terC. Cliiles nominated Charles R. Burger and Mr. Bnrorer was 
elected by acclamation. The chairman appointed Horward M. 
Carter, vice-president; Walter C. Chiles, treasurer; and Francis 
P. Goss, secretary of credentials. The secretary read the roll. 

The secretary of credentials read his report. After several 
conflicting motions had been made concerning the disposition to 
be made of it, the convention accepted the report and elected the 
applicants to membership. The reports of absent officers were 
read and ordered placed on file. 

The chairman appointed a proxy committee, consisting of the 
vice-president, treasurer, secretary of credentials, Warren J. 
Brodie, John M. Acee, R. P. Kelley and VV. R. Thurman. The 
convention adjourned till Thursday morning at 10 o'clock. 

Thursday July 6, the Milwaukee amateurs arrived early; W. 
C. Ahlhauser, P. Knoelke and Ed. F. Daas came together. Mrs. 
Grant registered the night before from Fargo, N. D. Mr, Heyn, 
one of the old timers, registered from Milwaukee. H. E. Legler, 
aUv put in an appearance along with Wm. Dnnlop. Of the lady 
amateurs present, Mrs. Grant was easily the most popular, 

It was late when President Burger called the convention to 
order ; excitement was evident on all sides, for today we were to 
elect officers. Secretary called the roll ; several motions of slight 
importance were made and carried, little interest being taken tilt 
the chairman called for the report of the proxy committee. W. 
R. Thurman read the report which was listened to with eager 
interest but received with silence. The proxy vote was larger, 
eighty-five proxies being voted, ten of which we^-e thrown out 
for non-payment of dues. The report was accepted. Burger then 
called f«r nominations for president and appointed Chiles and 
Brodie tellers. Chiles nominated Theodore B. Thiele ; Mellinger 
nominated Steinberg. The result of the ballot was announced as 
follows: 

Proxy Convention Total 

Steinberg 24 14 38 

Thiele ..50 10 60 

The chairman declared Mr. Thiele duly elected president for 
the ensuing term. For first vice-president, Goss nominated Acee, 
who was elected by acclamation. For second vice-president, 
Barnard nominated Ahlhauser, Steinberg nominated Lester M. 
Ajves. The proxies were dropped and Ahlhauser was declared 
elected. For recording secretary, Thurman nominated Everett 
B. Horn, who was elected by acclamation. For corresponding 
secretary, Mellinger nominated Miss Frees; Burger nominated 
Goss; proxy vote stood Frees, 15; Goss, 28; proxies were 
dropped and a ballot taken which resulted in Goss receiving 20 
votes and Frees 14. Goss declared elected. For treasurer. 



iii:; HISTCEV Gi THE KATIOIvAL AMATEUR PEES* ASSOCIATION. 

jMollinoer iDininated Ijurger who was ele^jted by acclamation. 
Fov offi'-ia! editor, liroriie was nominated. The proxies stood, 
E H. Srn^th. 19; Bio lie. 47; Brodie elected by acclamation. 
Horace Freeman, Waiter C. Chiles and Miss Sarah W. Howe were 
nominated for executive jad2;e3, and elected by acclamation. For 
lit-xt meeting place Robinson nominated Atlanta, Acee seconded 
t'te nomination. Mel'in';>er {.)laced Boston in nomination. Proxies 
were droi^ped and a isallot taken which resnlted as follows, At- 
lanta, 6 : Boston 14 ; Boston declared elected. 

Amendment nnmber o-u-ti failed to receive- a/two-t'hirds vote aad 
AvfiS lost. Amendment 'h'limber two was resferred to the conven- 
tion to convene in 1002.' O^Rcers were installed, appropriate 
speeches were made by the officers elect, after which the conven- 
tion adjonrned nntil FridaV at 10 :30 a. m. 

In the afternoon we met by appointment at the Art Institute 
ai]d submitted to the commands of a photographer. Several of 
n^; had kodaks and many snap shots were secured. 

The banquet held in' the evening wos a huge success, fifty 
people sat down to table and everybody was on good terms with 
everybody else. Hope Reed Cody was happy in the position of 
toastmaster. 

The following toasts were responded to; 

Introductory address H. K. Cody 

The C. A. P. C H. E, Nothomb 

The National Amateur W. J. Brodie 

The Ladies W. E. Mellinger 

The Gentlemen Miss C. E. Schermerhorn 

TheN. A. P. A ........ T. B, Thiele 

Impromptu speeches were made by Messrs. Steinberg, Burger, 
Chiles, Acee, Carter and Goss. After the banquet was over we 
were the guests of Mrs. Grant who occupied a suite of rooms on 
the floor above. Here we listened to tales of the mistj^ past and 
it was long after the midnight hour when we parted. 

On Friday, July 7, the taris 1900 report was considered and 
accepted, E. H. Smith being appoiiited chairman of the com- 
mittee and the committee being given full power to raise funds 
for the arrangements. On motion of Steinberg a committee 
composed of Steinberg, Brodie and Burger was appointed to 
draft resolutions on the members deceased during the past year, 
same to be published in the National Amateur. On motion of 
Goss a committee consisting of Thiele, Goss and Dorr, was ap- 
pointed to draw up resolutions thanking the retiring executive 
board for services rendsred. 

Reports of laureate judges were next read and the following 
titles were awarded: Poet laureate, Vincent F. Howard; sketch 
ilaureate, Geo. D. Galloway; essay laureate, A. H, Delano; 



HISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATKIR PRESS ASSOCIATION. fill 

design laureate, R. K. Bostrom ; editorial laureate, Linden D. 
DeyT 

Prior t(^ adjonrnnieut the convention listened to impromptu 
remarks on the subject '-How to obtain recruits and build up the 
National." There beiuor no more busines>; to transact the con- 
vention adjourned sine die. 

The following amateurs were present at Chicago in 1809: 
Bertha Y. Grant, Warren J. Brodie, John M. Acee, John L. 
Tomlinson, Charles R. Burger, Henry E. Legler, WillS. Dunlop, 
Wm. C. Ahlhauser, Edward F. Daas, Paul H, Knoelk, Alf B. 
Hvale, E, H. Whitaker. Allan R. Parrish, Ross Clarke, Alice C, 
Fitzgerald, Theo. B, Thiele, Albert E. Barnard, John Byrne, 
Frank J. Carr, Walter Chiles, Hope R. Cndv, Linden D. Dey, 
Hervey H. Dorr, Jay Fallass, Amanda E. Frees, Francis P. 
Goss, R. Percival Kelly, W. E. Mellinger, Thos, F, McDonald. 
H, E. Nothomb, Oscar A. Reum, A. J. Robinson. Carrie E. 
Schermerhorn, Sam J. Steinberg, Wallace R. Thurman, Joseph 
G. Heyn, Lewis C. Bigelow, Kittie C. Wolfe, C. H. White, Mrs. 
Vv . E. Mellinger. 

As secretary of credentials President Thiele appointed Wallace 
R. Thurman. A. S. Guerard was appointed cl:airmati recruiting 
committee. 

As reception committee at the Boston convention he has named 
Edith Miniter, chairman; HaiTiet C. Cox, F. S. C. Wicks, 
Everett B. Horn and Willard O. Wylie. Mr. Wicks is custodian 
of ballots and the convention is set for July 4, 5 and 6. 

The National Amatenr, volume XXII, is tlje finest ever issued. 
Mr. Brodie, the editor, began his work by reprinting Nos. 3 and 
4 of the first volume. These papers were of 4 pages each. Only 
a few copies were known to be in existence, and these reprints 
have 2one into many files. Volume XXII consists of six issues, 
five of whicli have been issued at this writing. The September, 
1890, issue (onsisted of 8 pages; October, 8 pages; December, 
10 |)ages: March, 8 pages; June, 12 pages. It is our ui.der- 
standing tliat the Ju\y issue will also be 12 pages. The Amateur 
has contained nu ch oft^cial and editorial matter; accounts of two 
conventions, and several valuable departmemts — news 'round the 
circle, and papers received notably. Mr. Brodie is the or'g'na'r r 



312 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

of the '' National Amateur Cleanng House" which he describes 
in the Amateur itself : 

Some months ago we succeeded in completing our file of the 
National Amateur from the first number. It was only after 3 ears 
of correspondence that this long sought goal was reached, and 
during all these years we accumulated a large number of rare 
duplicates. With the purpose in view of piaciu£r these duplicates 
where they would be the most prized, we offered in the columns 
of the Random Amateur' to send to applicants such copies as 
might be needed of those we had on hand. The immediate de- 
mand which was made for these papers was remarkably large- 
much gretiter than we had supposed it would be — and the thought 
then suggested itself to us that it would be an excellent oppor- 
tunity to gather v\ stray copies of the National Amateur, copies 
that were going to waste, and to also place them in the hands of 
those who would prize them. We therefore printed, in the March 
number of our paper an article offering to supply collectors of 
files »nissi nof copies as fast as they were received l)y us, provided 
the applicant would would send to us all of the duplicate copies 
that he might have on hand, and at the same time, called upon 
all other amateur journalists who had co|)ies or files of the official 
organ for which they di<l not care, to mail them to the clearing 
house. 

In brief, this is the way the clearing house originated, and the 
idea was at once mo^t cordially received by the amateur press of 
today and the old-time amateurs who were still keeping their 
files of the official organ up to date. The work which the clear- 
ing house has accomplished is something remarkable, as we have 
b3ei able to supply to the various files throughout the country, 
se e-al hundred mi-sing numbers of the N. A., yet the stock to 
draw from has been steadily increasing, until today the clearing 
house is a permanent thing or at least we propose to continue it 
iadefinitely. 

We have not been and do not propose to send oiit copies pro- 
miscuously to any out* asking for them, but to only such people 
na have fairly representative files to start with and who are able 
to send lis one or more copies in the way of exchange. We keep 
an account with every file we are trying to perfect, and by this 
means know just what 1 umbers are wanted. Some of the issues 
ae exceedn^ly rare, and we are sometimes able to give in ex- 
change from two to ten or more copies for a single number, as 
there are many issues of which we have in stock from fifty to sev- 
enty-five copies. At the present writing our stock of duplicates 
numbers from 800 to 900 copies of various issues reaching back 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AVATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 3X3 

as far as volume XI. However, there are maay issues of which 
we canuot supply a sinorle copy. 

We call upon every old-timer in the country to forward to us 
:nll of the old copies of the National Anmtenr he can spare, or if 
sie finds his file a burden, or in danger of becoming lost, send it 
on to us. As an inducement to those who mieht hesitate about 
parting with their files, thinking that they might in time regret it, 
we would say that the clearing house is how in such shape that it 
can return to any such person a file which will probably be as 
nearly complete as any that he may supply us, and this the clear- 
ing house will undertake to do, as long as it is continued under 
the writer. 

Representative files of the National Amateur are in the hands 
of the following persons, and can probably be consulted, on 
application : 

Warren J. Brodie, 487 the Arcade, Cleveland, 0. 

Theodore B. Thiele, 722 Monroe street, Evanston, 111. 

Edwin Hadley Smith, 107 Barclay street, New York City. 

Michael F. Boechat, 704 Fargo avenue, Buflfalo, N. Y. 

Truman J. Spencer, New Britain, Conn. 

James H. I. Munro, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. 

John T. Nixon, Crowle\-. La. 

James F. Morton, Jr., 43 Sheridan street, San Francisco, Cal. 

N. H, Ferguson, Level Plains. N. C. 

Alson Brubaker and Bertha York Grant, Fargo, N. D. 

Samuel J. Steinberg and Alfred J. Kobinson, Chicago, 111. 

Charles A. Bow, 100 East Twelfth street, Fortlanl, Ore. 

H. E. Deats, Flemington, N. J, 

Percy L. Dey, 1 Alpine Villas, Pinderfield Road, Wakefield, Eng. 

I'he National. Amateur prints on a "'roll of honor" the ten 
best amateur papers of the year. The latest list is a^ follows: 
Bising Age, Villa de Laura Times, Inh Drops, Pirate, Interpoli- 
tan, Review, Dewey, American Gem, Quillings, Arrows. 

The following is a list of the members of the National Amateur 
Press Association, as shown by the June, 1900, issue of the 
Jfational Amateur: 

ALABAMA. 

Davis, Harry, Hargrove. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Crosby, Chester E,, box 103, Arlington Place. 

tDolan, Geo. A. 1223 Cortland avenue, San Francisco. 

Hauser, Herbert, 1423a Bush street, San Francisco. 

*Hollub, David L. 848 Cedar street, Alameda. 

Lafranchi, O. J., Reclamation. 

•*Ex-Presidents. 

,t Accepted since the last convention. 



314 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Lind, Edward M. box 2482, San Francisco. 
Lyle, J. G., 715 Oak street, San Francisco. 
Morris, Harrie C,, 1348 Nebraska street, San Francisco. 
Morris, Mrs. J. C, 1348 Nebraska street, San Francisco, 
*MortoD, Jas. F. Jr., 236 Clinton park, San Francisco, 
Schwartz. Chas. E., Stanford University. 
Steinberg, Samuel J., 8i8 Cedar street, Alameda. 
Voorsanger, Leon, 1249 Franklin street, San Francisco. 

CANADA. 
Brown, Walter J., Toronto. 
Munro, Agnes, New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. 
*Munro, J. H. I., New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. 

COLORADO. 
*Burger, Chas, R., box 901, Colorado Springs. 
CONNECTICUT. 

Lyude, Annie Laurie, Chester. 

Nugent, Lieut. Geo, A., Fort Trumbull, New London. 
Spencer, Mrs. T. J., 10 Suffield street, Hartford. 
*Speucer, Truman J., 320 Maiu street, New Britain. 
tWedge, Franklyn Curtiss, 263 Main street, Torringt<«ii. 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

*Briggs, JolmE,, Comptroller of Currency's Office, Wnsliiagton, 
Dowden, Eleanor C, 29 K street, N. E., Washington.. 
Howe, Sarah Willard, 1419 Corcoran street, ^V^^shingt 'u, 
*Ivempner, Louis, 3415 Holmead avenue, \Va.shingto:i. 

GEORGIA, 
Acee, John M., box 222, Atlanta. 
tBlumberg, H.,La Grauo;e. 

Bostrom, Robert E., 51 Houston street, Atla:]ta. 
Guerard, A. S., drawer G, Atlanta. 
tSmith, P'red B. box SS, Atlanta. 
tWilHams, Wilmer W,, P. O. box 222, Atlanta. 

ILLINOIS. 
*Barker, Albert E., 165 South Water street, Chicago. 
Barnard, Albert E., 229 South Lincoln street, Chicago. 
Byrne, John A., 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Carr, F. J., 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Carter, Howard M., Marquette building, Chicago. 
Chiles, Walter C, 775 E. Fort^^-third street, Chicago. 
Clarke, Ross, Maywood. 
Dey, Linden D. 758 West Fourteenth place, Chicago. 



*Ex-Presidents. 

t Accepted since the last convention . 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

*Di.i3gvvall, A. W., MoVicker's theatre, Chicago. 
Dorr, Hervey H., 6601 Drexel avenue. Chicago. 
Fallass, Jay M., 6352 Drexel avenue, Chicago. 
Fitzgerald, Alice C. Wiunelka. 

Frees. Amanda E., 191 West Chicago avenue, Chicago. 
*Hall, Will T., 3519 Calumet avenue, Chicago. 
Johannes, Henry C, 3603 South Halsted street, Chicago. 
Kelly, R. P., 537 Washburue avenue, Chicago. 
McDonald, Thos. F., 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Mellinger, Walter E.,'917 Walnut street, Chicago. 
Nothomb, H. E., 144 South Albany street, Chicago. 
Parrish, A. R,, May wood. 

Pelletier, Thomas, 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Reura, Oscar A., Room 40, Reaper block, Chicago. 
Robinson, A. J., 621 South Fairfield avenue, Chicago. 
Sawyer, L. Halstead, 6601 Drexel avenue, Chicago. 
Schermerhorn, Carrie E., 6401 Normal avenue, Station O., 
Chicago. 

Smith, Kathleen F., 442 East Mason street, Decatur. 
Spelz, John P\, 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Thiele, 'Jheo. B., 722 Monroe street, Evanston, 
Thurman, Wallace R., 770 Jackson boulevard, Chicago. 
*Tomlinson, John L. 6130 Kimbark avenue, Chicago. 
Walsh, George L., 1231 Stock Exchange, Chicago. 
Uhitaker, E. H., La Salle, 

INDIANA. 
Bucher, Nelson, 328 West Jefferson street. Fort Wayne. 
Fogarty, W^illiam M., 1617 Spann avenue, Indianapolis, 
*Harrison, Thos. G., 132 E. Court street, Indianapolis. 
Kamber, Otto A., Terre Haute. 
tThomas, Walter, Greencastle. 

KENTUCKY. 
Arnold, JohnK., Mount Sterling. 

MASSACHUSETTS, 

Cox, Harriet Caryl, Abington. 

Horn. Everett B., 11 Greenwich park, Boston. 

Miuiter, Edith, 220 Devonshire street, Boston. 

Morton Nelson G., 51 Hancock street, Boston. 

Smith, C. W., Haverhill. 

*Sullivan, D. A., Lowell. 

Wicks, F. S. C, 10 Sparhawk street, Brighton District, Boston. 

Wilbur, M, E., box 183, West Medford. 

*Wylie, Willard O., Beverly. 



*Ex-Presidents. 

fAccepted since the last convention. 



316 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRES? ASSOCIATION. 

MICaiGAN. 
fBaldwin, R. T., 924 Pine street. Port Huron. 
Brittain, George C, 229 Ottawa street, Grand Rapids. 
Goff, Walters., Blissfield. 
Kellogg, J. William, Battle Creek. 
tMar^hall, Roy, 114 Jones street, Dowagiac. 
Tripp, Albert E., 319 South Jefferson avenue, Saginaw. 

MINNESOTA. 
Butterfield, John, 139 Thireenth street, St. Paul. 
tCohen, Louis J., 921 A Idrich avenue, Minneapolis. 

MISSOURI. 
*Snyder, Jno. W., Kansas City. 
Wendenauth, Chas. A., 7805 Ivory avenue, St. Louis. 

MONTANA. 
Tipton, Butte H., Helena. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 
Elkins, Mattie E., Peterborough. 
Hurd, Willis E., Newport. 
Morton, Mary W., Andover, 

NEBRASKA. 
Jessen, Arthur, 2807 Franklin street, Omaha. 
Jessen, H., 2807 Franklin street, Oraaba, 
Swift, Zelda A., Omaha. 

NEW JERSEY. 
Ayres, Leston M., 31 Peace street. New Brunswick. 
fClerkin, Jas. A., 563 Jersey avenue, Jersey City. 
Deats, H. E., Flemington. 

*Freeman, Horace, 218 N. Seventh street, Newark. 
Kon wiser, H. M., 36 Barbara street, Newark. 
tReilly, Jas. M., Jr., 386 Summit avenue, Jersey City. 
tSelover, Jesse, South River. 

NEW YORK. 
Acee, Marion S. 35 E. Tenth street, New Y^ork City. 
Boechat, M. F., 604 Fargo avenue, Buffalo. 
Delano, A. H., Lexington avenue, Brooklyn. 
tHoutain, Geo. J., 282 Putnam avenue, Brooklyn. 
tMoss, B. P>anklyn, 132 Eldert street, Brooklyn. 
Smith, Edwin H., general delivery. New York City. 
Stover, John H., 18 Dey street, New York City. 
tTownsend, J. Wm., 41 Jackson avenue, Long Island City. 



*Ex- Presidents. ^ 

fAccepted since the last convention. 



mSTOBY 0» Ta» KATIONIL AMATRCJl PBK8S ASSOCIATION. 317 

Williams, F. E., 583 St. Marks avenue, Brooklyn. 
NORTH CAROLINA. 

tAlderraan, Geo. A., 216 North Fifth street, Wilmington. 
Ferguson, Nathan H., Level Plaias. 

NORTH DAKOTA. 
Bissouette, Irene, 941 First avenue, S., Fargo. 
*Brubaker, Alson, box 1984, Fargo. 
Goss, Francis P., care Plaindealer, Grand Forks, 
Grant, Bertha York, Hotel Waldorf, Fargo. 
*Hancock, Will, 510 Third street, N., Fargo. 

OHIO. 
tAnderson, Dwight, 219 Streator avenue, Cleveland. 
Brodie, Warren J., 478 the Areade, Cleveland. 
Mario w, Harry R», Warren. 
*Swift, Edwin B., 131 Garfield place, Cincinnati. 
tWing, Charles E.. 246 Lincoln avenue, Cleveland. 

OREGON. 
Bow, Chas. A., 100 East Twelfth street, Portland. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 
tBeck, Royal E., 315 North Marshall street, Philadelphia. 
Fischer, A. Lincoln, Eighth and Washington streets, Reading. 
Grubb, Wallace B., 2110 Marshall street, Philadelphia.'; 
Heitler, P. M., 849 North Eighth street, Reading. 
Kissinger, C. W., box 236, Reading, 
Kissinger, Mrs. C. W., box 236, Beading. 
Kuglef, John G., 240 High street, Pottstown. 
Kugler, Mrs. Maude H. , 240 High street, Pottstowu. 
Muukel, C, J., box 3662, station K, Philadelphia 
Reno, Claude T., 399 Chew street. AHentown. 
*Schermerhorn, F. E.,2033 North College avenue, Philadelphia. 
Steinhaeuser, W. P., box 62, Allentown. 
*Stinson, S. S., care Record^ Philadelphia. 

TENNESSEE. 
fStarring, Louis M. , Grand View, 

TEXAS. 
Davis, Edwin, 112 Galveston avenue, Fort Worth, 

UTAH. 
Peterson, A. V., 485 Fourth street, Salt Lake City. 

VIRGINIA. 
fThompson, Racheal, Rustburgh. 



*Ex-President8. 

tAccepted since the last convention. 



318 HlfiTORY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Woodzelle, Nettie E., Cleek's Mills, Bath county. 
Wood, Elmer C. , box 208, Hampton. 
WISCONSIN. 
Ahlhauser, WillC, 495 First avenue, Milwaukee. 
Daas, Edw. F., 1717 Cherry street, Milwaukee. 
*Dunlop, Wilis., 419 Marshall street, Milwaukee. 
*Heath, Frederick F., C3ive Sentinel, Milwaukee. 
Hvale, A. B. 194 Seventh street, Milwaukee. 
Knoelk, PaulH., 629 Greenfield street, Milwaukee. 
*Legler, Henry E., City Hall, Milwaukee. 

As these lines are being written the 1900 convention is less 
than a month ahead, yet there does not seem to be much polit- 
ieal excitement. Warren J. Brodie has demanded that young 
amateurs take the offices and Linden D. Dey has seoonded it. 
Maj^ the best man win and may the National Amateur Press 
Association continue to prosper. 

*Ex-Pre6idents. 




CHflFTER 34. 

LITERATURE OF AMATEUR JOURNALISM. 

Gropikg for the Light .in Eakly Days. — Amateurdom's Great 
Serial Stories. — The New Era of 1882. — The Reaction 
AND Its Results. 

Contributed by Truman J. Spencer. 

THE literature of the first few years of the organized exis- 
tence of Amateur Journalism was practically ephemeral, 
and but little of it survives. It was weak in conception 
and powerless in expression. Its poetry, so called, was weakly 
sentimental and conventioually didactic in matter and jingle 
and doggerel in manner. Its essays were cyclopediac and com- 
moDplace, its stories were broadl}', often vulgarly, humorous and 
cheap!}' sensatioual. Of course there was, here and there, an 
exception to the general rule, but such was the general status of 
affairs doWn to the year 1876. Up to this time Richard Geruer 
had been the leading literarj^ lig^t. writing stories and poems 
with eqaal versatilit}-; his productions being numbered by the 
hundreds, but the}' were all without exception of a weak and 
childish nature. A. N. Demarest was perhaps the most popular 
story writer of these early days, his sketches being mostly impos- 
sible detective stories and tales of Indian warfare and adventure. 
The powerful formulative influences of the institution had not as 
yet had time to make themselves felt. 

But even in those early days of feeble and uncertain steps in 
groping for light, an occasional glimpse of the coming brighter 
day was discernible. Henry S. Barler wrote several stanzas which 
are real poetry and gave considerable promise of effective work, 
but alas, in the early months of 1876 his hand was rendered cold 
by death, and, to quote his own words: 

"His life is done to soon 
His bright sun gone down at nojn 
Into night." 

Charles K. Farley, better known as -'Karl C. Yelraf," wrote 

a few pieces of finely molded prose in these years, although his 

greatest work was done later. 



320 HISTOBY OP THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

la 1877 John W. Snyder, then the first president of the N. 
A. P. A. commonly known as "Winslow,'' (For in those days 
few wrote under their own names.) gained great prominence as 
an essayist* His work was ponderous and weight}', showing 
deep thought, but coached in more or less bombastic form. 
He Was undoubtedly overestimated, and has been greatly 
excelled by later authors, but he was certainly the greatest 
prose writer of those daj's. Farley, in this year, wrote his last 
and greatest serial, "Two Fair Bedouins," the longest story 
ever printed in an amateur journal, a work not without merit, 
but not of the highest literary order. Libbie Adams, 
("Nettie Sparkle"), the first young lady of any note in Amateur 
Journalism, wrote many poems at this time. In them was found 
some striking lines, such as; 

"A world of words is not one tear.' ' 

J. Austin Fynes wrote poems and sketches with a light, airy 
grace and considerable charm of expression M. W. Benjamin 
("Feramorz") was oneof the best poets of the times and 
Delle E. Knapp was the most talented lady writer of the 70' s. 

In 1878 appeared the one supreme poet of the first decade of 

organized journalism, in the person of George M. Huss. His 

fame rested on one poem, "Music", but "one great poem makes 

a great poet," and this certainly is a great poem. These lines 

have been widely quoted : 

''The insect's tiny note 
That stabs the stillness of the summer's day." 

Caxton Stanley ("John G. Canfield") was the most popular 
poet of the day, and he wrote many fine lines, Stephen S. Bart- 
iett ("John Quildriver") was the sketch writer of the times, 
but his style was inverted and artificial, and the matter bordered 
on the melodramatic and sensational. 

In the next two years there were many writers, both in prose 
and verse but none of marked meri*. S. A. Wood (^'Quince") 
wrote society and lightly humorous verse containing some neat 
conceits. James L. Elderdice ("Hermit'') was a more ambi- 
tious poet, but his long poems were not sustained although con- 
taining some poetic lines. He was very i)opular and prolific. 
Joseph Dana Miller was also a popular writer of verse, but his 
greatest power was not developed until later. Thomas G. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEL'R PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



321 



Harrison ("Nameless") wrote a few poems poetic in conception, 
but crude in constrnction. Elihu Palmer wrote some lines of 
considerable dramatic power, and Minta R. Stevens, better known 
as "Rubina", wrote some true poetry. 

In 1881 appeared one of the three great serial stories of Ama- 
teurJournairsin,"Missoury" by William F. Buckley, a story super- 
ior to Farley's '-Two Fair Bedouins", although inferior to Bats- 
ford's "Dr. Dick", Maximus A. Lesser wrote much verse, but 
little of superlative merit and Thomas G. Watkins ("Mercur- 
ious") was a very prolific, but common-place, writer of poems, 
sketches and essays. Joanna M. Brown ("Stuyvesant") 
began to show considerable power as a poet this year. Hannah 
B. Gage published her novel in verse, "Jack's Mistake." 
Clarence E, Stone wrote much verse but to little purpose. J. 
Rosevelt Gleason published another of the really great poems of 
Amateur Journalism, entitled "Lines on Breaking a Clay Pipe." 
The year 1882 seemed to mark a new era in the annals of 
Amateur Journalism. The first real literary criticism may be 
said t@ have seen the light then, although Arthur J. Huss and one 
or two others had occasionally written a true critique some years 
before, but now James J. O'Connell, VVillT, Scofield, and a little 
later, Ernest A. Edkins, Charles Heywood and Brainerd P. 
Emery took up this work in earnest, and the effect of it wf.s 
manitest. At this time O'Connell did his best work in poem, 
story and critique. Gleason wrote most of his highly polished 
sketches, Buckley published some of his scholarly stories, 
and Miller wrote excellent poems and essays. Joseph P. Clossey 
published his poem, "Red-Letter Days," up to that time the 
greatest poem of amateur literature, and, in its own style, per- 
haps never surpassed since. 

The next few years were ones of great activity in literary 
circles, and many fine specimens of authorial work were the 
result. Mrs. Bertha Grant, earlier known as Bertha York, wrote 
some of the most sympathetic and feeling verses Amateur Jour- 
nalism has had, couched in lines of great beauty and melody, 
and also wrote some very powerful stories. Miss Brown reached 
the acme of her career and wrote several excellent sketches and 
poems. Emery was very prolific and ofttimes wrote true poetry, 



322 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Batsford gave to the world his "Dr. Dick," the greatest seiia 
story written by an amateur. Clara H. Tardy, the chief literary 
representative of the South in these days, wrote much pleasing 
verse and some strong stories, and Will 11. Antisdel wrote verse 
bioth witty and quaint. Some very beautiful and musical verses 
were written by George E. Day and some very fine stories by F. 
T, Mayor. 

A little later there was a reaction. Some of the more proniin- 
ent authors retired from the field and a school of poetry sprang 
up which seemed to pay more attention to form and sound than 
sense and beauty. Sam S. Stinson was tlie foremost writer in 
this field, and perhaps never equaled, although Frank R. Batchel- 
der was very facile in this way. The ballade, triolet, roundel, 
sonnet and other fixed forms of verse were much in vogue, but 
the spirit of poetry, was in the main, lacking. But this period 
did not last long, and the few years that succeeded have probably 
never been equaled in the quantit}^ of literary productions of 
absolute merit. Edkins, one of the really great poets of Amateur 
Journalism, reached the climax of his career; Hey wood published 
some fine poems, Mahlon H. Shelp wrote a number of clear-cut 
crystals in verse, Annie J. Fellows wrote one or two true poems 
of great delicacy of imagination, Edith Callender surpassed all 
but a few in true poetic instinct and striking metaphors, and 
Fanny Kemble Johnson, by many regarded as the greatest poet 
of Amateur Journalism, was now at her best. In prose, too, 
there was no lack of good work. Miss Johnson wrote sketches, 
one of which, "Alternatives," is by some considered the best 
short story ever written by an amateur journalist, although others 
award the palm to "Phantasus'' by Edkins. Shelp published 
one of the really great stories, "The-Shiek," a sketch which in 
many respects is unrivaled. Frank D. Woollen, besides a num- 
ber of poems of considerable merit, wrote at least one story of 
much power, "V?as He a Sphinx?." Pauline Wesley wrote 
some true poetry and an excellent story entitled "Carmen," 
Katharine Loomis Parsons was not so prolific as many wTiters, 
but l^er work in prose and in verse was of the best. D. B. 
Stephens also did some ver^^ finevvork. In the portrayal of cer- 
tain phases of child life, in power of minute description, united 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR TRESS ASSOCIATION. 323 

with a powerful sense ol t life (hawKi tie, Mis. Mimter, formerly 
known as Edith Dowe, probably never* had an equal. 

In 1891 and the next few years, many young writers made 
themselves felt in literary circles. Some of them had been writ- 
ing more or less for some time, but in such a way as not to bring 
them into prominence. Among the foremost of these authors 
was Everard Appleton. His stories were both genuinely 
humorous and veritably pathetic, and evinced much skill in 
character drawing. John J. Mack was one of the leading authors 
of this period, publishing some fine sonnets and carefully polished 
prose. Jerome C. Bull published a few stories of a high order of 
merit in which there was much cliarm of description, atmosphere 
and background. Another phase of cliild life than that heretofore 
treated to any extent, that of the street Arab and newsboy, found 
its delineator in Harriet C. Cox, whose stories were very popular, 
and told in a direct yet powerful, style, which claimed the atten- 
tion. Susan B. Robbins wrote in a very original and quaintly 
humorous manner, and her sketches seemed like photographs of 
real people. 

The South at this time bore a prominent part in the literary 
work of Amateur Journalism, Besides the strong work of 
Misses Johnson and Parsons, to wijich reference has been made, 
and which continued for some years, there was much of merit 
written by otiiers. One of the best poets of the section was 
John Kendall, who was not prolilic, but who was a genuine 
I)oet. Stella Truman wrote so. ne verse, but excelled in story 
writing, and in the delineation of negro character and ways 
siie had n^) equal. The WoodzeUe ^isteis —Fannie, I i lie and 
jS^elt'e — wrote mtiuy interesting sketches. Capitola L. Harrison 
publisiied a number of poems marked by poetic instinct and 
sincere feeling, and Blanrl R. Huddleston wrote versp of con- 
si.lei able power, while m prose Leola White and Addie A' aye 
Humble added to the laurels of this section. 

The science of p-olitical economy found exponents, not only 
in Joseph Dana Miller, but in Mrs. Lucas in story and Mrs. 
E. M. Frye in essays, the latter probably standing first in the 
field of controversial literature. Kathleen F. Smith wrote a large 
uumber of stories of great vivacity of expression and engrossing 



324 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

interest. A poet of much promise was Maud L. Fuller, whose 
untimely taking away robbed us and the world of a true poet, 
but the one among these newer writers to attain the greatest 
heights was Mary W. Morton, whose poems were marked by 
great dramatic power of expression and deep thought. James 
F. Morton, Jr., wrote several searching essays of a literary 
character. Annie Laurie Lynde wrote some pleasing poems, but 
she did her best in story writing, in which field she did some 
excellent work, her stories exhibiting great freshness of treatment, 
quiet humor, excellent portraiture, and simple, but telling, 
expression. Maud Hannan wrote a number of verses. Arthur 
H. Goodenough was very prolific of stanzas, mostly of the 
didactic nature and some of them of considerable poetic worth. 

At the present writing there are a great number of authors who 
are rising into prominence, and will soon make their mark in our 
literary world. 

May 12, 1898. 




CHflFTER 55. 

IN MEMORY OF THOSE GONE BEFORE. 

Tributes to Ex-Fresidents Wright, Parsons, Reeve, Grant, 
Stowell and Moore. — Others who Have Passed Away. 



In memory of 

mwm t,\K\m%tm Ulrigbt 

Fifth President N. A. P. A. 

CDomas I). Parsons 

Seventh President N. A. P. A. 

THOMAS H, PARSONS. The mere writing of that name 
crowds my pen with memories. It was more than twenty 
years ago I first met him. He was then the editor of the 
Buffalo Amateur, a diminutive but artistic paper, with an edi- 
torial department us quaint and witty and as full of enthusiasm 
for the cause of Amateur Journalism as one would expect from 
one of his characteristics. It was at the New York state conven- 
tion of amateur journalists which met in Syracuse, in Januaiy, 
1879. The writer was then a youth of sixteen and Parsons, I 
think, two years older. We conceived at that time a strong lik- 
ing for each other which later rooted into such a close and inti- 
mate friendship that we came to be known, throughout the 
Amateur Journalistic world, as the "Siamese twins." No one 
could know Parsons' well without liking him, for he was possessed 
of a fiank and sunny nature, and he continually bubbled over 
with a quaint humor. He was tall, thin and -^ angular, wore 
glasses, and had a way of moving about that was inimitable. At 
conventions he was always busy with all mauner of pranks, and 
nobody ever knew what to expect next from him. At Boston, 
during a N. A. P. A. meet, lie issued an anonymous paper,. 



326 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATELK TJRESS ASSOCIATION. 

printedon large paper bags, which he styled the Bladder, which 
was filled with witty squibs concerning the convention and its 
attendants, ard which created quite a commotion amongst those 
who were hit hardest. That is only a sample of his many conven- 
tion pranks, and the writer remembers them all, for he used to 
hiive to shoulder one-half the responsibility for them, and one-half 
tlite censure if any resulted from them, although he was usually 
innocent. Parsons amateur career covered a period of nearly 
ten years. He never could quite separate himself from the asso- 
ciations and friendships of his Amateur Journalistic days, and 
only a short time before his death the writer received a letter 
from him in which he expressed the desire to re-enter the 'Dom 
and make "things hot for awhile." He was an artistic printer, 
married well, was blessed with two children,, and at his untimely 
death was the owner of a fine printing and lithographing plant in 
Buffalo. He had everything to live for. 'j'o this day the writer 
misses "Tommy" Parsons as he could no other friend whom he 
has known during his lifetime. Will T. Scofield. 



frank Hewton Win 

P:ighth President N. A. P. A. 

I< FIBST met Frank N. Reeve in 1880, at the Cincinnati meet- 
: ing of the.N; A. P. A. He was then a candidate for the. 
first vice-presidency. He had strennonsly opi)osed my 
candidacy for the presidency, and 'my attention was naturally 
attracted to him. Reeve had first obtained prominence in Ama- 
teui' Journalism in 1879, his publication, the Independent Times, 
being the me<lium through which he addressed tlie fraternity. 
Hejiever entered the field of the amateur authc»r^ or at least only 
to a very limited extent, his fame resting upon liis work as an 
tditor, and, in later years, as a politician. 

Reeve was a capable aiid bright writer. He was an cnlliusiast 
in Amateur Journalism. Fiis interest in it was unbounded, and 
his energy tremendous. He was naturally fitted to become a 
le^dej'f and.when Wrignt declit»ed the election as president of the^ 
N. A. P, A. at dncinnati^. Reeve was tendered and could easi'v> 



HTSTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 327 

have llien been elected to this much sought for position. He 
refused to accept a nomination and I was elected. 

At the next meeting, Reeve was the only candidate worth con- 
sidering for tlie presidency. He was opposed by Max Lesser, of 
New York, but the strength of the opposition was inconsiderable. 
Reeve £tssumed the presidency when the affairs of the Association 
were in a very disorganized condition. He at once proceeded to 
vitalize the organization. 

Reeve certainly made a model president of the N. A. P. A. 
Under his administration the Association assumed stabilit}'. 
Order was wrought out of chaos, and a complete, harmonious 
and respectable Association was turned over to his successor. 

In looking back through tlie veil of years which now obscures 
his memory, I am impressed with llie thought that Frank N. 
Reeve was "a fine fellow." He was loyal to his friends, generous 
to his enemies (and as he had a very positive character, he had 
many of these) and was receptive of good and noble impressions. 
His ideals were high. Honor was born in him. His mistakes 
were those of youth and youthful impulsiveness. 

He was a tireless worker and by his exanple inspired zeal in 
others. He was essentially the "man of the hour*' in 1881-2, 
and had it not been for Reeve it is almost Certain that the N. A. 
P. A. would have floundered in the sea of adversity and became 
extinct, at least for a time. 

For several years (1882-G) I was intimately associated with 
Reeve. I visited him at his home, in Newark, N. J., and became 
well acquainted with his private life. His duties as a traveling 
salesman for a manufacturing jewelry house brought him to 
Indianapolis three or four times each year, and every time I met 
him my respect for his integrity and ability increased. 

Frank N. Reeve was worthy to hold a place on the roster of 
the presidents of the N. A, P. A. His career as an amateur 
journalist, his moral character and abilities, were such as to ren- 
der it proper to pay homage to his memor3'. 

Thos. G. Harrison. 

Indianapolis, December 8, 1807. 



A 



328 HISTORY OF TflE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRE8S ASSOCIATION. 

Tinlay Hrnon Grant 

Ninth President N. A. P. A. 

[From National Amatem\ December 1897.] 
DOZEN years ago a distinguished clergyman of this city 
used these words: "It is a great thing to have lost 
such a man as Ex-President Grant, but it is a greater 
thing to have such a man to lose." These words spoken of the 
dead general who n©w sleeps on the banks of the classic Hudson, 
are as appropriate in our world when applied to his distinguished 
namesake who has so recently left us. For I regard as one of 
the brightest pages in the records of Amateur Journalism that it 
attracted to and held within its ranks such a man as Finlay 
Grant;, and upon the other hand, it is safe to say, that no other 
one man ever did so much for Amateur Journalism as did he. 
I would not pluck one laurel from the brow of our other leaders. 
In the early '80's, against the machinations of the party headed 
by Maximus A. Lesser, it needed the iron arm and nerve of steel 
of Frank Newton Reeve, but had it not been for the labors of his 
successor, the enthusiastic, sagacious and untiring Finlay Grant, 
the work of Keeve had been in vain. He threw himself into the 
work with the enthusiasm born of sincere conviction, an intelli- 
gence that sprang from a profound mind, and an industry unpar- 
alleled in the annals of Amateur Journalism and left an impress 
upon that institution that has never yet and never will be effaced. 
But behind and above the work there was always the man. To 
me the news of his death came with all the shock of a personal 
bereavement, I knew him and I loved him as a brother, and 
surely no man was ever more worthy of the respect, admiration 
and love of his associates than was he. It is difficult to speak 
of Finlay Grant in terms other than those which, to those who 
knew him not, must seem to be the grossest flattery, but those 
who have simply met him can partly guess what those who knew 
him as I did, in sunshine and shadow, Icnow^ that in Finlay Grant 
there was given to the world one of the finest natures that was ever 
moulded of human clay. Slightly modernizing the words of 
Prince Henry in the play, I can sincerely say of Finlay Grant : 
"The earth that bears thee dead, bears not alive a truer gentle- 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 329 

man.'' The words that Shakespeare pi)ts in the mouth of Marc 

Antony over the dead body of Marcus Brutus on the plains qf 

Pbillippi have become worn and hackneyed with almost constant 

use since first they fell from the pen of the great dramatist, and 

never in all these centuries have they been more fittingly applied 

than they may be to our departed leader, Finlay Grant: 

His life was gentle, and the elements 

So mixed in him that Nature might stand up 

And say to all the world, '-This was a man!'" 

Truman J. Spencer. 

Gdwara £nmt Stowell 

Twelfth Presideut N. A. P. A. 

[From the Progress, Pomona, Cal., Feb. 0, 1888, of which Mr. 
Stowell was editor.] 

•'There is no chance, no destiny, no fate. 

Can circumvent, or hinder, or control 

The firm resolve of a determined soul; 
Gifts count for nothing; Will alone is great; 
All things give way before it soon or late. 

What obstacles can stay the mighty force 

Of the sea-seeking' river in its course, 
Or cause the ascending orb of day to wait? 

Each well born soul will win what it deserves. 
Let the fool prate of luck; The fortunate 

Is he whose earnest purpose never swerves ; 

Whose slightest action or inaction serves 
The onegreat aim. Why, even Death stands still 
And waits an hour, sometimes, on such a VVill!'" 

NO words, perhaps, could more fittingl}^ describe the last 
days of Mr. Stowell, whose death occured last Monday 
morning, than the above selection taken from one of his 
papers, published by him years ago. For weeks and months, the 
treacherous disease which had marked him for it* own had been 
slowly sapping his strength. IJis death, .while possibly not 
wholly unexpected, was yet a surprise to all and a shock to the 
entire community. So recently had he been upon the streets of 
our, city attendicg to his duties, that few outside his immediate 
friends even knew of his illness, much less realized its serious 
nature. All hoped at least for a temporary recovery ; but it was 
otherwise nilled. 

Words at such a time are wholly inadequate to express the 



330 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

sentiments of the heart. Like a true hero, with the same 
courageous spirit that prompted him to face the worlds its cares, 
troubles, disappointments and buffetings, he watched the approach 
of the Destroyer, tenaceously disputing every step, but conscious 
how the conflict must inevitably end. Young, active, ambitious, 
hopeful, he toiled on earnestly, faithfully and presistently, and 
laid his armor b}' only at the last imperative command. Calmly 
he laid down his pen, beholding an end of the worthy aims and 
cherished hopes of his early boyhood, and quietly and peacefully 
yielded up his soul to Him who gave it. Mr. Stowell, though 
young in years and impulsive in nature, was mature in judgment, 
brilliant and talented far beyond the ordinary. Fertile in imagin- 
ation, quiet in decision and prompt in execution, he possessed a 
rare tact. Fearless and independent, he still remained courteous 
and affable. Generous, highminded and magnanimous, he would 
not stoop to anything low or unworthy. Of limited early educa- 
tion and with only the newspaper as his college, he nevertheless 
possessed a cultured mind and a thorough knowledge of current 
literature and the history of events, as well as a remarkable 
acquaintance with the men and measures of the time. 

As the founder and editor of Progress, he shrank from no toil 
that would ensure its success ; it was his pride, the last work of 
his hands, his care, solicitude and ambition. The readers of the 
paper will miss him ; Pomona, which he fervently loved and for 
which he labored, will miss him. His familiar form and cheerful 
countenance will not soon be forgotten. His influence and exam- 
ple will long be remembered, yet 

"Oh ! for the touch of a vanished hand, 
And the sound of a voice that is still!'' 



mwm Sbelby moore 

Seventeenth President N. A. P. A. 

IF YOU ask me to mention a single figure that more than any 
other recalls ''the bright, particular days" of Amateur 
Journalism, the genial presence of Will S. Moore comes 
instinctively before me. In a time that was pervaded with a 
young man's first radiant outlook on the life lying beyond the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PBE88 ASSOCIATION. 331 

school room, and when the stars always remained before the 
vision, and never fell before the gaze, " *Frisco Billy" was. the 
ideal amateur journalist in agroupingthat was in the itself of ideal 
nature. 

There are lights and shadows in an amateur journalist's life 
which long linger in the paintings which, perchance, the old-timer 
may hang before memory. Here in California, some of that 
lively band of other days are dead and gone, some scattered to 
unknown, perhaps forgotten haunts, and the remainder immersed 
in business lives which have no unceasing from activities, seldom 
meet. But when the group sometimes come together, and the 
days of Amateur Journalism are recalled, then we miss the lov- 
able and inspiring presence of Will Moore. The forgetf ulness 
and oblivion which the grave so often achieves cannot obtain in 
his instance. 

He had, in the first place, a magnetism that invariably attracted 
— what we call a personal magnetism , in speakiflg of the character- 
istics of some leaders in thought and action among men and 
women. It is, at its best, a rare quality. Few intuitively pos- 
sess it. But those among us who knew Mr. Moore in California, 
and those who met him at the Boston convention of '85, felt the 
convincing and ever-present realism of his powers to attract the 
rank and file to the support of ideas whose success he favored. 

Again, be was filled with a vitalizing, contagious enthusiasm. 
The days might seem dark and dreary, and Amateur Jounnalisra 
in its decadence, but his optimism turned laggards into active 
amateurs, and the young editor destroj^ed his farewell "leader," 
and entered with renewed vigor into the work be had been about 
ready to drop. 1 have seen some of the letters which the faint- 
hearted and discouraged young amateurs wrote to Mr. Moore in 
those days ; I have seen his sanguine, all-quickening responses, 
and among that number are some of those who are yet associated 
with Amateur Journalism, and have been honored among your 
number. 

Among Californians, he was not a great writer like '-Enc," 
and he lacked Russ Lukens' fine diction, but he was logical in 
all that he said or wrote. He put propositions plainly and 
cogently — the chief object of an editorial. It was, however, in 



532 HieTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

bis personal relations with the Irateroity that Will Moore wielded 
his greatest influence. He was in active touch with all going on 
about him. He made friends readily, he kept faith with them. 
He alwaj's bred enthusiasm. The memorable campaign for 
'Frisco in '86 comes naturally to the mind in this connection. 
What a great campaign that was ! Some of our number were 
■enthusiastic, some were apathetic, some sulked in their tents, 
but through it all—during the eventful days of '84 and the spring 
of '85, Mr. Moore covered every point in Amateurdom that cor- 
respondence could reach, kept the banner of 'Frisco in '86 at 
the Courant mast-head, and then packed' his grip and went before 
the Boston convention with his plea. 'Frisco Billy! That 
glorious campaign will remain his lasting monument in Amateur 
Journalism. 

The honors conferred by the National Association are some- 
times inadequate when the services of some of its leaders are con- 
cerned. 7his wa^ so, I believe, in the case of Will S. Moore. 
The Association placed his name upon the roll of its presidents — 
some sort of compensation for the services which he had per- 
formed—but no mere political honor of the kind meted out as 
in this instance could balance the scale. Like Ex-President 
Finlay A. Grant, when Mr. Moore passed out of Amateur Jour- 
nalism there was no one to readily occupy his peculiar place. 

Will has worked out the great problem. The short life is ended, 
he has passed that point where all human philosophy ends, and 
eternity begins. The secrets in God's keeping which we 
shall know by and by are his. But he is forever away from the 
company of the mortals. And so when the group meets, and 
the memories of Amateur Journalism are stirred into being, we 
miss his genial companionship, as we ever shall. 

Come? Give us your hand again in friendly clasp, as in those 
other days^then hail, and farewell! Fredkrick L. Hunter. 
San Prancisco, January 4, 1898. 



Alexander, Eugene, San Franciso, Cal., Oct. 26, 1886; 18 
years. 

Allen, Guy, Hutchinson, Kan., 1889; 17 years. 
Andrews, James E., California, Oct. or Nov., 1888. 



HISTdkY OF TffE KATIONAL AitATErft fRESS ASSOCIATION. 333 

Angleman, M. L., Plainfield, N, J., A«g. 12, 1879 ; 20 years. 
Bailet. Cbks. T., Klamath KiVer, €al., 1893. 
Baker, Will W., San Diego, Cal., No^. 29, 1888 ; 19 years. 
Barlbr, Harry S., Alton, III., June 29, 1876. 
Barnett. John H., Texas, 1876. 

Bing, Wilbur C, Portsmouth, O., March 10, 1879; 23 years. 
Block, Nathan N., Edraoud, Okla,, Aug. 9, 1890; 20 years. 
Booth, Harry E., Seattle, Wash., Feb. 19, 1896; 19 years. 
Brewster, Eugene, Jr., New York State, 1892. 
Brown, A. P., 1879. 

Brown, Fred R., Walthara, Mass., May, 1888. 
Buckner, Tully S., St. Paul, Minn.. 1886. 
Burke, Roger, Jr., New York, 1886. 
Capen, Ernest T. , Boston, 1900. 

Case, Fred E., Hartford, Conn., Dec. 3, 1881 ; 20 years. 
Chamberlain, Frank H., Marietta, O., Ang. 5, 1888. 
Cody, HopeR., Chicago, Dec. 7, 1899 ; 32 years. 
Cohen, Joe, Chicago. 
CooMS, Charles F., Cincinnati, 1876. 
Cooper, Thos. C, Santa Crnz, Cal,, 1874. 
Cornell, Fred M., Summit, N. J.. Aug. 19, 1889. 
CuRRAN, Catherine A., Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 26, 1898; 17 
years. 

Daniels, P. A., New Orleans, 1897. 

Dauber, Lizzie M., Jackson, O., April 23, 1891. 

Demaeest, a. N., Chicago, 1876. 

Donohue, Henry F., Chicago, Sept. 20, 1883. 

Dresser, Clarence P., Kansas City» April 24, 1891. 

Duffy, Frank H,, Washington, D. C, April 5, 1880. 

Duncan, Will A., Ann Arbor, Mich., Feb, 7, 1893; 21 years. 

Ely, Charles A., Frederick, Md., Dec. 10, 1881. 

Emerson, Florence, Indiana, Jan. 20, 1892. 

Farwell, Edward A., Boston, Mass., Jan. 11, 1871. 

Fieldwisch, Henry L., Denver, Nov., 1887; 34 years. 

Fiske, Wm. A., 187—. 

FiTTLE, John F., Brooklyn, Aug.,1880;21 j'ears. 

Fuller, Maud L., South Boston, Mass., Dec. 9, 1896. 

Gang, Albert, Indianapolis, Ind.. 1893. 

Gans, Chas. W., Banning, Cal., March 5, 1893; 22 years. 

Gerner, Richard, England, July 30, 1885 ; 29 years. 

GoDLEY, Harry C, Jersey City, N. J., Jan. 13, 1892. 

GoFF, Charles L., Bowling Green, O., Aug. 12, 1899. 

Grant, Alex. D., New Glasgow, N. S., 1899. 

Grant, Finlay A., Fargo, N. Dak., May 2, 1897 ; 34 years. ^ 

Grummond, George M,, Grand Rapids, Mich., March 11, 1887. 

GuiNDON, Eugene F,, San Francisco, Aug. 29, 1886 ; 22 years. 



331 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Hanks, Chas., Covington, Ky., 1879. 

Hart, Henry S., Philadelphia, April 27, 1881 ; 21 years. 

HicKEY, D. J., New York City, 1888. 

HiLLTER, Will S., 1885. 

HoTT, George M., California, Jan. 23, 1888; 28 years. 

Imovilla, Henrietta N., Everett, Mass., April 20,1896; 14 
years. 

Johnson, B. N., Barker, N. Dak., 1891. 

Johnson, Franklin C, Nice, France, Jan. 6, 1895. 

Kitchen, L. W., Logan, la., June 23, 1891. 

Kellner, Fred M., Wilmington, Del., Aug. 14, 1881, 17 
years. 

Koelle, Fred J., New York City, 1881 ; 23 years. 

Lautz, Will H., Fort Wayne, Ind., Dec. 11, 1895 ; 21 years. 

Leaning, WillE., Gloversville, N. Y., summer, 1890. 

Lee, Franklyn W., Minnesota, 1898. 

Lloyd, Chas. E., University, Cal., April 27, 1894. 

LooNEY, Ralph M., Sedalia, Mo., May 24, 1880; 19 years. 

Marun, Pauline, East Oakland, Cal., Jan. 17, 1896 ; 17 years, 

McClinton, R., San Francisco, April, 1882 ; 11 years. 

McCune, Arthur, New Orleans, 1895. 

McGreevy, Cornelius, Vaakleek Hill, Ont., Dec. 6, 1881. 

Moore, Alva P., Rivers Station, Cal., May 15, 1895 ; 18 years. 

Moore, Wm. S., San Francisco, Feb. 1, 1896. 

Morris, Samuel L. C, Greensburg, Pa,, Sept. 7, 1878; 17 
years. 

Newcomer, EdwardP., Cedar Rapids, la., April 19, 1893. 

Nicholson, R. B., Lyber Beach, Ga., Sept, 13, 1881 ; 20 
years. 

NiEDERMEYER, Otto A., June, 1878. 

Nutter, Lewis H., Boston, June 2, 1893. 

Oakley, Walter D., Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 25, 1878 ; 22 years. 

Oberlies, M., Jr., New York, July 8, 1893 ; 21 years. 

Parsons, Thos. H., Buffalo, N. Y., July 4, 1892. 

Paty, Emma T., Abington, Mass., Sept. 4, 1896. 

Penn, Myron L. 

Pfeiffer, Francis, Scarboro, Ga., Aug. 6, 1885 ; 15 years. 

Redick, BertL., Seattle, Wash., Feb. 8, 1896. 

Reeve, P^ankN., Pittsburg, Pa., April 19, 1888. 

Robinson, Edmond, Auburn, Cal., Aug. 25, 1886; 19 years. 

Ross, Wm., New York, April, 1882. 

Russell, W. H., Memphis, Tenn., Sept. 13, 1878; 19 years. 

Sanford, G. O., Nova Scotia, 1881. 

Selden, Frank H., Moodus, Conn., Feb. 2, 1882 ; 20 years. 

Sellman, Wallie J., Evansville, Ind., April 28, 1885 ; 19 years. 

Sheddy, Martin J., New York, July 21, 1881 ; 25 years. 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 335 

Shelp, MabloaH., St. Paul, Minu., May, 1896. 

Smith, Benton V., Muskegon, Mich. 

Smith, Frank H., Haverhill, Miss., Dec. 9, 1896. 

Spencer, Lucius H., Essondale, Cal., Feb. 12, 1897. 

Standerwick, James S., San Francisco ; Sept., 1881 ; 18 years. 

Steele, Chas G., Jr., Buffalo, N. Y., Feb. 11, 1888; 27 years. 

Stempel, Austin C, Chicago, III., July 18, 1889 ; 19 years. 

Stone, Clarence E. 

Stowell, Edward E., Pomona, Cal., Feb. 5, 1888 ; 24 years. 

Sutter, Chas., Port Blakeley, Wash., Jan, 9, 1895 ; 19 years. 

Sweet, George M., Nova Scotia, 1881. 

Sweet, Millard F., Florida, 1882 or 3. 

Thoma, Aloys A., Rochester, N. Y., April 3, 1887 ; 22 years. 

Tully, Laura Lowden, San Antonio, Tex., 1896. 

Waters, Harry L. B., Pittsburg, Pa., March 20,1886, 21 
years. 

Welles, Harry T., Chicago, 111., Feb. 17, 1888 ; 17 years. 

Wheeler, George H., Findlay O., 1878. 

Whipple, W. O., Massachusetts, 1891. 

White, Claude M., Homer, La., 1889 or '90. 

Williams, Clay, Cincinnati, O., Feb. 4, 1882, 14 years. 

Williams, Oswald, Cincinnati, O., July 17, 1880. 

WoFFENDEN, Gracia A. Smith, Springfield, Mass., May 28, 
1888. 

WooDZELLE, Fannie H., Cleek's Mills, Va., May 28, 1888. 

Wright, Will L., Los Angelos, Cal., 1887. 




CHtfrTER 36. 

THE INVESTIGATOR. 

Review of a Volume of the Finest Amateur Magazine Ever 
Published. 

Contributed by Mrs. Leola White yixon. 

ONE of the most highly prized volumes in our library is a 
large, black morocco-bound, book, bearing this inscrip- 
tion: "The Investigator — Spencer." Its dignified 
appearance and the erudite sound of its title, often attracts atten- 
tion. It is a volume of which any amateur should be proud. 
Beautifully printed on fine paper, attractively arranged and illus- 
trated, it is a high exponent of the printers' art. It contains 
some of the best amateur literature ever published, the most 
t.'vlented composers of the time contributing to its pages. It was 
edited by Truman Joseph Spencer, of New Britain, Conn., and 
covers a period of four years. The first number appeared in 
June, 1891, and the handsome "Farewell" Investigator in 1895. 
The entire volume contains twenty-four issues and 640 beautiful 
pages. Without doubt it is the finest volume of an amateur 
paper ever published. 

The fourth issue was a superb "New Year's Number" of fifty 
pages. With an artistic cover, a full page frontispiece — "The 
Venetian Moor" by L. H. Spencer — beautiful initial letters and 
vignetted pages, it almost took the breath of the happy amateur 
recipients. Such authors as Fanny Kemble Johnson, Frank D. 
Woollen, Bertha Grant, Frederic Theo Mayor, Brainerd Prescott 
Emery, Harriet C. Cox, Joseph Dana Miller, Edith Miniter, 
Everard Appleton, Ernest A. Edkins, Alice T. Thayr and Tru- 
man J. Spencer contributed to this issue, assuring one of the 
high quality of its contents. 

The Investigator was issued every second month during the 
first year, but volume II, beginning in July, 1892, was sent out 
in monthly numbers, being completed with the December issue. 

Another delightful surprise came to Amateurdom in the 
"Midwinter Number" oi ihQ Investigator. It is similar to the 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 337 

''New Year's Number," only larger and finer. With its 120 
pages, uniquely illustrated, filled witli meritorious sketches, 
essays, poems and editorial comment, completed with a hand- 
some medallion ornamented cover, it is the finest single issue of 
any amateur paper ever published. The contributors to this 
issue are Bertha Y. Grant, Bland R. Huddleston, Fanny Kemble 
Johnson, Edith Miniter, Brainerd P. Emeiy, John Winslow Sny- 
der, Clara Tardy Gresham, Frederic Theo Mayor, Joseph Dana 
Miller, Ella Maud Frye, Annie Laurie Lynde, Kathlene F. Smith, 
Mary W. Morton, George Edgar Frye, Waldo P. Johnson, 
Alice T. Thayr, Ernest A. Edkins, Frances A. Parsons, Susan 
B. Robbins, Capitola LeNoir Harrison, Will A. Duncan, Truman 
J. Spencer, Harriet Caryl Cox and Will R. AntisdeL 

The third number of volume III was the "Shakespeare Anniver- 
sary Number," April, 1893. This is possibly the most valuable 
of all the issues of the Investigaior. Mr. Spencer is a true Shakes- 
pearean scholar, and in this issue gave his readers the cream of 
much study. Within its sixty pages are found poems by Joseph 
Dana Miller, John Kendall, V. J. Butler and H. F. Donahue. 
Mr. James F. Morton, Jr., contributes an able essay, entitled 
"A Forgotten Tragedy," dealing with the i)lay of Henry VI. In 
answer to a' request from Mr. Spencer, a number of amateurs 
expressed their preferences as to passages and plays. A unique 
''Love Letter" of two and a half pages, every word and letter 
found in the works of Shakespeare is given by Mr, Spencer. C. 
W. Ellsworth contributes a sketch, ''Dogberry." Mr. Spencer 
has a page of seven tablets illlustrating "Life's Fitful Fever," 
Twenty-eight pages of valuable comment by the editor completes 
the issue. 

Four other notable numbers were sent out — the convention 
issues of '93 and '94 ; twenty-four page Christmas, '93, issue; 
and the splendid "Farewell Number." 

The "Farewell" Investigator is a fiitting close to the volume, 
adding strength, beauty and pathos to the whole. It consists of 
108 pages, a handsome cover, a full page frontispiece, beautifully 
tinted headings and initial letters and contributions from twenty 
of the best authors known in the amateur world. Some regard 
it the peer of the famous "Midwinter Issue," and surelj^ it is a 



338 



HISTOBY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 



close rival. A certain feeling of sadness pervades one's spirit in 

reading the "Farewell" Investigator — a heartfelt regret that ^'a 

necessary end will come." 

Much of the beauty of the entire volume is due to the artistic 

talent of Mr. Lucius H. Spencer^ brother of the editor. He was 

particularly graceful in his initial letters, headings and small 

marginal pictures. Their delicate coloring and suggestive 

designs speak a beautiful language of their own. There can never 

be SLich another volume of tiie Investigatory for the sympathetic 

hand of the artist is stilled ; yet 

''To live in hearts we leave behind 
Is not to die." 




CHAPTER 37. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Amateur Pioneers. — Early Associations. — Amateur Fairs. — 
Representation at Vienna. — Amateur Press Encourage- 
ment Association. — Young Women's A, P. A. 

AMATEUR PIONEERS. 

1812 — Thos G. Candie issued the Juvenile FoHfolio aiid Lit- 
erary Miscellany, weekly, ia Philadelphia, commeacing Oct 17, 
for five years. Name was then changed to Parlor Cowipanion. 
All trace lost after May, 1816. Cundie was 14 years old and an 
invalid. 

1846 — April 4, Wm. Henry Button began published the Sun 
beam, in Boston ; four pages, 5x7. The paper continued until 
April 17, 1852. 

1851 — Two boys issued four numbers of the Democrat from 
Skaneaths, N. Y. 

1853 — Graveseud Item published. 

1858 — C. H. Kent (14 years old) published the Coos Herald 
at Lancaster, N. H. 

1860— Robert H. Canfield and Robert Lee issued the Bath 
Union at Bath, Me. 

I860 — Miss Nellie Williams published the PenfieU Extra at 
Peufield, N. Y., weekly, from an office owned by her brother 
who had entered the army. 

I860 — C. H, Lane issued the ifowi^or from Exeter, N. H. 

1866 — Harry E. Wheeler published the Weekly Star at Evans- 
ville, Ind. Same editor in 1867 published the Welcome Visitor. 

EARLY ASSOCIATIONS. 

N. A. P. A.— 1869-1873. 

1869 — Amateur Printer's Association organized at residence of 
Charles Scribner, New York, Sept. 18, J. B. Scribner, chairman ; 
W. L. Terhune, secretary. 

March 2, 1870, second convention, Newark, N. J. Name 
changed to Amateur Press Association. W. L, Terhune, presi- 
dent ; Geo. W, Hills, secretary. 



340 HrSTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

July 7, 1870, third conveution, Boston, W. L. TerhunCy 
president; Edwin A. Farwell, vice-president; Geo. W. Hills, 
secretary ; C. H. Fowle, treasurer. 

Jan. 18, 1871, fourth convention, Buffalo. E. H. Hutchinson, 
president; Chas. McColm, first vice-president; Wra. Howe 
Downes, second vice-president ; J.F.Osgood, secretary; Geo, 
B. Smith, treasurer. 

July 12, 1871, fifth convention, Pittsburgh. 

1872, sixth convention, Philadelphia, Wm. Howe 

Downes, president ; John A. Fox, vice-president ; John Harper, 
secretary ; W. F. Miller, treasurer. 

July 9, 1873, seventh conveution, Chicago. Chas. S. Diehl, 
president; E. A. Henderson, first vice-president ; Geo. W. Harn^ 
second vice-president. 

OTHER ORGANIZATIONS. 

1872— Eastern, Western, Baltimore, Bay State, California, 
Granite State, Jersey Blue, Kentucky, New York, Pittsburgh, 
Southern Associations organized. 

1873 — Louisville, Philadelphia Branch of Eastern, Empire 
State, New Orleans and U . S. Reform Associations organized. 

1875 — Feb. 2, American Amateur Editors' Association organ- 
ized at Walcott, N. Y. Avvarded a prize to the Boys^ Herald as 
the best amateur paper then published." 

AMATEUR FAIRS. 

The first annual fair of the United States Amateur Exhibition 
was held at Bath, N. Y., May 1, 1S74, and premiums to the 
amount of $10 were awarded. Now aud Then, of Chattanooga, 
Tenn., was awarded the prize for being the best amateur paper 
represented ; "Salt Point" for the best puzzle department and 
"Kork" for the best batch of puzzles. — Harrison's Career. 

An Amateur Exposition was held at Leroy, N. Y., Oct 15, 
1874, at which the Idler received a prize as being the best printed 
and the Boys^ Herald a prize as the best edited amateur paper. 
— Harrison's Career. 

REPRESENTATION AT VIENNA. 
In. the spriUj^ of this year [1873], the New York Amateur 
Press Association resolved to have Amateur Journalism repre- 
sented at Vienna, Austria, at the world's exhibition, and made 
preparatiors for sending four amateurs there for the purpose of 
issuing a small journal as an exponent of American Amateur 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION 

Journalism. A printing press, type, etc, were procured, and 
W. N. Stewart, VVm. Howe Downes, Wm. Furber Miller and 
I. JaroslawskI undertook the trip/ The boys were received with 
:a sort of suspicion by the authorities, and each number of their 
little paper, the American Youth, was very closely inspected 
before they were allowed to be distributed. But when, regardless 
•of all obstacles, the Youths in eight page, sixteen column form, 
made its appearance regularly every Saturday, until the close of 
the exhibition, it attracted the attention of Americans, as well as 
those of the royalty and nobility of the old world, and this 
exemplification of American progress was praised by journalists 
from San Francisco to Athens, who were lavish in their ecomiums 
upon the pluck of the American boys, who were certainly deserv- 
ing of all the praise they received. — Harrison's Career. 

AMATEUR PKESS ENCOURAGEMENT ASS'N. 
The Amateur Press Encouragement Association was organized 
in 1885, mainly through the efforts of Ed. P. Cook. Its object 
was to gather current amateur papers and send them out in bun- 
dles to recruits, who were not apt get current papers in other 
ways. Ed. P. Cook was president of the Association; H. Free- 
man, Jr., first vice-president ; E. D. Shaw, second vice president. 
Fen and Press was used as an official organ in which reports were 
made of work accomplished. The organization lived about a 
year. 

YOUNG WOMEN'S A. F. A. 

A Young Women's A. P. A. was organized about June, 1885. 
It was oflScered as follows: President, Zelda Arlington; vice- 
president, Helen G. Phillips ; secretary, Dora E. Sheldon ; 
treasurer, Bertha Y. Grant ; official editor, Edith M. Dowe. The 
Yiolet was the official organ. No conventions were held and the 
Association lived only about a year. 



Cable of Contents. 



Chapter 1— OrigiD of the N. A, P, A 1 

Many Claimants for the Honor of Planning a National 
Association— C. E. Williams Named by James Austin 
Fynes— James M. Beck Says Philadelphia Amateurs 
were Responsible for the Plan— Suggestion of E. R. 
Rialein September, 1875— The Philadelphia Association 
—Accumulating a Convention Fund — Division of the 
Philadelphia Amateurs— Beck's Plan— Approval from 
Boston— uoalition of Two Societies attempted, without 
Success— Two Conventions Called— The Meeting at 
City Institute Hall, July 4— "Winslow" Credits the 
Plan to the Portland Gazette— UonoT to Beck and Other 
Philadelphians. 

Chapter 2 — The First Convention ^ 

A Few Introductory Remarks— Philadelphia, July 4. 1876 
— '-Winslow's'' Account— Invitations from Philadelphia 
—Arrival at the Mecca— A First View— A Representa- 
tive Gathering— Call to Order— (jrerner's Address of 
Welcome— Suggestions of the Political Battle— Perma- 
nent Officers Elected— The National Amateur Press As- 
sociation Organized— Official Board Completed— Other 
Business— Literary Exercises— A Telegraphic Report- 
Prominent Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 3 — The Long Branch Convention . . 12 

Politics to the Fore— Candidates Plentiful— Gerner's-'Con- 
gress Scheme"— Sectionalism Appears -Ohio Amateurs 
Pass Resolutions— "Winslow" Replies, Suggesting that 
Meetings Alternate East an I West— President's Proc- 
lamation— Clossey's Convention Account— "Winslow" 
Defines an Amateur— '-CongrebS Scheme" Tabled— An- 
other Constitution Committee Appointed — Dingwall 
Elected President— Sensational Literature Denounced— 
Prominent Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 4 — The Chicago Convention of 1878 27 

The Second Generation Comes On- The Postal Troubles 
— The Campaign— Convention in Chicago— New Con- 
stitution Adopted— Struggle for the Presidency— The 
Banquet at the Palmer House -Editors' Lyceum and 
Critics' League -The Charges of Fraud— Prominent 
Papers of the Year— The First National Amateur— The 
Constitution. 

Chapter 5— The Washington Convention of 1879 37 

The Year 1870— Extracts from President's Messages- 
Waller as a Historian — Washington'sManyCouventions 
—The Briggs Campaign— Mistakes of Briggs and Gee— 



344 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMA.TEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

Fynes' Hopeless Candidacy— Lukewarm Briggs Men 
Desert for the Enemy— The Convention Assembled— 
Credentials Committee and Its Work— Tlie Skirmish Be- 
fore the Battle— Proxy Committee and Its Remarkable 
Keport— Proxies Thrown Ont— Briggs Elected on First 
Ballot— Irregularities Charged— Briggs Caucus Makes a 
Full Ticket— Fynes' Followers Plan for a Second Ballot 
—Charges and Counter Charges— Personnel of the 
Gathering— Some Figures— Mount Vernon Excursion— 
Fynes Men Disgusted— Laureate Awards— King Kushing 
Again Reigns— Hotel Proprietor to the Rescue— Esti- 
mates of the Proxy Vote — Southerners Withdraw Be- 
cause of Clarke's Election to Office— Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 6 — Tlie A. A. A. Assc^ciaiion 58 

The Negro as an Amateur — Oldham's Stand — Clarke De- 
feats Carr— Action in North Carolina— Universal En- 
dorsement in the South — Organization of the A. A. A, 
A.— Its Officers— How It T^'orked— It May be Still Alive. 

Chapter 7 — The Meelinj/ in Cincinnati 63 

Conditions Improving— Campaigns and Campaigning— 
The Convention and Attendants— Officers Elected and 
Constitution Amended— "Old Sledge's" Account— The 
Constitution in Full, as Amended— New Members Ad- • 
mitted— Interest Waning — Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 8 — Beginning Over, at Buffalo 78 

The Year Opens Quietly— Sanderson's Convention Report 
—Small Attendance— The Transom Trick— Election of 
Officers— Kempner's Account— Organization of the I. A. 
A. L. — Official Minutes— Laureateships— Reeve's Ad- 
ministration — Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 9 — A Continuance of Prosperity 88 

Campaigns Opened in January— The Miller Boom— The 
Scotield Caucus— Work of the Convention— Members 
Pj-Psent— Election of Officers— Resolutions on Flashy 
Literature— The Banquet— The St, Nicholas Article.— Fi- 
nances of the N. A, P. A. — rhe National Amateur — Papers 
of the Tear. 

Chapter 10— The CJatUerirg iii Gotham 100 

Opening of a Prosperous Year— The Campaign Preceding 
the Convention— Steele's Meteoric Candidacy— Wy lie 
Brought to the Fore— Legler Nominated— Fischer's 
Plans Crushed— Watkyns as a Campaign Manager— The 
Proxies to be Counted- Caucus Nominations — The Con- 
vention and Officers Elected— The Banquet— Amend- 
menis to the Constitution — Brewster's Affidavit — Harri- 
son's National Amateur — E^apers of the Year. 

Chapter 1 1 — The Milwaukee Meeting 112 

An Unauspicious Opening— President Wy lie's Resigna- 
tion. Brought About by the Fischer Fraud— The Conven- 
tion Called by Mercur— Truman Spencer's Accounts-- 
Wylie Unseated and Legler Declared the President— 



HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 345 

Election of Officers--Expulsion of Fischer, Kussell and 
Martin- -Laureate Entries of the Year--Kempner's Fi- 
nancial Report--Heath Promoted to the Presidency-- 
Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 12— The "Halcyon Days'' Returned 140 

Heath Assumes the Presidency — Historian Laureate Re- 
corder's Report — ''Mugwump's" Convention Account — 
Election of Sullivan— Grant- York Wedding- -The Ban- 
quet- -Papers of the Year. 

Chapter 13—" 'Frisco in '86" 150 

Political Phases--The San Francisco Convent'on--Munro 
Elected President- -Judiciary Committee's Report — 
JPapers, Authors and Books of the Year. 

Chapter 14 — The Literary Lyceum of America 170 

Mr. Emery's Reasoning— Whoelsecoulditbe to Lorenzo- 
Announcement and Constitution of the Lyceum— The 
Executive Board's Manifesto- -Spencer's Open Letter to 
Emery — Action of Judiciary Committee— The Refor- 
mation Over. 

Chapter 15 — Philadelphia's Second Convention 186 

Campaigns Open the Year--The Philadelphia Meeting-- 
Proxies Thrown Out--Reports of Officers--Moore's Re- 
view of the Year— The National Amateur. 

Chapter 16— A Year of Good Work 193 

Laureate Recorder Barker's Report™ Review of the Year's 
Work— The Chicago Convention — Barker Elected Over 
Woollen- -Moore's Name Put on the Presidential Ros- 
ter- -The National Amateur. 

Chapter 17 — Buffalo's Second Convention 203 

The Conservative Party Organized— The Buffalo Conven- 
tion — Election of Officers — The New Constitution — 
Alumni Organizations. 

Chapter 18— The Boston Conference of 1890 220 

Amateurs in Attendance — Subjects Discussed — The Ban- 
quet and Toast Responses. 

Chapter 19 — Amateurs Gather at Indianapolis 222 

President Kempner's Official Appointments — Meeting 
Changed from Cleveland — The Grant and Dunlop Cam- 
paigns — Swift as Convention Chronicler--The Member- 
ship Revised — Constitution Amended. 

Chapter 20 — The Second Boston Conference 229 

Amateurs in Attendance- -Papers Read and Thoroughly 
Discussed. 

Chapter 21— Red-Letter Days 230 

A Triangular Presidential Concest — The Fine Array of 
Papers in 1891- -Spencer's Magnificent Volume-~Mor- 



346 HISTORY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEUR PRESS ASSOCIATION. 

ton's Account of the Philadelphia Meeting— The Offi- 
cial Minutes. 

Chapter 22— The Schermerhoru Bolt. 239 

The Minutes on Which They Based the Legality of Their 
Actions— Full Eeport of the Proxy Committee— How 
Officers Were Elected— Resolutions Adopted— Peculiar- 
ities of the Case. 

Chapter 23 — Swift's Administration — Boston Convention . 246 

Dr. fSwift's Personal Work— Trouble With Officers — 
Spencer a Candidate for President — The Boston Con- 
vention and Its Business. 

Chapter 24 — The Schermerhorn Faction at Buffalo 251 

Amateurs in Attendance— Amalgamation With the Mu- 
tual Benefit Association— Election of Officers and Ban- 
quet. 

Chapter 25 — Mutual Benefit Amateur Press Association. . . 254 

Where the Association was Planned— -Dunlop's Election 
Made It Certain--Call for Organization— Success In- 
stantaneous-'The Mutual Conference— Absorption by 
the National. 

Chapter 26 — The National Amateur Protective Association 259 

Sketch of the Association— How It Was Organized-— Of- 
ficers and Work Accomplished. 

Chapter 27— The World's Fnir M^ et . . .• 2G1 

The Year Reviewed- -Mrs. Leola Nixon as Convention 
Ghronicler— Amateurs in Attend-ance--The Amalgama- 
tion Report- -A New Ex-President and the Discussion 
Provoked--Banquet at the Leland. 
Chapter 28 — A Yenr of Many Changes 268 

The Breach Heale 1--Financial Influences on Amateur 
Jonrnalism--The Bofctou Convention E'ects Burger 
President--Reception and Banquet--New Constitution 
Adopted. 

Chapter 29— Wiien the Press Clubs Flourished. 278 

Conterences at Boston and San Francisco- -President 
Burger's Work as an Organizer- -Death of Franklin C. 
Johnson--The Chicago Convention- Blackballing of 
Candidates for Membership- -Compromise Measures— 
The Resul t. 

Chapter 30— Back at the Nation's Capital 285 

Changes in Official Board- -President Hancock's Views 
and His Work- -New Members- -The Washington Con- 
vention, as Seen by Linden Dey--The New Constitution. 
Chapter 31— Back to the Golden Gate 294 

The Storm Following the Washington Convention- -In- 
active Officials-The San Francisco Gathering--Another 
''New" Constitution— An Interesting Election— The 
Business Transacted. 



IIISTOKY OF THE NATIONAL AMATEL'li PRESS ASSOCIATION. ^47 

Chapter 32^Gatbeni]g in Gotham Again 300 

Necessary Changes in Official Board— Chicago Amateur 
Press Club's Handsome Act— Steinberg's Account of 
the New York Convention. 

Chapter 33 — Chicago's Filth Convention 306 

Mr. Thiele's Objections— The Historian's Eeport, Con- 
densed — The Chicago Convention, as Seen b}' Francis 
P. Goss— The National Amateur Clearing House— List ot 
Members. 

Chapter 34 — Literature of Amateur Journalism 319 

Groping for the Light in Early Days--Amateurdom's 
Great Serial Stories— The New Era of 1882— The Ee- 
action and Its Eesults. 

Chapter 35 — In Memory of Those Gone Before' 325 

Tributes to Ex-Presidents Wright, Parsons, Eeeve, Grant, 
Stowell and Moore— Others Who Have Passed Away. 

Chapter 36 — The Investigator 336 

Eeview of a Volume of the Finest Amateur Magazine 
Ever Published. 

Chapter 37 — Miscellaneous 339 

Amateur Pioneers— Early Associations-— Amateur Fairs— 
Eepresentation at Vienna— Amateur Press Encourage- 
ment Association — Young Women's A. P. A. 



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